To investigate the criminal conduct of all institutions, organizations, and individuals involved in the persecution of Falun Gong; to bring such investigations, no matter how long it takes, no matter how far and deep we have to search, to full closure; to exercise fundamental principles of humanity; and to restore and uphold justice in society.

WOIPFG's Report on the Crime of Live Organ Harvesting in China - Chapter 2

August 3, 2016
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Table of Contents

 

Chapter 2: Existence of a Massive Living Organ Donor Pool

Transplant Recipients Wait 2-3 Years for Organs to Become Available in Normal Countries

Tissue type matching for transplant operations of a major organ has a very low success ratio under normal conditions. Data from the International Society of Nephrology indicates that the chance of finding a matching donor who is not a family member of the patient is 6.5 percent. This means the probability of finding a matching donor is 1 out of 15.

A report on Xinhua’s website dated March 24, 2012, said that former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney received a heart transplant after being on a waiting list for nearly two years.

 

Figure 2.1 News article about former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney receiving a heart transplant

 

The US has an extensive organ donation network with more than 120 million people registered as voluntary organ donors. Even so, the average wait time for a liver transplant is three to seven years, according to data cited by an article in Metro, a New York-based newspaper, on March 29, 2006.

According to a report by the United States Department of Health and Human Services in 2007, the average waiting time for a liver and kidney in the United States is two and three years respectively[1].

Evidence I: Reverse matching in China, organs are waiting for patients, the average waiting time is 1-2 weeks

A strange phenomenon appeared after 1999 in China’s organ transplant industry: the waiting time for transplant organs became extremely short, and the country had an oversupply of organs. There appeared to be so many donors that China alone couldn't use them all. Hospitals in China started marketing and promoting organ transplants to patients all over the world. Tens of thousands of foreign“transplant tourists” have traveled to China for transplant operations since the persecution of Falun Gong started in 1999, because the average waiting time for an organ can be 2-4 weeks, and sometimes even as short as 1-2 weeks. The fact that available organs are waiting for transplant patients is so abnormal. Such a phenomenon is not found anywhere else in the world.

 

Figure 2.2 The average waiting time (in year) for transplant organs in China (red) and in the U.S. (blue)

 

Evidence from hospitals’ websites shows exceedingly short waiting times:

1. The average waiting time in China is 1-2 weeks

1) Shanghai Changzheng Hospital Transplant Center clearly states on its liver transplant application form that the average waiting time for a liver transplant is one week.

 

Figure 2.3 Online liver transplant application form of the Organ Transplant Center at Shanghai Changzhen Hospital

 

2) Oriental Transplant Center of Tianjin First Central Hospital

The official website for the Oriental Transplant Center of Tianjin First Central Hospital said that the center completed 647 liver transplant surgeries in 2005, and the average waiting time was two weeks. The web page has since been removed, but WOIPFG investigators recovered a cached copy.[2]

 

Figure 2.4 The Oriental Transplant Center claimed that the average waiting time was two weeks in 2005

 

3) If any problem arises at the last minute with the organ donor, hospitals in China are able to source a replacement organ easily and the surgery can be performed within one week

The International Transplantation (China) Online Support Center of The Chinese Medical University in Shenyang offers a special service: If any problem arises with the provided donor at the last minute, the center will find another matching donor and perform another surgery within one week. 

 

Figure 2.5 International Transplantation (China) Online Support Center

 

2. Audio recordings of investigations conducted by telephone

1) “We have plenty of donors, so we can still select the ones that are young and good”

On June 26, 2015, (8613623711903), Dr. Chen Yongfeng from the Organ Transplant Department at Zhengzhou People’s Hospital told a WOIPFG investigator that they have plenty of donors, “We can select a good and relatively young liver. We have plenty of donors, so we can still select the ones that are young and good. It is hard to say if that will be the case down the road.”(Recording Download:MP3,Transcription:Appendix 1)

2) The waiting time for a donor at that hospital is from 2 to 3 days to about 10 days.

On June 25, 2015, (8637163933151), a doctor on duty at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Zhengzhou People’s Hospital told an investigator, “The shortest wait time for a donor is approximately 2-3 days, in general. The longest would be over 10 days. The cost is about 500,000 yuan (approx. USD 78,000). We have a lot of donors.” When asked why their waiting time is so short and about the source of their donors, the doctor said, “For this matter, um, I cannot provide any answers. I can’t. Don’t ask. Don’t ask these questions. The organs are directly sent to our operating rooms every day, one or two operations every day, guaranteed.” (Recording Download:MP3,Transcription:Appendix 2)

 

Evidence II: Killing on demand, the percentage of emergency transplant operations is as high as 26.6 percent


An emergency liver transplant is an urgent liver transplant operation performed on patients with acute, serious liver problems and less than 72 hours to live. Due to the difficulty of urgent tissue typing and the extended waiting time for a donor, emergency liver transplant operations are rarely performed outside of China. In China, however, emergency liver transplants have become a common operation since 1999. Here are some examples:

1. The percentage of emergency liver transplants is as high as 26.6 percent of all liver transplants

According to data from The 2006 Annual Report on China Liver Transplant Registration[3], 8,486 cases of liver transplants were performed in 29 transplant centers from April 6, 2005, through December 31, 2006. Of these, 4331 cases had specified whether or not the case was an emergency transplant, indicating a total of 1,150 emergency liver transplantations performed, or 26.6 percent of those cases. One patient received a liver transplant operation only four hours after being hospitalized. This was the fastest transplantation recorded in the data set.

