To investigate the criminal conduct of all institutions, organizations, and individuals involved in the persecution of Falun Gong; to bring such investigations, no matter how long it takes, no matter how far and deep we have to search, to full closure; to exercise fundamental principles of humanity; and to restore and uphold justice in society.

WOIPFG’s Comprehensive Investigation Results regarding the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (1)

from 2015 to 2018
May 13, 2019
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The Second part

The Third part

Foreword

In 2015, after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) claimed to have abolished the practice of using executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation and to start using only the voluntarily donated organs of Chinese citizens, World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG)[i] continued to investigate the hospitals, doctors, Red Cross organ donation organizations and hospitals’ organ procurement offices (OPO), which are suspected of live organ harvesting from Falun Dafa (aka Falun Gong) practitioners in mainland China, and we have obtained a large quantity of important evidence and clues.

From 2015 to 2018, WOIPFG has conducted several thousand telephone investigations on several hundred hospitals and several dozen organ donation agencies in 32 provincial-level administrative districts, including 23 provinces, five autonomous administrative regions and four central government directly-controlled municipalities, and it has published six phone investigation reports on the current situation of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners[ii], reports titled “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of Now”[iii], “Another Advertisement of Free Liver Transplantation Comes into Sight in China!”[iv] and “WOIPFG: Additional Testimony Provided by Eyewitness of Organ Harvesting from Living Victim(s)”[v]. 329 pieces of recorded evidence of phone investigations has been published during this time period.

Among them, the phone conversation recordings of 11 hospitals in 7 provinces were obtained in 2015; 33 hospitals in 17 provinces in 2016 were investigated and recorded; 103 hospitals in 28 provinces in 2017 were investigated and recorded; and 40 hospitals in 16 provinces in 2018 were investigated and recorded.

 

Figure 1

Figure 1. Graph of Statistical Distribution of Investigative Phone Calls to Chinese Organ Transplant Hospitals between 2015 and 2018

(Please refer to Schedule 1 for statistics regarding the dates, quantity and provinces/municipalities of the investigation phone calls.)

The main subjects of WOIPFG’s investigation are the presidents, organ transplant department (and organ transplantation center) directors, surgeons and nurses from 178 Grade A tertiary hospitals with organ transplant qualifications; the directors and staff members of China’s provincial and municipal Red Cross Societies’ organ donation agencies; as well as hospital OPO members. We believe that the results from our multi-angle investigation fairly accurately reflect the current situation of the mainland Chinese organ transplant industry since 2015.

The comprehensive investigation results show:

58 pieces of direct evidence of CCP’s live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners. Since 2006, WOIPFG has obtained 58 pieces of direct evidence of CCP’s use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs in transplants. In these 58 cases, someone admitted his participation in live organ harvesting or testified against others. These people include Li Changchun and Zhang Gaoli, members of the Political Bureau Standing Committee of the CCP Central Committee; Liang Guanglie, then Minister of National Defense; Bai Shuzhong, former head of the health division for the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department; Bo Xilai, former Minister of Commerce; Zhou Benshun, then Secretary General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission; Wei Jianrong, former Vice Director of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission Office; Tang Junjie, Deputy Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of Liaoning Province; a policeman at the Intermediate People’s Court of Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; a Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission official surnamed Li; an armed guard that witnessed live organ harvesting in Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province; a Director of the 610 Office in Ji County, Tianjin, as well as 45 organ transplant department directors and doctors in 41 hospitals. Among them, the evidence from 26 people was uncovered between 2015 and 2018. A large quantity of evidence in WOIPFG’s possession proves that the CCP has always been carrying out the state crime of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners! At the same time, living organ donor banks still exist in China; the organ transplant volumes of some hospitals are increasing year by year; the supplies of organ donors are generally abundant; the hospitals’ organ wait times are not only short but also stable; there are still a large number of emergency organ transplants and so-called green channels; a free organ transplant promotion took place again; the Chinese Red Cross Societies are still receiving a very small number of organ donations; the number of donated organs is smaller than the number of transplanted organs, and the Beijing Red Cross Society had not yet started their organ donation work at the time of when it was investigated; the organ sources are completely opaque; and the CCP’s crime of live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners had been spreading throughout the entire Chinese society. Our investigation has also discovered that the CCP’s publicizing of the so-called organ black market in China is another way for it to cover up its evil crime of live organ harvesting and its operation of living organ banks.

 

Table of Contents

Chapter One  

The CCP has always been Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

I. Latest Investigation: 9 hospitals admitted to the continued use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs for organ transplants

17 Phone Investigation Recordings

12 hospitals are involved: 9 admitted to using organs from Falun Gong practitioner, and 3 didn’t deny doing it.

II. Five Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2017

III. Four Work Units Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2016

IV. Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2015

V. Zheng Shusen’s Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital is Suspected of Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

Chapter Two 

Evidence obtained from the Investigations Conducted between 2015 and 2018 Shows that the Living Organ Bank Still Exists

I. Emergency organ transplant Cases

II.  Organ Wait Times are Extremely Short

1. Abundant donors – Cases of Organs Waiting for Suitable Patients

2. Patients can select young and high-quality organ donors

3. Officially reported cases of patients finding liver sources on the same day and other cases of short wait times  

4. Statistics of organ transplant wait time data

III.  Ample Organ Donors

IV.  Ample to Excess Supply of Organ Donors; Free Liver Transplant Promotion Reappeared in Jilin

Chapter Three

Actual Organ Transplant Volumes (by Using Liver and Kidney Transplant Figures as Examples) after 2015 have besen Rising Year by Year

I. Most Hospitals Investigated by WOIPFG Reported a Rise in their Organ Transplant Volumes

II. Analysis of the Actual Number of Organ Transplants in China based on some Observation of the Transplant Volumes at Two Organ Transplant Organizations run by Shen Zhongyang

Tianjin First Central Hospital

The General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing

Chapter Four 

The Brain Death Centers” across China and “Live Organ Harvesting”

I. “Brain Death Centers”

The wording “source” first appeared

The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University has a Brain Death Center

II. A Large Number of DCD Organs Have Warm Ischemia Times of Zero or One Minute in China – Suspected to be Organs Harvested Alive

III. A New Generation of Brainstem Collision Machines

Chapter Five  

Hospitals Claim that Their Donated Organs were of Unknown Origins

I. When Discussing Their Hospitals’ Organ Sources, Some Medical Staff Said They Had Their “Own Channels” and/or “it’s Inconvenient for me to Disclose”.

II. The State’s “Official Websites” for Organ Distribution “Are Deceiving People!”

IIIOrgan Donation Agencies and Organ Transplant Hospitals Illegally Purchase and Resell Organs

 

Several Investigation Recordings:
Conclusion

Schedule 1. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 2. Statistical Table of Many Hospitals’ Acknowledgement or Non-Denial of the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in Transplants from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 3. An Abundance of Donors – Statistical Table of Cases of Reverse Organ Matching (i.e. Organs Waiting for Recipients to Show Up)

Schedule 4-1. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls regarding Donor Organ Wait Times made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 4-2. Summary Table of Selected Organ Wait Times as Revealed by Doctors from 95 Organ Transplant Hospitals from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 5. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to obtain Evidence from China Red Cross Society Branches in Different Provinces between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 6. Statistical Table of Investigation Results on Beijing Red Cross Societies

 

Chapter One

The CCP has always been Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

Since 2006, when the Chinese Communist Party’s hidden crime of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners was exposed, WOIPFG has been tracking down and investigating this crime. Ample evidence suggests that the CCP has always been harvesting organs from Falun Dafa practitioners. During the period between 2015 and 2018 alone, a total of 26 individuals, including 25 surgeons from 21 hospitals and one “

I. Latest Investigation: 9 hospitals admitted to the continued use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs for organ transplants[i]

From October 19 to December 2, 2018, WOIPFG investigated 17 presidents and directors from 12 key hospitals suspected of live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners. The investigators pretended to be a caller, who was a “deputy director of the Office for Maintaining Stability at the Sichuan Provincial Political and Legal Affairs Commission” and was seeking to arrange an organ transplant surgery for his relative. Among these 17 individuals, 10 people (from 9 hospitals) admitted that they were using the organs from Falun Gong practitioners. Some of the phone investigations were carried out in the studio of the New Tang Television Station (NTDTV), and the entire investigation process was videotaped. At the same time, there were also several current affairs commentators, who had been focusing on the issue of live organ harvesting for a long period of time, witnessing the investigation process on site.

WOIPFG released 17 recorded investigation phone recordings, pertaining to 12 hospitals. In response to the question “Are you still using organs from Falun Gong practitioners?” 10 investigated individuals (from nine hospitals) gave affirmative answers: “yes, yes”, “right, right, right”, “right, right, correct, correct, you are right”, “right, right, right”, “right, this is for sure”, “no problem”, “let’s discuss after you come”. Other responses were vague, providing irrelevant answers. One person denied having used Falun Gong practitioners’ organs. Six individuals didn’t deny it. The investigation results reveal again that the CCP is still conducting live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners, to perform organ transplants for exorbitant profits.

These 17 telephone investigations concern 12 hospitals, which are located in three central government directly controlled municipalities and the major cities of eight provinces, including Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Yantai, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Changsha, Nanjing, Guangzhou and Guilin.

These 17 latest phone investigation recordings involve 12 hospitals. Among them, nine hospitals admitted to using organs from Falun Gong practitioners, while three of them denied it.

17 Phone Investigation Recordings:

Investigation Recording 1, Chen Xinguo: Director of Liver Transplantation of Beijing General Hospital of Armed Police

Date: October 19, 2018 (+13701220662)

(Recording 1. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 1 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: “At the end of the month, it should be ready.”

Investigator: We can’t use the ones that underwent tortures or hunger strikes. This [type of organs] is not the best. It is better to have them in the normal state. Those who do the practice would be even better.

Chen Xinguo: Don’t worry, we have done a lot, I will check it for you!

