To investigate the criminal conduct of all institutions, organizations, and individuals involved in the persecution of Falun Gong; to bring such investigations, no matter how long it takes, no matter how far and deep we have to search, to full closure; to exercise fundamental principles of humanity; and to restore and uphold justice in society.

WOIPFG’s Comprehensive Investigation Results regarding the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (2)

from 2015 to 2018
May 13, 2019
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The First part

The Third part

 

Foreword

In 2015, after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) claimed to have abolished the practice of using executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation and to start using only the voluntarily donated organs of Chinese citizens, World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) continued to investigate the hospitals, doctors, Red Cross organ donation organizations and hospitals’ organ procurement offices (OPO), which are suspected of live organ harvesting from Falun Dafa (aka Falun Gong) practitioners in mainland China, and we have obtained a large quantity of important evidence and clues.

From 2015 to 2018, WOIPFG has conducted several thousand telephone investigations on several hundred hospitals and several dozen organ donation agencies in 32 provincial-level administrative districts, including 23 provinces, five autonomous administrative regions and four central government directly-controlled municipalities, and it has published six phone investigation reports on the current situation of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners, reports titled “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of Now”, “Another Advertisement of Free Liver Transplantation Comes into Sight in China!” and “WOIPFG: Additional Testimony Provided by Eyewitness of Organ Harvesting from Living Victim(s)”. 329 pieces of recorded evidence of phone investigations has been published during this time period.

Among them, the phone conversation recordings of 11 hospitals in 7 provinces were obtained in 2015; 33 hospitals in 17 provinces in 2016 were investigated and recorded; 103 hospitals in 28 provinces in 2017 were investigated and recorded; and 40 hospitals in 16 provinces in 2018 were investigated and recorded.

Figure 1

Figure 1. Graph of Statistical Distribution of Investigative Phone Calls to Chinese Organ Transplant Hospitals between 2015 and 2018

(Please refer to Schedule 1 for statistics regarding the dates, quantity and provinces/municipalities of the investigation phone calls.)

The main subjects of WOIPFG’s investigation are the presidents, organ transplant department (and organ transplantation center) directors, surgeons and nurses from 178 Grade A tertiary hospitals with organ transplant qualifications; the directors and staff members of China’s provincial and municipal Red Cross Societies’ organ donation agencies; as well as hospital OPO members. We believe that the results from our multi-angle investigation fairly accurately reflect the current situation of the mainland Chinese organ transplant industry since 2015.

The comprehensive investigation results show:

58 pieces of direct evidence of CCP’s live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners. Since 2006, WOIPFG has obtained 58 pieces of direct evidence of CCP’s use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs in transplants. In these 58 cases, someone admitted his participation in live organ harvesting or testified against others. These people include Li Changchun and Zhang Gaoli, members of the Political Bureau Standing Committee of the CCP Central Committee; Liang Guanglie, then Minister of National Defense; Bai Shuzhong, former head of the health division for the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department; Bo Xilai, former Minister of Commerce; Zhou Benshun, then Secretary General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission; Wei Jianrong, former Vice Director of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission Office; Tang Junjie, Deputy Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of Liaoning Province; a policeman at the Intermediate People’s Court of Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; a Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission official surnamed Li; an armed guard that witnessed live organ harvesting in Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province; a Director of the 610 Office in Ji County, Tianjin, as well as 45 organ transplant department directors and doctors in 41 hospitals. Among them, the evidence from 26 people was uncovered between 2015 and 2018. A large quantity of evidence in WOIPFG’s possession proves that the CCP has always been carrying out the state crime of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners! At the same time, living organ donor banks still exist in China; the organ transplant volumes of some hospitals are increasing year by year; the supplies of organ donors are generally abundant; the hospitals’ organ wait times are not only short but also stable; there are still a large number of emergency organ transplants and so-called green channels; a free organ transplant promotion took place again; the Chinese Red Cross Societies are still receiving a very small number of organ donations; the number of donated organs is smaller than the number of transplanted organs, and the Beijing Red Cross Society had not yet started their organ donation work at the time of when it was investigated; the organ sources are completely opaque; and the CCP’s crime of live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners had been spreading throughout the entire Chinese society. Our investigation has also discovered that the CCP’s publicizing of the so-called organ black market in China is another way for it to cover up its evil crime of live organ harvesting and its operation of living organ banks.


Table of Contents

Chapter Six                

The So-called “Chinese Model” Organ Donation is a Lie

The investigation reveals:

I. Official National Organ Donation Statistics Published by the CCP

II. The Number of Registered Donors Cannot Explain the Phenomenon of Ultra-short Organ Wait Times in China

III. Suspicious Per Capita Organ Donation Rate and Organ Utilization Rate per Deceased Organ Donor in China

IV. Comparisons between the Chinese and U.S. Organ transplantation Systems’ Transparencies

V. The Chinese Red Cross Societies are Still Receiving a Very Small Number of Donated Organs, so this cannot Explain the Large Number of Organ Transplants in Chinese Hospitals

1. Beijing City

2. Tianjin City

3. Shanghai City

4. Guangdong Province

5. Zhejiang Province

6. Henan Province

7. Hebei Province

8. Shandong Province

9. Hunan Province

10. Hubei Province

11. Jiangxi Province

12. Yunnan Province

13. Sichuan Province

14. Shenzhen City

15. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

16. Guizhou Province

17. Inner Mongolia

Chapter Seven

The Actual Quantities of Donated Organs in Chinese Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities are Significantly Lower than the Officially Published Figures and the Numbers of Transplanted Organs

I. Beijing City

II. Tianjin City

III. Shanghai City

IV. Zhejiang Province

V. Jiangsu Province

VI. Jiangxi Province

VII. Guangdong Province

VIII. Guangxi Autonomous Region

IX. Fujian Province

X. Hainan Province

XI. Anhui Province

XII. Heilongjiang Province

XIII. Liaoning Province

XIV. Shandong Province

XV. Hebei Province

XVI. Henan Province

XVII. Shanxi Province

XVIII. Sichuan Province

XIX. Yunnan Province

XX. Guizhou Province

XXI. Gansu Province

XXII. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

XXIII. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

 

Chapter Six              

The So-called “Chinese Model” Organ Donation is a Lie

From 2015 to 2018, WOIPFG investigated 47 Red Cross Societies in 30 Chinese provinces and central government directly-controlled municipalities to obtain evidence, and we published 50 audio recordings of these investigative phone calls. The evidence was obtained from 6 organ donation agencies in 5 provinces in 2015; 5 organ donation agencies in 5 provinces in 2016; 15 organ donation agencies in 10 provinces in 2017; and 21 organ donation agencies from 10 provinces in 2018.

The investigation reveals:

The number of organs donated to China’s Red Cross Societies was still minimal, and it couldn’t explain the large number of organ transplants at Chinese hospitals. During our investigation on the hospitals, their staffs said that the organs were “all donated”. Some said that the organs were allocated to them by the national organ distribution network’s website. Upon being further questioned, they told the WOIPFG investigators to ask their directors, as they were informed by their directors themselves. The typical replies included “we have our own channels”, “no comment” and “it’s inconvenient for me to disclose”.

Many of the organ transplant hospitals’ OPO’s (Organ Procurement Organizations) have organ transplant surgeons holding “double certificates”, which allow them to also act as organ procurement coordinators. That is, they are responsible for determining and declaring deaths, and they are the users of excised organs at the same time.

When hospitals obtain organs of “donation after brain death”, in the process of determining brain deaths and “donating” the organs, there’s no relevant legislation in China, and it’s not monitored by any authorized official body. The hospital staffs are becoming increasingly sensitive to inquiries about the donor organ sources and volumes of organ transplants. They are so nervous that they would hang up the phone as soon as they hear these inquiries. The mobile phone numbers of hospital presidents, directors and doctors have already become confidential. They don’t dare to answer any related questions asked even through their regular departmental phone lines.

 

Figure 8

Figure 8. Statistics of Phone Investigation on Chinese Red Cross Societies from 2015 to 2018
(For summaries of provinces/cities, number of calls and statistical distribution, please see Schedule 5. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to obtain Evidence from China Red Cross Society Branches in Different Provinces between 2015 and 2018)
 

I. Official National Organ Donation Statistics Published by the CCP

Table 8. China’s Official National Organ Donation Statistics from 2015 to 2017

II. The Number of Registered Donors Cannot Explain the Phenomenon of Ultra-short Organ Wait Times in China

In 2017, in the United States, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors.[iv] 10,287 people donated their organs after death.

On May 5, 2018, Huang Jiefu, head of China’s National Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee and chairman of China Organ Transplantation Development Foundation, said that on “Shiyushou”, China’s first online voluntary organ donation registration system, the number of registered voluntary organ donors exceeded 300,000 on May 4, 2018. This means that 300,000 people had indicated their intention to donate organs.[v]

According to international conventions, under normal circumstances, the annual mortality rate of registered organ donors is 7 (out of 1,000). And due to the donors’ illnesses, unhealthy lifestyles, age problems, time differences between their deaths and organ removals and other reasons, only 1% to 2% of the deceased registered donors would eventually become qualified to provide their organs for transplantation.

If the above conventions and mortality rate are applied in calculating the successful organ donation cases among the 300,000 registered Chinese organ donors, the result would be that in 2016, 0.7% (7/1,000) of these 300,000 people would pass away, which would be about 2,100 individuals. And only 1% to 2% of these people could provide organs for transplantation, which would be equivalent to only 21 to 42 cases of successful organ donation.[vi] However, the Chinese Communist Party claimed that “in 2016, the organ donation reached 4,080 cases”,[vii] and “5,148 cases of organ donation were made in China in 2017”.[viii] This suggests that the organs used by the CCP for organ transplantation came from other sources.

So far, the total number of voluntary organ donors in China is only 1/500 of the total number of voluntary organ donors in the United States. However, the average wait time for liver and kidney transplants in the United States is 2 to 3 years, so the patients would wait for organs to arrive; the average organ wait time in China has been only 1 to 2 weeks in the past 10-plus years, with a maximum of 1 to 2 months and a large number of emergency organ transplants. Sometimes, “operations can be done overnight”, and the phenomenon of organs waiting for patients to show up still exists.[ix]

In addition, with regard to emergency liver transplantation, the United States has a well-developed national organ distribution network, and after the donors pass away, only some simple procedures are required to complete the process of organ removal and national distribution. Under such circumstances, emergency liver transplants account for only 6% of the total number of liver transplants.[x] In China, emergency liver transplants account for 26.6% of the total,[xi] and some hospitals have opened “green channels” for emergency transplant patients. This cannot be explained by a small number of irregular organ donations.