2. One hospital performed120 emergency liver transplants within three years

Changzheng Hospital, an affiliated hospital of the Second Military Medical University, performed 120 emergency liver transplant operations during the three years from 2003 to 2006. The shortest waiting time for receiving a transplant after the patient was admitted was four hours.[4]

3. Two kidney transplants performed on the same patient within 48 hours

Getting a new kidney is as easy as buying a pig’s kidney in mainland China, according to a Huaxia Times article from May 17, 2006

According to the Huaxia article, Han Xiuwu, the chief physician at Beijing Haidian Hospital’s organ transplant center,completed two kidney transplant operations on the same patient within 48 hours in December 2004. The first operation failed due to hyper-acute rejection,so Han conducted the second kidney transplant the following day. [5]

“In other countries, patients usually have to wait a few years for a precious kidney. But Haidian Hospital could obtain kidneys as easy as if they were pigs’kidneys. The first donor kidney was acquired within nine days. As for the second kidney, they could just go and get it. Isn’t it strange?” the article stated.

4.“Some patients would come at night, and we could do the operation over the same night. It's pretty common here.”

On March 19, 2015 (8637166862192), Dr. Li Gongquan, a liver transplant physician at the First Hospital Affiliated with Zhengzhou University, told a WOIPFG investigator over the phone: "[We could do it] within one week, if you like, we’ll go ahead and do the type matching," and, “Some patients would come at night, and we could do the operation over the same night. It’s pretty common here." (Recording Download: MP3, Transcription: Appendix [6])

 

Evidence III: Multiple spare organs available for one transplant recipient

1. One kidney transplant patient was matched against eight donor kidneys

According to a People’s Daily Online article, Tan Jianming, director of the Shanghai Organ Transplant Medical Center,performed more than 4,200 kidney transplants by June 2014. [7]

In 2003, Tan performed a kidney transplant at the Shanghai First People's Hospital. Prior to the transplant operation, over the course of more than two months, the physician had performed tissue-matching tests for the patient with eight spare kidneys. The first seven tests failed due to the patient’s antibody rejection. The eighth kidney was matched successfully and the operation was performed.

2. A more startling example is that HUANG Jiefu used three living persons as the backup donor livers for his performing liver transplantation surgery

According to articles from official state-run media www.xinhuanet.com reprinting from www.xjbs.com.cn , www.sina.com reprinting from Urumpi Evening News, Today’s Nurse periodical, and Phoenix Weekly, on 28 September 2005 the then-Vice Minister of Health HUANG Jiefu accompanied Luo Gan, the then-Secretary of the CCP’s Central Politics and Law Committee, to attend the 50th anniversary celebration of the establishment of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in meantime he demonstrated an autologous liver transplantation surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Huang used three backup donor livers for his surgery and it is analyzed that the three donor livers are suspected of three living persons,

Phoenix Weekly reported that " HUANG Jiefu found after opening the abdominal cavity of the 46-year-old patient named YAO Shufa with liver cancer (the Issue 4 of Today's Nurse reported that the patient named YAO Dongqiang[i]) that the liver's condition was suitable for autologous liver transplantation which he dreamed for, so he cut off the patient's liver and removed the cancer tissue, then transplanted the liver back to the patient."

HUANG Jiefu asked other surgeons to close the incision and he immediately contacted the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen Medical University in Guangzhou and the Southwest Hospital of the Third Military Medical University in Chongqing to ask them to provide a backup donor liver respectively in case of the failure of the surgery.  "At 6:30 pm of September 29 one matching backup donor liver was brought there by Chongqing part!  Another one was urgently brought to Xinjiang by three medical staff of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen Medical University with necessary medical equipments!" [ii] The article www.xinhuanet.com reprinting from www.xjbs.com.cn reported: "three medical staff of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen Medical University urgently brought necessary medical equipments and one liver to Xinjiang! "  In meantime Xinjiang part urgently found a matching donor liver too. [iii]

Huang’s surgery lasted from 7:00pm of September 29 to 10:00am on September 30. After 24 hours of observation, Huang announced that the surgery was successful. The back-up livers were no longer needed[iv]. By then, 39 hours had passed.

Figure 2.6 The Horrific Inside Story of Human Organ Market in China, Phoenix Weekly, November 2013

3. Analysis and Arguments

According to Technology Management Specification of  Liver Transplantation released by China’s Ministry of Health in 2006, the cold ischemia time of donor liver cannot exceed 15 hours.

1)The two backup donor livers from Chongqing and Guangzhou could only be two living persons because of the time limit for cold ischemia. It would take over 60 hours from the moment that the donor livers from Chongqing and Guangzhou were shipped out to the time of the confirmation of the success of the autologous liver transplantation, and the extracted livers could have already been useless.

2) The backup liver found in Xinjiang was also a living person. Due to the limit of cold ischemia time and emergency surgery requirements, it must be a standby living person whose organ can be extracted at any time when the surgery needs.

3) A bank of living donors who are specially detained exists outside of China’s justice system. In other words, there are a group of people who exist outside of justice system and can be slaughtered at any time to obtain their organs for organ transplantations.