Personal profile: Chief Physician (liver transplant), Master’s degree students’ supervisor, member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Committee of the Beijing Medical Association, member of the Organ Transplantation Expert Committee of the Beijing Medical Association, member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Committee of the China Research Hospital Society, and member of the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Committee of the China Research Hospital Society.[ii]

Investigation Recording 2, Wang Jianli: Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital

Date: November 2, 2018 (13911723417):

(Recording 2. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 2 for transcript translation)


Excerpts: “Not sure when that can be ready, but we have a lot of organs here! A surgery can be arranged within one or two weeks. (Investigator: are the organs you are using now the healthy organs from Falun Gong practitioners, normal donors, right?) Right, right, right. (A liver transplant) can be done with 200,000 or 300,000 (yuan).

Personal profile: Associate Chief Physician of Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital. He is currently the leader of the Liver Transplant and Kidney Transplantation Team at the Liver Transplant Institute of the Armed Police General Hospital.[iii]

Investigation Recording 3, Zheng Shusen: President of Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital

Date: November 3, 2018 (13805749805)

(Recording 3. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 3 for transcript translation)

Summary: A liver transplant surgery can be arranged within two weeks.

When being asked whether the organs were from Falun Gong practitioners, Zheng gave an irrelevant answer, but he did not negate using the organs of Falun Gong practitioners, either.

Personal Profile: Zheng Shusen was former president of the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, director of this hospital’s organ transplant center, the incumbent president of Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, former chairman of the Chinese Transplant Congress (CTC) and chairman of China Organ Procurement Organization Alliance.[iv] He was also the chairman (from 2007 to 2017) of the Zhejiang branch of “China Anti-cult Association” (CACA), which is one of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) important agencies against Falun Gong.[v]

Investigation Recording 4, Lang Ren: Director of Liver Transplantation, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Date: November 6, 2018 (13911757869)

(Recording 4. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 4 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: “If there is nothing unexpected, it probably takes two or three weeks, more or less.” Investigator: The donors, are the type of Falun Gong practitioners, that kind of normal healthy donors, right? Lang Ren: Right, right, correct, correct, you are right.

Personal Profile: Chief Physician, Associate Professor, Master’s degree students’ supervisor. He served as the editorial board member of the “Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery” and member of the Beijing Medical Association’s Enteral Nutrition Committee. Since 1999, he has been participating in clinical work and basic research on liver transplantation.[vi]

Investigation Recording 5, Qu Qingshan: Director of the Organ Transplantation Center of the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Date: November 6, 2018 (13703717386)

(Recording 5. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 5 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: (Investigator: Another thing is, the donors you are using now, are still the normal donors of Falun Gong practitioners, right?) Yes, all of them are in the normal state.

Personal Profile: Qu Qingshan, chief physician, professor, Master’s degree students’ supervisor. He is Director of Zhengzhou Human Organ Transplantation Center, a current member of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association; a member of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association; a Standing Committee Member of the Organ Donation and Acquisition Management Committee of the Chinese Medical Association; a Standing Committee Member of the Dialysis Transplant Branch of the Chinese Biomedical Engineering Society; and the Member of the Kidney Transplantation Branch of the China Healthcare International Exchange Promotion Association Standing Committee; Deputy Director of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Henan Medical Association.[vii]

Investigation Recording 6, Miao Shuzhai: Chief Physician of the Organ Transplantation Center of Zhengzhou People’s Hospital

Date: November 6, 2018 (13938277351)
(Recording 6. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 6 for transcript translation)

Summary of investigation results: Arranging for a liver transplant surgery usually takes one or two weeks to one month. Investigator: And regarding your current donors, your donors are that type of normal donors (that practice) Falun Gong, right? Miao Shuzhai: Right, right, right.

Personal Profile: Chief physician, graduated from Henan Medical University.[viii]

Investigation Recording 7, Ye Qifa: Vice President of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Date: November 6, 2018 (13875987051)

(Recording 7. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 7 for transcript translation)

Summary of investigation results: The hospital does organ transplants every day. After the matching is finished, a surgery can possibly be performed within a month. Investigator: About that, your donors are still Falun Gong (practitioners), donors in normal conditions, right? Ye Qifa: It’s easy to perform (the surgery). Just send me his medical record first, alright?

Personal profile: Ye Qifa is a director of the Transplant Medicine Engineering Technology Research Center of the Ministry of Health. He is also a member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Society of Surgery, the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Medical Association’s Organ Transplantation Branch, the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Liver Disease Society, the director of the Hunan Provincial Organ Transplant Quality Control Center, as well as the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Human Organ Transplantation Technology Clinical Application Committee.[ix]

Investigation Recording 8, Hang Hualian: Chief Medical Officer of Liver Transplantation Surgery Department, Shanghai Renji Hospital

Date: November 7, 2018 (18616206806)

(Recording 8. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 8 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: I’ll try my best to get it done for you within one week. Investigator: You are using Falun Gong (practitioner) donors now, right?

Hang Hualian: Yes, this is for sure.

Personal Profile: Member of the Transplant Surgery Technical Committee of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Stem Cell and Tissue Transplantation Committee of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Committee of the Cross-Strait Medical and Health Exchange Association, and the chief examiner of the National Practitioner Examination.[x]

Investigation Recording 9, Liu Dongfu: Director of Kidney Transplantation, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province

Date: November 8, 2018 (13853501608)

(Recording 9. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 9 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: “We may have it (kidney source) as fast as tomorrow.” “It can be as fast as within a week. If not that fast, you can have it after waiting for two months, in two months.”

Investigator: So it is like, please help do quality control. The best would be, having a donor like that type of Falun Gong people, I mean a donor with normal conditions. Liu Dongfu: This, listen to me, there is something that we can discuss after you come here.

Personal profile: Chief physician, professor, current deputy director of the Yantai Branch of the Chinese Medical Association’s Department of Urology, deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Organ Transplantation Society, and deputy director of the Organ Transplantation Center of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital.[xi]

Investigation Recording 10, Wang Xuehao: Director of the Liver Transplantation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University

Date: November 8, 2018 (13305178713)

(Recording 10. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 10 for transcript translation)

Summary of investigation results: It usually takes less than two weeks to arrange a liver transplant operation for Blood Type B patients. Most organs come from outside of the hospital, obtained from the center of brain deaths.

Personal profile: Wang Xuehao is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, chief physician, professor and PhD students’ supervisor. He is working in the fields of hepatobiliary surgery and liver transplantation. He is currently director of the Institute of Liver Surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, director of the Liver Transplantation Center of Jiangsu Province, Director of the Key Laboratory of Live Liver Transplantation of the Ministry of Health and director of the lab’s Academic Committee, member of the Human Organ Transplantation Expert Group of the Ministry of Health, and deputy chairman of the Jiangsu Medical Association.[xii]

Investigation Recording 11, Bai Rongsheng: Liver Transplant Doctor and Assistant to President Shen Zhongyang at Tianjin First Central Hospital

Date: November 15, 2018 (13803019898)

(Recording 11. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 11 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: (Investigator: Regarding liver donors, the situation now is that in general they are the type of healthy donors, right? The kind from Falun Gong practitioners, right?) Right, right, right, ah.

Personal Profile: Bao Rongsheng is an assistant to Shen Zhongyang, as well as a liver transplant surgeon. Shen Zhongyang, Director of the Liver Transplantation Research Institute of the Third Medical Center of the People’s Liberation Army General Hospital (formerly the Armed Police Force General Hospital); Director of the Oriental Organ Transplantation Center (Tianjin), chief physician, professor and PhD students’ supervisor.[xiii]

Investigation Recording 12, Wang Changxi: Director of the Kidney Transplant Department’s Second Section at the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou

Date: November 15, 2018 (13600450862)

(Recording 12. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 12 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: Investigator: I want to ask about the liver sources. You still use (those from) Falun Gong (practitioners), healthy donors, right? Wang Changxi: All, all of them are. Now all donated ones are. All deceased citizen donors might all have these.

Personal profile: Wang Changxi is a professor, chief physician and PhD students’ supervisor. He is currently the director of his hospital’s Department of Organ Transplantation and concurrently the deputy director of its Surgery Laboratory.[xiv]

Investigation Recording 13, He Xiaoshun: Vice President of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University (1)

The first investigation date November 15, 2018 (13802510799)

(Recording 13. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 13 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: In general, it usually takes one or two weeks to arrange an operation, but sometimes [it would take] one month. Investigator: Well, my question is: Are they the type of organs from Falun Gong (practitioners)? The organs themselves are healthy, right?                              He Xiaoshun: Yes, right, right. Of course, of course.

Investigation Recording 14, He Xiaoshun: Vice President of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University (2)

The Second investigation date: November 16, 2018 (13802510799)

(Recording 14. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 14 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: Investigator: Since on one hand, it is the issue of skills, on the other hand, it is the issue of the organ. The organs you use, I know they are from Falun Gong practitioners, so the organs must be good. Combining these two factors, it would be perfect. He Xiaoshun: Correct.

Personal Profile: He Xiaoshun is a member of the International Liver Transplant Society, member of the International Society of Digestive Surgery, expert member of the Clinical Application Committee of the Human Organ Transplantation of the Ministry of Health, member of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Chinese Medical Association’s Surgery Branch, vice chairman of the Guangdong Provincial Liver Disease Society, and Chairman of the Organ Transplantation Professional Committee.[xv]

Investigation Recording 15, Peng Zhihai: Vice President of Shanghai General Hospital, Director of Organ Transplantation Center

Date: November 16, 2018 (13761010066)

(Recording 15. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 15 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: 1. Investigator: Okay, okay. I have another [question]. You are using Falun Gong practitioners as the donors, that is, those healthy donors, right?

Peng Zhihai: Definitely healthy. How can it be acceptable if they’re not healthy?!

2. Investigator: The main concern is if you can check the quality of the donors — the Falun Gong (practitioner) donors!

Peng Zhihai: No problem, no problem.