At present, the successful organ donations claimed by the Chinese Communist Party are made by patients dying from illnesses or severe injuries in the hospitals’ emergency rooms, as their family members are persuaded on the spot by the hospital staff members. In 2015, according to Chen Jingyu, the vice president of Wuxi People’s Hospital and also known as “the first person of lung transplantation in China”, it would usually take several to more than a dozen days for the hospital to successfully persuade the deceased’s family members to donate the organs of their loved ones.[xii] Combined with the other factors, such as tissue typing, it’s impossible for the hospitals to guarantee the supply of organs for such a large number of emergency organ transplants.

III. Suspicious Per Capita Organ Donation Rate and Organ Utilization Rate per Deceased Organ Donor in China

The number of deceased organ donors in the United States in 2017 were 10,287. The total cases of liver and kidney transplantation was 21,753, and the total number of organ transplants, including hearts and lungs, was 28,588. Therefore, the average organ utilization rate per donor is 2.8, and the liver and kidney utilization rate per donor was 2.1.

 

Figure 9

Figure 9. U.S. organ donation and transplant statistics in 2017.

(Data source: the U.S. government official statistics[xiii])

The organ donations made in 2017, as claimed by the CCP were 5,148 cases,[xiv] and there were 16,000 cases of vital organ donations, an increase of 25.9% from 2016. Among these 16,000 cases, there were only 224 cases of lung transplantation. In China, organ transplantation surgeries are mainly liver and kidney transplants. The annual volume of heart transplants is only 300 to 400 cases, and there were 368 cases of heart transplantation in 2016.[xv] That is, according to the figures provided by Huang Jiefu, China’s total utilization rate of organs donated after death is greater than 3, and the total utilization rate of donated livers and kidneys is greater than 3. How can this be possible?

China has the highest prevalence rate of liver diseases in the world. “As of December 31, 2016, in China, there were more than 433 million cases of major chronic liver diseases, of which more than 57% were non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and more than 21% were hepatitis B”.[xvi] Over the same time period, China’s total population was 1.379 billion. That is, 31.4% of the total population was suffering from liver diseases, and 17.9% of the total population had non-alcoholic fatty livers. According to organ transplant standards, fatty livers and livers with hepatitis B virus cannot be used as donor organs. The first case of a hepatitis B patient being a liver donor in the world took place in April 2014 in an experimental liver transplant operation.[xvii] At the same time, China’s kidney illness prevalence rate reached 13%.[xviii] Based on this percentage, regardless of other diseases that make one individual unsuitable as an organ donor, the maximum number of organs that each Chinese person could donate would be only 2.426 liver and kidneys. According to the official figures released by the CCP in 2017, if we take away the 400 cases of heart transplantation and 224 cases of lung transplantation, then the number of utilized liver and kidneys donated by each person would be 2.96 on average, far greater than 2.426 and much greater than 2.1, which is liver and kidney utilization rate per donor in the United States, a country with better health care, a more healthy population, as well as better organ donation and distribution systems than China.

Therefore, either the organ donation figures provided by Huang Jiefu are false, or besides organ donations after death, there are a large number of healthy people, who are used as organ donors by the CCP.

IV. Comparisons between the Chinese and U.S. Organ transplantation Systems’ Transparencies

The most important factor of organ donation and transplantation is the system’s transparency. At the U.S. organdonor.gov, one can see the statistics of organ transplants performed in every week, month and year, and at all organ transplant hospitals in the United States.[xix] This is the same situation as in Taiwan, which has a population of only 23 million, but nearly 300,000 citizens have registered for organ donation. People can obtain information on the type and number of organ transplants that have been performed.

However, in China, one can only see the national organ transplant volumes, and other data are undisclosed.

To this day, the CCP rejects the international community’s independent investigation by third parties on China’s organ donation system.


V. The Chinese Red Cross Societies are Still Receiving a Very Small Number of Donated Organs, so this cannot Explain the Large Number of Organ Transplants in Chinese Hospitals

1. Beijing City

From August to September 2018, WOIPFG conducted a phone investigation again on the state of human organ donations at Red Cross Society of China, Beijing Branch (hereafter referred to as “Beijing Red Cross”). Our investigation revealed that after the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office, which is located in China’s capital, was established six years ago, it was still in the preparatory stage, and it had never started any actual organ donation work. Its subordinate district-level Red Cross Societies hadn’t set up their organ donation offices yet and had not started any actual organ donation operations. And their functions had been merely limited to some publicity work.[xx] Beijing has 23 organ transplant hospitals and the largest organ transplant volume in China, but the organs used in these transplants are not from Beijing Red Cross. (Please see Schedule 6 for a summary of the statistical tables of the Beijing Red Cross organ donation investigation). Below are several examples:

The General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing

According to an article published on the remote website of the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing on September 5, 2005, since the hospital’s liver transplant center’s establishment in May 2003, in a short period of over two years, it had set the records for the largest annual number of organ transplant surgeries, the highest surgical success rate, the oldest organ recipient and the youngest organ recipient.[xxi]

Examples of Phone Investigation Recordings:

In 2018, a nurse from the Liver Transplant Ward told a WOIPFG investigator, “This kind of (liver transplant) surgery is performed every day.” A kidney transplant doctor said in 2017, “The kidney transplant team is managed by two chief physicians; while there are several chief physicians in charge of the liver transplant team. Each of the two kidney transplant teams can do more than 200 cases of kidney transplantation every year. Altogether, both teams can do more than 500 cases of kidney transplantation each year.”

(Recording 115. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 115 for transcript translation)[xxii]
(Recording 74. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 116 for transcript translation)[xxiii]

A doctor-on-duty from the Doctors’ Office of Liver Transplantation said on March 20, 2018, “Now there are plenty of liver sources.” He also said that the hospital had been doing quite a lot of liver transplants, and the organ wait time was about “two weeks to one month, the most”.

(Recording 117. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 117 for transcript translation)[xxiv]

On September 6, 2018, Director Wang Zhaohui of the Organ Donation Preparation Office at Beijing Red Cross said, “The Armed Police Hospital is a hospital of the army. The Armed Police Hospital does the most in the military.”[xxv]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital, said, “Not sure when that (i.e. surgery arrangement) can be ready, but we have a lot of organs here!”[xxvi]

Doctors’ Office of Liver Transplantation, at the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces (June 14, 2016): In general, a patient could be discharged 20 days after a successful surgery. “We do (liver transplants) every month. Our (surgery) team alone did 6 transplants last month. We have 4 or 5 groups.” Recently, as long as you want to do it, you may be able to. “In fast cases, it may be done immediately.” “In general, if it is slow, it will only take more than a month.”

(Recording 118. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 118 for transcript translation)[xxvii]

Gong Li, Liver Transplantation Doctor at Beijing General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces (October 11, 2015): In most cases, a liver transplant can be completed within two weeks at this hospital. They had performed more than 300 cases in 2015. “We did a lot last year. The number of our patients is particularly large now, and there is also a particular abundance of liver sources.”

(Recording 119. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 119 for transcript translation)[xxviii]

October 19, 2018, Chen Xinguo, Director of Liver Transplantation admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[xxix]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[xxx]

2. Tianjin City

Tianjin First Central Hospital performs several thousand cases of liver and kidney transplantation.[xxxi] Its doctors have admitted several times to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Person-on-duty at the Human Organ Donation Center of the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch (November 9, 2017): A total of over 3,000 people have been registered for organ donation in the past few years. It only shows their willingness to donate organs after death. In Tianjin, there were actual over 100 donation cases in 2016, and so is this year. This does not mean that all the organs in their bodies were donated. Some parts couldn’t be used, and some parts were not donated.

(Recording 120. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 120 for transcript translation)[xxxii]

October 17, 2017, Doctor Feng at the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department on the Sixth Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital said that they could do about 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation.

(Recording 72. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 121 for transcript translation)[xxxiii]

On May 4, 2018, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from the Liver Transplantation Doctors’ Office on the 8th Floor of Tianjin First Central Hospital, “Do you perform more than 1,000 cases like my friend said? Every year.” The doctor replied, “More than that. But among our several (surgery) teams, there are at least several hundred cases by each team.”

(Recording 71-1. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 122 for transcript translation)[xxxiv]

On May 8, 2018, a liver transplantation doctor on the 8th Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital said to a WOIPFG investigator that there were a lot of liver donors, and they were doing liver transplants every day. When the investigator asked, “How many teams do you have?” He replied, “Ah, ten (plus)…” and he immediately changed the topic by saying, “They are all quite good, quite good!”

(Recording 71-2. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 123 for transcript translation)[xxxv]

The organ transplant center of the Tianjin First Central Hospital was founded by Shen Zhongyang in 1998, and the Tianjin Organ Transplant Research Institute was established in 2002.

After its new building was put into use in September 2006, the number of ward beds for organ transplant patients in the Tianjin First Central Hospital was increased to 500. (There was another report indicating that by this time, the number of ward beds had reached 700.)[xxxvi] The organ transplant surgery center could carry out 9 liver transplants and 8 kidney transplants simultaneously.[xxxvii] Several years after the new building was put into use, the hospital claimed, “In 2013, all disciplines in our hospital had different degrees of development and progress. The ward bed occupancy rate increased by 5.7% year-on-year to 131.1%. Therefore, on top of the existing 1,200 beds, we added 300 more beds, reaching a total of 1,500 beds. And we added ward beds to the organ transplant center.”[xxxviii] The average length of hospital stay for a liver transplant patient in China was 25 to 30 days.[xxxix] Therefore, it can be estimated that the number of liver and kidney transplant recipients discharged from the organ transplant center could be as large as 7,975 (500 x 365 x 131.1%/30).

Tianjin Municipal Health Bureau claimed on its website in March 2014 that organ transplantation was one of the features of the Tianjin First Central Hospital, and its organ transplant center was “currently the largest organ transplant base in Asia, the birthplace of clinical liver transplantation in China and Tianjin’s organ transplant technology application base”. There were “more than 1,500 beds available in the hospital”. At the end of 2015, the third phase of the hospital’s reconstruction and expansion project was put into use, and there were as many as 3,200 authorized beds.[xl]

In January 2015, according to Jinwan Media Group, “Under the guidance of Shen Zhongyang, the previously young doctors have independently completed nearly 1,000 liver transplant surgeries on their own.”[xli] According to WOIPFG’s investigation, there are a total of 110 doctors, who have participated in liver and kidney transplants at the Oriental Organ Transplant Centre, including 46 chief physicians and physicians, as well as 13 attending physicians. The number of organ transplant doctors is so large, that there are enough people to form multiple liver and kidney transplant teams.

