To investigate the criminal conduct of all institutions, organizations, and individuals involved in the persecution of Falun Gong; to bring such investigations, no matter how long it takes, no matter how far and deep we have to search, to full closure; to exercise fundamental principles of humanity; and to restore and uphold justice in society.

WOIPFG’s Comprehensive Investigation Results regarding the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners from2015 to 2020

April 9, 2020
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WOIPFG’s Comprehensive Investigation Results regarding the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Dafa Practitioners from2015 to 2020

(published on March 29, 2020)

Foreword

In 2015, after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) claimed to have abolished the practice of using executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation and to start using only the voluntarily donated organs of Chinese citizens, World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG)[1] continued to investigate the hospitals, doctors, the Red Cross Society of China’s organ donation organizations and hospitals’ organ procurement offices (OPO), which are suspected of live organ harvesting from Falun Dafa (aka Falun Gong) practitioners in mainland China. Since then, we have obtained a large quantity of important evidence and clues. The results show that under the guise of “voluntary citizen organ donations”, the Chinese Communist Party has always been committing the genocidal state crimeof organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners!

From Feb, 2015 to Jan, 2020, WOIPFG has conducted several thousand telephone investigations on several hundred hospitals and several dozen organ donation agencies in 32 provincial-level administrative districts, including 23 provinces, five autonomous administrative regions and four central government directly-controlled municipalities. Based on these investigations, WOIPFG has published eight phone investigation reports on the current situation of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners[2]: “Beijing Red Cross Has Never Started Its Organ Donation Program as of now”[3], “Another Advertisement of Free Liver Transplantation Comes into Sight in China!”[4] And “WOIPFG: Additional Testimony Provided by Eyewitness of Organ Harvesting from Living Victim(s)”[5]. A total of 581 pieces of recorded evidence of phone investigations has been published during that time period. The current report contains 246 pieces of phone recording evidence. (Due to space limitation and the need to protect the investigators and witnesses, the report presents only parts of the recordings. If you would like to have more detailed information, please refer to our previously published reports or contact us.) In addition, 200 pieces of phone investigation recording evidences were published in year 2019. Due to space limitations, they are not included in this book and will be published separately in a special report (“WOIPFG’s 2019 Investigation of the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China”. https://www.zhuichaguoji.org/node/125981).

From 2015 to 2018, evidence from recorded phone conversation showed that 26 individuals, including 25 directors and doctors from 21 organ transplant hospitals (organ transplant centers) and one official from the “610 Office” admitted their use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs in operations. Specifically, the phone conversation recordings of 11 hospitals in 7 provinces in 2015, 33 hospitals in 17 provinces in 2016, 103 hospitals in 28 provinces in 2017 and 40 hospitals in 16 provinces in 2018 were obtained. In 2019, WOIPFG investigated more than 180 hospitals.
 

Figure 1. Graph of Statistical Distribution of Investigative Phone Calls to Chinese Organ Transplant Hospitals between 2015 and 2018

(Please refer to Schedule 1 for statistics regarding the dates, quantity and provinces/municipalities of the investigation phone calls.)

The main subjects of WOIPFG’s investigation are the presidents, organ transplant department (and organ transplantation center) directors, surgeons and nurses from 178 Grade A tertiary hospitals with organ transplant qualifications; the directors and staff members of China’s provincial and municipal Red Cross Societies’ organ donation agencies; as well as hospital Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) members. We believe that the results from our multi-angle investigation reflect the current situation of the mainland Chinese organ transplant industry since year 2015 fairly accurately.

The comprehensive investigation results show that the CCP has always been committing the crime of live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners

Living organ donor banks still exist in China; the organ transplant volumes of some hospitals are increasing year by year; the supplies of organ donors are generally abundant; the hospitals’ organ wait times are not only short but also stable; there are still a large number of emergency organ transplants and so-called green channels; a free organ transplant promotion took place again; the Chinese Red Cross Societies are still receiving a very small number of organ donations; the number of donated organs is smaller than the number of transplanted organs, and the Beijing Red Cross Society had not yet started their organ donation work at the time of when it was investigated; the organ sources are completely opaque; and the CCP’s crime of live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners has been spreading throughout the entire Chinese society. Our investigations also discovered that the CCP’s publicizing of the so-called organ black market in China is another way for it to cover up its evil crime of live organ harvesting and its operation of living organ banks.

Since March 9, 2006, WOIPFG has been continuously investigating into the CCP’s state crime of organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners for more than a decade. As of December 2018, the investigation had obtained 420 pieces of recorded audio evidence and more than 2,000 pieces of data evidence of the CCP’s live organ harvesting. Specifically, WOIPFG has obtained 58 pieces of direct evidence of CCP’s use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs in transplants. In these 58 cases, someone admitted his participation in live organ harvesting or testified against others. These people include Li Changchun and Zhang Gaoli, members of the Political Bureau Standing Committee of the CCP Central Committee; Liang Guanglie, then Minister of National Defense; Bai Shuzhong, former head of the health division for the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department; Bo Xilai, former Minister of Commerce; Zhou Benshun, then Secretary General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission; Wei Jianrong, former Vice Director of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission Office; Tang Junjie, Deputy Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of Liaoning Province; a policeman at the Intermediate People’s Court of Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; a Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission official surnamed Li; an armed guard that witnessed live organ harvesting in Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province; Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province; a Director of the 610 Office in Ji County, Tianjin, as well as 45 organ transplant department directors and doctors in 41 hospitals. Among them, the evidence from 26 people was uncovered between 2015 and 2018. A large quantity of evidence in WOIPFG’s possession proves that the CCP has always been carrying out the state crime of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners!