Personal profile: Peng Zhihai is a member of the Chinese Medical Association’s Surgical Society, Vice Chairman of the Shanghai Medical Association’s Society of General Surgery, Deputy Director of the Hepatobiliary Diseases Branch of China International Exchange and Promotion Association for Medical and Healthcare, Standing Committee Member of the Organ Transplantation Society of the China Medical Association, Vice President of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s Organ Transplantation Physician Branch and Vice Director of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s Organ Transplantation Physician Group, Chairman of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s First Organ Transplantation Management Committee, deputy head of the Liver Transplantation Group of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, Chairman of the Organ Transplantation Society of the Shanghai Medical Association, Director of the Shanghai Organ Transplantation Clinical Medicine Center, Director of the Shanghai Organ Transplantation Research Center, Director of the Shanghai Liver Transplantation Quality Control Centerand Director of the Institute of Organ Transplantation, Shanghai Jiaotong University.[xvi]

Investigation Recording 16, Chen Huaizhou: Director of the Organ Transplant Center of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) No. 181 Hospital (Guilin, Guangxi)

Date: November 16, 2018 (13087737632)
(Recording 16. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 16 for transcript translation)

Excerpts Investigator: His family members hope that, they hope to use that type of Falun Gong (practitioner) donors. If this kind of donors are available, he (i.e. the patient) will definitely come over immediately.

Chen Huaizhou: Yes, yes! You come over to be hospitalized for a checkup, have an examination, get a checkup first.

Investigation Recording 17, Dr. Li, Doctor-on-duty at the Urology Surgery Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Date: December 2, 2018 (01186-10-85231457)

(Recording 17. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 17 for transcript translation)

Excerpts: Investigator: They are still the normal kidney sources from Falun Gong (practitioners), right?

Dr. Li: Right, right, right.

Investigator: Generally speaking, if you take a donor, you should not only take a kidney, but also the heart, liver and kidney. How long does it take for this process?

Dr. Li: The bigger the organ(s), the longer it takes.

Investigator: How long does it take to excise organs in general?

Dr. Li: About three or four hours.

Investigator: It takes three or four hours to get this organ from disinfection, draping to completion, right?

Dr. Li: Right, right, right.

II. Five Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2017

Investigative Recording 1, Ni Jialian, the former Director of the Kidney Transplantation Department at Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Date: January 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86-1192017_134231)           

Ni Jialian: “It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners.” Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right? Ni: Yes.

(Recording 18. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 18 for transcript translation)[xvii]

Investigative Recording 2, a ward nurse for kidney transplant operations at Shandong Provincial Hospital

Date: April 8, 2017 (Phone number: +86 531 68776161)    

Nurse: “We’ve already done a lot [of kidney transplants] this year! We did several cases in recent several days. Just come here, it’s very fast [to have the surgery].” Investigator: “Generally speaking, the allografts were from death-row prisoners and practitioners, right?” Nurse: “Yes, they were, in the past.”

(Recording 19. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 19 for transcript translation)[xviii]

Investigation Recording 3, Liver Transplant Doctor at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

Date: July 9, 2017 (Phone number: +86+ 2583106666)

Doctor: “We do a lot, quite a lot! Last week, we did four operations. Nowadays there are many channels (to obtain organs). That’s the government’s concern. We are only in charge of providing the technologies and the follow-up services.” Investigator: “You said in the past those Falun Gong practitioners were used (as donors), why not now?” Doctor: People didn’t speak of human rights in the past.”

(Recording 20. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 20 for transcript translation)[xix]

Investigation Recording 4a Nurse at Xijing Hospital Affiliate to Fourth Military Medical University

Date: September 17, 2017 (+86+ 2989661629)

Nurse: “There’re not as many as before, but it’s basically still okay. During a month, there would still be some.” “In the past, it could be the prisoners’ donations.”

(Recording 21. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 21 for transcript translation)[xx]

Investigative Recording 5, Doctor Pu Miaoshui for liver transplant operations at Guangzhou Military Region General Hospital

Date: January 23, 2017 (Phone number: +86+13682253550)                

Pu Miaoshui: “[The use of organs from death-row inmates and (Falun) Gong practitioners] was legal before, now it is not illegal, but now it has been forbidden by the government. It does not work when the state says no. It is not an issue of legality.”

(Recording 22. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 22 for transcript translation)[xxi]

 

III. Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2016

Mudanjiang City’s 610 police Zhu Jiabin Admitted to Harvesting and “Selling” Living Falun Gong Practitioner Gao Yixi’s Organs

Investigative Recording 1, Zhu Jiabin, head of the general department of the CCP’s “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City

Date: June 21, 2016

On April 19, 2016, Falun Gong practitioner Gao Yixi, a 45-year-old male residing in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province, was illegally arrested by five people led by Mudanjiang Municipal Public Security Xianfeng Sub-Bureau’s Yuanming Community Police Office’s patrol unit vice-captain Lv Hongfeng and detained at the Mudanjiang Second Detention Center. On April 30, the police informed Gao Yixi’s family that Gao Yixi had passed away, his body was in Mudanjiang Sidao and they had already performed “an autopsy” on his body.

On June 21, 2016, Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the CCP’s “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province, directly admitted to a WOIPFG investigator that they harvested Gao Yixi’s organs, while he was still alive, and sold them.

(Recording 23. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 23 for transcript translation)[xxii]

Investigation Recording 2, Chen Zhaoyan: Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University

Date: February 2, 2016  

Chen Zhaoyan: “(Transplants) of living kidneys started in 1999.” “In the past, most (kidney transplants) used kidneys from corpses, after 1999, most were living kidneys.” (When the investigator asked whether the organs he used were from Falun Gong practitioners, he hanged up the phone.)

(Recording 24. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 24 for transcript translation)[xxiii]

Investigation Recording 3, Doctor Liu of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Date: April 5, 2016  

Dr. Liu: “Now we have none of these (organs from prisoners) across the country. It has been stopped.” “I cannot explain to you clearly over the phone.”

(Recording 25. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 25 for transcript translation)[xxiv]

Investigative Recording 4, Dr. He Enhui, liver transplant surgeon at Beijing Friendship Hospital

Date: September 2, 2016

He Enhui: “We have been doing liver transplants for more than a dozen years…Professor Zhu has done more than 1,900 cases… Now the state no longer allows the use of organs from death-row prisoners. It’s prohibited by law. Previously, it exploited the loopholes in the regulations.”

(Recording 26. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 26 for transcript translation)[xxv]

IV. Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2015

Investigative Recording 1, Tan Yunshan, chief physician from the Liver Pathological Department at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University

Date: February 8, 2015

Tan Yunshan: “All the livers that have been used in liver transplant operations performed now come from the ‘source.’ Of course, we know who the donors were, as to whether these donors were Falun Gong practitioners or not, that’s not our concern. As long as the organs meet our standard, we don’t care who the donors are.”

Investigator: “Do you know Bai Shuzhong, the former Minister of PLA General Logistics Department of Health has confessed that Jiang Zemin had ordered the organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners for transplants? So is every hospital doing surgeries under that policy?” Tan Yunshan: “Yes, that’s right.”

(Recording 27. Download MP3, please refer to Appendix 27 for transcript translation)[xxvi]

Investigative Recording 2, Dr. Han at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University

Date: June 30, 2015

When a WOIPFG investigator mentioned the organ bank of detained Falun Gong practitioners and the use of organs from Falun Gong practitioners, Dr. Han confirmed both, by saying, “Correct. That’s right.”

(Recording 28. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 28 for transcript translation)[xxvii]

Investigative Recording 3, Dr. Gong of the second ward of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Department of the Affiliated Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Date: October 12, 2015

WOIPFG’s phone investigation on Dr. Gong revealed that he acknowledged that Falun Gong practitioners’ organs were used for transplantation, and that live organ harvesting was ordered by Jiang Zemin.

(Recording 29. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 29 for transcript translation)[xxviii]

An excerpt of the phone investigation transcript:

Investigator: Oh. So previously (you) went to jails and labor camps to get organs?
Dr. Gong: Yes. Previously, yes.

…… ……
Investigator: Oh, you mean organs from Falun Gong practitioners?
Dr. Gong: Yes, now we are no longer allowed to use organs from donors, whom are not claimed by any family members.
…… ……
Investigator: Oh, so all along it’s them who have done (organ harvesting)? In the past, many hospitals were involved in (doing organ harvesting), in massive quantities. It was allowed at the time. It was an order from Jiang Zemin. He was the chairman back then.
Dr. Gong: Well, you would need written documents issued by the state to perform things of that nature (i.e. organ harvesting).
Investigator: Right, right, Jiang Zemin gave orders to use imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners for organ harvesting. Since Jiang Zemin issued such orders, you dared to perform (organ harvesting), right?
Dr. Gong: Of course.
 

Investigative Recording 4, doctor on duty (male, possibly called Li Lunming) at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province

Date: December 21, 2015 (at 9:55 p.m.) (Phone number: 86-503165709)

When answering a phone call from a Falun Gong practitioner, the doctor on duty claimed, “Yes, (we kill Falun Gong practitioners for their organs), so what? They are from Falun Gong (practitioners), so what!” “We have done so many, maybe you haven’t thoroughly investigated, too many.”

(Recording 30. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 30 for transcript translation)[xxix]

Investigative Recording 5, doctor on duty (male, possibly called Li Lunming) at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province

Date: December 21, 2015 (at 10:54 p.m.) (Phone number: 86-503165709)

When a Falun Gong practitioner asked the doctor on duty at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province: “how many organs have you dug out from living Falun Gong practitioners?” He replied: “countless.” When asked again: “Do you dare to confirm that it is ‘countless’?” He repeated again: “Countless.” This doctor directly threatened the Falun Gong practitioner who called him: “If you dare to come here, I will kill you, I kill you, I will see you go to heaven or hell”.

