THE FINAL HARVEST - Chapter 3: Captive Populations and Tissue Matching

2016-4-15
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I. The massive number of “urgent transplants” indicates that China is killing people based on demand
II. Extremely short waiting time suggests the existence of a huge live organ reservoir in china
III. Many hospitals conduct multiple transplant operations within a single day indicating the existence of large, living organ pools
IV. Case Study: One transplantation operation employed multiple standby donor organs, with two spare living liver donors, revealing the existence of living donor pools for organs and a sophisticated underground operating system
V. The large number of expedited transplantations in 2006 proves the existence of a large pool of living donors
VI. Falun Dafa practitioners are forced to have blood tests, which suggests the existence of a living organ bank
1. A majority of Falun Gong practitioners in detention have been forcibly subjected to blood tests
2. Falun Gong practitioners are subjected to forced blood tests in their homes

Summary: This chapter explores how China was able to take the lead in global transplants using reversed tissue typing. To attain the number of organ transplants publicized officially, as many as 100,000 donors may be necessary for tissue typing – essentially, a huge live organ reservoir. That number is not compatible with the argument that death-row prisoners served as the source of organs. Falun Gong practitioners (and to a lesser extent Uyghurs and Tibetans) secretly detained in camps are the main plausible source. In the current conditions of an information blackout, it is hard to obtain solid evidence of these camps, yet Falun Gong practitioners detained in prisons, labor camps, detention centers, and at home have been forced to have blood drawn on a large scale, which indirectly proves the existence of live organ reservoir for tissue typing.

I. The massive number of “urgent transplants” indicates that China is killing people based on demand

Urgent liver transplants refer to patients with serious liver problem and on the verge of death. Usually they cannot survive more than 72 hours without immediate transplant surgery. Due to the difficulty of urgent tissue typing, it is extremely difficult to perform an urgent liver transplant in other countries since the waiting time for a donor is too long. However, the Annual Report on China Liver Transplant Registration, 2006[1], collected data from April 6, 2005–Dec. 31, 2006. Among the 8,486 cases of liver transplant in the 29 transplant centers, 1150 cases were urgent liver transplants. In Changzheng Hospital, during the three years prior to April 2006, it claims: “In the last three years, our hospital has treated 120 patients with severe liver problems through urgent liver transplants.[2]

Such a large number of urgent liver transplants can only be explained by killing on demand. If judiciary procedures are followed to execute those who are sentenced to death, such as the confirmation of the Supreme Court and the specific time for execution, death-row prisoners can only rarely meet the 72-hour timeframe of urgent liver transplants.

Two surgeons, Fu Zhiren and Ma Jun from the Second Military Medical University-Affiliated Shanghai Changzheng Hospital’s Organ Transplant Department, mentioned in an article titled Prognostic Effects and Treatment of Emergency Liver Transplantation for Severe Hepatitis that they performed 120 cases of emergency liver transplants in the 3-years pan from 2003 to 2006. The organ recipients were severe hepatitis patients, and their average survival time after admission into hospital was three days. They claimed: “Only emergency liver transplant procedures could be performed, with the shortest time between admission and surgery being only four hours.”[3] We must conclude that a live organ donor bank exists near this hospital.

Zheng Shusen, from the hepatopancreatobiliary surgery department (a key laboratory under the Ministry of Health for multiple organ transplantation research) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, mentioned in a research paper that from January 2000 to December 2004, the hospital performed 46 emergency liver transplant operations. All of the patients underwent orthotopic liver transplant operations within 72 hours of being admitted to the hospital.[4]

Our investigation also found that the average waiting time for liver transplant elective operations was 1–4 weeks. That is, there is hardly any possibility that patients will die due to the lack of organs.[5]

The liver transplant registration system only records part of the liver transplant statistics and only collected the statistics for 8,486 cases of liver transplants. According to Huang Jiefu’s report, 10,555 cases of liver transplants have been performed in China during the same period of time.[6] Therefore the number of urgent liver transplants could be larger still.

Table 3.1  Type and Proportion of Liver Transplant

 

Number of cases

 

Elective Surgery

3,181

73.4

Urgent Surgery

1,150

26.6

Total

4,331

100

Figure3.1 Type and Proportion of Liver Transplant

II. Extremely short waiting time suggests the existence of a huge live organ reservoir in china

It is well-known that the waiting time for organs in China is short by comparison with other countries. From 2003 to 2005, approximately 2,000 organ tourists went to China for organ transplants. An article in Phoenix Weekly from 2006 claims that “based on incomplete statistics, during the last three years, over 3,000 Koreans went to China for organ transplants and over 1,000 patients from other countries and regions [went to China] each year.”[7]

The largest organ transplant center in Asia, Oriental Organ Transplant Center in Tianjin First Hospital, shows on its website that in 2005, 647 cases of liver transplant were performed and the average waiting time is only two weeks. The website was later removed but the cached pages can be found on the Internet[8].

http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/files/report/2007/09/1515_1515-3.jpg

Figure 3.2 Statistics of the Oriental Organ Transplant Center show the waiting time is two weeks.

Yunnan Hospital of Nephropathy claims on its website that “it is guaranteed to find healthy kidneys in the shortest time possible” and “to provide donor organs with the shortest cold/warm ischemia time”;“(we have) organ transplant operations every week”; “(we are) the only transplant hospital in the country that matches donors to recipients”; “as long as the surgeons agree to perform a renal transplant, (we could) assure you a successful transplant”; “if not successful, we will repeat the transplant operation until it becomes successful…” It is well known that Chinese hospitals are eager to make a sale, but the fact is that such guarantees are only possible when there is a large living renal source bank available on demand.[9]

WOIPFG conducted phone investigations of over 1,000 doctors who perform organ transplants in 30 provinces of mainland China during March and December in 2014. The investigation revealed that almost all the hospitals capable of organ transplants were still aggressively expanding their business and commonly expressed that they had sufficient young, healthy donors providing live, high-quality organs. Many doctors promised that they could obtain a matched organ within one to four weeks[10].

Table 3.2 Extremely Short Wait Time for Organ Transplant

Hospital

Wait Time

1.First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University

Transplant Research Institute

Liver transplants only takes a month and never longer than two months. Kidney transplants take a week and never longer than one month to find a HLA-matched donor. Although all donors are selected through strict examinations, the surgery will be canceled if an abnormality is found in the donor. The transplant center is responsible for selecting new donors for such patients and treats them as a priority and conduct a transplant again within a week.[11]

2.Tianjin First Central Hospital Organ Transplant Center

The statistics from the hospital itself shows that the average waiting time is two weeks.[12]

3.Organ Transplant Center in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital

The application form for liver transplants indicates that the average waiting time for liver transplant is one week[13] and the shortest time is four hours.[14]

4.Organ Transplant Center in the Chinese People's Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital

The voice recording of the doctor says, “Usually the surgery can be done within 10 days or half a month. We have done a lot of them here…”[15]

5.The First Affiliated Hospital of the Zhejiang University School of Medicine

Zheng Shusen, director of the Multi-organ Combined Transplantation Research Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Health, said, “Donor should be found in one or two weeks … Every month there are dozens of cases …”[16]

6.PLA No. 181 Hospital of Guangxi

The doctor said, “The surgery can be done within one or two months. We have confidence we can find a donor.”