The execution of a death row prisoner must strictly comply with the law. The time and location of the execution must be in accordance with written documents issued by the Supreme Court; at the time of the execution, officials from the court and the procuratorate must be on site to perform a positive identification of the prisoner; the positive identification procedure is repeated after the execution is carried out.  However, regarding Huang’s operation, medical staff from Chongqing and Guangzhou could bring the living persons to the destination by air, which proves that the two liver donors are specially detained and exist outside of justice system.

4) The organ banks of living persons are suspected of existing nationwide and the number of detained persons is huge.  HUANG’s organ deployment from different provinces and cities indicates that the organ banks of living persons very widely spread all over the country.   From the probability of organ matching and the speed of successfully finding backup donor liver from two cities, the number of living organ donors especially detained is huge, which has been proved by the account of their operation inadvertently revealed by CCP's official medias.

 

Evidence IV: Many hospitals conduct multiple transplant operations at the same time. In one hospital, 24 liver and kidney transplants were conducted in one day


Our investigation suggests that many hospitals can conduct several, or as many as several dozen, kidney and liver transplant operations on the same day, or even at the same time. And this phenomenon of “more than 10 transplant operations on a single day”has been a long-term routine at many hospitals, where the surgeons are too busy to even have a day off. Under normal circumstances, it would be impossible to simultaneously find so many donors with a close tissue match. But since 1999, this has been a common phenomenon in China.

1. Xinqiao Hospital of Third Military Medical University once performed 24 kidney transplant operations in one day[10].

2. Tianjin First Central Hospital once performed 24 liver and kidney transplant operations in one day[11].

 

Figure 2.7 Snapshot of China Organ Transplantation Webpage

 

3. The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University performed 19 kidney transplant operations in one day[12]

 

Figure 2.8 Snapshot of Guangzou Daily Webpage

 

4. Xiangya Hospital performed 17 transplant operations in one day

According to Xiangya Hospital’s website,on May 26, 2005, the hospital performed one liver, six kidney and eight corneal transplants.[13]On Sept. 3, 2005, the hospital conducted seven heart-liver-kidney transplant surgeries.[14]On Apr. 28, 2006, the organ transplant center finished 17 transplant operations in one day: two liver transplants, seven kidney transplants and eight corneal transplants.[15]

5.General Hospital of Jinan Military Region once performed 16 kidney transplant operations in 24 hours[16]

 

Figure 2.9 Snapshot of Dazhong Webpage

 

The following is an even more startling case:

6. Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region found five matching livers at the same time and same place, and subsequently completed five liver extraction and transplant operations.[17]  Of the five operations, one was an emergency operation. 

On March 10, 2014, China Organ Transplantation website published an article originally reported by Southeast Express titled "Completed 5 liver transplant operations within 17 hours." The article said that Fuzhou General Hospital conducted five liver transplants from 12pm on February 18, 2014, to 4am on February 19, 2014. Two of the patients that received the organ transplants had chronic severe liver failure, one had acute liver failure with hepatitis B, one had giant hepatic cancer, and one had severe liver failure with multiple biliary tract surgeries.[18]

According to the article, the five patients had been admitted to the hospital and were waiting for livers, and"five matching livers had already been found but could only be extracted five minutes after the donors’ heart stopped beating." Apparently,the “donors” were still alive with functional livers while the livers were being matched to the recipients. Therefore,after the five patients had been admitted to the hospital, they were not waiting for suitable organ matching, but instead for the death of the organ "donors."

Under normal conditions, the probability of an organ from a non-relative of a transplant recipient matching is 6.5 percent, and the average waiting time in U.S. for organ transplant operations is two years for a liver, and three years for a kidney.One medical professional in the United States once said that under normal circumstances, "getting a healthy organ is as hard as picking a star in the sky."

It was implausible that the five "organ donors" were found in the same place and at the same time, and on the same day they all went into "cardiac arrest," and that their organs were extracted at the same time and sent to the same hospital, Fuzhou General Hospital. The hospital then spent "17 hours completing the five liver transplant operations." What's more, one of the patients received an emergency transplant, where the matching organ had been found given extremely short notice. 

Figure 2.10 On March 10, 2014, China Organ Transplantation website reprinted an article by Southeast Express Newspaper

In order for this scenario to be possible, China must have a massive pool of healthy captives that are imprisoned collectively. These captives must have already undergone all the matching tests required for organ transplant operations. This would explain why hospitals are able to get matching organs within such extremely short time frames: captives with matching organs are being slaughtered.