(Recording 31. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 31 for transcript translation)[xxx]

Schedule 2. Statistical Table of Many Hospitals’ Acknowledgement or Non-Denial of the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in Transplants from 2015 to 2018

V. Zheng Shusen’s Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital is Suspected of Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, officially opened for business on December 6, 2015, is a private hospital set up by Zheng Shusen, and its main business is organ transplantation.

Zheng Shusen was serving as president of the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University and director of this hospital’s organ transplant center for many years. He was also the chairman of China Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) Alliance.[xxxi] At the same time, from 2007 to 2017, he was the chairman or vice chairman of the Zhejiang branch of “China Anti-cult Association” (CACA), which is one of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) specialized agencies against Falun Gong.[xxxii] As a chief surgeon presiding over organ transplant operations and a hospital president, he was also serving as a leading official in an organization specializing in the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. Therefore, in his dual capacity, he has been psychologically and physically persecuting Falun Gong practitioners, while poisoning the public’s mind.

According to the results of a special investigation by WOIPFG, from December 12, 2017 to May 20, 2018 alone, Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital performed 546 cases of liver and kidney transplantation (306 liver transplants and 239 kidney transplants), consuming 561 organs (15 organs were abandoned). Among them, 10-20% were emergency organ transplants. The organ wait times were one to two weeks, with the shortest wait time being just one day. And there were cases of organs waiting for patients to show up and even excessive organs. The cost of kidney sources rose to be more than 400,000 yuan (per organ), and the hospital guaranteed to provide young organ donors within one month. There were 7 cases of second organ transplants on the same patients, and the intervals between both surgeries were only 1 to 3 days. In one case of liver transplantation, 3 donor livers were used within 9 days. On February 10, 2018, 4 liver transplants and 2 kidney transplants were performed and completed on the same day.[xxxiii]

According to official mainland Chinese media reports, from the afternoon of May 11, 2017 to May 12 noon time, the eight operating theatres at Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital were all lit up. Within 20 hours, they completed 8 major organ transplant surgeries. One of the patients surnamed Wu waited only two days to receive a “donated” liver. [xxxiv]

How is it possible for a private hospital, which had been in existence for just over one year, to obtain so many donated organs with matched tissues on the same day? It was supposed to be impossible, but Zheng Shusen somehow did it. The only possibility is that Zheng Shusen could pick up organs from a living organ donor bank. And as “state organs” of the Chinese Communist Party, Falun Gong practitioners are most likely the first to be harmed.

Under the circumstances, where the CCP is still severely persecuting Falun Gong practitioners, as the organ transplant chief surgeon and hospital president, Zheng Shusen also serves as a principal official at a government agency specializing in persecuting Falun Gong practitioners. So, we have more reasons to question whether Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital has been live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners.

 

Chapter Two

Evidence obtained from the Investigations Conducted between 2015 and 2018 Shows that the Living Organ Bank Still Exists

Emergency organ transplants, extremely short organ wait times and abundant donor sources still exist. The donor sources of different hospitals range from being adequate to excessive. In 2017, a free organ transplant promotion case emerged again.

In 2017, in the United States, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors,[xxxv] and the U.S. has a well-developed national network for organ deployment. According to the 2007 report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the average wait time for organ transplants in the United States was 2 years for liver transplantation and 3 years for kidney transplantation.[xxxvi] Compared with the fact that patients in developed countries have to wait several years for organ transplants, some hospitals in mainland China guarantee that their patients can have their organ transplants after waiting for several weeks or even days, even after the abolishment of the use of organs from executed prisoners in 2015. Furthermore, the organ wait times have been becoming increasingly shorter, which is an extremely unusual phenomenon.


I. Emergency organ transplant Cases

Usually, an emergency liver transplant is an emergency liver replacement operation for a patient of acute and severe liver disease, with a survival period of no more than 72 hours. Emergency liver transplantation is not common outside of China, due to the difficulty of emergency organ matching and the long wait time for a donor. However, in China, emergency liver transplantation has been widely implemented in recent years.

Table 1. Statistical Table of Emergency Organ Transplant Cases

Table 1. Statistical Table of Emergency Organ Transplant Cases

 

II. Organ Wait Times are Extremely Short

From 2015 to 2018, 84 Chinese hospitals mentioned their patients’ donor organ wait times during the investigative phone conversations. The longest wait times were 2 to 3 months, and in some cases with the shortest wait times, the patients were able to have the surgeries upon their arrival at the hospital.

Among these cases, in the investigation conducted between October 19 and December 2, 2018, 17 presidents and directors of all the organ transplant hospitals being investigated (12 hospitals in 11 provinces) promised the caller to arrange a surgery within one or two weeks. Hang Hualian, the director of the Liver Transplant Center at Shanghai Renji Hospital told the caller to come and see him on the next day, and that he would try to help the caller arrange a surgery within a week. Liu Dongfu, Director of Kidney Transplantation, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, said, “We may have it (kidney source) as fast as tomorrow.”[xlv]

Regarding the organ wait times for the transplant surgeries, most hospitals still give the same answer right now. That is, the shortest wait times would be two or three days, but usually could be two or three weeks, up to one or two months. More than one investigated hospital promised to perform the surgery upon the patient’s arrival. Several hospitals say that they are doing organ transplants every day, as they are routine operations. Also, the “green channels” for emergency organ transplants still exist.

1. Abundant donors – Cases of Organs Waiting for Suitable Patients

Figure 2

Figure 2. Frequency distribution histogram of the numbers of hospitals admitting to having plenty of organ donors in investigative phone calls from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 3. An Abundance of Donors – Statistical Table of Cases of Reverse Organ Matching (i.e. Organs Waiting for Recipients to Show Up)

2. Patients can select young and high-quality organ donors

Table 2. Statistical Table of the Selection of Young and High-Quality Organ Donors

able 2. Statistical Table of the Selection of Young and High-Quality Organ Donors

 

3. Officially reported cases of patients finding liver sources on the same day and other cases of short wait times  

1) On April 24, 2016, at the Fifth People’s Hospital of Shanghai, a patient was suffering from severe liver failure and had to become hospitalized immediately, otherwise his life would be in jeopardy. The doctor told his son that he didn’t need to go home to organize things, as his father needed to be hospitalized immediately. The patient’s son later told the media, “Finally after being hospitalized for four days, through the help of a prominent person, on April 28, he was transferred to Huashan Hospital as desired. Luckily, on the day when he was just transferred to the new hospital, the doctor immediately asked us to have a talk. There happened to be a liver source suitable for my father on the same day.”[l]

2) In June 2015, Chengdu Economic Daily reported that a patient found liver sources three times within a period of more than 60 days.[li]

3) In June 2015, Ye Qifa was performing a liver transplant on a patient named Chen Jun, and immediately, a matching liver donated after the donor’s death was found, and the transplant surgery went smoothly. As a result, Chen was saved.[lii]

4) The Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital’s Hepatobiliary Hospital launched an emergency deployment for a liver transplant. Four hours later, they found a suitable liver source. On February 23, 2018, the president of Hepatobiliary Hospital and chief expert Professor Wu Jinshu, the director of the transplant center and others completed the liver transplant operation in just five hours.[liii]

5) Korean journalist’s on-site investigation:

In 2017, a South Korean journalist went to China for an on-site investigation at a hospital, where the wait times for organ transplants were several days or weeks.[liv]

4. Statistics of organ transplant wait time data

Table 3. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Wait Times from 2015 to 2018

Figure 3

Figure 3. Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Wait Times from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 4-1. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls regarding Donor Organ Wait Times made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 4-2. Summary Table of Selected Organ Wait Times as Revealed by Doctors from 95 Organ Transplant Hospitals from 2015 to 2018

Figure 4

Figure 4. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their minimum organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018


Table 4. Statistical table of the number of hospitals, whose minimum organ transplant wait times were revealed in phone investigative conversations from 2015 to 2018

Figure 5

 

Figure 5. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their longest organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

Table 5. Statistical table of the number of hospitals, whose longest organ transplant wait times were revealed in phone investigative conversations from 2015 to 2018

 

Figure 6

Figure 6. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their average organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018


Table 6. Statistical table of the number of hospitals grouped by their average organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

 

III.  Ample Organ Donors

Ran Jianghua, associate dean of the First Hospital of Kunming (February 27, 2016): “After our own patients (of Blood Type B) ran out, we also transferred a patient from Zhejiang, from Hangzhou to do the transplant.” “Last year, we got 80 cases of excised organs.”
(Recording 44. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 44 for transcript translation)[lv]

However, according to Yunnan Information Journal,there were only 48 cases of donation in Yunnan Province throughout 2015. Since this figure was smaller than the quantity of organ transplants, it is evident that the organs came from other sources.

Doctor Liu of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (April 5, 2016): “Our liver sources are sent outside, via the state’s network, to be coordinated to send to other organ transplant centers.”

(Recording 25. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 45 for transcript translation)[lvi]

Doctor Yang Zhijian of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province (September 1, 2016): “We did around 30 kidney transplantation operations in July.” “If there are 30 kidneys, there would be at least 15 livers.” “The most kidney transplantation operations we did [in one year] were more than 180 cases. We would have excised 90 livers, half [of the 180 cases].” “Frequently, people would bring patients from Shanghai and Beijing here to receive [liver] transplantation operations.”

(Recording 46. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 46 for transcript translation)[lvii]

Su Yu, Urologist at the Second affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical College (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.” The largest feature of this hospital is the organs from brain-dead patients. “Regarding this kind of things (i.e. where the dead bodies are from), I, I don’t dare to talk about it.”

(Recording 47. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 47 for transcript translation)[lviii]

A Nurse from the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department at the PLA No.153 Central Hospital in Henan Province (October 14, 2017): Our hospital is a reserved military organ transplant hospital in the Henan region. The hospital can do more than 100 cases a year with no problem. “Our hospital has been doing them (i.e. organ transplants) all the time, for more than 30 years, we were among the earliest (ones which started doing transplants).” “We basically do two or three cases every month, three or four cases.” “We would offer (the organs) to other hospitals, because we are doing too many.”