7.The First Affiliated Hospital of the Zhengzhou University

The doctor said, “Donor can be found in one or two weeks.”

8.People's Hospital of Zhengzhou

Chen Guoyong, the main surgeon for liver transplant said, “Come here soon. We now have a lot of liver donors. Surgery can be done in a week.”

9.Tongji Hospital Affiliated with Huangzhong University of Science and Technology

Hospital staff said, “Liver donors can be found in no longer than three months. We have done a lot of those surgeries.”

10.NanjingGeneralHospital in Nanjing Military Region

Tang Ligong, the main surgeon for liver and kidney transplant said, “For liver transplant, you need to wait no longer than one month.”

11.Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University

Peng Guizu, the director of kidney transplant, said, “Two months is the longest waiting time to find a kidney donor.”

12.The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Zhou Zhong, who is in charge of liver transplant, said, “The longest waiting time to find a liver donor is one month.”

13.The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

She Xingguo, who performs liver and kidney transplant, said, “The waiting time for a donor is from one week to one month.”

14.Beijing Chaoyang Hospital

Zhao Xi, who performs liver transplant, said, “To find a liver donor takes three months to half a year, not longer than half a year.”

15.Beijing You’an Hospital

Staff in liver transplant department said, “it is not a problem to find a liver donor within half a year.”

16.Peking University Third Hospital

Staff in liver transplant center said, “It takes about half a year to find a donor.”

17.The Second Artillery General Hospital of Chinese PLA

Zhou Dinghua, vice chief officer of the hospital who performs liver transplants said, “Liver donor can be found in a month.”

18.FujianMedicalCollege Affiliated Xiehe Hospital 

Chen Lingwan, the main surgeon for heart transplantation said, “it does not take half a year to find a donor.”

19.Renji Hospital Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine 

Dr. Qiu, who performs liver transplants said, “it is not a problem for our main surgeon, Xia Qiang. He can do the surgery in two or three weeks.”

20.Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School

Jiang Chunping, who performs liver transplants, said, “A Donor can be found in two months.”

21.8.1Hospital of Nanjing PLA

Wang Maorong, who performs liver transplants, said, “It takes two or three months at the most to find a liver donor.”

22.First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University

ShenZhenya, who performs heart transplants, said, “A donor can be found in about half a month.”

23.People’s Hospital of Jiangsu Province

A doctor said, “The waiting time is one week at the fastest and about a month at the slowest. That is very normal.”

24.The First Affiliated Hospital , Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou

A Doctor said, “we can do the transplant in about three months.”

25.The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guanzhou Medical University

GuoXuekun, who performs kidney transplants, said, “It takes three months to half a year to find a kidney donor.”

26.The First People’s Hospital of Foshan City, Guangdong

Chen Huanwei, the main surgeon for liver transplants, said, “In their hospital, he can do liver transplants. It only takes two or three weeks [to find a suitable donor].”

27.Southern Hospital of Southern Medical University

YangDinghua, who performs liver transplants, said, “It will not take longer than half year to find a liver donor.”

28.Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong

Hospital staff in the office of liver transplantation said, “Teng Mujian performs the surgery. It takes two or three months at the most to find a liver donor.”

29.The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University

Wang Xin, who performs liver transplants, said, “We just established an organ transplant center. The waiting time for surgery is one or two month, and the main surgeon is an expert from Beijing, Zang Yunjin.” Wang Dong, the main surgeon for heart transplant, who worked for Qianfoshan Hospital and now performs surgery in both hospitals said, “The surgery can be done in one month at most. Donors are all healthy males younger than 35 years old.”

30.The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University

Staff in the kidney transplant office said, “A kidney donor can be found at any time. There are many brain-dead.” Lu Yi, the main surgeon for liver transplants, said, “It is not a problem to perform a liver transplant in a month.”

31.Tiexi Hospital of Angang

“We bring the donor here by car. Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai always take the donor by air. People usually keep the best donor for their own hospital and the donor is usually used in two hours. We go to take the donor at 9:30, arrive at the hospital at 10:00, and perform the surgery at 12:00. All the donors are local, but this does not mean the donors are all from Anshan…40 or 50 transplants are performed during a year and this has been done for over two years. Organs are taken while the donors are alive.”[17]

32.Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai

The doctor said, “The surgery can be done in a week after you come.”[18]

33.The First Affiliated Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University

Dr. Dai said, “Yes, we have donors. We have donors every day. We are doing such a surgery today.”[19]

34. The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University

Ding Hongwen, the main surgeon for kidney transplants in the Urology Department, said, “The surgery can be probably done in a month if it happens fast, depending on whether there is a match to your tissue typing report.”[20]

35.Yunnan Kidney Hospital

Website text: “It is guaranteed a healthy kidney can be found in the shortest time…the shortest cold and warm ischemia time…the only organ transplant hospital with donors looking for recipients…we have the confidence for successful transplant as long as the doctor agrees to perform a kidney transplant…if not successful, we will keep trying until a success…”[21]

III. Many hospitals conduct multiple transplant operations within a single day indicating the existence of large, living organ pools

To conduct dozens of kidney and liver transplant operations on the same day requires having many executed prisoner donors with matching tissue typed organs. However, this is legally difficult to arrange, suggesting instead that there is a large number of living donor banks, with blood types, and leukocyte HLA histocompatibility antigens types all tested in advance.