Please note: these five transplant operations happened on Feb. 18, 2014, more than eight years after the horrible truth of organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners by the CCP was first exposed in international media in 2006. For a long time, the CCP has deliberately misled the international community into believing that organ transplant numbers dropped after 2006. But the CCP continues to harvest organs from Falun Gong practitioners on a massive scale. In 2014, through online articles alone, we found 42 hospitals that had been conducting multiple transplant operations simultaneously.
(Refer to Table 2.1 List of online articles revealing that 42 hospitals engage in multiple transplant operations on a large scale)

Table 2.1 Many hospitals have performed transplant surgeries in batches

Name of the Hospital

Record of transplant operations in batches on the same day

1. The People's Liberation Army Xinqiao Hospital of Third Military Medical University

“Starting from 1998, the average number of cases of renal transplantation is 180.There is a record of 24 cases of renal transplantation completed in a single day.”[19]

2. General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army General Staff (No. 309 Hospital of the PLA)

In April 2002, the organ transplant center of the whole army was set up.[20]  This center has a record of completing 12 kidney transplantations in one night.[21]

3. Affiliated Southwest Hospital of the Third Military Medical University

On Sept. 29, 2004, GuoJiwei, director of the Medical & Educational Department, visited the operating rooms with other senior officials of the medical section and coordinated with the hepatology division to perform five liver transplant surgeries.[22]

4. General Hospital of Jinan Military Region

On March 21, 2005, Qilu Evening News had a special report about Li Xiangtie, director of the Department of Urology: "Under his leadership, the Department of Urology has many highly experienced specialists and a stellar team; the department can simultaneously perform six kidney transplant operations and has set a national record of conducting 16 renal transplantations continuously within 24 hours...[23] and on six occasions, the department did seven transplantations in one day, and once did 32 transplant operations in a week.”[24]

5. Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region

On Jan. 17, 2006, Fuzhou General Hospital simultaneously did three liver transplantations for the first time.[25]On Feb. 18, 2014, starting at 12pm and lasting the next 17 hours, 16 hepatobiliary surgeons completed 5 liver transplants without sleep or rest.[26]

6. Lanzhou Military Region Hospital No. 474

This hospital completed 12 kidney transplants at one time.[27]

7. Beijing Military Region Beidaihe Sanitarium

As of April 2007, the hospital had completed 313 cases of renal allograft transplantation, and 28 times when 6~9 of these renal transplantations were done simultaneously[28].

8. Affiliated Shanghai Changzheng Hospital of the Second Military Medical University

The official website says that within nine days in 2005, the organ transplant center at the hospital completed 16 liver transplants and 15 renal transplants.[29]

9. Armed Police General Hospital

On Apr. 6, 2005, under the command of Director Shen Zhongyang, the organ transplant center completed five liver transplants on patients who were 12-62 years old, including a female Korean patient and a 12-year-old child with Wilson disease.[30]

10.Dongfeng General Hospital

In August 2000, the hospital completed multiple organ transplant operations, including 10 renal transplants, 1 parathyroid transplant and 3 corneal transplants on the same day.[31]

11. The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

This hospital simultaneously did two liver transplants and five kidney transplants. It has the capability to carry out six to seven simultaneous transplants, and its yearly transplant operations amount to more than 200.[32]On the morning of Sept. 18, 2003, Huang Jiefu attended the founding ceremony of the "Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Transplantation Medicine" at The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The transplant center at the hospital that day "arranged" seven liver and kidney transplant operations.[33]

12. The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University routinely performs more than 10 operations in two–three days. The hospital once completed nine kidney transplantations in one day.[34]

13. Xi'an Gaoxin Hospital

Founded in 2002, the organ transplant center completed more than 500 kidney transplants after two years of its establishment. An article on the hospital’s 10-year history of development says, "Regardless of whether the weather was hot or cold, four to five people were crowded in a beat-up van harvesting donors’ organs", and sometimes "(did) seven to eight transplantations in one day and night.”[35]

14. Zhengzhou People's Hospital

On Dec. 27, 2007, Director Qu Qingshan’s team completed 13 kidney transplants in 21 hoursat the renal disease and organ transplant center.[36]

15. The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University

On Mar. 14, 2006, Guangzhou Daily reported: “In recent days, at The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University operating rooms, reporters witnessed a scene of simultaneous operations of five liver transplantations, six renal transplantations... At one time the hospital transplant center did 19 kidney transplants in one day, and the highest record for liver transplantation is six operations performed together with one multiple-organ transplant surgery in one day.”[37]

16. The First Foshan City People's Hospital

On Dec. 29, 2005, the Department of Urology completed seven renal transplantation operations.[38] From the morning of Dec. 28, 2004, to the morning of Dec. 29, in less than 24 hours, the First People's Hospital of Foshan City completed five kidney transplantations and two liver transplantations.[39]

17. Dalian Friendship Hospital

On Feb. 1, 2002, completed one liver and four renal transplantations in 14 hours.[40]

18. Gongyi City Chinese Medicine Hospital

The kidney transplant center can accommodate 12 kidney transplant patients at the same time. They could do up to eight cases of kidney transplants in one day, and the transplant center's urology director Li Honglu has carried out over more than 500 allogeneic kidney transplantations.[41]

19. Jinan 107 Military Hospital

Du Yingdong, deputy director of Liver Transplant Center, claimed that he sometimes completed three to four liver transplants in one day.[42]

20. The Shengli Oil Field Central Hospital

On Apr. 26, 2002, the hospital completed six kidney transplantations within 24 hours. On Oct. 27, 2002, it completed five renal transplantations within 24 hours and one liver transplant. From January 9-12, 2004, the hospital completed 10 renal transplants and one liver transplant.[43]

21. Qidu Hospital

On the morning of Mar. 23, 2006, from 3am to 9am, the hospital completed 4 renal transplantations.[44]

22. The First Hospital of Shijiazhuang City

July 17, 2006, from 3pm to 1am the next morning, in conjunction with the Third Branch of Surgery Dept., the Urological Surgery Department completed five kidney transplantations in 10 hours.[45]