(Recording 48. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 48 for transcript translation)[lix]

IV.  Ample to Excess Supply of Organ Donors; Free Liver Transplant Promotion Reappeared in Jilin

From June 1 to June 30, 2017, Jilin Provincial Travel Radio and the Hepatic Transplantation Center of the First Hospital of Jilin University jointly launch a program of free liver transplantation for 10 children.[lx]

(Recording 49. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 49 for transcript translation)

(Recording 50. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 50 for transcript translation)

On June 13, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator called the registration office of the “Precious Kids” program of free liver transplantation launched by Jilin Provincial Travel Radio and confirmed that the liver sources were sufficient and could be transplanted at any time.

On June 14, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator called the registration office of the “Precious Kids” program again, and the enrollment clerk mentioned that the origins of the livers were kept confidential. He said, “Even if you offered to pay 2 million yuan and came to the hospital right now, you wouldn’t be able to know the source of your (transplant) liver, because this has to be kept confidential.”

(Recording 51. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 51 for transcript translation)

On June 15, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator conducted an investigation on Mr. Liu from the Organ Donations Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Jilin Branch. The investigator mentioned the “Previous Kids” program. Mr. Liu said that the liver donor sources were not provided by the Red Cross Society.[lxi]

(Recording 52. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 52 for transcript translation)

 

Chapter Three         

Actual Organ Transplant Volumes (by Using Liver and Kidney Transplant Figures as Examples) after 2015 have besen Rising Year by Year

After the Chinese Communist Party claimed to have abolished the practice of using executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation in 2015, the organ transplant volume in China has been increasing, instead of decreasing. Most of the hospitals investigated by WOIPFG stated every year that they were doing more organ transplants than they did the year before. Therefore, even if the official organ transplant quantities they reported have been decreasing significantly, their actual organ transplant volumes have been rising year by year.

What is the actual organ transplant volume? Let’s take the liver transplantation volume in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital as an example. On September 6, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from this hospital’s Hepatobiliary Surgery Department about their liver transplantation situation in 2017. The doctor said, “Our Chao-Yang Hospital is the first hospital capable of doing liver transplantation in Beijing. 100 cases per year, that’s the volume. You can have it verified at somewhere else.” “100 cases per year, that’s the volume” is said to outsiders by multiple hospitals. It implies, “What I’m allowed to tell you can only be this figure, and the actual organ transplant volume is much larger. But I can’t say it.”

(Recording 53. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 53 for transcript translation)[lxii]

I. Most Hospitals Investigated by WOIPFG Reported a Rise in their Organ Transplant Volumes

On December 15, 2017, a nurse at West China Hospital, Sichuan University said to a WOIPFG investigator, “The volume (of kidney transplants) is increasing each year.” She also said that several hundred cases had been done within 2017.

(Recording 54. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 54 for transcript translation)[lxiii]

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine self-claimed to have performed more than 500 cases in 2016. According to official media articles, the hospital performed 800 cases in 2017.[lxiv]

(Recording 55. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 55 for transcript translation)

A Doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University revealed (October 18, 2018) that this hospital had been doing kidney transplants for over a dozen years. And it started expanding. Since the organ transplant department was officially founded in July, they’d been doing more transplants. The kidney transplant department had done several dozen cases over the last two months. The organ wait time varies. There have been cases, where the patient had the surgery on the same day, when he/she became hospitalized.  

(Recording 56. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 56 for transcript translation)

Director Zhu Youhua of the Kidney Transplant Center of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital (January 29, 2016): “We do a lot of kidney transplants. It is not only that we are doing this, the whole country is doing a lot!”

(Recording 57. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 57 for transcript translation)[lxv]

Su Yu, Urologist at the Second affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical College (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.”

(Recording 47. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 58 for transcript translation)[lxvi]

Zheng Jin, kidney transplant surgeon at the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi’an Jiaotong University (August 13, 2017): “We are the largest organ transplant center in the northwest region. We have been doing kidney transplants all along. We do over 200 cases a year! Our goal is 300 cases this year. We already have more than 100 cases.”

(Recording 59. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 59 for transcript translation)[lxvii]

Doctor Meng from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (August 14, 2017): The hospital became qualified to do kidney transplantation in 2016. The hospital started doing kidney transplants in 2017. “We could do about 10 to 12 kidney transplants every month.” The hospital did 6 kidney transplantations of Type B in the first half of this month.

(Recording 60. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 60 for transcript translation)[lxviii]

Another kidney transplantation surgeon from the same hospital (August 29, 2017): The hospital’s organ transplant qualification has been approved. “We did a lot (of kidney transplants), I mean a lot. We try to do as many as we can.” They do kidney transplants every day.

(Recording 61. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 61 for transcript translation)[lxix]

A doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department of the 7th People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (August 25, 2017): “How many have we done this year? I am not able to disclose it to you. We definitely have done a lot… as a matter of fact, we are doing it as of today! We did two cases today. Nobody will tell you that, no matter whom you ask from. What I can tell you is, we have done a lot!”

(Recording 62. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 62 for transcript translation)[lxx]

A doctor from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the Peking University Third Hospital (August 29, 2017) said that his hospital had 11 teams for kidney transplant surgeries.

(Recording 63. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 63 for transcript translation)[lxxi]

A Nurse of the Urology Department’s Ward in the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (September 7, 2017) said that to find potential organ donors, the hospital has assigned several persons to search in all hospitals. She said, “The last year saw more transplant cases (in our hospital) than the previous year, by more than a dozen cases. The number of cases is going up each year. There is one transplant coming up tonight. In our department, what we have are kidneys. Usually they come in pairs. That is, one donor, two recipients.”

(Recording 64. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 64 for transcript translation)[lxxii]

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department’s Ward at the Third People’s Hospital of Datong (September 11, 2017): “The hospitals in Taiyuan do a lot of transplants, they do more than a dozen transplants in one day!” The hospital performed two organ transplants last year. “The patients were government officials. They found kidney sources by themselves.” They found donors from Taiyuan and some other places.

(Recording 65. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 65 for transcript translation)[lxxiii]

Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (September 11, 2017): The hospital performed a lot of cases of kidney transplantation this year.

(Recording 66. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 66 for transcript translation)[lxxiv]

A Liver Transplant Doctor at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Fourth Military Medical University (September 17, 2017): “How many transplants have been done this year? It is not convenient for me to disclose this information. There’s been quite a lot this year. Sometimes we do two in a day.”

(Recording 67. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 67 for transcript translation)[lxxv]

Doctor Ju, Liver transplant surgeon of the Liaocheng People’s Hospital (September 13, 2017): “We just set up our own (liver transplant) department. We will only be doing more and more. For sure we get more recognition and support from our hospital, from our country. Otherwise, we wouldn’t have set it up.”

(Recording 68. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 68 for transcript translation)[lxxvi]

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department of the Second Hospital of Shandong University (September 22, 2017): “Over 20 (kidney transplants) in September only and still counting, because September isn’t over. Last year we did 140 or 150 cases.” From January to September this year, the hospital has done over 100 cases of kidney transplants. “So this year (we) will outdo last year (in terms of transplants) for sure.”

(Recording 69. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 69 for transcript translation)[lxxvii]

On May 4, 2016, a nurse at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University revealed to a WOIPFG investigator, “Every year our hospital performs several thousand transplants.” This figure is more than 10 times of the hospital’s publicly released annual organ transplant volume, but it is in line with the hospital’s several hundred ward beds dedicated to organ transplants.

(Recording 70. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 70 for transcript translation)[lxxviii]

II. Analysis of the Actual Number of Organ Transplants in China based on some Observation of the Transplant Volumes at Two Organ Transplant Organizations run by Shen Zhongyang

Shen Zhongyang is the director of the Oriental Organ Transplantation Center in Tianjin and the director of the Liver Transplantation Research Institute of the Third Medical Center of the People’s Liberation Army General Hospital (formerly the Armed Police Force General Hospital). The annual liver and kidney transplant volumes at these two organ transplant agencies, which Shen runs, have exceeded the officially published annual organ transplant volume of over 10,000 cases.

Tianjin First Central Hospital

In 2017, a liver transplant doctor at the Tianjin First Central Hospital claimed that his hospital could perform 400 or 500 cases of liver transplantation a year. After a WOIPFG investigator pressed for confirmation, the doctor admitted that this was the number of surgeries completed by one surgery team alone in one year. Another doctor said that there were more than ten transplant surgery teams in the hospital’s organ transplant center. Our rough estimation is that the annual liver and kidney transplantation volume at this hospital would reach several thousand per year.[lxxix]

(Recording 71-1. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 71-1 for transcript translation)

(Recording 71-2. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 71-2 for transcript translation)

Sample Phone Investigation Recording: Doctor Feng at the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department on the Sixth Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital (October 17, 2017; phone number: +86+2223626855): Investigator: “Just kidney transplantation, for a year, can you do about 400 to 500 cases?” Feng: “Yes, almost.”

(Recording 72. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 72 for transcript translation)[lxxx]

After Tianjin First Central Hospital’s new organ transplant building was put into use in September 2006, the number of ward beds was increased to 500. (There was another official publication indicating that the number of ward beds had reached 700.[lxxxi]) The ward bed occupancy rate exceeded 90%, reaching 131.1%. The average length of hospital stay for a liver transplant patient in China was 25 to 30 days at that time.[lxxxii] Therefore, the actual number of surgeries would be more than 5,000 cases each year, and it would even reach 8,000 cases per year during organ transplant peak periods.[lxxxiii]

There were more than 1,500 beds available in the organ transplant center in 2014. At the end of 2015, the hospital’s expansion project put more ward beds into use, so there were as many as 3,200 beds.[lxxxiv] What was the scale of the liver and kidney transplantation in this hospital at that time?