Table 3.3 Many hospitals conducted transplant surgeries in batches

Name of the Hospital

Record of transplant operations in batches on the same day

1. The people's Liberation Army Xinqiao Hospital of Third Military Medical University

“Starting from 1998, the average number of cases of renal transplantation is 180.There is a record of 24 cases of renal transplantation in a single day.”[22]

2. General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army General Staff (No. 309 Hospital of the PLA)

In April 2002, the organ transplant center of the whole army was set up[23] and this center has a record of completing 12 kidney transplantations in one night.[24]

3. Affiliated Southwest Hospital of the Third Military Medical University

On Sept. 29, 2004, the Director of the Medical & Educational Department, Guo Jiwei, led the leaders of the medical section officials visiting operating rooms and coordinated with the hepatology section, started 5 liver transplantations.[25]

4. General Hospital of Jinan Military Region

Qilu Evening News reported Li Xiangtie, the Director of Department of Urology, on March 21, 2005: "Under his leadership, the Dept. of Urology has many talents and a strong technical force, and can simultaneously take 6 kidney transplants operations and has created a national record of conducting 16 renal transplantations continuously within 24 hours...[26] and has done 7 transplantations per day 6 times, 32 cases in 1 week.”[27]

5. Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region

On Jan. 17, 2006, the Fuzhou General Hospital simultaneously did 3 liver transplantations for the first time.[28] Feb. 18, 2014, at 12 o'clock, in the next 17 hours, 16 hepatobiliary surgeons completed 5 liver transplantations without sleep or rest.[29]

6. Lanzhou Military Region Hospital No. 474

This hospital can complete 12 kidney transplants at one time.[30]

7. Beijing Military Region Beidaihe Sanitarium

As of April 2007, it completed 313 cases of renal allograft transplantation, among which there were 28 times when 6~9 renal transplantations were being done simultaneously.[31]

8. Affiliated Shanghai Changzheng Hospital of the Second Military Medical University

The official website says that within 9 days in 2005, the organ transplant center at the hospital had done 16 liver transplants and 15 cases of renal transplantation.[32]

9. Armed Police GeneralHospital

On Apr. 6, 2005, under the command of Director Shen Zhongyang, the organ transplant center completed 5 liver transplants on patients who were 12 years to 62-years-old, including a female Korean patient and a 12-year-old child with Wilson disease.[33]

10.Dongfeng General Hospital

In one day in August 2000, the hospital completed a large scale of organ transplantation activities including 10 cases of renal transplantation, 1 parathyroid transplantation and 3 cases of corneal transplantation.[34]

11. The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Simultaneously did 2 liver transplantations and 5 kidney transplantations. The hospital has the capability to carry out 6-7 simultaneous transplantations, with yearly operations amounting to more than 200.[35] In the morning of Sept. 18, 2003, Huang Jiefu attended The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University’s "Hunan provincial engineering research center for transplantation medicine" founding ceremony. The transplant center at the hospital on that day "arranged" 7 liver and kidney transplantation operations.[36]

12. The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

In The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, it is often the case to do more than 10 operations in 2–3 days. They have successfully completed 9 kidney transplantations in one day.[37]

13. Xi'an Gaoxin Hospital

Founded in 2002, the organ transplant center has completed more than 500 cases of kidney transplants after 2 years of its establishment. An article on the hospital’s 10-year history of development says: "Regardless of the heat or the cold (weather), 4 to 5 people crowded in a beat-up van harvesting donors’ organs", and sometimes "(did) 7 to 8 transplantations in one day and night.”[38]

14. Zhengzhou People's Hospital

On Dec. 27, 2007, Director Qu Qingshan’s team at the renal disease and organ transplant Center, completed 13 kidney transplants in 21 hours[39].

15. The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University

Mar. 14, 2006, the Guangzhou daily reported: “In recent days, at The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University operating rooms, reporters witnessed a scene of simultaneous operations of 5 liver transplantations, 6 renal transplantations... At one time the hospital transplant center did 19 kidney transplants in one day, and the highest record for liver transplantation is 6 operations together with 1 multiple-organ transplants in one day.”[40]

16. The First Foshan City People's Hospital

On Dec. 29, 2005, the Dept. of Urology completed 7 renal transplantation operations.[41] From the morning of Dec. 28, 2004, to the morning of Dec. 28, in less than 24 hours, the First People's Hospital of Foshan City completed 5 kidney transplantations and 2 liver transplantations.[42]

17. Dalian Friendship Hospital

On Feb. 1, 2002, completed one liver and four renal transplantations in 14 hours.[43]

18. Gongyi City Chinese Medicine Hospital

The kidney transplant center can accommodate 12 kidney transplant patients at the same time. They could do up to 8 cases of kidney transplants in one day, and the transplant center's Urology director Li Honglu has carried out over more than 500 cases of allogeneic kidney transplantation.[44]

19. Jinan 107 Military Hospital

Du Yingdong, deputy director of Liver Transplant Center, claimed that sometimes he completed 3-4 liver transplants in one day.[45]

20. The Shengli Oil Field Central Hospital

On Apr. 26, 2002, did 6 kidney transplantations within 24 hours. On Oct. 27, 2002, did 5 cases of renal transplantations within 24 hours and 1 liver transplant. From Jan. 9 to 12, 2004, within 3 days, did 10 cases of renal transplantation and 1 liver transplant.[46]

21. QiduHospital

In the morning of Mar. 23, 2006, from 3:00 am to 9:00 am, completed 4 renal transplantations.[47]

22. The FirstHospital of Shijiazhuang City

July 17, 2006, from 3 pm to 1 am the next day, with the Third Branch of Surgery Dept., the Urological Surgery Dept. successfully completed 5 cases of kidney transplantation in 10 hours.[48]

23. The second Hospital of Lanzhou University

Director of Urology, Yue Zhongjin, completed 8 cases of renal transplantation in 32 hours.[49]

24.Affiliated Wuhan Xiehe Hospital of Central China University of Science

Official website said nearly 100 cases of orthotropic heart transplantations were completed in the recent 5 years and created the record of finishing 4 heart transplantations in the same day at the same time.[50]

25. TaizhouHospital in Zhejiang Province

Once did 5 cases of renal transplantations in one day.[51]

26. Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

On Apr. 28, 2006, the organ transplant center finished 17 transplantation operations in one day. 7 late-stage uremia patients underwent kidney transplant surgery. On the same day they also finished 2 liver transplants and 8 corneal transplants.[52]

27. Tianjin First Central Hospital

PEOPLE.CN reported on Feb. 7, 2005, in Tianjin, Oriental Organ Transplant Center at Tianjin First Central Hospital finished 108 cases of liver transplantation in the first month (4 to 5 liver transplantations every day if 5 working days per week is counted) and 43 cases of kidney transplantation.[53] Some patients' families told the “Phoenix Weekly”, the transplantation center once conducted up to 24 cases liver and kidney transplantations in one day[54]. Oriental Organ Transplant Center is capable of doing 9 liver transplantations and 8 kidney transplantations simultaneously.[55]

28. Jiangxi Armed PoliceCorpsHospital

In February 2002, the urological organ transplant center was set up.[56] In the next two years, the center did kidney transplantations for 260 patients inside and outside of the military. Once they continuously did renal transplant for 4 patients in 8 hours.[57]