23. The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University

Director of Urology, Yue Zhongjin, completed 8 renal transplants in 32 hours.[46]

24.Affiliated Wuhan Xiehe Hospital of Central China University of Science

The official website states it has completed nearly 100 cases of orthotropic heart transplants in the past five years. The hospital has set the record for finishing four heart transplantations on the same day and at the same time.[47]

25. Taizhou Hospital in Zhejiang Province

This hospital did five renal transplants in one day.[48]

26. Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

On Apr. 28, 2006, the organ transplant center finished 17 transplantation operations in one day, including seven late-stage uremia patients who underwent kidney transplant surgery. The hospital also completed two liver transplants and eight cornea transplants the same day.[49]

27. Tianjin First Central Hospital

PEOPLE.CN reported on Feb. 7, 2005, that Tianjin, Oriental Organ Transplant Center at Tianjin First Central Hospital completed 108 liver transplants in in its first month (four to five liver transplants every day if five working days per week is counted) and 43 kidney transplants.[50] Some patients' families told the “Phoenix Weekly” the transplantation center once did as many as 24 liver and kidney transplants in one day[51]. The Oriental Organ Transplant Center is capable of doing nine liver transplantations and 8 kidney transplantations simultaneously.[52]

28. Jiangxi Armed Police Corps Hospital

In February 2002, the urological organ transplant center was set up.[53]Over the next two years, the center completed 260 kidney transplantations for patients in and outside the military. The center once continuously performed renal transplants for four patients over eight hours.[54]

29. Guangdong Frontier Corps Hospital Kidney Center in Shenzhen

From 3pm on Aug. 2, 2004 to about 2am the next day, over 11 hours, this hospital completed six kidney transplants.[55]

30. The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine

The nurses at the hospital’s renal transplant ward said, "One day at the end of 2006, more than 30 kidneys came in; more than 10 people were shot in a day." On Jan. 28, 2005, Zheng Shusen at the transplant center completed five liver transplantations consecutively on the same day. Zheng Shusen did 11 orthotropic liver transplantations in a week.[56]

31. West China Clinical Medical College (West China Hospital)

Yan Lunan said they once did seven liver transplantations in a day.[57]A Huaxi Hospital nurse said, in a recording, “Once they did six kidney transplantations in a day. The kidney resources are abundant.”[58]

32. The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou

On the evening of Feb. 10, 2004, four liver transplantations were performed by the head of the hospital, Chen Guihua.[59]

33. The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College

On Jun. 24, 2005, the hospital did liver transplant surgeries for three patients.[60]

34. Shanghai Renji Hospital

Xia Qiang, head of the liver transplant center, has lost count of how many liver transplant surgeries he has done. He can only remember his own record of six liver transplant surgeries in one day.[61]

35. Shandong University Second Hospital

On July 16, 2014, Jinan Daily wrote an article on Wang Hongwei, director of the kidney transplant section. Wang once completed 10 kidney transplants in one day.[62]

36. Shanxi Province General Hospital of Armed Police Forces                               

On the morning of June 7, 2005, the hospital performed three transplant surgeries simultaneously. More than 30 physicians and nurses participated in the surgeries. Professor Liu Zhenwen was the chief physician for the liver transplants; Zhao Xueyi was the chief physician for kidney transplants.[63]

37. Xi Jing Hospital (in Xi’an City)

Cai Zhenjie, director of the Department of Cardiac Surgery, completed three heart transplants in one day.[64]

38. Nancang University No. 1 Affiliated Hospital

The hospital once completed six major organ transplants simultaneously[65].

39. Shanxi Province No. 2 People’s Hospital

Wu Xiaotong, director of the Organ Harvesting Center, worked on organ transplant surgeries for 12 consecutive hours in one day.[66] In August 2006, patients awaiting organ transplants totaled more than 100 per day at a minimum. Eleven kidney transplants were conducted on August 15.[67]

40. Guangdong Province No. 2 People’s Hospital

 

On August 4, 2006, Wu Jiaqing, deputy director of Organ Transplant Department, told our investigator that they completed at least 10 organ transplants each day before August 3, and completed six organ transplants on August 4.[68]

41. Zhengzhou University No. 1 Affiliated Hospital

               

Big River Healthy Newspaper reported on March 27, 2014, that the transplant center at Zhengzhou University No. 1 Affiliated Hospital completed four liver transplants successfully for two patients with liver cirrhosis and two with liver cancer. Thanks to the surgeon’s good command of skills, there was little blood loss during the transplants. The patients were transferred from the intensive care unit to the common ward the same day. Additionally, hospital vice president Zhang Shuijun disclosed that 30 liver transplants had been completed since the Chinese New Year.[69]

42.Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University

In August 2014, the official website of Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University claimed, “Sun Lijiang and Li Yanjiang from the hospital’s urology surgery department, together with Dong Zhen and Huang Tao, have completed six surgeries within 24 hours.”[70]

 

Evidence V: Organ harvesting suspected, warm ischemia time is either zero or exceedingly short

Our investigation showed that many organ transplant operations performed in China had either no or exceedingly short warm ischemia times, indicating that the donors for these operations were still alive when their organs were extracted.