In 2006, Song Wenli, director of the Tianjin First Central Hospital’s organ transplant center, admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[xlii]

On November 15, 2018, Bai Rongsheng, liver transplant doctor and assistant to President Shen Zhongyang of the Tianjin First Central Hospital, admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[xliii]

3. Shanghai City

200 organs were donated over a period of three years (June 2016 to 2017 August).[xliv] However, there are 11 organ transplant hospitals in Shanghai,[xlv] and the officially published liver transplant volume of Renji Hospital alone was 800 cases in 2017.[xlvi]

Shanghai General Hospital

The hospital has a large organ transplant volume, and its president[xlvii] and doctors[xlviii] have repeatedly admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Tan Jianming is the director of the Shanghai Organ Transplant Research Center.[xlix] He performed a kidney transplant at the Shanghai General Hospital in 2003, and he performed tissue-matching tests for the patient with eight spare kidneys prior to the transplant operation.[l] As of June 2014, Tan Jianming had presided over more than 4,200 cases of kidney transplantation[li]. Li Wengang, a surgeon in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at the PLA No. 174 Hospital in Xiamen said to a WOIPFG investigator on the phone in April 2017, “Peng Zhihai from the liver transplantation center of Shanghai Jiao Tong University has been here for several days. He’s preparing to perform surgeries at Xiamen University. President Peng has performed over 5,000 cases of (liver transplantation). Several years ago, he was able to do 400 cases a year.”[lii]

Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University

A liver transplantation doctor (October 23, 2017): The hospital could perform 200 surgeries per year. They had performed almost 200 cases by October 2017. “The liver donor sources are confidential! It’s the principle!”

(Recording 124. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 124 for transcript translation)[liii]

Doctor-on- duty of the Liver Transplant Department at Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (June 25, 2018): “We have done quite a lot (of liver transplants) here. We do nearly 200 cases every year. Someone may sell a kidney. But no one will sell his liver. Regarding the specifics (about finding healthy and young donors), you need to come over, and then have a face-to-face talk with the professor (Wang Zhengxin) of our transplantation group.”

(Recording 42. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 125 for transcript translation)[liv]

A Liver Transplant Doctor at the Affiliated Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University

Investigation Date: June 1, 2018

The hospital performed more than 100 cases of liver transplantation in 2017, and 500 to 600 cases of kidney transplantation. “We also did four today, two liver transplants and two kidney transplants.” A liver transplant costs one million yuan; a kidney transplant costs 500,000 yuan. “Where can you find a liver donor for 150,000 yuan? More than 150,000 yuan, more than that.” Liver and kidney donors would become available in ten days to half a month. The hospital performs liver and/or kidney transplants every day. Although it does a lot of transplants, its volume is still smaller than Renji Hospital.

(Recording 113. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 126 for transcript translation)[lv]

 

A Nurse of Organ Transplant Department Ward’s Nursing Station at Changhai Hospital in Shanghai

Investigation Date: December 20, 2017

“We’ve always been performing (kidney transplants)! We’ve done over 300 cases of kidney transplantation this year so far.” The Organ Transplant Center was established in March 2016, and “in such a short period of one year or two, we have successfully done 700 to 800 cases of kidney transplantation. We did 300 cases (of kidney transplantation) in 10 months of the last year. We’ve done over 100 cases of liver transplantation this year. It was about 50 to 60 cases last year.”

(Recording 127. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 127 for transcript translation)[lvi]

Director Zhu Youhua of the Kidney Transplant Center of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital

Investigation Date: January 29, 2016

“We do a lot of kidney transplants. It is not only that we are doing this, the whole country is doing a lot!”

(Recording 57. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 128 for transcript translation)[lvii]

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine has a large liver transplant volume, and one of its doctors admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as organ donors

The Organ Transplant Center at Renji Hospital has a Class 100 laminar flow operating theatre and a Class 10,000 laminar flow ward, which allow 6 liver transplant surgeries to be carried out at the same time.[lviii] In 2014, they had 110 ward beds for liver transplantation. “Renji Hospital’s Liver Surgery Department had 3 wards, 110 beds and more than 70 medical personnel. It has become a national clinical key specialty department, a national “Project 211” key construction discipline department, a national clinical pharmacology agency and Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission’s key clinical medicine discipline department.”[lix]

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine

A kidney transplant surgeon named Kong Defu said to a WOIPFG investigator on March 18, 2017, “In 2016, we should have done 700 cases (of organ transplantation).”

(Recording 129. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 129 for transcript translation)[lx]

On December 29, 2017, Renji Hospital announced that in 2017, the number of its liver transplant surgery exceeded 800 cases. On August 23, 2017, Xia Qiang’s team also announced another figure: Renji Hospital’s Liver Transplant Center had performed 1,000 cases of liver transplantation for children.[lxi]

On November 8, 2018, Hang Hualian, Chief Medical Officer of Liver Transplantation Surgery Department, Shanghai Renji Hospital told a WOIPFG investigator, “I’ll try my best to get it done for you within one week.” The investigator later asked, “You are using Falun Gong (practitioner) donors now, right?” Hang Hualian replied, “Yes, this is for sure.”[lxii]

4. Guangdong Province

Staff-on-duty at the Organ Donation Office, Guangdong Branch, Red Cross Society of China (November 2, 2017): The Guangdong branch receives hundreds of cases of organ donation, ranking first in China. Only a portion of all the donors can be used. “It depends on individual circumstances, such as the donor patient and his/her organ quality. Sometimes donated liver organs are unusable, sometimes kidney organs are unusable.” The donated organs used in hospitals in Guangdong Province are not necessarily witnessed by the Red Cross Society.

(Recording 130. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 130 for transcript translation)[lxiii]

There are 17 organ transplant hospitals in Guangdong Province, and the official organ transplant volume of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University alone exceeds the above-mentioned quantity of organ donations.

According to an article published by a newspaper called “New Express” on October 9, 2010, as of 2010, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen’s Organ Transplant Center had performed liver and kidney transplants for over 10,000 patients.[lxiv]

Dr. Han at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University

Investigation Date: June 30, 2015

When a WOIPFG investigator told Dr. Han that Huang Jiefu would perform over 500 cases of liver transplantation in a year, he said, “We actually have done more than 1,500 cases (in one year)!”

(Recording 28. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 131 for transcript translation)[lxv]

Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University

Su Yu, Transplant Surgeon of the Urinary Surgery Department (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.” The largest feature of this hospital is the organs from brain-dead patients. “Regarding this kind of things (i.e. where the dead bodies are from), I, I don’t dare to talk about it.”

(Recording 47. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 132 for transcript translation)[lxvi]

Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University

A Kidney Transplant Doctor (June 7, 2018): The hospital did 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation in 2017. It had done 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation as of June 2018. “Please come have a face-to-face consultation with the doctor. It’s not convenient to speak over the phone.”

(Recording 133. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 133 for transcript translation)[lxvii]

 

5. Zhejiang Province

A staff member at the Organ Donation Management Center of Zhejiang Red Cross Society (April 20, 2017): “(There are) not many donors. (There were) more than 100 cases (of organ donation in 2016)” And some of them couldn’t be used. (The annual organ transplant volumes self-reported by eight organ transplant hospitals in Zhejiang are several dozen times of the organ donation quantity at the Red Cross Society.)

(Recording 134. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 134 for transcript translation)

A nurse in the Kidney Transplant Ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: May 8, 2015 (Phone number: +86 57187236871)

The nurse said that they completed more than 300 cases in 2014, as in 2015, too.

(Recording 135. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 135 for transcript translation)[lxviii]

 

Kidney Transplant Ward Nurse at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: May 4, 2016

“Every year our hospital performs several thousand transplants.” She also said that Zheng Shusen was still their director.

(Recording 70. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 136 for transcript translation)[lxix]

Liang Jianzhong, Liver Transplant Department at Zhejiang University International Hospital

Investigation Date: July 25, 2016 (Phone number: +86+13516703061)

“If it’s really urgent, we can certainly do the surgery immediately. Everyday, we do 2-3 cases [of liver transplant surgeries]. “The liver sources are relatively easy to find (for our hospital).”

(Recording 137. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 137 for transcript translation)[lxx]

Xie Qinfen, Organ Procurement Coordinator for Liver Transplantation at Zhejiang University International Hospital

Investigation Date: February 28, 2017 (Phone number: +86+13968153957)

“Generally speaking, it may take about two weeks [to get the liver]. Sometimes it’s very fast. Sometimes people can even do it on the second day. It depends on your situation. Critically ill patients can take the priority. We did over 120 cases last year (first year of the hospital). We would usually receive information on donor livers on the second day, [after we make an inquiry]. Liver procurement mainly depends on President Zheng. He has established a reputation and has lots of connections on various aspects.”

(Recording 91. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 138 for transcript translation)[lxxi]

According to official mainland Chinese media reports, from the afternoon of May 11, 2017 to May 12 noon time, the eight operating theatres at Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital were all lit up. Within 20 hours, they completed 8 major organ transplant surgeries. One of the patients surnamed Wu waited only two days to receive a “donated” liver.[lxxii] How is it possible for a private hospital, which had been in existence for just over one year, to obtain so many donated organs with matched tissues on the same day?

A Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Ward from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: August 1, 2017

“If you want to wait for the kidney sources to show up in the hospital, it will be very slow. At least 5 years! We do a lot (of kidney transplants), between 30 and 40 cases a month on average.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “If your hospital does between 30 and 40 cases a month on average, can you do between 400 and 500 cases a year?”, the nurse confirmed, “Yes.”

(Recording 139. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 139 for transcript translation)[lxxiii]

Nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Center at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University  

Investigation Date: April 23, 2018

The hospital does kidney transplantation every day. “We could do several hundred cases (of organ transplantation operations), there should be several hundred cases (performed in this year).”

(Recording 140. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 140 for transcript translation)[lxxv]

A Staff Member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Ningbo Branch 

Investigation Date: September 26, 2017

The staff member said, “We had 38 donations last year. 38 donors. We have had 10 to 20 donations so far (this year).”

According to WOIPFG’s research, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital can perform 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation in one year.

(Recording 141. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 141 for transcript translation)[lxxiv]

6. Henan Province

Staff member at the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Henan Branch (January 1, 2018): There were not many organ donations in 2017. The successful ones were cases from the hospitals. There were about 200 or 300 organ donation cases in 2017.