On May 4, 2018, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from the Liver Transplantation Doctors’ Office on the 8th Floor of Tianjin First Central Hospital, “Do you perform more than 1,000 cases like my friend said? Every year.” The doctor replied, “More than that. But among our several (surgery) teams, there are at least several hundred cases by each team.”

(Recording 71-1. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 73 for transcript translation)[lxxxv]

Dr. Yang Han from the Liver Transplant Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University April 25, 2018

The General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing

In terms of organ transplant volume among all the hospitals in Beijing, the General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces ranks the first. In 2018, a nurse in the hospital’s liver transplant ward said that liver transplant surgeries were performed every day. A doctor said that since there were relatively many liver sources, they were doing a lot of liver transplants, and the donor organ wait times would be two weeks to one month. In 2017, a doctor-on-duty at the hospital’s kidney transplant department said that the Organ Transplant Department there was divided into a kidney transplant team and a liver transplant team. One team would be able to perform over 200 cases of transplantation per year, so both teams combined could perform over 500 cases of transplantation a year. They were doing more transplants in 2017 than in 2016. The kidney transplant team was managed by two chief physicians; while there were several chief physicians in charge of the liver transplant team, which could do more transplants than the kidney transplant team.

(Recording 74. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 74 for transcript translation)[lxxxvi]

On September 6, 2018, Director Wang Zhaohui of the Organ Donation Preparation Office at Beijing Red Cross said, “The Armed Police Hospital is a hospital of the army. The Armed Police Hospital does the most in the military.”[lxxxvii]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital, said, “Not sure when that can be ready, but we have a lot of organs here!”[lxxxviii]

On November 16, 2018, a WOIPFG investigator asked a nurse from the Doctors’ Office for Kidney Transplantation at the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing whether they could perform 700 to 800 kidney transplants in that year, she replied, “No, we can’t, but maybe close. Now it’s December, we’ve already done almost this many.”

(Recording 75. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 75 for transcript translation)

The two organ transplant agencies in Beijing and Tianjin, led by Shen Zhongyang, are the key work units suspected of organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners. Over the years, their organ donors have always been plentiful, but they have little to do with the donated organs at Red Cross Societies in Beijing and Tianjin.

 

Chapter Four           

The Brain Death Centers” across China and “Live Organ Harvesting”

After 2015, all Chinese organ transplant hospitals claim that they use donors from DCD (donation after cardiac death) and brain-dead patients. Since there are very few cases of donation after death, the number of DCD organs is minimal. Some organ transplant hospitals told their patients that they were using organs donated by brain-dead patients. When the patients asked the causes of these brain deaths, they were told that they were car accidents and high-altitude accidents. When they asked for further details, the hospitals would not make any more comments. Were these cases really accidental brain deaths, or were they intentionally caused brain deaths? Were these organs voluntarily donated, or were they obtained through live organ harvesting? The hospitals could arbitrarily give unverifiable answers to their patients.

I. “Brain Death Centers”

On July 20, 2015, an organ transplant surgeon at the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University revealed that there’re “brain death centers” across China. Huang Jiefu serves as an honorary director of the hospital’s organ transplant center. This surgeon said that prior to the abolishment of the use of executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation, the Chinese Communist Party had set up “brain death centers” across the country to guarantee the supply of living donors.

The “brain death centers” are actually an additional link between the living organ donor bank and the hospitals’ organ transplant operating rooms. When a person is made “brain dead”, he would be sent to a brain death center, to have his breathing and blood circulation artificially maintained, to ensure that the hospitals would extract as many of his organs as possible for transplant use. On the other hand, since the people stored there are “dead”, the psychological pressure on the surgeons is much smaller than direct organ excision from the “living organ donor bank”.

On November 8, 2018, Wang Xuehao, Director of the Liver Transplantation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, said to a WOIPFG investigator that most of the organs they used for transplants came from outside of the hospital, obtained from the center of brain deaths.

(Recording 10. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 76 for transcript translation)[lxxxix]

On December 2, 2018, when a WOIPFG investigator asked, “Are you directly looking for this kidney source? Or will you go to the source to get it?”, Dr. Li at the Urology Surgery Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital replied, “(We) go directly to get it.”

(Recording 17. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 77 for transcript translation)[xc]

The wording “source” first appeared on February 7, 2015. A liver transplantation nurse at Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine told a WOIPFG investigator, “We take the organs directly from the source. We have (channels) all over the country. (We would) go all over the country to procure organs, not just the places near us. We can do living donor organ (transplants). We take the organs directly from the donors. That would definitely guarantee the quality (of the organs). When we go to take the organs, we examine the plasma, HID and blood type, which would all be determined at the scene. Then after we excise the organs, the patients would get ready. Before the livers arrive, the patients would already be in the operating room. After getting the organs, we would immediately come back. We would’ve booked our round-trip plane tickets.”

(Recording 78. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 78 for transcript translation)

Later, on February 8, 2015, Tan Yunshan, chief physician from the Liver Pathological Department at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, told a WOIPFG investigator, “All the livers that have been used in liver transplant operations performed now come from the ‘source.’ Since we extract the organs ourselves, we can make sure all original data and condition. If we entrust someone else to do it, we won’t be able to guarantee this, so we do ourselves to control this. Our hospital gets most of livers like this and we exactly know whether this liver can be transplanted or not.”

(Recording 27. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 79 for transcript translation)[xci]

The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University has a Brain Death Center

On July 20, 2015, Qin Han, a doctor from the Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, which is located in Guangzhou, told a WOIPFG investigator, “We specifically have a brain death center. It is located in our South China, and it belongs to our hospital. Huangpu Hospital (where the center is located) is about 40 minutes by car (from here). Our hospital has two campuses, both of which are in Huangpu. We do surgeries in the headquarters and excise organs in Huangpu. So there will be no so-called warm ischemia. We’re supposed to be in control of (the organs from braindead people in) the whole country right now. Yes, it’s definitely like this, because now, all over the country, because our center is dedicated to operating the organ transplantation (industry). Because all over the country now, the (organs of) so-called executed prisoners have been canceled. So it is like this in the whole country. Across China, in every major city…that is, in South China, we may be a center, an organ transplant center. For example, say the whole country uses organs, there are places that need this type… so someone would call (us) to come over to excise (the organ). After all, since we are the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, they generally don’t come here to take (our organs). We basically (use all our organs) within the city, basically in Guangzhou, unless there’s an organ that we do not want, such as a wasted organ, which we don’t want. If some other province happens to need that type, then they could come over to get it. The organs are mainly supplied to Guangzhou, and the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University takes the priority, because (the brain death center is) operated by ourselves after all!”

(Recording 80-1. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 80-1 for transcript translation)

(Recording 80-2. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 80-2 for transcript translation)

Doctor of Liver Transplantation of the Third Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (August 3, 2017): “There are more donors than before. The donor (organs) are from the donation of braindead patients. The organs can’t be transported. If the transport time is too long, it will affect the functions of the organs. The state has a corresponding system of distribution, but the distribution principle is proximity. The organs are distributed by the state.” “The organs are excised from the (donated) remains first, and then the remains are delivered to the schools.”

(Recording 81. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 81 for transcript translation)[xcii]

Doctor of Liver Transplantation from the Second Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (September 26, 2017): “(Organ donors) come in batches. Sometimes several could come in, sometimes we would rest for a couple of days, then we have another batch of organ donors.” Donors would come into the hospitals, instead of organs. “Because our hospital has the qualification, we could excise (organs) by ourselves.”

(Recording 82. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 82 for transcript translation)[xciii]

II. A Large Number of DCD Organs Have Warm Ischemia Times of Zero or One Minute in China – Suspected to be Organs Harvested Alive

In the United States, organs are donated by the citizens after death. These organs can only be used after the patients’ death announcements, which take place five minutes after the withdrawal of life-sustaining interventions. And according to the Chinese regulations, the wait time between the withdrawal of life support and the death announcement is 2 to 5 minutes. In view of the need to open the patient’s thoracic cavity and the organ removal procedures, it is impossible to have hot ischemia times less than 2 minutes.[xciv]

However, in a random search of medical papers on Chinese organ transplant hospitals, we’ve discovered six papers claiming to use DCD organs with warm ischemia times of less than 2 minutes.

For example, one of the papers reveal that from February 2009 to September 2012, the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA, which is the first listed hospital of China’s Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) (the most important part of China’s new citizen organ donation system) had 33 cases of DBCD (donation after brain death followed by circulatory death) and 5 cases of DBD (donation after brain death), in which the organ donors all had a warm ischemia time of zero.

 

Figure 7

Figure 7. A master’s thesis from Guangzhou Medical University reveals that from February 2009 to September 2012, the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA had 33 cases of DBCD (donation after brain death followed by circulatory death) and 5 cases of DBD (donation after brain death), in which the organ donors all had a warm ischemia time of zero (the underlined information in the table).[xcv]

Table 7. Five other medical papers showing evidence of suspicious hot ischemia times

Table 7. Five other medical papers showing evidence of suspicious hot ischemia times

Doctor Yang Zhijian of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province (September 1, 2016): “In the past, we went to the execution grounds to excise organs… [After the use of executed prisoners’ organs became prohibited,] we do more [transplants] than before.”

(Recording 46. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 83 for transcript translation)[ci]

Doctor Wu from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the 7th People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (October 21, 2017): “After you transported the patients (i.e. donors) here, and they would stay at the ICU, where their breaths, heartbeats and vital signs were maintained. They were basically normal, it’s just that their brains were already dead. (The excisions) are synchronous with other patients’ (organ transplants).”

(Recording 84. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 84 for transcript translation)[cii]

Liver Transplant Doctor Liao Jixiang of the People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province said (May 30, 2017), “Because when you do a surgery, one person must be gone! I can assure you that the quality of our donors is definitely very good. We usually have many…we also use [many organs] from teenagers and people in their 20s, those kids. And also, we excise organs from braindead people, according to the government’s [regulations] right now. There’s almost no wait time to procure [the organs]. The quality of that type [of organs] is very good. In the past, [the donors] needed to be shot, and the heartbeats would have been stopped for several minutes, over 20 minutes, [before the organs were excised].”