29. Guangdong Frontier Corps Hospital Kidney Center in Shenzhen

From Aug. 2, 2004, at 3 pm until Aug. 3 at about 2 am, in 11 hours, successfully completed the 6 cases of kidney transplants.[58]

30. The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine

In the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, the nurses at the renal transplant ward said: "One day at the end of 2006, more than 30 kidneys came in, more than 10 people were shot in a day." On Jan. 28, 2005, Academician Zheng Shusen at the transplant center completed 5 liver transplantations consecutively on the same day. Zheng Shusen did 11 cases of orthotropic liver transplantations in a week.[59]

31. West China Clinical Medical College (West China Hospital)

Yan Lvnan: Once we did 7 liver transplantations in a day[60]. A Huaxi Hospital nurse said, in a recording: “Once they did 6 kidney transplantations in a day. The kidney resources are abundant.”[61]

32. The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou

In the evening of Feb. 10, 2004, 4 liver transplantations were finished, mastered by the head of the hospital, Chen Guihua.[62]

33. The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College

On Jun. 24, 2005, did liver transplant surgeries for 3 patients.[63]

34. Shanghai Renji Hospital

Liver transplant center leader Xia Qiang cannot count himself on exactly how many liver transplant surgeries he has done. He can only remember his own record of 6 liver transplant surgeries in one day.[64]

35. Shandong University Second Hospital

On July 16, 2014, “Jinan Daily¡° introduced Wang Hongwei, director of the kidney transplant section. He once completed ten kidney transplants in one day.[65]

36. Shanxi Province General Hospital of Armed Police Forces  

On the morning of June 7, 2005, three transplant surgeries started simultaneously. More than 30 medical physicians and nurses joined the surgeries. Professor Liu Zhenwen was the chief physician for liver transplant; Zhao Xueyi was the chief physician for kidney transplant.[66]

37. Xi Jing Hospital (in Xi’an City)

Cai Zhenjie, director of the Heart Surgical Department, completed 3 heart transplants in one day.[67]

38. Nancang University No. 1 Affiliated Hospital

Once completed 6 major organ transplants simultaneously in one day[68].

39. Shanxi Province No. 2 People’s Hospital

Wu Xiaotong, director of Organ Harvesting Center, worked on organ transplant surgeries for 12 consecutive hours a day.[69] In August 2006, patients waiting for organ transplant were more than 100 per day at a minimum. 11 cases of kidney transplants were conducted on August 15.[70]

40. Guangdong Province No. 2 People’s Hospital

On August 4, 2006, Wu Jiaqing, deputy director of Organ Transplant Department, replied to our investigator, saying they completed at least 10 organ transplants each day before August 3; and completed six organ transplants on August 4.[71]

41. Zhengzhou University No. 1 Affiliated Hospital

Big River Healthy Newspaper reported on March 27, 2014, that the transplant center completed 4 liver transplants successfully for 2 patients with liver cirrhosis and 2 with liver cancer. Thanks to the surgeon’s good command of skills, little blood occurred during the transplants. The patients were transferred from intensive care unit to common ward on the same day. Additionally, hospital vice president Zhang Shuijun disclosed that 30 liver transplants had been completed since the Chinese New Year.[72]

42.Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University

In August 2014 the official website of Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University claimed: “Sun Lijiang and Li Yanjiang from the hospital’s urology surgery department, together with Dong Zhen and Huang Tao, have completed 6 surgeries within 24 hours.”[73]

IV. Case Study: One transplantation operation employed multiple standby donor organs, with two spare living liver donors, revealing the existence of living donor pools for organs and a sophisticated underground operating system

Tan Jianming, the director of Shanghai Organ Transplant Medical Center Clinic at Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, personally performed more than 4,200 kidney transplants.[74] In 2003 Tan Jianming at Shanghai First People's Hospital did a kidney transplant for a patient. In the next two weeks, they tried to do blood and other matching tests from four kidneys with the patient. Due to the patient's antibody response, no matching kidney was found, and four kidneys were taken away. The patient then returned to his own country, and came back to the hospital after about two months. The hospital used four kidneys to do similar tests when eighth kidney turned out to match, and smooth completion of the transplant was finished. Dr. Tan told the organ recipient that the eighth kidney came from a convict.[75]

According to reports on websites www.wlmqwb.com and www.sina.com.cn, in the afternoon of Sept. 28, 2005, while accompanying Luo Gan, the then-Secretary of the CCP’s Central Politics and Law Committee, in attendance of the 50th anniversary celebration for the establishment of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, the then-Vice Minister of Health Huang Jiefu demonstrated a transplant operation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Huang used two living persons as spare livers for his operation.

After Huang Jiefu opened the abdominal cavity of a liver cancer patient named Yao Shufa, he discovered that his liver happened to meet the criteria for an autologous liver transplant, which he had dreamt about performing. He then instructed the others to suture the incision, and immediately contacted Sun Yat-Sen University of Medicine First Affiliated Hospital in Guangzhou City and the Third Medical University’s Southwest Liver Medical Center in Chongqing City, requesting them to provide a spare liver each, in case the autologous liver transplant failure. According to “China Nurse”, matching livers were found in Gaungzhou and Chongqing several hours after the request on Sept. 28: “At 6:30 pm on Sept. 29, a matching liver arrived from Chongqing! Virtually at the same time, three medical personnel from Guangzhou the Third (Affiliated) Sun Yat-Sen Hospital also arrived with another matching liver and some bypass devices.”[76] Huang Jiefu’s operation lasted from 7 pm on Sept. 29 to 10 am on Sept. 30, after 24 hours of observation, Huang announced the operation was successful; the spare livers were no longer needed. In 2006, PRC’s Ministry of Health released "Specifications for technical management of liver transplantations" which requires that liver cold ischemic time should be less than 15 hours, therefore, the two spare livers brought from Chongqing and Guangzhou could only be from two living persons. Otherwise, even just counting the 40 hours after the procedure to concluding if autologous transplants has succeeded, a liver cut in advance should have failed.[77].

Typically, death-row executions are governed by strict requirements. Personnel from the courts and Prosecutor's offices must be present, the execution can only be performed after the prisoner is positively identified, check-ups are required also after the execution. In Huang Jiefu’s operation, Chongqing and Guangzhou hospital personnel were able to bring spare livers on airplanes, strongly suggesting that the living persons (donors) are special prisoners outside the judicial system.

V. The large number of expedited transplantations in 2006 proves the existence of a large pool of living donors

WOIPFG’s investigation has confirmed that around Mar. 9, 2006, when the Sujiatun operation was exposed, there was a period of surprise, followed by confusion, followed by expedited transplantation procedures. Many hospitals throughout the country suddenly had a lot of organs and medical personnel working overtime to catch up on organ transplants.