According to WOIPFG’s research, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University performed over 1,000 cases of liver and kidney transplantationin 2017.

(Recording 141. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 141 for transcript translation)[lxxv]

 

People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou has a large number of organ transplants, and the hospital acknowledged its use of Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[lxxvi]

The hospital’s nephropathy organ transplant department has 90 ward beds.[lxxvii]

Doctor on duty in the organ transplantation department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Investigation Date: December 17, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 371-67077512)

“[We’ve done] more than 200 cases [this year]…basically non-stop…In December, we did several dozen cases. For us now, organ transplantation surgeries are very common. Sometimes, we can perform two, three or four surgeries back-to-back. We basically can do five or six [operations] back-to-back within 24 hours. Two liver [transplants] and four kidney [transplants].”

(Recording 142. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 142 for transcript translation)[lxxviii]

A Nurse at the Organ Transplantation Department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Investigation Date: October 18, 2017

“There are only 60 combined ward beds, but we already have 67 patients. We could do several cases in a day if there are organ transplantation operations.”

(Recording 143. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 143 for transcript translation)[lxxix]

 

Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Organ Transplantation Department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Investigation Date: October 29, 2017

The hospital’s kidney source fee is 150,000 yuan. “Some could have their surgeries done on the same day when they came. The organ transplantation department has its own ward. We have 60 combined ward beds. Until now, we have received almost 70 patients.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “The First Affiliated Hospital could do 300 or 400 cases?”, he replied, “I don’t know. Maybe that is the case.” The doctors at this hospital go to look for kidney sources themselves.


(Recording 144. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 144 for transcript translation)[lxxx]
 

Doctor on duty for kidney transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province

Investigation Date: May 9, 2017 (Phone number: +86+ 371-66862191)

“We did more than 300 cases [of kidney transplantation last year]. We already did more than 100 cases this year.”

(Recording 145. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 145 for transcript translation)[lxxxi]

Investigation Recording 146, Doctors on duty for kidney transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province

Investigation Date: June 28, 2017 (Phone number: +86-37166862192)

“[From the beginning of this year till now, we should’ve done 200 to 300 cases [of kidney transplantation]. Last year we did more than 300 cases [of kidney transplantation].”  

(Recording 146. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 146 for transcript translation)[lxxxii]

Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Investigation Date: May 3, 2018

Nearly 400 kidney transplant operations were performed in 2017. Four kidney transplant operations were performed on the day, when a WOIPFG investigator called the hospital.

(Recording 147. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 147 for transcript translation)[lxxxiii]

Doctor-on-duty from the Liver Transplant Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Investigation Date: June 25, 2018

Investigator: “I would like to ask if you can supply him a relatively young donor.” Doctor: “Generally speaking, we have (donors) aged around 40 or 50. They are mainly young people.”

(Recording 43. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 148 for transcript translation)[lxxxiv]

 

7. Hebei Province

Niu Zhiqiang, Director of the Organ Donation Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Hebei Branch (November 11, 2017): There are more than 30 donor coordinators in Hebei Province. “From 2013 to the present, we have had more than 70 organ donations”. There were 18 organ donations in 2017 in Hebei, surpassing what they had in 2016.

According to WOIPFG’s research, the combined organ transplant volume of the three organ transplant hospitals in Hebei Province is larger than the number of organ donations.

(Recording 149. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 149 for transcript translation)[lxxxv]

 

8. Shandong Province

a Staff-on-duty at the Red Cross Society of Yantai City, Shandong Province (January 16, 2018): “There are not many organ donors anywhere! Yuhuangding Hospital has their own channels to procure organs. That is possibly the case. Not all their organs are donated, and donations are very few. We have only a few dozens of donors, but they have done hundreds, even thousands of (organ transplant) cases!”

(Recording 150. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 150 for transcript translation)[lxxxvi]

Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital has a large organ transplant volume, its director Liu Dongfu admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[lxxxvii]

Organ transplantation ranks the first of the hospital’s four major signature technologies.[lxxxviii] In 2004, Gao Zhenli began to preside over the hospital’s organ transplant center, and the organ transplantation of this hospital has been developing rapidly since then. The areas of kidney transplantation, heart transplantation, liver transplantation, and combined pancreatic and kidney transplantation have all had groundbreaking development, and the hospital’s annual organ transplant surgery volume ranks the first in the province.[lxxxix]

Under the Urinary Surgery Department, there are the Kidney Transplant Intensive Care Unit, organ transplant laboratory, tissue typing room and 100 authorized beds.[xc] Chief Physician Liu Dongfu has performed more than 3,000 cases of renal transplantation.[xci]

On May 21, 2018, a nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Center (+865356691999, ext. 83947) of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province told a WOIPFG investigator that the hospital could perform 300 to 400 cases of kidney transplantation per year, and the cost of a surgery is around 400,000 yuan.

(Recording 151. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 151 for transcript translation)[xcii]

Doctor Li Dapeng at the Department of Nephrology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province (May 21, 2018): 300 kidney transplants were done in Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital in 2017. “We have patients from all over the country, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, lots of them. There is no need to say so much over the phone! Hey, just come to the hospital to make things work. There are a lot of directors (in the organ transplant department), including Director Liu Dongfu.”

(Recording 152. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 152 for transcript translation)[xciii]


Jinan Military General Hospital’s doctors have admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Jinan Military General Hospital’s urology department was approved in 2005 by the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department as the kidney transplantation and dialysis treatment center for the entire military, and it has 80 ward beds.[xciv]

 

Ni Jialian, former Director of the Kidney Transplantation Department at Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Investigation Date: January 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86-1192017-134231)

“It is hard to get liver donors here in Shandong now. It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners. Most of the [organs] used by every single hospital were prisoners’ organs.” [Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right?] “Yes.”

(Recording 153. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 153 for transcript translation)[xcv]

A Doctor from the Doctors’ Office for kidney transplantation in the Urinary Surgery Department of Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Investigation Date: April 8, 2017 (Phone number: 053151665311)

The hospital did 200 or 300 cases last year. “This kind of things are arranged by the hospital. We don’t know how long you’ll have to wait.”

(Recording 154. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 154 for transcript translation)[xcvi]

 

9. Hunan Province

The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

In recent years, the hospital has set several new records in the number of kidney transplant surgeries, ranking at the forefront of the country.[xcvii] Peng Longkai is in charge of the overall operation of the hospital’s kidney transplantation clinical and basic research work, and he has acted as the operator in more than 2,000 cases of kidney transplantation surgeries.[xcviii]

 

Head nurse Nie Menghua in the Third Ward of kidney transplantation at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Hunan Province

Investigation Date: April 18, 2017 (Phone number: 073185296141)

“We may indeed have shorter wait times here than those of other places. Last year we did 300 or 400 cases [of kidney transplantation].”

(Recording 155. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 155 for transcript translation)[xcix]

Ma Wangzong, Organ Coordinator at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Investigation Date: August 10, 2017

“Last year, we did more than 100 (liver transplant) surgeries. This year (so far)? About 50 or 60 liver transplants. We did almost 350 kidney transplants last year. We are among the top five for both kidney and liver transplants in the entire country last year.” The local Red Cross Society and the hospitals coordinate to work on procuring organs, and the donors are all from within the province.

(Recording 156. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 156 for transcript translation)[c]

 

10. Hubei Province

A Nurse at the Doctors’ Office of the Organ Transplantation Department, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University

Investigation Date: October 30, 2017

“(We’ve done) about several dozen cases (of liver transplantation this year so far). We do mainly kidney transplants. 300 cases have been done already this year!”

(Recording 157. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 157 for transcript translation)[ci]

 

11. Jiangxi Province

Mr. Wang at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch (December 8, 2016): “We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!”

(Recording 108. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 158 for transcript translation)[cii]

 

12. Yunnan Province

A staff member at the Organ Donation Office at Red Cross Society of China, Yunnan Branch (June 5, 2018): In 2017, there were 60 to 70 cases of organ donation in Yunnan Province, but not all of these organs could be used for transplants.

According to WOIPFG’s investigation, the First Hospital of Kunming claimed that they performed 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation in 2017 alone.

(Recording 159. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 159 for transcript translation)[ciii]

A ward doctor for kidney transplant operations at the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: July 22, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 871-67390509)

The hospital has done around 200 transplants in the past six months. The patients’ donor organ wait time is approximately one month.

(Recording 160. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 160 for transcript translation)[civ]

A Doctor from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: November 10, 2017

“We just do transplants with donated organs, not with organs from patients’ parents. In terms of donated organs, we do relatively a lot (in comparison with other hospitals). Last year, we’ve probably done more than 200 cases. When half a year passed in this year, it already exceeded (200 cases).” There could be 400 or 500 cases in 2017.

(Recording 161. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 161 for transcript translation)[cv]

A Nurse from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: June 6, 2018

“We do a lot (of kidney transplants) every year!” When being asked whether the hospital performed 400 or 500 cases of this kidney transplantation in 2017, the nurse didn’t deny it.

(Recording 162. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 162 for transcript translation)[cvi]


13. Sichuan Province

From 2012 to the end of March 2016, Sichuan Province received more than 150 cases of organ donation through the Red Cross Society’s organ donation system, including 63 cases from West China Hospital, Sichuan University. “Only two cases (of organ donation) were accepted in 2012, 10 cases in 2013, and 20 cases from January to March in this year (i.e. 2016).”[cvii]

A staff member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Sichuan Branch (June 7, 2018): “Chinese people think that they should be buried in the earth with a full body after death, in order to achieve restfulness, and they want to retain their whole bodies. So donations are still very few in quantity, comparing with the demand for organs.” There are many registrations, but in the end, there are few organs actually successfully donated. “It depends on the family situation. Does his disease make his donation unsuitable? Not everyone willing to donate wants to donate all of his organs. Neither does every patient donate all his organs. It’s not necessarily true that every organ is suitable for transplant. We had more than 190 cases of donations last year. A successful donation is determined by many factors, such as the patient’s family members’ objection, or the patient’s health condition, the patient’s changing health condition, which may lead to unsuccessful donations.”

(Recording 163. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 163 for transcript translation)[cviii]

On March 31, 2016, a staff member at the West China Hospital said, “We do a lot. We do (a lot of) kidney transplants. Our entire ward is for kidney transplant patients. We do a lot every year. We are doing it every day.”