Table of Contents

Chapter One    The CCP has always been Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

I. From Dec 26, 2019 to Jan 15, 2020, WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on the Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to the Air Force Medical University

II. In 2018, when being asked about their Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs, among Doctors from 13 HHHHHospitals, 10 Individuals Admitted to it; 6 Individuals didn’t deny it, and 1 Person denied it

III. Five Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2017

IV. Four Work Units Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2016

V. Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2015

VI. Zheng Shusen’s Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital is Suspected of Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners

Chapter Two   Evidence obtained from the Investigations Conducted between 2015 and 2018 Shows that the Living Organ Bank Still Exists

I. Emergency organ transplant Cases

II. Extremely Short Organ Wait Times

1. Abundant donors – Cases of Organs Waiting for Suitable Patients

2. Patients can select young and high-quality organ donors

3. Officially reported cases of patients finding liver sources on the same day and other cases of short wait times 

4. Statistics of organ transplant wait time data

III. Ample Organ Donors

IV. Excess Supply of Organ Donors; Free Liver Transplant Promotion Reappeared in China

Chapter Three Actual Organ Transplant Volumes (by Using Liver and Kidney Transplant Figures as Examples) after 2015 have been Rising Year by Year

I. Most Hospitals Investigated by WOIPFG Reported a Rise in their Organ Transplant Volumes

II. Analysis of the Actual Number of Organ Transplants in China based on some Observation of the Transplant Volumes at Two Organ Transplant Organizations run by Shen Zhongyang

Tianjin First Central Hospital

The General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing

Chapter Four   The “Brain Death Centers” across China and “Live Organ Harvesting”

I. “Brain Death Centers”

The wording “source” first appeared

The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University has a Brain Death Center

II. A Large Number of DCD Organs Have Warm Ischemia Times of Zero or One Minute in China – Suspected to be Organs Harvested Alive

III. A New Generation of Brainstem Collision Machines

Chapter Five   Hospitals Claim that Their Donated Organs were of Unknown Origins

I. When Discussing Their Hospitals’ Organ Sources, Some Medical Staff Said They Had Their “Own Channels” and/or “it’s Inconvenient for me to Disclose”.

II. The State’s “Official Websites” for Organ Distribution “Are Deceiving People!”

III.Organ Donation Agencies and Organ Transplant Hospitals Illegally Purchase and Resell Organs

Chapter Six     The So-called “Chinese Model” Organ Donation is a Lie

The investigation reveals:

I. Official National Organ Donation Statistics Published by the CCP

II. The Number of Registered Donors Cannot Explain the Phenomenon of Ultra-short Organ Wait Times in China

III. Suspicious Per Capita Organ Donation Rate and Organ Utilization Rate per Deceased Organ Donor in China

IV. The Chinese Red Cross Societies are Still Receiving a Very Small Number of Donated Organs, so this cannot Explain the Large Number of Organ Transplants in Chinese Hospitals

1. Beijing City

2. Tianjin City

3. Shanghai City

4. Guangdong Province

5. Zhejiang Province

6. Henan Province

7. Hebei Province

8. Shandong Province

9. Hunan Province

10. Hubei Province

11. Jiangxi Province

12. Yunnan Province

13. Sichuan Province

14. Shenzhen City

15. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

16. Guizhou Province

17. Inner Mongolia

Chapter Seven The Actual Quantities of Donated Organs in Chinese Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities are Significantly Lower than the Officially Published Figures and the Numbers of Transplanted Organs

I. Beijing City

II. Tianjin City

III. Shanghai City

IV. Zhejiang Province

V. Jiangsu Province

VI. Jiangxi Province

VII. Guangdong Province

VIII. Guangxi Autonomous Region

IX. Fujian Province

X. Hainan Province

XI. Anhui Province

XII. Heilongjiang Province

XIII. Liaoning Province

XIV. Shandong Province

XV. Hebei Province

XVI. Henan Province

XVII. Shanxi Province

XVIII. Sichuan Province

XIX. Yunnan Province

XX. Guizhou Province

XXI. Gansu Province

XXII. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

XXIII. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

Chapter Eight  A Brief Introduction of WOIPFG’s Investigation on the CCP’s Human Organ Black Market Used to Cover up Its Live Organ Harvesting

1. Drawing the public’s attention to black-market organ trading

2. Black market organ donors are transferred by the police behind the scenes, and organ transplants with organs obtained on the black market are performed underground.

3. Fabrication of fake procedures

4. Covering up the scale of systematic slaughters by concealing the actual volume of organ transplants

5. Fake organ donation cases

6. Deceiving organ transplant patients to cover up the organs’ true origins and to dissolve risks

7. Sources of black-market organs and organ sources in hospitals are the same

Several Investigation Recordings:

Conclusion

Schedule 1. The Quantities of Liver and Kidney Transplantation Hospitals and Transplant Centers designated by the Health and Family Planning Commission in all Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities

Schedule 2. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 3. Statistical Table of Many Hospitals’ Acknowledgement or Non-Denial of the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in Transplants from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 4. An Abundance of Donors – Statistical Table of Cases of Reverse Organ Matching (i.e. Organs Waiting for Recipients to Show Up)

Schedule 5-1. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls regarding Donor Organ Wait Times made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 5-2. Summary Table of Selected Organ Wait Times as Revealed by Doctors from 48 Organ Transplant Hospitals from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 6. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to obtain Evidence from China Red Cross Society Branches in Different Provinces between 2015 and 2018

 

 

Chapter One        The CCP has always been committing the Crime of Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners

Since 2006, when the Chinese Communist Party’s hidden crime of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners was exposed, WOIPFG has been tracking down and investigating this crime. Ample evidence suggests that the CCP has always been harvesting organs from Falun Dafa practitioners. Since year 2015, a total of 27 individuals, including 26 surgeons from 22 hospitals and one “610 office” official, have admitted to their use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs in transplants.

 I. From Dec, 2019 to Jan, 2020, WOIPFG’s Investigation Report on the Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to the Air Force Medical University

From Dec 26, 2019 to Jan 15, 2020, World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) conducted an investigation on Li Guowei, a kidney transplant surgeon at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to the Air Force Medical University (formerly the Fourth Military Medical University). Five phone recordings about the CCP’s live organ harvesting have been obtained through our step-by-step investigation from multiple angles. The investigation result confirms once again that the CCP has not stopped the live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners, and this heinous crime is still ongoing.