For example, some hospitals in the northeast part of China were surveyed in early March and said they had received instructions to temporarily suspend organ transplant surgeries. But after less than 20 days, on March 27, the Ministry of Health issued: “the provisional regulations on human organ transplant technology and clinical application management” to be implemented on July 1.[78] After that, hospitals and major transplant centers around the country appeared to have a clearance sale, restoring transplantation procedures while the number of operations increased significantly. Many hospitals across the country indicated that in April or May, there would be abundant organ donors and stated that after that it would be very difficult to get donors. At that time, WOIPFG’s investigations covered 23 provinces and autonomous regions, which meant that the Communist authorities expedited its actions in eradicating Falun Gong practitioners (who were used as the main organ donor pool) in large numbers. The orders for this action came from the Party.

The Hunan People's Hospital even launched a commercial ad[79] to give out “20 cases of free organ transplantations” (10 liver transplantations and 10 kidney transplantations), which indicated that the organs would be destroyed if not used, and they might as well exploit the situation by using it as an advertising opportunity(see the website snapshot below).

Figure 3.3  Hunan People's Hospital’s ad to give out “20 free organ transplant operations”

Delin Guan, Director of Urological Center and Vice President of the First Affiliated Hospital of Tsinghua University, Deputy Director of Beijing Organ Transplantation Center, was appointed to Yun Nan Kidney Hospital as a high-salaried Honorary President. In addition, he also conducted surgeries in the First Affiliated Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. Essentially Delin goes to any place where donor kidneys can be found.[80] The following is the conversation between him and a WOIPFG investigator on May 26, 2006:

Investigator: which place can you have more donor kidneys?

Delin Guan: here, here, I did 8 surgeries yesterday!.......I will do it next week.

Investigator: Are the donors all healthy and young?

Delin Guan: of course, they are all healthy, we had done the medical tests for several donors.

Doctors in Shandong QianfoshanHospital said that Falun Gong donors in April 2006 would be available.[81] Doctors in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical College said that there was a group of donors in middle to late April and that Falun Gong practitioners are healthier, the kidneys were all from young people aged 20–30, without infectious diseases, AIDS, or syphilis.[82] The May 2006 investigation also showed that a couple of months previous, Li Honghui from the Kidney Transplant Center at Yuquan Hospital, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Tsinghua University, was transferred to Chengdu, Sichuan, where there were more kidney donors, to assist the hospital for kidney transplantation. Director Xu Yahong at the hospital acknowledged that in May there were a lot of donors. Both men acknowledged using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[83]

Table 3.4 Examples of expedited transplantations

Hospital

Expedited transplant example

Hunan Provincial People's Hospital

People's Hospital of Hunan province in 2006 "double program" (ten free liver transplantations, ten free kidney transplantation).[84]

DongguanCity Tai Ping People's Hospital

Working overtime in the first three months of 2006; 300 cases of renal transplantations.[85] (By comparison, there were 360, 260, and 160 cases in 2003–2005).

Guangdong, Huizhou Union Hospital of Southern Medical University

There were many donors on April 11 and 12, 2006.[86]

West China Hospital of Sichuan University

Around May 2006, nurses at the West China Hospital said there were now sufficient organs: "Today we have done six kidney transplants.”

Shaanxi Armed Police Corps Hospital

In 2006, a doctor said, “If you wanted to do it, it would be this Thursday. We would have a large number of donors on Thursday, on in the month of April. We will have them this week and next week and the week after the next week.”[87]

Guangxi 181 Hospital

In early May 2006 to the end of June, “now we have donors. … Get over here now, (we can do) both liver and kidney transplantations at the same time.”[88]

Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Region Dept. of Urology (kidney transplant)

Doctors said that kidney resources were rich. There would be live donors next Monday (April 11, 2006) aged 25-30.[89]

First Affiliated Hospital, First Military Medical University of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (Guangzhou South Hospital)

(Liver transplants): “Get here as soon as possible, we did it on Saturday. April 2006, there are many donors, several groups next week. … We do close to 100 cases a year. Come as soon as possible, Saturday, and Sunday would be all fine.”[90]

3. What does the "organ" actually mean?

Regarding the donors mentioned by the doctors in the investigation, we used to consider them to be simply organ donors, like many readers. Yet while writing this report, prompted by Huang Jiefu’s operation in 2005 in Xinjiang, where he used two living persons as spare donors for liver transplantation while he conducted autologous liver transplantation, we reconsidered. The state media reported them all as spare livers, and considering the fact that they usually wouldn’t know when the patients arrived and the fact that the patients must be matched with the (tissue/blood) types, we believe here that the “donors” mentioned by most hospital doctors were in fact, living human beings stationed nearby. They could be killed at any time for their organs according to the results from the blood/tissue type matching with the patients.

VI. Falun Dafa practitioners are forced to have blood tests, which suggests the existence of a living organ bank

It is very difficult for us to obtain more evidence from the camps where Falun Gong practitioners are being held because of the Chinese regime’s information censorship. However, blood tests done on Falun Gong practitioners, whether they are locked up in jails, labor camps, detention centers, or even at their own homes, indirectly confirm that the Chinese regime is building a database based on reverse organ matching.

1. A majority of Falun Gong practitioners in detention have been forcibly subjected to blood tests

In addition to extensive physical and mental abuse, Falun Gong practitioners from all over China are being forcibly subjected to blood tests while they are being detained. A large number of Falun Gong practitioners, who are locked up in jails, labor camps, and detention centers, have suffered different abuses. Some were beaten, some were injured, others have become crippled or passed away; according to Minghui.org, up to August 3, 2015 a total of 3,870 deaths have been confirmed for practitioners in detention.[91] They have all been subjected to blood tests, and yet they do not know the results of the blood test. If they are really sick, they cannot get medical treatment. Neither can they post bail to seek medical treatment. All of these different treatments are common practices throughout China. Other than Tibetans, Uyghurs and some House Christians, none of the other detainees or inmates receives this systematic treatment.