1. What is warm ischemia time?

Warm ischemia time is the period of time from the moment the donor stops supplying blood to the organ to the start of cold perfusion.[71]

2. What's cold ischemia time?

Cold ischemia time (CIT) is the period between the chilling of an organ after its blood supply has been cut off and the time its blood supply is restored during transplantation.[72] The time limit for cold ischemia time for a kidney must not exceed 24 hours; liver must not exceed 15 hours; and a heart must not exceed 6 hours.[73]

3.What is cardiac death?

Cardiac death generally means the heart stops beating, and breathing and circulation stop as well.

4. What is brain death?

Brain death means a full irreversible loss of brain function including the brainstem. Clinical determination of brain death must include three indispensable indicators: deep coma, brain stem reflexes and no spontaneous breathing.

5. All organ extractions from brain dead donors in mainland China are illegal

To this day, China does not have a uniform set of national criteria issued by the administration on what constitutes brain death. Likewise, there is no legislation on brain death.  Therefore, as of the writing of this article (February 10, 2016), according to China's laws, any action of organ extraction from a brain-dead cadaver is illegal.

6. In summary, the warm ischemia time being either zero or exceedingly short indicates organ harvesting from living candidates:

1) In cases where death is caused by an accident, warm ischemia time–from the moment the donor stops supplying blood to the organ to the start of cold perfusion–is often longer; zero ischemia time is impossible.

2) When using organs from executed prisoners, strictly speaking, warm ischemia time should not be zero either. Because execution should follow the judicial process where organ extraction should only occur after the medical examiner has inspected the body and pronounces the prisoner dead.  Therefore, the warm ischemia time should not be zero either.

3) In cases of brain dead donors, organs can be obtained with zero or exceedingly short warm ischemia time. However, China has no brain death legislation, lacks a set of criteria that define brain death, and does not have an organ donation system in place. So basically there are no "brain dead donors."

7. “Kidney transplant from living donors” in China is “completely different” from the cadaveric kidney transplants conducted in Japan

The following is the online response from China International Organ Transplantation Support Center of China Medical University:

“The kidney transplant procedure from living donors conducted in China is completely different from the cadaveric kidney transplant operation you’ve heard of in Japan’s hospitals or dialysis centers.”[74]

These “living donor transplant operations” conducted in China are different from those performed elsewhere in the world, where donors remain alive.In other countries, a liver transplant from a living donor refers to a partial liver transplantation, where a portion of the donor’s liver is extracted and transplanted into the recipient. The donor is normally a relative. By contrast, in China, the entire liver is extracted and transplanted into the recipient. This equates to killing the donor through liver extraction.

 

Figure 2.11 Support Center of China International Transplantation Webpage cache

 

8. Examples of research papersby physicians in mainland China where zero or exceedingly short warm ischemia time is recorded:

1)At the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from 2005 to 2007, 112 donor livers’ warm ischemia times were between 0 and 10 minutes, with an average of 3.96 minutes.[75]

2)At the PLA Second Artillery Force General Hospital, from 2004 to 2007, 103 donor livers from “healthy young people’s cadavers” had warm ischemia times of 0 to 5 minutes.[76]

3)At the Second Military Medical University-affiliated Changzheng Hospital in Shanghai, from 2001 to 2004, 240 donor livers had warm ischemia times of 0 to 8 minutes.[77]

Table2.2  33Selected Cases of Extremely Short Warm Ischemia Time

Hospital Name

Time of Transplants

Warm ischemia Time of Removed Organs

1. The Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University

August 1995 - October 2007

111 cases ofheart evisceration where all donors were brain dead, aged at 25±7; no history of cardiovascular disease, warm ischemia time 0-15minutes[78]

2. Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

January 1996 - March 2008

314 liver transplants implemented, warm ischemia time 0-2minutes[79]

3. No.1 Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University

June 26, 1996 - June 2004

20 cases of rapid removal of multiple organs was recorded where the warm ischemia times were0-5minutes[80]

4. The 309 Hospital of the PLA

2003-2009

 

162 liver transplants were recorded with warm ischemia times of 0-5 minutes, average 2 minutes.[81]

5. Foshan City No.1 People’s Hospital

March 2003 -December 2006

28 cases of liver extraction from donors who had no liver diseases, warm ischemia time 0-6 minutes.[82]

6.Guangzhou General Military Hospital

July 2006 - May 2011

20 cases of organ extraction where the warm ischemia time was 0 minutes.[83]

7. Shanghai Ruijin Hospital

June 2002 – September 2004

100 cases of liver extraction from donors; cardiac arrest time 0-7 minutes; no liver diseases, no malignant tumors, no obvious fatty degeneration,tested negative for hepatitis B[84]

8. Wuxi City No.2 People’s Hospital

December 25, 2000; January 30, 2002; March 13, 2002; September 28, 2002; March 24, 2003

Five liver transplants where“donors were brain dead men who had been healthy and in their prime and their livers were of good quality,” “warm ischemia times for the five transplants were basically 0 minutes”.[85]

9.No.1 Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical Institute

February 2003-April 2004

Performed three orthotopic heart transplants, donors were all male, ages 18, 31, and 45, and warm ischemia time were 0 minutes in all three cases.[86]

10. The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University

March 2005 - November 2007

 