Our fourth phone investigation taking place on January 13, 2020 especially exposed several deeply hidden secrets of the CCP’s live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners, as well as the party’s long-standing lies of sourcing transplant organs from executed prisoners and voluntary donors through the Red Cross Society of China. The person under investigation acknowledged straightforwardly, “The organs come from Falun Gong practitioners”, while in the CCP authorities’ public statements, they have been described as young donors with high-quality and primary illness-free organs. He even claimed, “As long as you are daring enough, then at that time (i.e. when a Falun Gong practitioner donor becomes available)...as long as you dare to take a look, I can bring you to the bedside and let you have a look, that is, to let you see with your own eyes that this person is in his 20s.” 

In the end, the WOIPFG investigator revealed his identity and cautioned Li Guowei that he had perpetrated the crime against humanity and would eventually face a pathetic ending. The investigator advised him to atone for his sins and crimes by cooperating with the WOIPFG’s investigation. However, he replied, “China is a one-party system. You don’t need to tell me this stuff.” His attitude also reflected the extent of the CCP’s evil brainwashing, which would turn individuals into demons and has degraded the once highly-cultured China into a hell.

WOIPFG’s First Investigation on Li Guowei

Investigation date: Dec 26, 2019 (+86-15929931212)

(Recording 1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf1)

Summary:

A WOIPFG investigator consulted Li Guowei a kidney transplant surgeon at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to the Air Force Medical University, by using a pseudonym “Han Mei”, about a kidney transplant for her family member.

1. When the investigator asked Li Guowei to provide organ sources from Falun Gong practitioners, Li said, “We are also willing to use them! In the past, the state allowed hospitals to use the kidneys from executed prisoners. Those donors were really good. After we did the surgeries ourselves, we all knew that the effects of this kind of donors were really good. ” 

2. When asked about the organ sources, Li said, “The majority of the people are unwilling to donate now, and fewer and fewer people are willing to donate. It is useless for the donor to sign it himself. When the time comes, the donor’s family members must agree. If they don’t, the organs can’t be donated even if you have a written consent. The so-called allocation by the Red Cross Society are…the officials... it is totally just based on a sentence of the officials!”

3. When asked about the price of a kidney transplant, Li said, “The kidney resources in Shaanxi are the cheapest, because one costs 100,000 yuan, which is the cheapest. (Someone) had already asked the organ transplant center in Tianjin, and the kidney source alone would cost 350,000 yuan in cash. ”

4. When the investigator asked whether there’s still any Falun Gong practitioner organ source, Li replied, “Unless you have strong connections, very strong connections. Richer people all want to use this kind (of donors).”

WOIPFG’s Second Investigation on Li Guowei

Investigation date: Jan 10, 2020 (+86-15929931212)

(Recording 2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf2)

Summary:

Another WOIPFG investigator continued to consult Li Guowei as a different family member of the patient.

1. The investigator said, “If you can help out, I can get prepared and take the money with me.” Li said, “It’s no problem for me to find this thing for you! Since I am in this department, so this is relatively easy for me to get it done.”

2. When talking about the quality of the donors, Li said, “I can get to know how old the donor is, if he has any primary illness, whether he’s healthy or not. I can get to know all this, but you are not allowed to know!”

3. When talking about the organ sources, Li said, “Since the competition is very fierce. It’s not like what people say about the Red Cross Society and that people get officially (randomly) selected as recipients. It’s not like that! You would understand it even without me clearly stating it.” The investigator then called the Red Cross Society “just a front”, and Li said, “Right, right, it’s just a narrative (disguise).”

4. The investigator said that there were certain channels to get Falun Gong practitioner donors and that it’s not absolutely impossible to get them. Li replied, “To be honest, is not easy to tell the truth. (Laughter). Anyway, now it is temporarily not allowed by express stipulation.”

5. The investigator said to Li, “You need to tell me the truth.” And he asked him whether he could find Falun Gong practitioner donors. Li replied, “Of course, it can be found. I can find it for sure. That is, just that you need to spend a little bit extra money, I can then find it.”  The investigator then confirmed with him, “You should look for the type (of organs) that Han Mei talked to you about. You can definitely find one, right?” He replied, “Right, right. I understand the type you are talking about.”

WOIPFG’s Third Investigation on Li Guowei

Investigation date: Jan 11, 2020 (+86-15929931212)

(Recording 3. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf3)

Summary:

1. Investigator: “We’ve decided to bring the patient with us. When we come over, I will take one million yuan to you first. I want you to make arrangements through public relations to get the organ.” Li said, “I understand!” The investigator then said, “After the operation is completed, I will bring another million, and that will be your compensation. Secondly, the expenses for hospitalization, treatment costs and so on, I will pay them directly to the hospital. Ah, if there are other costs, you can just let me know.” Li replied, “I understand.” (Laughter) The investigator asked again, “Do you understand?” He said, “Well, yes, I understand this. You don’t need to tell me, I understand it all. (Laughter)”

2. Li said, “People under 30 years of age don’t have primary illnesses. We are talking about 30-year-olds. If you are lucky, we may find someone in his 20s, maybe younger than 20 years old, between 15 and 20 years old. This is all possible!”

3. The investigator said, “For this kind of Falun Gong (practitioner donors), some of them may also have organ problems. They are beaten so badly when they are demanded to ‘transform’ and to write a guarantee letter. Some people refuse to write it, then they would go on hunger strikes and go through force feeding, so their organs have been driven to the brink of failure.”

Li replied, “I know what you mean. When the time comes, as long as you are daring enough, then at that time...as long as you dare to take a look, (Investigator: OK!) I can bring you to the bedside and let you have a look, that is, to let you see with your own eyes that this person is in his 20s…I’m just afraid that you’re too timid to take a look. As long as you dare to take a look, you can.”