2. Falun Gong practitioners are subjected to forced blood tests in their homes

Since April 2014[92], there have been cases of officials from the public security bureau and police breaking into the homes of Falun Gong practitioners and forcing them to have blood tests (and in some cases, DNA cheek swabs) in Guizhou, Liaoning, Hunan, Hubei, and Beijing. When they couldn’t find Falun Gong practitioners, they forcibly withdraw blood from their relatives. Many of these cases took place in Guizhou and Liaoning, where some police said they were simply carrying out orders from their superiors.[93] In Dandong, Liaoning Province, alone, there are a total of 16 Falun Gong practitioners, who have been forced by the local police to have their blood drawn.[94]

 

 

Reference:

 

[1]Report on Liver Transplantation in 2006

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/192.pdf

[2]“Journal of Clinical Surgery” June 2006, Volume 14, Number 6, Prognosis Factors and Treatment for Serious Hepatitis Emergency Transplantation, Authors Fu Zhiren, Ma Jun
WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/195.pdf

[3]“Journal of Clinical Surgery” June 2006, Volume 14, Number 6, Prognosis Factors and Treatment for Serious Hepatitis Emergency Transplantation, Authors Fu Zhiren, Ma Jun
WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/195.pdf

[4]“National Medical Journal of China” 2005, Volume 85, Number 49, pp 3460-3463. Clinical Evaluation of Emergency Liver Transplantation for Patients with Benign End-stage Liver Diseases. Authors Wang Weilin, Zheng Shusen, Xu Xiao, Liang Tingbo, Jin Jing, Shen Yan, Zhang Min, Wu Jian (Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancreas Surgery Department, Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Multiple Organ Transplantation, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310003)

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/19701.pdf
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/19702.pdf
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/19703.pdf
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/19704.pdf

[5]“Department of Liver and Pancreas Surgery, Zhengzhou People’s Hospital”: Zhengzhou People’s Hospital Liver Transplant Expert’s Advice:  Things to Keep in Mind about Liver Transplant (photo), May 20, 2014
http://gz.zzrmyy.com/ganzangyizhi/ganyizhizhuyishixiang/2014/0520/722.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/194.png

[6]“Tomorrow's Organ Transplantation Program in China” Huang Jiefu
Madrid Conference on Organ Donation and Transplantation (The Madrid Conference on Organ Donation and Transplantation, March 23-25, 2010
WOIPFG archived link:http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/report/2015/59389_193.pdf

[7]“ifeng.com”: Investigation into Tens of Thousands of Foreigners Coming to China for Organ Transplant, Mainland China Became Emerging Center for Organ Transplantation (writer/reporter Chen Yanhui)
https://web.archive.org/web/20100611090330/http://news.ifeng.com/phoenixtv/83932384042418176/20060222/751049.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/199.png

[8]“Oriental Organ Transplantation Center, www.ootc.net”: Introduction of the Center
https://web.archive.org/web/20060104005517/http://www.ootc.net/default.aspx

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/200.png

[9]“Minghui, www.minghui.org” Investigation into Organ Harvesting: Kidney Transplant Hospitals Actively Recruiting Customers in Southeast Asia, and Other Leads

English: http://www.clearwisdom.net/emh/articles/2008/9/21/100822.html

[10]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Latest Investigations: The Massacre and Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners by the CCP is Still Continuing. November 18, 2014
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/45393

[11]“International Transplantation (China) Internet Support Center” About Organ Donors
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023183012/http://zoukiishoku.com/cn/jueding/index.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/203.png

[12]“Oriental Organ Transplantation Center, www.ootc.net”: Introduction of the Center
https://web.archive.org/web/20060104005517/http://www.ootc.net/default.aspx

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/204.png

[13]“Long March Hospital Affiliated to the Number Two Military Medical University”: Liver Transplant Application
http://www.transorgan.com/about.asp 

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/ files/report/2007/09/1515_1515-6.jpg

[14]“Journal of Clinical Surgery” June 2006, Volume 14, Number 6, Prognosis Factors and Treatment for Serious Hepatitis Emergency Transplantation, Authors Fu Zhiren, Ma Jun
WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/20601.pdf
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/20602.pdf

[15]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Latest Investigations: The Massacre and Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners by the CCP is Still Continuing, November 18, 2014
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/45393#_4473501

[16]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Latest Investigations: The Massacre and Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners by the CCP is Still Continuing, November 18, 2014
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/45393#_4473502

[17]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China. Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/sites/default/files/record/2006/04/699-guan_yu_zhong_guo_da_lu_ge_di_.pdf

[18]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong”: Collection of Evidences of Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners by the Chinese Communist Party
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/46728#_Toc366574832

[19]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong”: Collection of Evidences of Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners by the Chinese Communist Party
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/46728#_Toc366574833

[20]“Sound of Hope” Organ Transplantation Doctor in Guangdong Province Said the Donor Source “Cannot be Openly Discussed”
http://soundofhope.org/node/121515/print

[21]“Minghui, www.minghui.org” Investigation into Organ Harvesting: Kidney Transplant Hospitals Actively Recruiting Customers in Southeast Asia, and Other Leads

English: http://www.clearwisdom.net/emh/articles/2008/9/21/100822.html

[22]“Minghui www.minghui.org” Investigation Clue:Military Kidney Clinical Center Urinary Surgery Department “Carried out 24 Kidney Transplant Operations in One Day”
http://www.minghui.org/mh/article_images/2007-9-12-image001.jpg

[23]“Xinhua Net, www.xinhuanet.com” Feb. 13, 2009, The 309 Hospital of the Beijing Military Region— Introduction to the Military Organ Transplantation Center
http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2009-02/13/content_10815454.htm 

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/221.png

[24]“Good Doctor Online --- China’s Largest Medical Website”, Clinical Department of the 309 Hospital
http://309ent.haodf.com/zhuanjiaguandian/309ent_5317.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/222.png

[25]“Chinese Liver Transplantation Web”, May 10, 2005 Report: “Southwestern Hospital Carried out 5 Liver Transplants Simultaneously and Achieved Success”
http://www.livertransweb.com/yi/news/news_show.asp?id=77&sort=2

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/223.png

[26]“Minghui www.minghui.org” Investigation Clue: Multiple Large Hospitals in Quancheng City, Shandong Province Suspected of Participating in Murdering Falun Gong Practitioners
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/5/11/127282.html

[27]“Chinese Nursing Research” October 2002, Volume 16, Number 10, Analysis of Nursing 1007 Cases of Kidney Transplant Patients” Authors Liu Zhen, Wang Xiaoli, Wei Xiaohong, Jinan Military Region General Hospital, 250031
WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/225.pdf

[28]“Xinhua Net, www.xinhuanet.com, Fujian Channel” March 25, 2006 “Fuzhou General Hospital Carried out 3 Liver Transplants Simultaneously for the First Time and Achieved Success”
http://www.fj.xinhuanet.com/news/2006-03/25/content_6569298.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/226.png

[29]“Chinese Organ Transplantation Web, http://www.transplantation.org.cn “No Sleep and Rest for 17 Hours and Completed 5 Liver Transplantation Operations, March 10 2014. Source: http://www.dnkb.com.cn, Writers and Reporters Huang Shuping, Wu Zhi
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/zganxiwen/2014-03/7050.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/227.pdf