(Recording 164. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 164 for transcript translation)[cix]

A Ward Nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Department of West China Hospital, Sichuan University

Investigation Date: December 15, 2017

“The volume (of kidney transplants) is increasing each year.” She also said that several hundred cases had been done within 2017. “We are doing it every day, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. We can do several hundred cases.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked her whether they could do about 10 cases each week, she replied, “Yes”.

(Recording 54. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 165 for transcript translation)[cx]

 

Doctor Yang at the Doctors’ Office of Organ Transplantation Department, Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital

Investigation Date: December 15, 2017

“(To do a transplant in advance,) you should communicate with our director (Yang Hongji). I don’t think it should be a problem. The liver transplants that we do usually are emergency operations. When we do a liver transplant, we will notify the recipients immediately. “If you do a liver transplant, the cost may be around 350,000 to 400,000 yuan, if the recovery is smooth. (The additional donor fee) is no more than 100,000 yuan.” There are many donors during the Spring Festival period. The busiest time periods for the organ transplant surgeons are Spring Festival and the National Day periods.

(Recording 39. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 166 for transcript translation)[cxi]


14. Shenzhen City

Gao Min, Human Organ Donation Coordinator, the Red Cross Society, Shenzhen Branch (March 9, 2016): “Many people donate, but most people would not be accepted. There are lots of limitations.”

(Recording 167. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 167 for transcript translation)[cxii]

 

15. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Director Chen of the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society, Urumqi Branch (September 12, 2017): “(Donated) organs should be very few. Even in the whole Xinjiang region, it seems that the number of organ donations are only several dozen cases so far (since the start of the organ donation program). Voluntary donations surely are few. Because even many people get registered, he cannot reach the right state to donate!”

(Recording 169. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 169 for transcript translation)[cxiii]

 

16. Guizhou Province

A Staff Member of the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Guiyang City Branch (September 16, 2017): There had only been more than 30 cases of successful donations after the established of this Red Cross Society Branch. “This year, there are more than ten cases this year, maybe.”

(Recording 170. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 170 for transcript translation)[cxv]

 

17. Inner Mongolia

A doctor at the Hepatobiliary Ward Doctors’ Office of the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (November 15, 2017): “There are (donated organs), but rarely. No one donates. Nowadays who would be donating their organs?”

(Recording 171. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 171 for transcript translation)[cxvi]

Table 9. The Quantities of Liver and Kidney Transplantation Hospitals and Transplant Centers designated by the Health and Family Planning Commission in all Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities

 

Chapter Seven               

The Actual Quantities of Donated Organ in Chinese Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities are Significantly Lower than the Officially Published Figures and the Numbers of Transplanted Organs

WOIPFG’s investigation has discovered that the actual quantities of donated organs in Chinese provinces and centrally-controlled municipalities are significantly lower than the officially published figures and the numbers of transplanted organs. In some cases, the officially published quantities of donated organs are even less than the amounts of organ transplants in one or two local hospitals. Such situations in the major Chinese provinces are explained individually in this chapter.

I. Beijing City

Investigation Results:

After the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office, which is located in China’s capital, was established six years ago, it was still in the preparatory stage, and it had never started any actual organ donation work. Its subordinate district-level Red Cross Societies hadn’t set up their organ donation offices yet and had not started any actual organ donation operations. And their functions had been merely limited to some publicity work.[i] This is the results of the WOIPFG’s phone investigation conducted from August to September 2018. (Please see Schedule 6 for a summary of the statistical tables of the Beijing Red Cross organ donation investigation).

Beijing has 23 organ transplant hospitals and the largest organ transplant volume in China. However, the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office’s still in the preparatory stage, and the actual quantity of donated organs it receives is zero.

II. Tianjin City

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

Table 10. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2015 to 2018

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

 

Table 11. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 11

 

Figure 10

Figure 10. Comparison Graph of the Number of Voluntary Organ Donors in Tianjin City and the Liver Transplant Volume in the Tianjin First Central hospital in 2017

Tianjin has three hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver and kidney transplantation. Among them, there is one liver transplant hospital and two kidney transplant hospitals. The annual volume of liver and kidney transplantation in the Tianjin First Central Hospital is as large as several thousand cases per year.[vii]

III. Shanghai City

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

Table 12. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

Table 12

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 13. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 13

 

Figure 11

Figure 11. Comparison Graph of the Number of Voluntary Organ Donors in Shanghai as Reported in the Official Media and the Liver Transplant Volume in Renji Hospital in 2017

There are 8 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 7 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shanghai. The number of liver and kidney transplants in these hospitals is several thousand cases per year. The following are several examples.

On December 29, 2017, Renji Hospital announced that in 2017, the number of its liver transplant surgery exceeded 800 cases. On August 23, 2017, Xia Qiang’s team also announced another figure: Renji Hospital’s Liver Transplant Center had performed 1,000 cases of liver transplantation for children.[xiv]

This is just some information on the organ transplant situation in one of the hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out organ transplants in Shanghai. And this hospital’s organ transplant volume alone far exceeds the officially published quantity of organ donations in the entire city.

On May 11, 2011, Wu Mengchao, the then-president of the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (which was affiliated to the Second Military Medical University) and his student Wang Hongyang were interviewed by Sina.com. The interviewer Yi Jun asked, “What is the current level of liver transplantation in our country?” Wu Mengchao replied, “In terms of liver transplants, our quantity has been the largest in the world. And the quality and results are also good. We have caught up with the international standards.”[xv] The hospital had 742 beds.[xvi] According to its website’s department directory, out of this hospital’s 11 surgery department, at least 7 departments could perform liver transplantation. They included the First Department of Special Treatments,[xvii] the Liver Transplantation Department,[xviii] the First Extrahepatic Department,[xix] the First Department of Biliary Tracts,[xx] the Third Extrahepatic Department,[xxi] the Fifth Extrahepatic Department[xxii] and the Second Department of Biliary Tracts.[xxiii] Since they were overwhelmed by the volume of their transplant business, the hospital constructed a new branch, which was put to use in October 2015, with additional 1,500 beds,[xxiv] an increase of 100%.

IV. Zhejiang Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2010 to 2018

Table 14. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2010 to 2018

Zhejiang has eight organ transplant hospitals. Among them, five are designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplantation, and seven are designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants.

 

Phone Investigations:

Investigation Recording 176, Person on Duty at the Organ Donation Management Center of the Zhejiang Red Cross Society

Investigation Date: December 15, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 571-85043999)

“It is certain that most people would refuse to donate (their organs); otherwise, it wouldn’t be such a small number of donations!”

(Recording 176. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 176 for transcript translation)[xxix]

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

A Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Ward (August 1, 2017): “We do a lot (of kidney transplants). If you want to wait for the kidney sources to show up in the hospital, it will be very slow. At least 5 years!”

(Recording 139. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 177 for transcript translation)[xxx]

Ningbo City

A Staff Member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Ningbo Branch (September 26, 2017): “We had 38 donations last year. 38 donors. We have had 10 to 20 donations so far (this year).”

According to WOIPFG’s research, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital can perform 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation in one year.

(Recording 170. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 178 for transcript translation)[xxxi]

V. Jiangsu Province

1. Official reports: more than 130 donated organs were received in 2017.[xxxii]

2. Phone investigation: organ donation.

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China Jiangsu Branch

Investigation Date: April 24, 2017 (Phone number: +86 25 8331 8652)

“We received about 80 cases last year [i.e. 2016] [from the entire Jiangsu Province]. “[We’ve received] about 30 or 40 cases so far this year.”

(Recording 179. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 179 for transcript translation)[xxxiii]

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Investigation Date: April 26, 2017 (Phone number: +86 51988155335)

“[We have around] five to ten [cases of successful donations] a year. We have received four cases [of donated organs] this year. The Red Cross Society has received 29 cases of donated organs from 2011 to the present. Generally speaking, Shanghai would have a little more [organs]. Then you can contact other channels by yourself. Our Red Cross does not [have organs]...”

(Recording 180. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 180 for transcript translation)[xxxiv]

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Investigation Date: April 27, 2017 (Phone number: +86+51385053656)

“We do very little here. In all these years, we’ve only handled a couple of cases. We have had few donations here. For all these years, the total number [of donated organs that we’ve received] is only two.”

(Recording 181. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 181 for transcript translation)[xxxv]

3. Phone investigation: the numbers of organ transplants in several hospitals from 2016 to 2018

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 5 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Jiangsu Province.

Wang Ping, liver transplantation director at Jiangsu Province Hospital

Investigation Date: July 24, 2016 (Phone number: +86+13951873090)

“[To change the liver], no problem. You just come, and directly come to see me. We often do this. This is our routine work, a routine thing. Patients of blood Type B can obtain a liver after waiting for one month.”

(Recording 182. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 182 for transcript translation)[xxxvi]

Doctor Tang at the Liver Transplant Department Doctors’ Office of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

Investigation Date: August 10, 2017

Each year the hospital does 40 to 50 cases of liver transplantation. “We have done over 20 cases this year so far. Usually the donors are brain dead. We have connections in Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong and Henan Provinces, as far as organ donors are concerned. We have specialized organ coordinators, who contact the Red Cross Societies, instead of doctors.”

(Recording 183. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 183 for transcript translation)[xxxvii]

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department of the Nanjing General Hospital of People’s Liberation Army

Investigation Date: September 11, 2017

We are still doing kidney transplants. We’ve done a quite a lot this year. Over 100 cases so far. I’m not clear on (whether the donors are healthy or not), because we don’t know anything about the donors’ information ourselves.”

(Recording 184. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 184 for transcript translation)[xxxviii]

A doctor at the doctors’ office of the liver transplantation department in Jiangsu Provincial Hospital

Investigation Date: February 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86+25-68136851)

“For peak periods, there are 4-5 operations per week, and at least 2-3 operations per week. We should have done the largest number [of operations] in our province, but certainly less than [the hospitals in] Shanghai. If death-row prisoners sign an organ donation consent before they die…then [we] would just go to take [their organs]. Then I can take it [i.e. the organ] before he dies or, when he has just died, when he is dying, and then donate it. When the kidney source is taken here…who can guarantee that it was definitely donated, if it’s from an executed prisoner. Who knows what the kidney source is?”

(Recording 185. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 185 for transcript translation)[xxxix]

VI. Jiangxi Province

Official Reports: Statistics on the number of organ donations as of 2018

As of March 31, 2018, 227 cases of organ donation had been carried out in Jiangxi Province.[xl]

Phone Investigation Recording:

Mr. Wang, Organ Coordinator at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch Investigation Date: December 8, 2016 (Phone number: +86+791-86771992)

“We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!”