4. The investigator asked whether the donor organs were excised in the hospital. Li replied, “Everything is done within the hospital, not outside, such as small clinics, places like that. It’s not the case right now. All the surgical treatments are done inside Xijing Hospital. We won’t send you way to a villa outside of the hospital or other places. That won’t happen.”

WOIPFG’s Fourth Investigation on Li Guowei

Investigation date: Jan 13, 2020 (+86-15929931212)

(Recording 4. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf4)

Summary:

1. Li: “All donors used by hospitals were from prisoners, because in the past…”

Investigator: “Prisoners, they call Falun Gong practitioners prisoners, and detain them in prisons, right?”

Li: “As for what other people call them, I don’t care. That is not something you or I should be concerned about. It has nothing to do with us!”

2. Investigator: “You perform (surgeries) with Falun Gong practitioners’ organs, but you cannot talk about it openly. You can only say that they are good-quality organs with no illnesses, with no primary illnesses.”

Li: “Right, right, that’s how we say it. It’s correct for you to say this! (laughter)”

Investigator: “Let’s stop beating around the bush. You can find Falun Gong practitioner donors, but officially speaking, these organs are high-quality, without primary illness and from young donors.”

Li: “Right, right, right.”

Investigator: “Alright! This is what you mean, right?”

Li: “Yes, that’s what I mean.”

3. Investigator: “You said that the military system recently paused (organ transplants) for a little while. What is the reason?”

Li: “Because the military has been doing the audit recently! Because you need to pay cash for the kidney source in due course. Because at present, cases like yours are not allowed. The hospital does not allow cash transactions.”

 WOIPFG’s Fifth Investigation on Li Guowei

Investigation date: Jan 15, 2020 (+86-15929931212)

(Recording 5. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf5)

Summary:

During the first four investigations, the WOIPFG investigators approached Li as family members of a patient. In the fifth investigation, the investigator formally investigated Li as a WOIPFG member, in the hope that Li would atone for his crimes by cooperating with the investigation and exposing the truth.

1. Investigator: “I am telling you that we can give you an opportunity to make contributions to atone for your crimes. If you cooperate with our investigation to expose the dark secrets, you will make contributions and make atonement for the crimes that you’ve committed in the past due to the CCP’s threats and inducement. Do you understand what I’m saying now?”

Li Guowei: “I understand.”

2. Investigator: “Could you accept and cooperate with our investigation to expose all the dark details to us?”

Li Guowei: “I can’t.”

Investigator: “Why?”

Li Guowei: “No reason. No reason.”

3. Li Guowei: “As you said, which kind of people would be saved?”

Investigator: I was talking about the live organ harvesting of Falun Gong. “If this could be stopped right now, then they couldn’t keep doing that anymore.”

Li Guowei: “If they can’t do that anymore, how about those patients waiting for organ transplants to survive?”

Investigator: “The patients could follow the normal channels (to obtain donated organs) to live. You can’t kill good people just because you want to live. Can that be right?”

Li Guowei: “Who killed good people?”

Investigator: “Aren’t Falun Gong practitioner’s good people?”

Li Guowei: “Falun Gong?”

Investigator: “Right. Falun Gong practitioners just follow their faith, right?”

Li Guowei: “Those things are none of my business. I am just an ordinary citizen. It’s useless for you to tell me this stuff.”

Investigator: “But you have directly participated in the live organ harvesting. You’ve performed the transplant operations, and you are a participant.”

4. Li Guowei: “Don’t tell me these anti-CCP theories. No need to tell me these.”

Conclusion:

Based on the large quantity of information revealed by the investigations on Li Guowei, Li has participated in the live organ harvesting for many years and has committed the crime of live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners.

Li Guowei is not only a kidney transplant surgeon, and he could also be a member of the Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) at Xijing Hospital. He should clearly know all the illegal channels to obtain organ sources at Xijing Hospital.

Li Guowei is a frontline participant and insider of the CCP’s crime of live organ harvesting. He is so deeply involved in the CCP’s crime against humanity that he’s unable to extricate himself from it. Also, he’s not afraid of the consequences of his crime. He ignored the advice from WOIPFG, and thus lost this rare opportunity to save himself. At the same time, this also reflects the root causes of the CCP’s state genocidal crime.

II. In 2018, when being asked about their use of Falun Gong practitioners’ organs, among doctors from 13 hHHHHospitals, 10 individuals admitted to it; 6 individuals didn’t deny it, and 1 person denied it

From October 19 to December 2, 2018, WOIPFG investigated 17 presidents and directors from 13 hospitals suspected of live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners. The investigators pretended to be a caller, who was a “deputy director of the Office for Maintaining Stability at the Sichuan Provincial Political and Legal Affairs Commission” and was seeking to arrange an organ transplant surgery for his relative. Among these 17 individuals,10 people (from 9 hospitals) admitted that they were using the organs from Falun Gong practitioners. All 17 people investigated all guaranteed to be able to schedule a surgery to within a week or two, without exception. Some of the phone investigations were carried out in the studio of the New Tang Television Station (NTDTV), and the entire investigation process was videotaped. At the same time, there were also several current affairs commentators, who had been focusing on the issue of live organ harvesting for a long period of time, witnessing the investigation process on site.[6]

WOIPFG released 17 recorded investigation phone recordings, pertaining to 13 hospitals. In response to the question “Are you still using organs from Falun Gong practitioners?” 10 investigated individuals (from nine hospitals) gave affirmative answers: “yes, yes”, “right, right, right”, “right, right, correct, correct, you are right”, “right, right, right”, “right, this is for sure”, “no problem”, “let’s discuss after you come”. Other responses were vague, providing irrelevant answers. One person denied having used Falun Gong practitioners’ organs. Six individuals didn’t deny it. The investigation results reveal again that the CCP is still conducting live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners, to perform organ transplants for exorbitant profits.

These 17 telephone investigations concern 13 hospitals, which are located in three central government directly controlled municipalities and the major cities of eight provinces, including Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Yantai, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Changsha, Nanjing, Guangzhou and Guilin.