[30]“The 474 Hospital of the PLA” Organ Transplantation and Blood Purification Center
http://www.xj474hos.com/ksjj.asp?sortid=9

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/228.png

[31]“Chinese Journal of Convalescent Medicine” 2008 Volume 17, Number 01, pp 8-9: “Organization and Management of 313 Cases of Batch Kidney Transplantation of the Same Kind but Different Bodies”. Authors: Qiao Shufang, Zhang Jiyun (Area Number One, Beidaihe Sanatorium, Beijing Military Region,066100)
WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/22901.pdf
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/22902.pdf

[32]“Minghui www.minghui.org” Investigation Clue:Investigation Report on Organ Transplantation in Shanghai
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/6/16/130559.html

[33]“China Liver Transplantation Web”: Armed Police General Hospital Reached New Height in Liver Transplant Operations
http://www.transplantation.org.cn/html/c36/

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/231.png

[34]“Dongfeng General Hospital” Introduction to Organ Transplantation and Breast Surgery Department
http://www.dfmhp.com.cn/a/keshidaohang/shoushukeshi/qiguanyizhi/

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/232.pdf

[35]“Xiangya Number Three Hospital of Central South University”, Newsletter Number 9, March Toward the Ideal Kingdom of Transplantation Medicine --- Dean Huang Zufa Talks about Development in Transplantation Medicine
http://www.xy3yy.com/nyygj/yb09-21.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/233.png

[36]“Xinhua Net, www.xinhuanet.com” Sept. 19, 2003, State Deputy Minister of Health Took up the Knife and Carried out Liver Transplant in Central South University. Source of report: Central South University
http://news.xinhuanet.com/school/2003-09/20/content_1089770.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/234.png

[37]“Hunan Online – Popular Health Page” Oct. 21, 2005 Dragons Fly and Tigers Leap --- Report on Kidney Transplantation Department of the Organ Transplantation Center at the Xiangya Number Two Hospital of the Central South University
http://www.hnol.net/content/2005-10/21/content_3479431.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/235.png

[38]“GaoxinHospital of Xi’an” Official Web site: 10 Years History of the Urinary Surgery Department, Sept. 5, 2012. Author Zhang Liuyong
http://www.gxyy.net/ksnewsshow-1886.html 

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/236. pdf

[39]“China Etiquette Training Web” April 8, 2010. Etiquette Training for Doctors and Nurses --- Service in Zhengzhou People’s Hospital are Flagship and Brand Name Role Model
http://www.liyi360.com/2010/4/8/cbdjl.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/237.pdf

[40]“Guangzhou Daily” March 14, 2006, Renewing Life through Organ Transplantation
https://web.archive.org/web/20071010072726/http://gzdaily.dayoo.com/gb/content/2006-03/14/content_2439521.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/238.png

[41]“Foshan City Number One People’s Hospital” Urinary Surgery Department Completed 7 Kidney Transplants Simultaneously
http://www.fshospital.org.cn/dept/document/2006_1/dept4465.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/239. pdf

[42]“Foshan City Number One People’s Hospital” Their Legacy Continues. Source Number One Hospital. Jan. 6, 2005
http://www.fshospital.org.cn/cn/infosystem/document/new8712.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/240.pdf

[43]“Dalian News Web” Dec. 25, 2006 “Chronicles of Organ Transplantation in Dalian City Friendship Hospital”
http://www.dlxww.com/gb/daliandaily/2006-12/25/content_1634609.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/241.png

[44]“China Yuxi Kidney Disease Transplantation Center” Introduction to Expert: Li Hongdao
http://www.gykidney.cn/zjjj.asp

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/sites/default/files/report/2015/325-218.png

[45]“Jiaodong Online” Life Resurrects Here – Liver and Kidney Surgery Department Chairman Pu Dongying. Time: March 27, 2015
http://health.jiaodong.net/system/2015/03/27/012643942.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/243.png

[46]“baike.baidu.com”Shengli Oil Field Central Hospital
http://baike.baidu.com/view/1574980.htm?fromTaglist

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/244.pdf

[47]“Minghui www.minghui.org” Qidu Hospital Urinary Transplantation Center Carried out 4 Kidney Transplant Operations Overnight. April 4, 2006 
http://www.minghui.org/mh/article_images/2007-1-25-clue-02.jpg

[48]“Minghui www.minghui.org” Investigation Clue:Shijiazhuang City Number One Hospital Completed 5 Kidney Transplant Operations within 10 Hours Aug. 8, 2006
http://www.minghui.org/mh/article_images/2006-8-7-sjz.jpg

[49]“Good Doctors Online” Introduction to Doctor Yue Zhongjin
http://www.haodf.com/doctor/DE4r0BCkuHzdewXC6dicdu-554j7S.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/247.pdf

[50]“Xiehe Hospital Affiliated to Huazhong University of Science and Technology” Heart and Blood Vessel Surgery, Characteristics of this Field
http://www.whuh.com/Depart_content.php?class=1&sections_id=83

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/248.png

[51]“Taizhou Hospital” Introduction to Urinary Surgery Department
http://www.tzhospital.com/html/main/mnjs/30384.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/249.png

[52]“Newsletter of Xiangya Hospital” May 14, 2006: Our Hospital Set New Record in Organ Transplants: Liver Transplant, Kidney Transplant, Corneal Transplant, 17 Operations Completed in One Day
http://www.xiangya.com.cn/medpro/xyyx/zhyx/2006-05-14/ medpro _20060514165311.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/250.jpg

[53]Tianjin First Center Hospital Has Done Almost 300 Cases of Liver Transplantations, Which Has Created a World Record.  Reported on February 9, 2005
http://scitech.people.com.cn/GB/25893/3176435.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/251.png

[54]“iFeng Weekly, www.ifengweekly.com” Number 5, 2006 “Investigation of Foreigners Coming to China for Organ Transplants”
http://www.51fenghuang.com/news/fengmiangushi/wgrfhqgyz.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/252.png

[55]“Oriental Organ Transplantation Center, www.ootc.net”: Introduction of the Center
https://web.archive.org/web/20060104005517/http://www.ootc.net/default.aspx

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/253.png

[56]“Weimin Health Net” www.wmjk.net May 18, 2005 “Jiangxi Province Armed Police General Hospital
http://www.wmjk.net/articleread.aspx?newid=3633&classid=2215

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/254.png

[57]“Sina Military, www.sina.com.cn” July 11, 2006 “Armed Police Jiangxi General Hospital Reached 98% Success Rate in Kidney Transplants”
http://jczs.news.sina.com.cn/2006-07-11/0641382760.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/255.png