(Recording 108. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 186 for transcript translation)[xli]

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Jiangxi Province.

VII. Guangdong Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 15. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

The largest number of organ donation cases in Guangdong, up to 318 cases[xlvi]

Phone investigations: the numbers of organ donations

Staff-on-duty at the Organ Donation Office, Guangdong Branch, Red Cross Society of China (November 2, 2017): The Guangdong branch receives hundreds of cases of organ donation, ranking first in China. Only a portion of all the donors can be used. “It depends on individual circumstances, such as the donor patient and his/her organ quality. Sometimes donated liver organs are unusable, sometimes kidney organs are unusable.” The donated organs used in hospitals in Guangdong Province are not necessarily witnessed by the Red Cross Society.

(Recording 130. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 187 for transcript translation)[xlvii]

Shenzhen

Gao Min, Human Organ Donation Coordinator, the Red Cross Society, Shenzhen Branch (March 9, 2016): “Many people donate, but most people would not be accepted. There are lots of limitations.”

(Recording 167. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 188 for transcript translation)[xlviii]

There are 17 organ transplant hospitals in Guangdong Province.

VIII. Guangxi Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2016 to 2017

Table 16. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2016 to 2017

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Table 17. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Guangxi Autonomous Region.

IX. Fujian Province

Official reports: officially published organ donation statistics

As of July 2018, 24 cases of human organ donation were completed in Fujian province.[liv]

There are 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Fujian Province.

X. Hainan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2012 to 2018

Table 18. Statistical Table of Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2012 to 2018

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants in Hainan Province.

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 19. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

XI. Anhui Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 20. Statistical Table of Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

Official reports: organ donation figures

Table 21. Officially Reported Numbers of Organ Transplants

 

Figure 12

Figure 12. Comparison Graph of the Number of Donated Kidneys as Reported in the Official Media and the Kidney Transplant Volume in Anhui Province in 2017

XII. Heilongjiang Province

Official reports: number of cases of organ donation

As of June 2018, 61 cases of organ donation had taken place in Heilongjiang Province.[lxiii]

Phone investigations: organ transplantation

Chen Zhaoyan, Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (February 2, 2016): “(Transplants) of living kidneys started in 1999. In the past, most (kidney transplants) used kidneys from corpses, after 1999, most were living kidneys.” (When the investigator asked whether the organs he used were from Falun Gong practitioners, he hanged up the phone.)

(Recording 24. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 193 for transcript translation)[lxiv]

A Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (September 11, 2017): The hospital performed a lot of cases of kidney transplantation this year.

(Recording 66. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 194 for transcript translation)[lxv]

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Heilongjiang Province.

XIII. Liaoning Province

Official reports: number of cases of organ donation

According to the CCP’s official reports, as of October 2017, 245 cases of organ donation had taken place in Liaoning Province.[lxvi]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Transplant Volumes of Different Hospitals in 2017

Table 22. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Volumes in 2017

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 5 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Liaoning Province.

XIV. shandong Province

Official reports: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2014 to 2017

Table 23. Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2014 to 2017

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2017 to 2018

Table 24. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2017 to 2018

Table 24

There are 8 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 11 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shandong Province.

XV. Hebei Province

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

According to Song Zhenjiang, vice president of the the Red Cross Society of China, Hebei Branch, as of April 2017, 55 voluntary donors had successfully made organ donations to the Red Cross Society.[lxxvii]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Table 25. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Table 25

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and two hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Hebei Province.

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 26. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 26

XVI. Henan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 27. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs 2013 to 2018

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 28. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 28

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 6 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Henan Province.

XVII. Shanxi Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2012 to 2018

From the year 2012 to March 2015, there were a total of 26 organ donors in Shanxi.[xci] As of February 2018, there had been 158 cases of human organ donation after death by citizens throughout the province.[xcii]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 29. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 29

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shanxi Province.

XVIII. Sichuan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2017 to 2018

Table 30. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2017 to 2018

a

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 31. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Sichuan Province.

XIX. Yunnan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics

Phone Investigation: Organ Donation Volumes

A Doctor from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming (November 10, 2017): “We just do transplants with donated organs, not with organs from patients’ parents. Last year, we’ve probably done more than 200 cases. When half a year passed in this year, it already exceeded (200 cases).” There could be 400 or 500 cases in 2017.

(Recording 161. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 217 for transcript translation)[cii]

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2016 to 2018

Table 32. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2016 to 2018

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 33. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 33

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Yunnan Province.

XX. Guizhou Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2017 to 2018

Table 34. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2017 to 2018

Table 34

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 35. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 35

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Guizhou Province.

XXI. Gansu Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics

In Gansu Province, 8 people donated their organs in 2017, with a cumulative number of of 22 organ donors.[cxv]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 36. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 36

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Gansu Province.

XXII. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation volumes

By the end of year 2017, there had been 34 cases of human organ donation.[cxvii]

Phone Investigation: Number of Organ Donations

A doctor at the Hepatobiliary Ward Doctors’ Office of the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (November 15, 2017): “There are (donated organs), but rarely. No one donates. Nowadays who would be donating their organs?”

(Recording 171. Download MP3. Please refer to Appendix 222 for transcript translation)[cxviii]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 37. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in Inner Mongolia in 2017

Table 37

XXII. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation volumes

As of June 2018, 9 cases of organ donation after death by Xinjiang citizens had been completed, an increase of 30% over the same period in 2017.[cxxi]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 38. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 38

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

 

Related links:

The First part

The Third part

-------------------------------------------------

Reference

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[iii] People’s Daily website – Tianjin Channel. “Tianjin: Red Cross Society in remembrance of human organ and human remains donors at Qingming.” April 04, 2018. http://archive.is/eUUKK

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[v] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[vi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[vii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[viii] Shanghai Morning Post. “Shanghai’s human organ donation has a breakthrough of 400 cases.” Newsletter (September 1, 2017). Reporter: Pan Wen. http://archive.is/CgcrK

[ix] “Media Spotlight | Renji Hospital has joined hands with 7 schools to launch organ donation courses to explore the ‘China model’ of organ donation!” May 10, 2017. Source: Wen Hui Bao. Reporter: Tang Wenjia. http://archive.is/v9qOl

[x] China News website. “A 27-year-old courier from Shanghai passed away in a car crash, his wife donated his organs to save three people.” July 19, 2017. Source: Xinhua News. http://archive.is/6COJw

[xi] Shanghai Morning Post. “Shanghai’s human organ donation has a breakthrough of 400 cases.” Newsletter (September 1, 2017). Reporter: Pan Wen. http://archive.is/CgcrK

[xii] The Red Cross Society of China, Shanghai Branch. “Organ donation makes lives go further.” http://archive.is/Xo6T0

[xiii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[xiv] China National Radio’s website. “Shanghai’s Renji Hospital’s liver transplant surgery volume exceeded 800 cases in 2017, setting the world’s new record”. December 30, 2017. https://item.btime.com/m_2s1cojcn612

[xv] (Sina Health, 2011, May 11). Founder of liver surgery Wu Mengchao shared the mystery of liver disease prevention and longevity. Retrieved from: http://health.sina.com.cn/d/2011-05-11/145222445449.shtml

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[xvii] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the First Department of Special Treatments.” http://www.ehbh.cn/departments.php?section_id=3854

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061907.png

[xviii] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the Liver Transplantation Department”.

http://www.ehbh.cn/departments/?section_id=633

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061908.png

[xix] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the First Extrahepatic Department”.

http://www.ehbh.cn/departments.php?section_id=3857

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/650.png

[xx] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the First Department of Biliary Tracts”.

http://www.ehbh.cn/departments/?section_id=3860

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061910.png

[xxi] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the Third Extrahepatic Department”.

http://www.ehbh.cn/departments/?section_id=3859

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061911.png

[xxii] The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. “Profile of the Fifth Extrahepatic Department”.

http://www.ehbh.cn/departments/?section_id=3861

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061912.png

[xxiii] The Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Volume 18, Issue 8, Pages 611-614, 2012. “Clavien grading and risk factors analysis of biliary complications after liver transplantation”. Authors: Yang Dejun, Zhang Haibin, Zhu Nan, Chen Wei, Wang Xiqiang, Yang Gungshun (the Second Department of Biliary Tracts of the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, affiliated to the second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433);

WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_061913.pdf

[xxiv] Easyday.com. “The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital will be relocated to Jiading An’ting, the number of beds will double”. August 15, 2015. Source: Xinmin Evening News. Author: Shi Jie. Article selection: Li Jiamin. http://sh.eastday.com/m/20150815/u1ai8841164.html

WOIPFG archived links: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2015/59389_495.png

http://www.upholdjustice.org/sites/default/files/report/2015/325-495.png

[xxv] Source: Zhejiang News. “Heart warming! The 730th case of organ donor in the entire province has brought 3 people back to life.” July 10, 2017. Authors: Chen Ning (intern), Zhang Pei (correspondent), Fang Xu, Lu Qing. http://archive.is/e2w1J

[xxvi] China News. “Zhejiang holds a provincial Red Cross Society Congress– the formation of the Zhejiang experiences in organ donation”. April 24, 2017. http://archive.is/zeEge

[xxvii] Source: Zhejiang News. “Heart warming! The 730th case of organ donor in the entire province has brought 3 people back to life.” July 10, 2017. Authors: Chen Ning (intern), Zhang Pei (correspondent), Fang Xu, Lu Qing. http://archive.is/e2w1J

[xxviii] “899 cases of organ donation in Zhejiang province transmit great love”. Zhejiang Red Cross Society. April 8, 2018. http://archive.is/8u2XI

[xxix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xxxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xxxii] Xinhua Newspaper Network. “Jiangsu accepted more than 130 organ donations last year, this cause needs more caring people’s participation.” Source: Intersection (Jiaohuidian). May 19, 2018. Author: Zhong Chongshan. http://archive.is/971Mv

[xxxiii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxxiv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxxv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxxvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xxxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xxxix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xl] People’s Daily (people.com.cn) “Still waiting for an organ for a transplant, a young man donated his organs to save others after his death.” Source: Jiangxi Daily. April 19, 2018. http://archive.is/OXrlN

[xli] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xlii] Sohu.com. “Organ donation coordinator: organ donation is also a kind of continuation of life”. CN-healthcare.com. http://archive.is/PJG9P.

[xliii] Sohu.com. “Organ donation coordinator: organ donation is also a kind of continuation of life”. CN-healthcare.com. http://archive.is/PJG9P.