1. 10 individuals Admitted to their Continued Use of Organs from Falun Gong Practitioners

Investigation Recording 1, Wang Jianli: Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital

Date: November 2, 2018 (13911723417):
(Recording 6. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 6)

Excerpts: “Not sure when that can be ready, but we have a lot of organs here! A surgery can be arranged within one or two weeks. (Investigator: are the organs you are using now the healthy organs from Falun Gong practitioners, normal donors, right?) Right, right, right. (A liver transplant) can be done with 200,000 or 300,000 (yuan).

Personal profile: Associate Chief Physician of Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital. He is currently the leader of the Liver Transplant and Kidney Transplantation Team at the Liver Transplant Institute of the Armed Police General Hospital.[7]

Investigation Recording 2, Lang Ren: Director of Liver Transplantation, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Date: November 6, 2018 (13911757869)
(Recording 7. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 7)

Excerpts: “If there is nothing unexpected, it probably takes two or three weeks, more or less.” Investigator: The donors, are the type of Falun Gong practitioners that kind of normal healthy donors, right? Lang Ren: Right, right, correct, correct, you are right.

Personal Profile: Chief Physician, Associate Professor, Master’s degree students’ supervisor. He served as an editorial board member of the “Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery” and member of the Beijing Medical Association’s Enteral Nutrition Committee. Since 1999, he has been participating in clinical work and basic research on liver transplantation.[8]

Investigation Recording 3, Miao Shuzhai: Chief Physician of the Organ Transplantation Center of Zhengzhou People’s Hospital

Date: November 6, 2018 (13938277351)

(Recording 8. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 8)

Summary of investigation results: Arranging for a liver transplant surgery usually takes one or two weeks to one month. Investigator: And regarding your current donors, your donors are that type of normal donors (that practice) Falun Gong, right? Miao Shuzhai: Right, right, right.

Personal Profile: Chief physician, graduated from Henan Medical University.[9]

Investigation Recording 4, Hang Hualian: Chief Medical Officer of Liver Transplantation Surgery Department, Shanghai Renji Hospital

Date: November 7, 2018 (18616206806)

(Recording 9. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 9)

Excerpts: I’ll try my best to get it done for you within one week. Investigator: You are using Falun Gong (practitioner) donors now, right?

Hang Hualian: Yes, this is for sure.

Personal Profile: Member of the Transplant Surgery Technical Committee of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Stem Cell and Tissue Transplantation Committee of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Committee of the Cross-Strait Medical and Health Exchange Association, and the chief examiner of the National Practitioner Examination.[10]

Investigation Recording 5, Bai Rongsheng: Liver Transplant Doctor and Assistant to President Shen Zhongyang at Tianjin First Central Hospital

Date: November 15, 2018 (13803019898)

(Recording 10. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 10)

Excerpts: (Investigator: Regarding liver donors, the situation now is that in general they are the type of healthy donors, right? The kind from Falun Gong practitioners, right?) Right, right, right.

Personal Profile: Bai Rongsheng is an assistant to Shen Zhongyang, as well as a liver transplant surgeon. Shen Zhongyang, Director of the Liver Transplantation Research Institute of the Third Medical Center of the People’s Liberation Army General Hospital (formerly the Armed Police Force General Hospital); Director of the Oriental Organ Transplantation Center (Tianjin), chief physician, professor and PhD students’ supervisor.[11]

Investigation Recording 6, Wang Changxi: Director of the Kidney Transplant Department’s Second Section at the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou

Date: November 15, 2018 (13600450862)

(Recording 11. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 11)

Excerpts: Investigator: I want to ask about the liver sources. You still use (those from) Falun Gong (practitioners), healthy donors, right? Wang Changxi: All, all of them are. Now all donated ones are. All deceased citizen donors might all have these.

Personal profile: Wang Changxi is a professor, chief physician and PhD students’ supervisor. He is currently the director of his hospital’s Department of Organ Transplantation and concurrently the deputy director of its Surgery Laboratory.[12]

Investigation Recording 7, He Xiaoshun: Vice President of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University (1)

The first investigation date November 15, 2018 (13802510799)

(Recording 12. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 12)

Excerpts: In general, it usually takes one or two weeks to arrange an operation, but sometimes [it would take] one month. Investigator: Well, my question is: Are they the type of organs from Falun Gong (practitioners)? The organs themselves are healthy, right? He Xiaoshun: Yes, right, right. Of course, of course.

Investigation Recording 8, He Xiaoshun: Vice President of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University (2)

The Second investigation date: November 16, 2018 (13802510799)

(Recording 13. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 13)

Excerpts: Investigator: Since on one hand, it is the issue of skills; on the other hand, it is the issue of the organ. The organs you use, I know they are from Falun Gong practitioners, so the organs must be good. Combining these two factors, it would be perfect. He Xiaoshun: Correct.

Personal Profile: He Xiaoshun is a member of the International Liver Transplant Society, member of the International Society of Digestive Surgery, expert member of the Clinical Application Committee of the Human Organ Transplantation of the Ministry of Health, member of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, member of the Chinese Medical Association’s Surgery Branch, vice chairman of the Guangdong Provincial Liver Disease Society, and Chairman of the Organ Transplantation Professional Committee.[13]

Investigation Recording 9, Peng Zhihai: Vice President of Shanghai General Hospital, Director of Organ Transplantation Center

Date: November 16, 2018 (13761010066)

(Recording 14. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 14)

Excerpts:
1
. Investigator: Okay, okay. I have another [question]. You are using Falun Gong practitioners as the donors, that is, those healthy donors, right?

Peng Zhihai: Definitely healthy. How can it be acceptable if they’re not healthy?!

2. Investigator: The main concern is if you can check the quality of the donors — the Falun Gong (practitioner) donors!

Peng Zhihai: No problem, no problem.