[58]Sina News: Shenzhen Hospital of Guangdong Frontier Corps Completed 6 Kidney Transplantation Surgeries Within 11 Hours.  Reported on August 4, 2004 in Shenzhen Economic Daily
http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2004-08-04/06473285080s.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/256.png

[59]Academician Shusen Zhen Continuously Completed 5 Liver Transplantation Surgeries
http://www.jksoso.com/html/18CFE305.htm

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/257.png

[60]Liver Transplantation Expert--Lvnan Yan
http://gz.shengwuxuewang.cn /f/ h/b.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/sites/default/files/report/2015/325-685.jpg

[61]“Minghui, www.minghui.org” Audio recording: Military Hospital Admitted Bluntly Using Kidneys from Falun Gong Practitioners
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/5/2/126638p.html

[62]“Guangdong Organ Transplantation Research Center – Zhongshan University Liver Transplantation Center” Feb. 23, 2006. “News from the Center” Article and Photo: Xu Pingge
https://web.archive.org/web/20070416192628/http://www.organtransplantation.cn/newsdetail.asp?id=57

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/260.png

[63]“Website of First Affiliated Hospital of the Kunming Medical University”, April 11,2006. Introduction to Department: Organ Transplant Center”
http://www.ydyy.cn/DepartmentDetail-9.aspx

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/261.png

[64]“paper.people.com. cn ”Xia Qiang : Young General in Liver Transplantation, by Huang Qi, June 23, 2006
http://scitech.people.com.cn/GB/1057/4520977.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/262.png

[65]“Minghui www.minghui.org” China’s Propaganda Media Stir Up Attention to Stories behind Dark Curtain
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2015/3/14/306242.html

[66]“Minghui Web” Investigation Leads: Many Organ Transplants Performed in Hospitals throughout Shanxi Province in Recent Years (Photo)

English Version URL: http://www.clearwisdom.net/emh/articles/2006/7/27/75999.html

[67]“Shaanxi Province People’s Hospital Website” Cai Zhenjie
http://www.spph-sx.com/WebTemp/Expert_View.asp?Article_ID=710

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/265.png

[68]“Number One Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University” Organ Transplantation Department
http://www.cdyfy.com/ksjs/ksjs.asp?kscode1=0208

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/266.png

[69] Shanxi Youth Newspaper August 20, 2015, page 09: “Strive to be a Pioneer in Kidney Transplantation: Wu Xiaotong, Director of the Kidney Transplantation and Dialysis Center of Shanxi Province Number Two People’s Hospital”
http://www.sxqnb.com.cn/shtml/sxqnb/20150820/104152.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/267.png

[70]"Minghui" website: The Second People's Hospital of Shanxi Province Conducted 11 cases of

kidney transplant on August 15
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/9/11/137584.html 

[71] “Minghui Website” Investigation Lead: On August 4, 2006, Guangdong Province Number Two People’s Hopsital Carried on 6 Kidney Transplantation Operations”
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2013/9/30/调查线索-零六年八月四日广东省第二人民医院做六例肾移植

[72]“Dahe Web”, March 27, 2004, Zhengzhou University Number One Affiliated Hospital: 4 Liver Transplantation Operations Completed in One Day
http://www.yidianzixun.com/article/news_3487a5d66eae0b122e96fe983d880758?s=4

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/270.png

[73]Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, August 5, 2014, "Never stop improving to create the first-class domestic Organ Transplant Center"
http://qdumh.qd.sd.cn/a/yiyuandongtai/yiyuanxinwen/2014/0805/3287.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/175.png

[74]“paper.people.com.cn” Stories of Tan Jianmin
http://health.people.com.cn/n/2014/0604/c385611-25104541.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/172.png

[75]“Bloody Harvest, The Killing of Falun Gong for their Organ" , Second Edition, pp 5, Feb. 25, 2007,David Matas and David Kilgour
http://organharvestinvestigation.net/report0701/report20070131-ch.pdf

[76]“iFeng Weekly, www.ifengweekly.com” Human Organ Trade in China, Story Behind the Dark Curtain, November 5, 2013
http://www.51fenghuang.com/news/shehui/2514.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/274.png

[77]“iFeng Weekly, www.ifengweekly.com” Human Organ Trade in China, Story Behind the Dark Curtain, November 5, 2013
http://www.51fenghuang.com/news/shehui/2514.html

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/274.png

[78]Ministry of Health Document, Wei Yi Fa (2006) #94
http://www.moh.gov.cn/public/open.aspx?n_id=11620

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/274.png

[79]“Sina News Center” 20 Kidney Transplant Operations Free of Charge, April 28, 2006
http://news.sina.com.cn/w/2006-04-28/08008809252s.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/277.png

[80]"Minghui" website cooperates to investigate into organ harvesting case and stop the persecution (II)
http://www.minghui.org/mh/articles/2006/6/23/130563p.html

[81]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong: Collection of Evidences of Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners by the Chinese Communist Party. Sept. 11, 2013, Updated March 2, 2015
http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/46728#_Toc366574838

[82]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[83]“Minghui, www.minghui.org” Audio recording: Military Hospital Admitted Bluntly Using Kidneys from Falun Gong Practitioners
http://www.clearwisdom.net/emh/articles/2006/5/3/72773.html

[84]“Sina News Center” 20 Kidney Transplant Operations Free of Charge, April 28, 2006
http://news.sina.com.cn/w/2006-04-28/08008809252s.shtml

WOIPFG archived link:
http://www.upholdjustice.org/upload/images/nationalcriminalreports/277.png

[85]www.renminbao.com” Urgent! Many Readers Wrote to us to Report that Hospitals in Mainland China Busy Murdering Witnesses (photo) April 17, 2006
http://www.renminbao.com/rmb/articles/2006/4/17/40113.html

[86]“World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[87]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[88]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[89]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[90]”World Organization to Investigate Persecution of Falun Gong” Investigation Report on Organ Harvesting from Live Falun Gong Practitioners in Various Regions of China Original version: April 16, 2006, Updated: April 22 and May 1
http://www.upholdjustice.org/node/166

[91]Minghui.org: Falun Gong Practitioners Who Were Persecuted to Death

[92]“The Epoch Times” Sept. 19th report, titled “The police in Dandong claimed that Falun Gong practitioners forced to take blood test is mandated task – Terrible secret hidden behind”.
http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/14/9/19/n4252384.htm

[93]Minghui.org July 5th, 2014 report, titled “Policemen in more areas visit Falun Gong practitioners at home, forcing them to take blood test.”
http://en.minghui.org/html/articles/2014/7/19/2101.html

[94]“The Epoch Times” Sept. 19th report, titled “The police in Dandong claimed that Falun Gong practitioners forced to take blood test is mandated task – Terrible secret hidden behind”.
http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/14/9/19/n4252384.htm


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