(Recording 85. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 85 for transcript translation)[ciii]

III. A New Generation of Brainstem Collision Machines

In 2017, a reporter from TV Chosun, which is a television station under Chosun Ilbo, the largest South Korean daily newspaper, went to China to investigate the evidence of “brain death machines”. China is also developing a new generation of brain death machines. After an expert analyzed the machine, he said that the only use of this instrument was to create human brain deaths, while keeping other organs alive.[civ]

 

Chapter Five

Hospitals Claim that Their Donated Organs were of Unknown Origins

The hospitals investigated by WOIPFG said that their organs used for transplants were “all donated”. However, among these “donation cases”, the donated organs from the Red Cross Societies’ human organ donation agencies and the organs donated directly to the hospitals were very few. Some hospital staffs said that the organs were allocated by the national organ distribution network’s website. Upon being further questioned, they told the WOIPFG investigators to ask their directors, as they were informed by their directors themselves. The typical replies included “we have our own channels” and “no comment”.

I. When Discussing Their Hospitals’ Organ Sources, Some Medical Staff Said They Had Their “Own Channels” and/or “it’s Inconvenient for me to Disclose”.

A liver transplant doctor at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital (July 9, 2017): “We do a lot, quite a lot (of organ transplants)! Nowadays there’re many channels (to obtain organs). That’s the government’s concern. We are only in charge of providing the technologies and the follow-up services. We are not in charge of anything else!”

(Recording 20. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 86 for transcript translation)[cv]

Doctor Wang, director and coordinator for kidney transplant operations at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province, said (May 26, 2017) that he could guaranteed that they would obtain a “kidney donor”, who’s under 30 years old within 10 days. The organs were not donated or obtained from the National Health and Family Planning Commission’s organ distribution website. Instead they had their own channels.

(Recording 87. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 87 for transcript translation)[cvi]

A Doctor-on-Duty from the Liver Transplantation Ward at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (On June 25, 2015): “The shortest organ wait time would be 2 or 3 days, the longest would be more than 10 days. We have plenty of donors.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked about who the donors are, he said, “No comment, no comment. Please do not ask about this.” When the investigator asked how many operations they had done in that year so far, he replied, “Don’t ask about these things!” And then he hung up.

(Recording 88. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 88 for transcript translation)[cvii]

Yang Ming, President of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province said on January 21, 2017, “We don’t use organs from executed prisoners anymore.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked about how they could obtain so many organs, he replied, “We definitely have many [donated organs]. There are a lot of donated [organs]. We supply [organs to] the entire China.”

(Recording 89. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 89 for transcript translation)[cviii]

Director Hang Hualian of the Liver Transplant Division at Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine said on March 25, 2017, “For [Blood] Type B, it should take less than two weeks [to find a donor].” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “When a patient is in critical stage and identified as brain-dead, do you use them as donors?” Hang replied, “That is the usual situation for us.” When the investigator asked, “Do you excise livers in your own hospital? Or do you procure (livers) from other hospitals?” Hang said, “Both situations exist.” He also said, “We will be responsible in getting the donor for you. The key issue right now is that the patient should come and we will evaluate his situation.”

(Recording 90. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 90 for transcript translation)[cix]

Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital’s Organ Procurement Coordinator for Liver Transplantation Xie Qinfen said on Febsruary 28, 2017, “We have done a lot [of liver transplants], and we do a good job. The quality of liver sources at our hospital is relatively good, too. Generally speaking, it may take about two weeks [to get the liver]. Sometimes it’s very fast. Sometimes people can even do it on the second day. It depends on your situation. Critically ill patients can take the priority. We did over 120 cases last year (first year of the hospital). We would usually receive information on donor livers on the second day, [after we make an inquiry]. Liver procurement mainly depends on President Zheng. He has established a reputation and has lots of connections on various aspects.”

(Recording 91. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 91 for transcript translation)[cx]

Doctor Liao Jixiang, Organ Procurement Coordinator at the Organ Transplant Department of the People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province, said on June 11, 2017, “The organs are not from the Red Cross. There is a set of national procedures to follow [for organ allocation].” He couldn’t explain the donor organ sources and simply said that as long as the donors were of good quality, they could be used.

(Recording 92. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 92 for transcript translation)[cxi]

A Nurse of the Kidney Transplant Department at the Linyi City People Hospital, Shandong Province (August 12, 2017): “We do a lot (of kidney transplants) every year, sometimes exceeding 100 cases. The organ transplants would take place in batches. Sometimes when the floodgate is open, wow, 4, 5 or 6 in a group, or pairs after pairs. They just show up like that.”

(Recording 93. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 93 for transcript translation)[cxii]

A Nurse at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Fourth Military Medical University (September 17, 2017): “as for allogeneic donations, it depends, for example, if there are brain-dead or cardiac-dead patients from the emergency room, if they want to donate, it can be done at any time. According to the policy, the organs distributed in a unified way by the state! However, if the hospitals themselves are looking for (the organs), it would be like that. You may find it for your own hospital’s use first!”

(Recording 21. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 94 for transcript translation)[cxiii]

A doctor from the Liver Transplant Ward at Beijing Friendship Hospital (August 10, 2017): “The specific source of livers is something we can’t control. It is useless to ask us! (Liver sources) are the business of the National Health and Family Planning Commission.”

(Recording 95. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 95 for transcript translation)[cxiv]

Ma Xiao, Organ Procurement Coordinator at the People’s Liberation Army No. 302 Hospital in Beijing, said on July 31, 2016, “I contact various hospitals or the hospitals nearby, that is, to find some donors. I am looking for donors.”

(Recording 96. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 96 for transcript translation)[cxv]

Nurse from Area B on 8th floor of the Liver Transplant Department at the First Hospital of Kunming (July 20, 2017): “Anyway, we did over 300 cases (of liver transplantation) last year.” The hospital also does kidney transplants. “As long as you apply for them, no matter where they are, the livers would be delivered here.”

(Recording 97. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 97 for transcript translation)[cxvi]

The Medical College of Qingdao University is a hospital with a large organ transplant volume in Shandong Province. A doctor from its Liver Transplant Ward (September 8, 2017): “Sometimes the patient waits for over a month to get the surgery done, sometimes the patient is air-lifted here and ready to have the surgery right away. Both cases abound. You don’t have to inquire about the donor liver sources. If you want do the surgery, then don’t ask this kind of questions.” He refused to disclose information about liver donor sources to a WOIPFG investigator.

(Recording 98. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 98 for transcript translation)[cxvii]

Doctor of Liver Transplantation from the Second Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (September 26, 2017): “(Organ donors) come in batches. Sometimes several could come in, sometimes we would rest for a couple of days, then we have another batch of organ donors.” Donors would come into the hospitals, instead of organs. “Because our hospital has the qualification, we could excise (organs) by ourselves.”

(Recording 82. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 99 for transcript translation)[cxviii]

A doctor at the Kidney Transplantation Research Institute, of Dongfeng General Hospital (September 14, 2017): “Nowadays the kidney sources all come from the central government’s donations.”

(Recording 100. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 100 for transcript translation)[cxix]

Gui Zhichao, Director of Donation Service Department, Tianjin Human Organ Donation Management Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch (June 26, 2018): There are about more than 100 organ donations that are certified by the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch, in a year. “We do not count those transplant organs that are not certified by us, as voluntary donated organs.”

(Recording 101. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 101 for transcript translation)[cxx]

II. The State’s “Official Websites” for Organ Distribution “Are Deceiving People!”

Regarding the CCP’s two official websites used for organ donation and organ allocation, none of the over 100 staff members of the Red Cross Societies or the medical personnel investigated by WOIPFG had accessed them. They had only heard of them.

Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province

Director Wang of the organ transplant department and coordinator for kidney transplant operations (June 10, 2018): [Question: Are the donors taken from the national organ website?] That’s all deceiving people, all of them are deceiving people! They are all formalities. [Question: It’s all up to hospitals to look for donors, rather than being allocated by state?] That’s correct. [Question: Is that website accessible with an ID only?] It is inaccessible. It belongs to the armed police. It’s not like that anyone can access it.

(Recording 102. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 102 for transcript translation)[cxxi]

The People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province

When asked about accessing the state’s organ donation website, liver transplant doctor and organ procurement coordinator Liao Jixiang (June 11, 2017) said: “I have no idea about this, because even for us, there is a password. I really don’t know. It should be impossible. It should be administrated by someone. The system has someone specifically administrating the data.”

(Recording 92. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 103 for transcript translation)[cxxii]

Chenzhou No. 1 People’s Hospital, Hunan Province

A nurse of kidney transplantation (September 28, 2017): “We usually do about 10 kidney transplantation operations each month, we can do 100 to 200 kidney transplants each year.” The donors are not necessarily all sourced locally. “There’s a nationwide network, which notifies us to get the organs and do the operations in our hospital.”

(Recording 104. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 104 for transcript translation)[cxxiii]

Human Organ Donation Management Center, the Red Cross Society of China, Hubei Branch

The staff member on duty (November 2, 2017): “Regarding the specific figure (of organ donations), I don’t have that kind of figure. Because the Health and Family Planning Commission is clearer than I do, with more (information on hand).” Liver sources and kidney sources are all from the organ allocation system. This allocation system is controlled by the Health and Family Planning Commission.

(Recording 105. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 105 for transcript translation)[cxxiv]

Office of Organ Donations of the Red Cross Society, Urumqi Branch

Director Chen (September 12, 2017): Regarding the national organ network, “we don’t have the administrator’s account number, we cannot see how many people have registered.”

(Recording 106. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 106 for transcript translation)[cxxv]

Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital

When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “How can Zhejiang University procure more (organs than you)?”, a doctor at the Doctors’ Office of the Liver and Gallbladder Department replied (August 30, 2017), “They have better connections. China is not like the U.S. We do not have an organ source network.”