Personal profile: Peng Zhihai is a member of the Chinese Medical Association’s Surgical Society, Vice Chairman of the Shanghai Medical Association’s Society of General Surgery, Deputy Director of the Hepatobiliary Diseases Branch of China International Exchange and Promotion Association for Medical and Healthcare, Standing Committee Member of the Organ Transplantation Society of the China Medical Association, Vice President of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s Organ Transplantation Physician Branch and Vice Director of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s Organ Transplantation Physician Group, Chairman of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association’s First Organ Transplantation Management Committee, deputy head of the Liver Transplantation Group of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, Chairman of the Organ Transplantation Society of the Shanghai Medical Association, Director of the Shanghai Organ Transplantation Clinical Medicine Center, Director of the Shanghai Organ Transplantation Research Center, Director of the Shanghai Liver Transplantation Quality Control Centerand Director of the Institute of Organ Transplantation, Shanghai Jiaotong University.[14]

Investigation Recording 10, Dr. Li, Doctor-on-duty at the Urology Surgery Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Date: December 2, 2018 (01186-10-85231457)

(Recording 15. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 15)

Excerpts: Investigator: They are still the normal kidney sources from Falun Gong (practitioners), right?

Dr. Li: Right, right, right.

Investigator: Generally speaking, if you take a donor, you should not only take a kidney, but also the heart, liver and kidney. How long does it take for this process?

Dr. Li: The bigger the organ(s), the longer it takes.

Investigator: How long does it take to excise organs in general?

Dr. Li: About three or four hours.

Investigator: It takes three or four hours to get this organ from disinfection, draping to completion, right?

Dr. Li: Right, right, right.

2. Six Individuals Didn’t Deny their Continued Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs

Investigation Recording 1, Zheng Shusen: President of Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital

Date: November 3, 2018 (13805749805)

(Recording 16. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 16)

Summary: A liver transplant surgery can be arranged within two weeks.

When being asked whether the organs were from Falun Gong practitioners, Zheng gave an irrelevant answer, but he did not negate having use the organs of Falun Gong practitioners, either.

Personal Profile: Zheng Shusen was former president of the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, director of this hospital’s organ transplant center, the incumbent president of Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, former chairman of the Chinese Transplant Congress (CTC) and chairman of China Organ Procurement Organization Alliance.[15] He was also the chairman (from 2007 to 2017) of the Zhejiang branch of “China Anti-cult Association” (CACA), which is one of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) important agencies against Falun Gong.[16]

Investigation Recording 2, Qu Qingshan: Director of the Organ Transplantation Center of the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Date: November 6, 2018 (13703717386)

(Recording 17. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 17)

Excerpts: (Investigator: Another thing is, the donors you are using now, are still the normal donors of Falun Gong practitioners, right?) Yes, all of them are in the normal state.

Personal Profile: Qu Qingshan, chief physician, professor, Master’s degree students’ supervisor. He is Director of Zhengzhou Human Organ Transplantation Center, a current member of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association; a member of the Organ Transplantation Physician Branch of the Chinese Medical Association; a Standing Committee Member of the Organ Donation and Acquisition Management Committee of the Chinese Medical Association; a Standing Committee Member of the Dialysis Transplant Branch of the Chinese Biomedical Engineering Society; and the Member of the Kidney Transplantation Branch of the China Healthcare International Exchange Promotion Association Standing Committee; Deputy Director of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Henan Medical Association.[17]

Investigation Recording 3, Ye Qifa: Vice President of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Date: November 6, 2018 (13875987051)

(Recording 18. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 18)

Summary of investigation results: The hospital does organ transplants every day. After the matching is finished, a surgery can possibly be performed within a month. Investigator: About that, your donors are still Falun Gong (practitioners), donors in normal conditions, right? Ye Qifa: It’s easy to perform (the surgery). Just send me his medical record first, alright?

Personal profile: Ye Qifa is a director of the Transplant Medicine Engineering Technology Research Center of the Ministry of Health. He is also a member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Branch of the Chinese Society of Surgery, the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Medical Association’s Organ Transplantation Branch, the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Liver Disease Society, the director of the Hunan Provincial Organ Transplant Quality Control Center, as well as the deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Human Organ Transplantation Technology Clinical Application Committee.[18]

Investigation Recording 4, Liu Dongfu: Director of Kidney Transplantation, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province

Date: November 8, 2018 (13853501608)

(Recording 19. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 19)

Excerpts: “We may have it (kidney source) as fast as tomorrow.” “It can be as fast as within a week. If not that fast, you can have it after waiting for two months, in two months.”

Investigator: So it is like, please help do quality control. The best would be, having a donor like that type of Falun Gong people, I mean a donor with normal conditions. Liu Dongfu: This, listen to me, there is something that we can discuss after you come here.

Personal profile: Chief physician, professor, current deputy director of the Yantai Branch of the Chinese Medical Association’s Department of Urology, deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Organ Transplantation Society, and deputy director of the Organ Transplantation Center of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital.[19]

Investigation Recording 5, Wang Xuehao: Director of the Liver Transplantation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University

Date: November 8, 2018 (13305178713)

(Recording 20. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 20)

Summary of investigation results: It usually takes less than two weeks to arrange a liver transplant operation for Blood Type B patients. Most organs come from outside of the hospital, obtained from the center of brain deaths.

Personal profile: Wang Xuehao is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, chief physician, professor and PhD students’ supervisor. He is working in the fields of hepatobiliary surgery and liver transplantation. He is the current director of the Institute of Liver Surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, director of the Liver Transplantation Center of Jiangsu Province, Director of the Key Laboratory of Live Liver Transplantation of the Ministry of Health and director of the lab’s Academic Committee, member of the Human Organ Transplantation Expert Group of the Ministry of Health, and deputy chairman of the Jiangsu Medical Association.[20]

Investigation Recording 6, Chen Huaizhou: Director of the Organ Transplant Center of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) No. 181 Hospital (Guilin, Guangxi)

Date: November 16, 2018 (13087737632)

(Recording 21. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 21)

Excerpts Investigator: His family members hope that, they hope to use that type of Falun Gong (practitioner) donors. If this kind of donors are available, he (i.e. the patient) will definitely come over immediately.

Chen Huaizhou: Yes, yes! You come over to be hospitalized for a checkup, have an examination, get a checkup first.