[xliv] www.gov.cn. “Guangdong organ donation ranks the first in China in seven consecutive years”. June 11, 2017. Source: Nanfang Daily. https://web.archive.org/save/http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2017-06/11/content_5201550.htm

[xlv] Xinhua News Net. “The number of organ donation cases in Guangdong Province ranks the first in China in seven consecutive years”. April 27, 2018. Source: Guangdong Yangcheng Evening News (http://www.ycwb.com/). https://web.archive.org/web/20180618191426/http://m.xinhuanet.com/gd/2018-04/27/c_1122749869.htm

[xlvi] “The number of organ donation cases in Guangdong Province ranks the first in China in seven consecutive years”. Southcn.com. http://archive.is/DXJIE

[xlvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xlviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[xlix] People.com.cn. “The number of organ donation cases in Guangxi is firmly at the forefront of the country.” Source: Nanning Daily. March 28, 2017. http://archive.is/LJq4T

[l] “Guangxi Province carried out memorial activities in remembrance of organ and remains donors.” Source: CRI Online. April 4, 2018. Editor: Tang Zhiqiang. Executive editor: Zhao Yingxi. http://archive.is/04DaW

[li] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[liii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[liv] People.com.cn - Fujian Channel. “Domestic and foreign experts spoke together about organ transplantation, boosting Fujian Province’s organ donation and transplantation works”. September 10, 2018. http://archive.is/0qANi

[lv] Wang, Peilin and Ding Ping. “Hainan carried out memorial activities in remembrance of organ and remains donors prior to the Qingming Festival.” People.com.cn. March 25, 2018. Source: Hainan Daily. http://web.archive.org/web/20181028142917/http://hi.people.com.cn/n2/2018/0325/c231190-31381209.html

[lvi] Sina.com. “A 44-year-old farmer-turned-migrant worker becomes the heart organ donor in Hainan.” June 28, 2018. Source: Workers’ Daily. http://web.archive.org/web/20181028142907/http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2018-06-28/doc-iheqpwqx8298357.shtml

[lvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lviii] People.com.cn. “The current situation of organ donations in Anhui Province: 55 cases in five years. Although the increase is obvious but the gap is large.” April 7, 2017. Source: www.anhuinews.com. http://archive.is/opzHW

[lix] Phoenix New Media. “Anhui Province’s organ donations have been repeatedly setting new records”. January 24, 2018. Source: www.anhuinews.com. http://archive.is/Qmo09

[lx] “Anhui’s first case of a college student donating his organs can save a minimum of five people”. April 2, 2018. Source: China News. http://archive.is/75ByP

[lxi] Profile of the organ transplant center at Anhui Provincial Hospital. http://archive.is/ES5fp

[lxii] iPhoenix. “Anhui Province’s organ donation has repeatedly broken its records”. January 24, 2018. Source: www.anhuinews.com. http://archive.is/Qmo09

[lxiii] “70 human organ donation coordinators are busy running around with difficulties in our province; these ‘life ferrymen’ faces numerous tests”. June 24, 2018. www.dbw.cn. http://archive.is/BOhBF

[lxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxvi] www.organdonation.org.cn. “There are 8,077 registered voluntary organ donors in Liaoning Province; 245 cases of organ donation have been achieved.” October 15, 2017. Db.chinaso.com. Author: Xu Yuejiao. http://archive.is/7zEF9

[lxvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxx] Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong Province. “Last year’s number of donated organs exceeded the sum of the donated organs from the previous four years. The number of annual organ donations in our province soared to 113, but it is still a drop in the bucket”. Qilu Evening News. January 14, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20180618191127/http://www.sdhospital.com.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=18&id=7545

[lxxi] Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong Province. “Last year’s number of donated organs exceeded the sum of the donated organs from the previous four years. The number of annual organ donations in our province soared to 113, but it is still a drop in the bucket”. Qilu Evening News. January 14, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20180618191127/http://www.sdhospital.com.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=18&id=7545

[lxxii] “924 cases of organ donation were made in Shandong Province, saving more than 2,700 critical patients”. April 1, 2017. Source: iqilu.com. Authors: Liao Liang and Liu Bingbing. http://archive.is/V1qG5

[lxxiii] “79 seconds | The total number of organ donations in Shandong Province ranks second in the entire country; 4,000 patients regained their lives”. Source: iqilu.com. Authors: Zheng Maosheng, Han Bing (Heze), Zhao Hualin and Li Sojun (Pheony Channel). April 5, 2018. http://archive.is/wn6hJ

[lxxiv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxxvii] “Hebei carried out memorial activities in remembrance of organ and remains donors.” April 1, 2017. Source: China News. http://archive.is/FQrQO

[lxxviii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxxix] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxxx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxiii] http://md.tech-ex.com “48 people donated their organs in Henan, ranking fifth in the entire country.” Editor: Gloria_ji. Source: Yanzhao Evening News. February 28, 2013. http://archive.is/kTdgv

[lxxxiv] Xinhua Net. “554 cases of organ donation have been made in Henan; more than 1,600 people benefit from this by gaining new lives”. Source: Zhengzhou Daily. November 14, 2016. Editor: Wang Haixia. Author: Wang Zhi.

https://web.archive.org/web/20180618191615/

http://www.ha.xinhuanet.com/healthynews/20161114/3528566_c.html

[lxxxv] “Henan has achieved 1,039 cases of human organ donation, benefiting 2,920 critical patients”.

April 10, 2018. Source: Dahe Daily (dahe.cn). http://archive.is/YSr7U

[lxxxvi] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxxxvii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxxxviii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxxxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xc] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xci] Sina.com. “Shanxi Province’s organ donations saved 66 people in 3 years; the youngest donor was only 16 days old”. March 27, 2015. Source: China News. http://archive.is/cISoP

[xcii] China Organ Donor Memorial website. “Shanxi Province’s human organ donation work promotion conference and organ donation coordinator training course held in Taiyuan”. April 1, 2018. Source: China Organ Donation Administrative Center. http://web.archive.org/web/20181028132641/https://www.codac.org.cn/mhjnmhhd/20180401/696828.htm

[xciii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xciv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xcv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xcvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xcvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[xcviii] www.scol.com.cn. “Sichuan’s organ donor memorial park has its first anniversary, and it has added the names of 99 new donors”. March 19,2017. Source: Chengdu Commercial Daily. https://web.archive.org/web/20180618200955/http://sichuan.scol.com.cn/dwzw/201703/55856373.html

[xcix] www.scol.com.cn. “424 cases of organ donation have been carried out in Sichuan Province; over 1,000 critical patients have regained their lives. November 3, 2017. http://archive.is/KHuTJ

[c] The Paper. “6,600 Sichuan people got registered to donate their organs; there are 100,000 people in the province waiting for organ transplants every year”. Cover News. March 30, 2018. http://archive.is/Wtu5I

[ci] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[ciii] “From 2013 to present, the registered voluntary human organ donors after death in Yunnan exceeded 600 people.” January 20, 2017. Source: China News. http://archive.is/mPHWp

[civ] “From 2013 to present, the registered voluntary human organ donors after death in Yunnan exceeded 600 people.” January 20, 2017. Source: China News. http://archive.is/mPHWp

[cv] Xinhua Net. “The total number of cases of organ donation in Yunnan Province ranks 17th in the entire country in 2016”. August 15, 2017. Source: Yunnan Daily. http://archive.is/HRWtW

https://web.archive.org/web/20180706174514/

http://www.yn.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2017-08/15/c_136526939.htm

[cvi] www.kunming.cn. “Yunnan Province carried out memorial activities in remembrance of organ and remains donors.” April 11, 2018. Yunnan Daily. http://archive.is/a4sNm

[cvii] www.kunming.cn. “The First Hospital of Kunming completed 171 cases of human organ donation in 7 years”. August 7, 2017. http://archive.is/Oy7p5

[cviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cx] China News. “43 cases of organ donation had been completed in Guizhou, having saved 127 patients with organ failure”. October 26, 2017. Source: Guiyang Evening News. http://archive.is/UPnWj

[cxi] China News. “43 cases of organ donation had been completed in Guizhou, having saved 127 patients with organ failure”. October 26, 2017. Source: Guiyang Evening News. http://archive.is/UPnWj

[cxii] People.com.cn - Guizhou Channel. “Guizhou: 98 cases of human organ donation have been successfully made to save 286 people”. April 13, 2018. http://archive.is/GX3IW

[cxiii] People.com.cn - Guizhou Channel. “Guizhou: 98 cases of human organ donation have been successfully made to save 286 people”. April 13, 2018. http://archive.is/GX3IW

[cxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxv] “6 people donated their remains and 8 donated their organs in Gansu Province last year”. March 4, 2018. Source: Daily Gansu website. Chief reporter: Jin Fengqian. http://web.archive.org/web/20181028141022/http://gansu.gansudaily.com.cn/system/2018/03/04/016917383.shtml

[cxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxvii] Xinhua Net. “1,608 people have registered to donate their remains and human organs in Inner Mongolia.” April 5, 2018. Source: Hohhot Daily (www.saibeinews.com). http://archive.is/jXYxu

[cxviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cxxi] Tianshan News (www.ts.cn). “The Xinjiang Organ Donation and Transplantation Work Conference is held; Xinjiang completed 9 cases of organ donation this year, increasing by 30% from the same period last year”. June 21, 2018. http://archive.is/FEq6Z

[cxxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

 

[i] Xinhua.net. “Organ Donation and Transplantation won the ‘Nobel Prize’ of Chinese Medicine”. December 01, 2015. Source: The Beijing News. https://web.archive.org/web/20181017041708/
http://www.xinhuanet.com/health/2015-12/01/c_128485798.htm

[ii] “China’s human organ donation number and organ transplant volume rank second in the world”. Source: China National Radio website. Publication date: August 5, 2017. http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2017/8/384342.shtm

[iii] Zhang, Siwei. “The number of people, who have registered to donate their organs, on the website Shiyushou has exceeded 300,000”. Source: www.sciencenet.cn. May 6, 2018.

http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2018/5/411424.shtm?id=411424

[iv] In 2017, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors. That's more than half of all U.S. adults. (54 percent)*** Organ Donation Statistics, U.S. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation. https://organdonor.gov/statistics-stories/statistics.html#glance

[v] “Last year, China completed 16,000 major organ donations.” May, 5, 2018. Sources: Beijing News, Xinhua News Agency. www.xinhuanet.com/2018-05/05/c_1122786122.htm

[vi] “The Epoch Times”. Li Chen. “DAFOH: Chinese Communist Party’s Organ Donation Reform is just like the Disposal of Corpses by a Murderer.” August 14, 2017. http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/17/8/13/n9525585.htm