Among 125 liver transplants, 112 were from “deceased donors.” However, the warm ischemia times for livers from these “deceased donors” was 0-10 minutes, with an average of 3.96 minutes.[87]

11. No.2 Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Zhejiang University

August 31, 1999 - February 9, 2001

Conducted 10 liver transplants, all 10 donorswere brain dead; fastremoval of multiple organs was implemented;the warm ischemia time was 0-5 minutes, averaging 3.06 minutes.[88]

12. The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu Nantong Medical Institute

November 2000 - May 2003

orthotopic heart transplants, donors brain dead, 3 male, 1 female, heart function normal before death. All 4 donors had their chest incised immediately after brain death.” Warm ischemia time was 0-2 minutes, with an average time of 1 minute.[89]

13.Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Jiangsu Province

June 2004-June 2005

Obtained 42 donor livers, with warm ischemia times of 0-5 minutes, “brain dead, ages 19 to 38, no infectious diseases, no kidney or liver diseases”.[90]

14.No.2 Artillery General Hospital

July 2004 - 2007

103 liver transplants, “all donors were healthy young people, 1 brain dead and 102 deceased.”However, in all 103 cases, the warm ischemia time is 0-5 minutes.[91]

15. Shanghai Changzheng Hospital

October 2001 – September 2004

240 liver transplants implemented,warm ischemia time 0-8 minutes.[92]

16. Dongguan People’s Hospital, Guangdong Province

 

April 2003 and December 2003

orthotopic heart transplants, warm ischemia time 0-3.5minutes.[93]

17. The Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University

August 1995 – March 2009

96 orthotopic heart transplants, donors were brain dead, male, ages 20 to 45, warm ischemia time 0-15 minutes, cold ischemia time 50-235 minutes.[94]

18. South Hospital Affiliated to South Medical University

April 5, 2000

One orthotopic heart transplant, “donor brain dead, male, donor and recipient of the same blood type, lymphocytotoxic cross match PRA < 1%, HLA half match, warm ischemia time 0 minute, cold ischemia time 90min”.[95]

19. The 117th Hospital of the PLA

April 1989 – October 2002

294 cases of fast removal of both kidneys implemented, where warm ischemia time was 30 seconds to 10 minutes.[96]

20.The Affiliated Children’s Hospital of Beijing Military General Hospital

 

September 2006 – August 2007

Seven heart extraction for transplants, where donors were “brain dead” males, warm ischemia time 1-10 minutes.[97]

 

21.Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University

January 2004 to August 2006

117 cases of fast joint extraction of liver and kidney immediately following cardiac arrest; 109 male, 8 female; ages 18 to 47, with average age 28.6, warm ischemia time 1-5 min.[98]

22. South Hospital, South Medical University

 

August 2004-December 2007

126 cases of fast joint extraction of liver and kidney,warm ischemia time 1-8.5 minutes, average 4 minutes.[99]

23. No.1 Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University

September 1999-September 2004

19 cases of joint pancreas-kidney extraction; donors all male, average age 30, all had serious open head injury,warm ischemia time 2.0±0.5 minutes.[100]

 

24. Shanghai No.1 People’s Hospital

January 2001-September 2003

138 cases of joint liver-kidney extraction; cooperated with partner hospital to simultaneously extract five hearts and three lungs, warm ischemia time 2-5 minutes.[101]

25.81 Military Hospital

April 2003-Februry 2008

68 cases of liver extraction, warm ischemia time 2-5 minutes[102]

26. Beijing Military General Hospital

April 2005-July 2007

30 cases of orthotopic liver extraction, warm ischemia time 2-7 minutes, average 4.6 minutes.[103]

27. The 401Hospital of the PLA

September 2003-May 2004

34 cases of liver extraction, warm ischemia time 2-9 minutes, average 5.1 minutes.[104]

28.The Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical Institute

October 22, 2004

1 case of single lung extraction; donor male, no history of heart or lung disease; no history of cigarette smoking, warm ischemia time 2 minutes.[105]

 

29.Shandong Province Hospital

January 2005-December 2008

120 liver transplants implemented, 6 of the 120 were joint liver-kidney transplants; donors age 19-40, average 28; no history of alcohol drinking, no malignant tumor, no infection, no diabetes; liver and kidney had normal function; tested negative for hepatitis B and HIV; warm ischemia time 2.5-4 minutes.[106]

30. Affiliated No.1 Hospital of National Sun Yat-sen University

January 2006-January 2007

Two cases of heart and lung extraction for transplant; donors male, ages 28 and 32, brain dead, no heart disease or infectious disease, warm ischemia time 2.5 minutes and 3 minutes.[107]

31. Anyang City Chinese Medicine Hospital

January 2000-December 2004

36 cases of kidney extraction, warm ischemia time 2-13 minutes.[108]

32.Jiujiang City No.1 People’s Hospital

October 26, 2001

One liver transplant completed, donor had been dead 2 minutes before the liver extraction.[109]

33. Southwest Hospital Affiliated to No.1 Military Medical University

June 26, 2000

One case of joint heart-kidney transplant, donor male, age 28, brain dead after external head trauma, warm ischemia time 2 minutes 20 seconds.[110]

Sources: WOIPFG, 2016.