3. One Person Denied the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs

Investigation Recording 1, Chen Xinguo: Director of Liver Transplantation of Beijing General Hospital of Armed Police

Date: October 19, 2018 (+13701220662)

(Recording 22. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 22)

Excerpts: “At the end of the month, it should be ready.”
Investigator: We can’t use the ones that underwent tortures or hunger strikes. This [type of organs] is not the best. It is better to have them in the normal state. Those who do the practice (of Falun Gong) would be even better.

Chen Xinguo: Don’t worry, we have done a lot, I will check it for you!

Personal profile: Chief Physician (liver transplant), Master’s degree students’ supervisor, member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Committee of the Beijing Medical Association, member of the Organ Transplantation Expert Committee of the Beijing Medical Association, member of the Standing Committee of the Organ Transplantation Committee of the China Research Hospital Society, and a member of the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Committee of the China Research Hospital Society.[21]

III.       Five Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2017

Investigative Recording 1, Ni Jialian, the former Director of the Kidney Transplantation Department at Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Date: January 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86-1192017_134231)           

Ni Jialian: “It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners.” Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right? Ni: Yes. [22]

(Recording 23. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 23)

Investigative Recording 2, a ward nurse for kidney transplant operations at Shandong Provincial Hospital

Date: April 8, 2017 (Phone number: +86 531 68776161)    

Nurse: “We’ve already done a lot [of kidney transplants] this year! We did several cases in recent several days. Just come here, it’s very fast [to have the surgery].” Investigator: “Generally speaking, the allografts were from death-row prisoners and practitioners, right?” Nurse: “Yes, they were, in the past.” [23]

(Recording 24. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 24)

Investigation Recording 3, Liver Transplant Doctor at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

Date: July 9, 2017 (Phone number: +86+ 2583106666)

Doctor: “We do a lot, quite a lot! Last week, we did four operations. Nowadays there are many channels (to obtain organs). That’s the government’s concern. We are only in charge of providing the technologies and the follow-up services.” Investigator: “You said in the past those Falun Gong practitioners were used (as donors), why not now?” Doctor: People didn’t speak of human rights in the past.” [24]

(Recording 25. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 25)

Investigation Recording 4, a Nurse at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Fourth Military Medical University

Date: September 17, 2017 (+86+ 2989661629)

Nurse: “There’re not as many as before, but it’s basically still okay. During a month, there would still be some.” “In the past, it could be the prisoners’ donations.” [25]

(Recording 26. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 26)

Investigative Recording 5, Doctor Pu Miaoshui for liver transplant operations at Guangzhou Military Region General Hospital

Date: January 23, 2017 (Phone number: +86+13682253550)                

Pu Miaoshui: “[The use of organs from death-row inmates and (Falun) Gong practitioners] was legal before, now it is not illegal, but now it has been forbidden by the government. It does not work when the state says no. It is not an issue of legality.” [26]

(Recording 27. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 27)

IV.       Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2016

Mudanjiang City’s 610 police Zhu Jiabin Admitted to Having Harvested and “Sold” Living Falun Gong Practitioner Gao Yixi’s Organs

Investigative Recording 1, Zhu Jiabin, head of the general department of the CCP’s “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City

Date: June 21, 2016

On April 19, 2016, Falun Gong practitioner Gao Yixi, a 45-year-old male residing in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province, was illegally arrested by five people led by Mudanjiang Municipal Public Security Xianfeng Sub-Bureau’s Yuanming Community Police Office’s patrol unit vice-captain Lv Hongfeng and detained at the Mudanjiang Second Detention Center. On April 30, the police informed Gao Yixi’s family that Gao Yixi had passed away, his body was in Mudanjiang Sidao and they had already performed “an autopsy” on his body.

On June 21, 2016, Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the CCP’s “610 Office” in Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province, directly admitted to a WOIPFG investigator that they harvested Gao Yixi’s organs, while he was still alive, and sold them. [27]

(Recording 28. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 28)

Investigation Recording 2, Chen Zhaoyan: Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University

Date: February 2, 2016 

Chen Zhaoyan: “(Transplants) of living kidneys started in 1999.” “In the past, most (kidney transplants) used kidneys from corpses, after 1999, most were living kidneys.” (When the investigator asked whether the organs he used were from Falun Gong practitioners, he hanged up the phone.) [28]

(Recording 29. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 29)

Investigation Recording 3, Doctor Liu of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Date: April 5, 2016

Dr. Liu: “Now we have none of these (organs from prisoners) across the country. It has been stopped.” “I cannot explain to you clearly over the phone.” [29]

(Recording 30. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 30)

Investigative Recording 4, Dr. He Enhui, liver transplant surgeon at Beijing Friendship Hospital

Date: September 2, 2016

He Enhui: “We have been doing liver transplants for more than a dozen years…Professor Zhu has done more than 1,900 cases… Now the state no longer allows the use of organs from death-row prisoners. It’s prohibited by law. Previously, it exploited the loopholes in the regulations.” [30]

(Recording 31. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 31)

V.        Four Hospitals Admitted to Using Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in 2015

Investigative Recording 1, Tan Yunshan, chief physician from the Liver Pathological Department at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University

Date: February 8, 2015

Tan Yunshan: “All the livers that have been used in liver transplant operations performed now come from the ‘source.’ Of course, we know who the donors were, as to whether these donors were Falun Gong practitioners or not, that’s not our concern. As long as the organs meet our standard, we don’t care who the donors are.”