(Recording 107. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 107 for transcript translation)[cxxvi]

IIIOrgan Donation Agencies and Organ Transplant Hospitals Illegally Purchase and Resell Organs

Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province

Mr. Wang at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch (December 8, 2016): “We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!”

(Recording 108. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 108 for transcript translation)[cxxvii]

Yantai City, Shandong Province

Doctor Wang, director and coordinator for kidney transplant operations at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province (May 26, 2017): To wait for the kidney source and for the operation, “including the physical examination, it will be within half a month, within two weeks. Even for half a month, or even two weeks, the estimates are on the long side. We ask for 400,000 yuan, and [you] give the hospital [another] 100,000 yuan. You need to find the ones [i.e. donors] under 30 years old. You get what you pay for, understand?!”

(Recording 87. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 109 for transcript translation)[cxxviii]

Zhejiang Province

A staff member at the Human Organ Donation Management Office of the Red Cross Society: “(When looking for organs), do not inquire through phone calls, OK? We have a lot of donated organs. How about 300,000 yuan (for a liver)?” How about a kidney? 150,000 to 200,000 yuan.” When a WOIPFG investigator about whether the donor fee should be given to the Organ Donation Management Office or directly to the donors’ families, he replied, “Of course, you give it to us.”

(Recording 110. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 110 for transcript translation)[cxxix]

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University

Hepatic Transplantation Surgeon He Fangping (June 4, 2017): “We have done over 60 cases of AOLT [Auxiliary Orthotopic Liver Transplantation]. As for DCD liver transplantation, we did approximately over 30 cases. We have over a dozen years of experiences in this area. So along with LDLT [Living Donor Liver Transplantation] and other various types, we have performed over 200 [liver] transplants.”

(Recording 111. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 111 for transcript translation)[cxxx]

First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

A kidney transplantation surgeon surnamed Chi (August 25, 2017): The hospital claims to have only one organ source, which is braindead people. The cost of a kidney is about 100,000 or 200,000 yuan. “You should give the money directly to the Red Cross Society.”

(Recording 112. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 112 for transcript translation)[cxxxi]

Second Military Medical University

Liver Transplant Doctor at the Affiliated Changhai Hospital (June 1, 2018): A liver transplant costs one million yuan; a kidney transplant costs 500,000 yuan. “Where can you find a liver donor for 150,000 yuan? More than 150,000 yuan, more than that.” Liver and kidney donors would become available in ten days to half a month. The hospital performs liver and/or kidney transplants every day.

(Recording 113. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 113 for transcript translation)[cxxxii]

Fudan University in Shanghai

Doctor-on- duty of the Liver Transplant Department at Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (June 25, 2018): “We have done quite a lot (of liver transplants) here. We do nearly 200 cases every year. Someone may sell a kidney. But no one will sell his liver. Regarding the specifics (about finding healthy and young donors), you need to come over, and then have a face-to-face talk with the professor (Wang Zhengxin) of our transplantation group.”

(Recording 42. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 114 for transcript translation)[cxxxiii]

 

Related links:

The Second part

The Third part

---------------------------------------------

Reference

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https://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0BCkuHzduSYhIlQVy3s6uiTQK.htm

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/media/2019/0712/SC28.pdf

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https://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0BCkuHzduSYhIlQVy3s6uiTQK.htm

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/media/2019/0712/SC28.pdf

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http://360wenda.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r08xQdKSLFhILFNv5LwmK7DLi.htm

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[xxi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

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[xxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

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[xxix] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015.

[xxx] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015.

[xxxi] “people.com.cn - Hubei Channel”. November 25, 2014. “China Organ Procurement Organization Alliance was Established in Wuhan”. http://hb.people.com.cn/n/2014/1125/c194063-23001645.html

[xxxii] “Regulations of Anti-cult Associations of China”. 

https://web.archive.org/web/20180612182003/http://pds.weidong.gov.cn/quwei/kexie/fxj.htm

[xxxiii] WOIPFG archived investigation results.

[xxxiv] Zhejiang News > Home > Health > “Racing against time! Shulan Hospital completes 8 organ transplant operations within 20 hours.” https://zj.zjol.com.cn/news.html?id=638760

[xxxv] In 2017, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors. That's more than half of all U.S. adults. (54 percent)*** Organ Donation Statistics, U.S. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation. https://organdonor.gov/statistics-stories/statistics.html#glance

[xxxvi] “OrganDonor.Gov” the Matching Process - Waiting List. Source: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. WOIPFG’s Archived Link: Http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/57.png

[xxxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[xxxviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xl] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xli] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xlii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xliii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xliv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xlv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xlvi] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[xlvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xlviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xlix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[l] “Father suffers from severe liver failure, still needs to spend a massive amount of money for treatment after liver transplant, there’a younger brother still in school”. https://web.archive.org/web/20180622165827/https://www.qschou.com/project/index/93b3edb8-b633-42e9-910f-33ae404557b3

[li] “A teacher suffering from liver failure in Chengdu completed a liver transplant yesterday afternoon.” June 23, 2015. Source: Chengdu Economic Daily. https://web.archive.org/web/20180622163112/http://transplantation.org.cn/zjingtai/zganxiwen/7455.htm

[lii] People’s Daily Website. “A rare ‘starch man’ was found in Hubei Province, after a liver transplant, he is out of danger.” July 09, 2015. Source: Wuhan Morning News. https://web.archive.org/web/20180622162250/http://health.people.com.cn/n/2015/0709/c14739-27276796.html

[liii] “Hunan Province’s Health Department’s Health Supervision Bureau”. “4 hours to make a decision, 5 hours to do a surgery, the Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital set a record for the speedest liver transplant.” April 10, 2018. Http://archive.is/RShM1

[liv] Documentary film “Killing to Live” produced by TV Chosun, under Chosun Ilbo, the largest South Korean daily newspaper. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D2LqZAfR_ZE

[lv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lx] Jilin Travel Radio Broadcast. http://www.sohu.com/a/145446454_223169

[lxi] World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong. “Another Advertisement of Free Liver Transplantation Comes into Sight in China!” June 27, 2017. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/387

[lxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxiv] “Shanghai Renji Hospital performed 800 cases of liver transplant surgeries in 2017, setting the world’s largest record.” December 30, 2017. http://www.cnr.cn/shanghai/shzx/jw/20171230/t20171230_524082221.shtml

[lxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lxxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxi] Reporters Robertson Matthew & Fang Ya; Editor Zhang Xiaoqing. “The Epoch Times Investigation Report: A Hospital Built for Murders (II) – the rise of the largest organ transplant center in Asia”. The Epoch Times. March 30, 2016. http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/16/3/29/n7471686.htm

[lxxxii] Tianjin First Central Hospital. “In order to explore effective myocardial protection pathways and methods The mechanism of myocardial injury during perioperative period of liver transplantation was revealed by acceptance of anesthesia Department. http://www.tj-fch.com/sitecn/magazineInfo.aspx?id=6413&cid=6358

WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/504.png

[lxxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Report on the Crime of Live Organ Harvesting in China.” Published on August 9, 2016; updated on December 5, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/370

[lxxxiv] “Tianjin First Central Hospital’s High-level Talent Recruitment in 2014”. March 17, 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20181101042005/http://www.tjwsj.gov.cn/html/WSJ/RCZP22891/2013-07-26/Detail_634471.htm

[lxxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxxvii] World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong. “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of Now”. October 18, 2018. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/402

[lxxxviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[lxxxix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xc] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xci] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015.

[xcii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xciii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xciv] “Guide to the Donation of Cardiac Death Organs in China (2nd edition)”. The Chinese Medical Association’s Organ Transplantation Branch.

[xcv] A master’s thesis from Guangzhou Medical University in May 2013: “The research of organ procurement after DBCD applying ECMO”. Master’s degree student: Zhong Jie. Instructor: Professor Huo Feng.

[xcvi] “Extracorporeal membrane pulmonary oxygen (ECMO) application in protecting donor organs in a case of brain death combined with accidental cardiac arrest”. Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation magazine, June 2015, Volume 36, Issue 6. www.doctorpda.cn/news/191481

[xcvii] “Clinical analysis of 62 cases of liver transplantation with organs donated by citizens after death. The official website of Chinese Medical Association’s core periodical “Chinese Archives of General Surgery (Electronic Edition)” www.pwwxcma.com 

“Chinese Archives of General Surgery (Electronic Edition)”. October 2016, Vol., No.5 www.pwwxcma.com/Admin/UploadFile/Issue/gqmpcdvw.pdf

[xcviii] “A study of the causes, diagnosis and treatment of biliary complications after orthotopic Liver transplantation with organs from donors of cardiac death”. Journal of Nanjing Medical University. July 2017, Volume 37, Issue 7.

[xcix] “Liver quality assessment and maintenance experiences of organs donated by citizens after death.” Authors: Fu Binsheng, Yi Shuhong, Tang Hui, Yi Huimin, Meng Wei, Zhang Tong, Jiang Nan, Li Hua, Yang Yang, Chen Guihua. Source journal: Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation, 2016, Issue 3. www.cqvip.com/main/export.aspx?id=669284955&sign=f0528e7a6291408fd6a08d329dabddaa

[c] “Clinical effect analysis of 31 cases of organ donations by citizens after death for liver transplantation.” Authors: Lan Liugen, Qin Ke, Dong Jianhui, Huang Ying, Cao Song, Li Haibin, Li Zhuangjiang, Zhou Jiehui, Sun Yuyong. Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation’s official website. www.xml-data.org/qgyz/html/20150508.html

[ci] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[ciii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[civ] Documentary film “Killing to Live” produced by TV Chosun, under Chosun Ilbo, the largest South Korean daily newspaper. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D2LqZAfR_ZE

[cv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[cviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxxi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxxvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxxx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxxxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870