Evidence VI: Proof of organ harvesting found in a medical paper

 

Case analysis:

Medical paper published by Wu Jian and other physicians from Yan’an Hospital of Kunming describes the procedure of a heart extraction:

 

Figure 2.12 Journal of Yunnan Medicine, 2008, Vol 29, (5), pp 469

 

Here is the description of the surgical procedure as specified in the paper in figure 2.12: After the donor (organ provider) entered the operating room, conventional anesthesia and endotracheal intubation procedures were administered; intravenous administration of 1g methylprednisolone and heparin (3mg/Kg) was given to the organ provider. After the anesthesia began taking effect, routine draping procedure was followed using sterile towels. Incision was made in the center and into the chest swiftly using routine surgery procedures.

Analysis:

Clinical determination of brain death must include all three indispensable indicators: deep coma, no brain stem reflexes and no spontaneous breathing. No spontaneous breathing refers to the need to rely on a ventilator to maintain breathing. An apnea test must also be used to verify brain death. Apnea tests require the temporary removal of ventilator support for 8-10 minutes, during which time a clinically brain dead patient will notdisplay any respiratory efforts. According to the report above, the following conclusions can be drawn:

1) The donor was probably a living person, because only living people need anesthesia and intubation.

2) The donor was probably conscious and had spontaneous breathing, because anesthesia and routine tracheal intubation only took place after the donor entered the operating room. That is to say, before entering the room, he or she could breathe on his or her own without intubation.

3) The organ provider was not brain dead or in a deep coma, if so, he or she should would have required endotracheal intubation and intravenous fluids before entering the room to maintain breathing and heartbeat.

We can draw some further conclusions from the analysis above.

1)This paper is an authentic description of how the doctors conducted a murder. It is their crime that it records.

2)The fact that they can write down the murder process and publish it on the Internet shows that killing has become their routine work, and that they have become morally depraved. It also reflects the severity of live organ harvesting by the CCP.

3) What is more frightening is that the killing is not just an isolated case. This kind of killing happens throughout every province in China. These killings began in late 1999 and continue today.

 

Evidence VII: Falun Dafapractitioners are forced to have blood tests, which is powerful evidence for the existence of a living organ bank


It is very difficult for us to obtain more evidence from those secret concentration camps where Falun Gong practitioners are being held, because of China’s information censorship. However, these blood tests of Falun Gong practitioners, whether they are locked up in jails, labor camps, detention centers, or even at their own homes, indirectly confirm that the Chinese regime is building a database for reverse organ matching.

1. Nearly every Falun Gong practitioner isforcibly subjected to blood tests while detained

In addition to the extensive physical and mental abuse, Falun Gong practitioners from all over China are forcibly subjected to blood tests while they are detained. A large number of Falun Gong practitioners held in jails, labor camps, and detention centers, have suffered extreme abuse at the hands of authorities. Some were beaten, some were injured, and many have been crippled or died from the torture. According to Minghui.org, from 1999 to August 3, 2015 a total of 3,870 deaths have been confirmed, where practitioners were beaten to death.[111]

Practitioners subjected to blood tests are not told the results, and if they truly display illness symptoms they are denied medical treatment. They are unable to post bail to seek medical treatment. This is common practice throughout China. No other detainees or inmates receive such treatment.

2. Falun Gong practitioners are subjected to forcible blood tests in their homes

Since April 2014,[112] officials from the public security bureau and police have broken into the homes of Falun Gong practitioners. In some cases, in Guizhou, Liaoning, Hunan, Hubei, and Beijing, the authorities forced the practitioners to undergo blood tests in their homes.

In a few cases, where the Falun Gong practitioners could not be located, the police of public security bureau forcibly took blood from their relatives. Even elderly Falun Gong practitioners, those over 80 years old were forced to have a blood test. Many cases like this took place in Guizhou and Liaoning, wheresome police officers even said they were simply carrying out orders from their superiors.[113]Over the course of about one month in Dandong, Liaoning Province, a total of 16 Falun Gong practitioners were forced by the local police to have their blood drawn.[114]

   ‹ Chapter 1              Chapter 3, 4, 5 ›


Reference

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[ii] Phoenix Weekly, "the Dark Secrets of China's Human Organ Trafficing", November 5, 2013

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[iii] xj.xinhuanet.com/bt/2005-10/03/content_5275137.htm

[iv] Phoenix Weekly, "The Dark Secrets of China's Human Organ Trafficing", November 5, 2013

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     《血淋淋的器官摘取关于指控中共摘取法轮功学员器官的调查报告修订版》 5 2007225  大卫.麦塔斯  大卫.乔高http://organharvestinvestigation.net/report0701/report20070131-ch.pdf


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http://en.minghui.org/html/articles/2014/7/19/2101.html

[114]The Epoch Times Sept. 19th report, titled The police in Dandong claimed that Falun Gong practitioners forced to take blood test is mandated task – Terrible secret hidden behind.

http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/14/9/19/n4252384.htm%E6%B3%95%E8%BD%AE%E5%8A%9F%E5%AD%A6%E5%91%98%E8%A2%AB%E5%BC%BA%E9%AA%8C%E8%A1%80%E6%88%90%E4%BB%BB%E5%8A%A1-%E8%83%8C%E5%90%8E%E8%97%8F%E6%83%8A%E5%A4%A9%E7%A7%98%E5%AF%86.html