[vii] China National Radio’s website. “The numbers of human organ donations and organ transplants in China rank second respectively in the world.” August 5, 2017. http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2017/8/384342.shtm

[viii] Zhang, Siwei. “The number of people, who have registered to donate their organs, on the website Shiyushou has exceeded 300,000”. Source: www.sciencenet.cn. May 6, 2018. http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2018/5/411424.shtm?id=411424

[ix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[x] Acute Liver Failure (ALF) Acute liver failure (ALF) ,University of California San Francisco https://transplant.surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions--procedures/acute-liver-failure-(alf).aspx

[xi] The 2006 Annual Report on China Liver Transplant Registration. WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/192.pdf

[xii] Phoenix New Media reprinting an article originally published by Xinhua News Net: “Organ transplant experts firmly agree to abolishment of the use of executed prisoners’ organs”. February 09, 2015. http://news.ifeng.com/a/20150209/43134434_0.shtml

[xiii] Organ Donation Statistics by U.S. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation https://organdonor.gov/statistics-stories/statistics.html#glance

[xiv] “Last year, China completed 16,000 major organ donations.” May, 5, 2018. Sources: Beijing News, Xinhua News Agency. www.xinhuanet.com/2018-05/05/c_1122786122.htm

[xv] “Heart transplants: a hope to 4.5 million patients with heart failure.” March 1, 2018. Sources: Health Times, Xinhua News Net. https://www.cn-healthcare.com/article/20180301/content-500838.html

[xvi] “Report: an analysis of the prevalence rate of chronic liver diseases in China in 2017”. July 31, 2017. Sohu.com. www.sohu.com/a/160483537_576647

[xvii] Oriental Daily. “Hong Kong plans to perform the world’s first liver transplant with a hepatitis B donor.” https://orientaldaily.on.cc/cnt/news/20140422/00176_064.html

[xviii] “The prevalence rate of nephropathy in China has reached 13%; most patients would die waiting for donor organs.” March 09, 2012. Sources: Xinhua Daily, China News. www.chinanews.com/jk/2012/03-09/3730125.shtml

[xix] U.S. Government Information on Organ Donation and Transplantation. https://www.organdonor.gov/statistics-stories/statistics.html#transplants

[xx] World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong. “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of Now”. October 18, 2018. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/402

[xxi] The remote website of the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing. “Livert transplant recipients’ “Rainbow Club” was set up at the Armed Police General Hospital”. September 5, 2005. http://www.transplantation.org.cn/WuJingZongYiYuanKuaiXun/2005-09/217.htm

WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_062503.png

[xxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxiii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxv] World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong. “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of Now”. October 18, 2018. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/402

[xxvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[xxviii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[xxix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xxx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xxxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xxxvi] He strived for excellence in the past and is achieving greatness today – famous transplant expert Professor Shen Zhongyang.” Famous Doctors in Tianjin. 

https://web.archive.org/web/20171210202329/http://www.cccm-em120.com/zhongxiyiguokan/cccm/pdf/2006-2/1%E6%98%94%E6%97%A5%E6%8B%BC%E6%90%8F%E8%BF%9B%E5%8F%96%20%E4%BB%8A%E6%97%A5%E9%87%8D%E5%BB%BA%E8%BE%89%E7%85%8C%E2%80%94%E2%80%94%E8%91%97%E5%90%8D%E7%A7%BB%E6%A4%8D%E5%AD%A6%E4%B8%93%E5%AE%B6%E6%B2%88%E4%B8%AD%E9%98%B3%E6%95%99%E6%8E%88.pdf

[xxxvii] Sohu News. “The Oriental Organ Transplant Center was put into use yesterday”. September 2, 2006. Source: Tianjin Daily News website. Author: Xu Yang. http://news.sohu.com/20060902/n245125745.shtml. WOIPFG Archived Link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/503.png

[xxxviii] Qu Lulin. (2014, Jun. 25). Tianjin First Central Hospital.

Retrieved from: http://www.sjtu.edu.cn/zdh/zzjg/fsyy.htm
WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/497.png

[xxxix] Tianjin First Central Hospital. “In order to explore effective myocardial protection pathways and methods The mechanism of myocardial injury during perioperative period of liver transplantation was revealed by acceptance of anesthesia Department. http://www.tj-fch.com/sitecn/magazineInfo.aspx?id=6413&cid=6358

WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/504.png

[xl] “Tianjin First Central Hospital’s High-level Talent Recruitment in 2014”. March 17, 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20181101042005/http://www.tjwsj.gov.cn/html/WSJ/RCZP22891/2013-07-26/Detail_634471.htm

[xli] Jinwan Media Group. “Amplifying the hope of life with organ transplantation – record about Shen Zhongyang, liver transplant expert from Tianjin, and his team”. January 6, 2015. http://epaper.jwb.com.cn/zjb/html/2015-01/06/content_1201384.htm. WOIPFG archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/433.png

[xlii] WOIPFG. “Collection of Evidence of Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners by the Chinese Communist Party.” Published on September 11, 2013; updated on March 2, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/241

[xliii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xliv] The Paper. “Shanghai has achieved its 400th case of human organ donation”. August 31, 2017. The Paper’s journalist Chen Sisi. http://china.zjol.com.cn/gnxw/201708/t20170831_4913686.shtml

[xlv] The National Health and Family Planning Commission’s website. “The list of 173 organ transplant hospitals”. https://www.yigoonet.com/article/22538992.html

[xlvi] China National Radio’s website. “Shanghai’s Renji Hospital’s liver transplant surgery volume exceeded 800 cases in 2017, setting the world’s new record”. December 30, 2017. http://www.cnr.cn/shanghai/shzx/jw/20171230/t20171230_524082221.shtml

[xlvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[xlviii] WOIPFG. “Collection of Evidence of Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners by the Chinese Communist Party.” Published on September 11, 2013; updated on March 2, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/241

[xlix] People’s Daily Online. “Tan Jianming’s progressive deeds.” http://health.people.com.cn/n/2014/0604/c385611-25104541.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/172.png

[l] Matas, David & David Kilgour, “Bloody Harvest: Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China.” Page 5. February 25, 2007. http://organharvestinvestigation.net/report0701/report20070131-ch.pdf

[li] People’s Daily Online. “Tan Jianming’s progressive deeds.” http://health.people.com.cn/n/2014/0604/c385611-25104541.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/172.png

[lii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[liii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[liv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lviii] “China Organ Transplant Website”. “Shanghai Renji Hospital Organ Transplant Center’s Liver Transplant Team”. June 28, 2007. http://www.transplantation.org.cn/ZJiaoTongDaXueYiXueYuanFuShuRenJiYiYuan/1587.htm

[lix] Shanghai Jiaotong University’s School of Medicine’s publication “Looking up at the stars”. “Kind-hearted and smart, the impression of Xia Qiang, the ninth Chinese Physician Award winner and Director of Liver Surgery Department at Renji Hospital. July 4, 2014. http://www2.shsmu.edu.cn/default.php?mod=article&do=detail&tid=354467

WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/624.png

[lx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxi] China National Radio’s website. “Shanghai’s Renji Hospital’s liver transplant surgery volume exceeded 800 cases in 2017, setting the world’s new record”. December 30, 2017. https://item.btime.com/m_2s1cojcn612

[lxii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[lxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxiv] New Express Newspaper. “First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University celebrates its centenary today”. https://web.archive.org/web/20161110104634/http://www.ycwb.com/ePaper/xkb/html/2010-10/09/content_940841.htm

[lxv] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015.

[lxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[lxvii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxviii] WOIPFG. “World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) Report: The Chinese Communist Regime Continues Its Campaign of Forced Organ Harvesting from Living Falun Gong Practitioners”. November 27, 2015. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/330

[lxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[lxx] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxii] Zhejiang News > Home > Health > “Racing against time! Shulan Hospital completes 8 organ transplant operations within 20 hours.” https://zj.zjol.com.cn/news.html?id=638760

[lxxiii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[lxxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[lxxvii] “People's Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine”. Organ Transplant Center. http://www.zzrmyy.com/art_news_1821.aspx

[lxxviii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxxii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[lxxxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[lxxxvii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners (VI)”. December 2, 2018. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/404

[lxxxviii] Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital. “Introduction to the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department”. http://www.ytyhdyy.com/products_list/&pmcId=50.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/757.pdf

[lxxxix] Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital. “Gao Zhenli’s Profile”. http://www.ytyhdyy.com/products_detail/&productId=249.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/758.png

[xc] Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital. “Introduction to the Urinary Surgery Department”. http://www.ytyhdyy.com/products_list/&pmcId=54.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_064004.png

[xci] Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital. “Liu Dongfu’s Profile”. http://www.ytyhdyy.com/products_detail/&productId=253.html WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_064009.png

[xcii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xciii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[xciv] Jinan Military General Hospital. “Introduction to the Urology Department”. http://www.jnjqzyy.cn/htm/MNWK/ WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/cn/images/nationalcriminalreports/336.png

[xcv] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xcvi] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[xcvii] The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. “Introduction to the clinical section of the Department of Urinary Surgery Organ Transplantation”. November 7, 2010. Editor: Gong Yajun.  http://www.xyeyy.com/Template/LCKS/Article2.aspx?artid=4012 WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_062303.png

[xcviii] The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. “Introduction to the clinical section of the Department of Urinary Surgery Organ Transplantation”. November 7, 2010. Editor: Gong Yajun.  http://www.xyeyy.com/Template/LCKS/Article2.aspx?artid=4012 WOIPFG’s archived link: http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2016/64700_062303.png

[xcix] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[c] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[ci] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cii] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[ciii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[civ] WOIPFG. “A WOIPFG Investigation Report on the Chinese Communist Party’s Ongoing Crime of Live Organ Harvesting against Falun Dafa Practitioners.” July 19, 2017. https://www.upholdjustice.org/node/389

[cv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cvii] Chengdu.cn. “Sichuan Province launches its first organ donor mausoleum”. April 1, 2016. http://news.chengdu.cn/2016/0401/1776951.shtml

[cviii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cix] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[cx] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870

[cxii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Latest Investigation Results: in the Name of ‘Organ Donation’, CCP Continues to Harvest Organs from a Large Number of Living Falun Gong Practitioners.” July 15, 2016. http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/358

[cxiii] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxiv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxv] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (IV).” October 17, 2017. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/77139

[cxvi] WOIPFG. “WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on Status Quo of the CCP’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners (V).” July 20, 2018. http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/96870