Investigator: “Do you know Bai Shuzhong, the former Minister of PLA General Logistics Department of Health has confessed that Jiang Zemin had ordered the organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners for transplants? So is every hospital doing surgeries under that policy?” Tan Yunshan: “Yes, that’s right.” [31]

(Recording 32. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 32)

Investigative Recording 2, Dr. Han at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University

Date: June 30, 2015

When a WOIPFG investigator mentioned the organ bank of detained Falun Gong practitioners and the use of organs from Falun Gong practitioners, Dr. Han confirmed both, by saying, “Correct. That’s right.” [32]

(Recording 33. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 33)

Investigative Recording 3, Dr. Gong of the second ward of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Department of the Affiliated Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Date: October 12, 2015

WOIPFG’s phone investigation on Dr. Gong revealed that he acknowledged that Falun Gong practitioners’ organs were used for transplantation, and that live organ harvesting was ordered by Jiang Zemin. [33]

(Recording 34. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 34)

An excerpt of the phone investigation transcript:

Investigator: Oh. So previously (you) went to jails and labor camps to get organs?
Dr. Gong: Yes. Previously, yes.

…… ……
Investigator: Oh, you mean organs from Falun Gong practitioners?
Dr. Gong: Yes, now we are no longer allowed to use organs from donors, whom are not claimed by any family members.
…… ……
Investigator: Oh, so all along it’s them who have done (organ harvesting)? In the past, many hospitals were involved in (doing organ harvesting), in massive quantities. It was allowed at the time. It was an order from Jiang Zemin. He was the chairman back then.
Dr. Gong: Well, you would need written documents issued by the state to perform things of that nature (i.e. organ harvesting).
Investigator: Right, right, Jiang Zemin gave orders to use imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners for organ harvesting. Since Jiang Zemin issued such orders, you dared to perform (organ harvesting), right?
Dr. Gong: Of course.

Investigative Recording 4, doctor on duty (male, possibly called Li Lunming) at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province

Date: December 21, 2015 (at 9:55 p.m.) (Phone number: 86-503165709)

When answering a phone call from a Falun Gong practitioner, the doctor on duty claimed, “Yes, (we kill Falun Gong practitioners for their organs), so what? They are from Falun Gong (practitioners), so what!” “We have done so many, maybe you haven’t thoroughly investigated, too many.” [34]

(Recording 35. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 35)

Investigative Recording 5, doctor on duty (male, possibly called Li Lunming) at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province

Date: December 21, 2015 (at 10:54 p.m.) (Phone number: 86-503165709)

When a Falun Gong practitioner asked the doctor on duty at the Department of Cardiac Transplantation, Central Hospital of Jiangmen, Guangdong Province: “how many organs have you dug out from living Falun Gong practitioners?” He replied: “countless.” When asked again: “Do you dare to confirm that it is ‘countless’?” He repeated again: “Countless.” This doctor directly threatened the Falun Gong practitioner who called him: “If you dare to come here, I will kill you, I kill you, I will see you go to heaven or hell”. [35]

(Recording 36. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 36)

Schedule 2. Statistical Table of 25 People’s (21 Hospitals) Acknowledgement and 7 Individuals’ Non-Denial of the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in Transplants from 2015 to 2018

VI. One Example of a Hospital Suspected of Live Organ Harvesting Falun Gong Practitioners: Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital

Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, officially opened for business on December 6, 2015, is a private hospital set up by Zheng Shusen, and its main business is organ transplantation.

According to the results of a special investigation by WOIPFG, from December 12, 2017 to May 20, 2018 alone, Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital performed 546 cases of liver and kidney transplantation (306 liver transplants and 239 kidney transplants), consuming 561 organs (15 organs were abandoned). Among them, 10-20% were emergency organ transplants. The organ wait times were one to two weeks, with the shortest wait time being just one day. And there were cases of organs waiting for patients to show up and even excessive quantities of organs. The cost of kidney sources rose to be more than 400,000 yuan (per organ), and the hospital guaranteed to provide young organ donors within one month. There were 7 cases of second organ transplants on the same patients, and the intervals between both surgeries were only 1 to 3 days. In one case of liver transplantation, 3 donor livers were used within 9 days. On February 10, 2018, 4 liver transplants and 2 kidney transplants were performed and completed on the same day.[36]

According to official mainland Chinese media reports, from the afternoon of May 11, 2017 to May 12 noon time, the eight operating theatres at Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital were all lit up. Within 20 hours, they completed 8 major organ transplant surgeries. One of the patients surnamed Wu waited only two days to receive a “donated” liver.[37]

How is it possible for a private hospital, which had been in existence for just over one year, to obtain so many donated organs with matched tissues on the same day? It was supposed to be impossible, but Zheng Shusen somehow did it. The only possibility is that Zheng Shusen could pick up organs from a living organ donor bank. As “state organs” of the Chinese Communist Party, Falun Gong practitioners are most likely the first to be harmed.

Zheng Shusen was serving as president of the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University and director of this hospital’s organ transplant center for many years. He was also the chairman of China Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) Alliance.[38] At the same time, from 2007 to 2017, he was the chairman or vice chairman of the Zhejiang branch of “China Anti-cult Association” (CACA), which is one of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) specialized agencies against Falun Gong.[39] As a chief surgeon presiding over organ transplant operations and a hospital president, he was also serving as a leading official in an organization specializing in the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. Therefore, under the circumstances, where the CCP is still severely persecuting Falun Gong practitioners, as the organ transplant chief surgeon and hospital president, Zheng Shusen also serves as a leading official at a government agency specializing in persecuting Falun Gong practitioners, we have more reasons to question whether Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital has been live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners.

Chapter Two       Evidence obtained from the Investigations Conducted between 2015 and 2018 Shows that the Living Organ Bank Still Exists

Emergency organ transplants, extremely short organ wait times and abundant donor sources still exist. The donor sources of different hospitals range from being adequate to excessive. In 2017, a free organ transplant promotion case emerged again.

In 2017, in the United States, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors,[40] and the U.S. has a well-developed national network for organ deployment. According to the 2007 report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the average wait time for organ transplants in the United States was 2 years for liver transplantation and 3 years for kidney transplantation.[41] Compared with the fact that patients in developed countries have to wait several years for organ transplants, some hospitals in mainland China guarantee that their patients can have their organ transplants after waiting for several weeks or even days, even after the abolishment of the use of organs from executed prisoners in 2015. Furthermore, the organ wait times have been becoming increasingly shorter, which is an extremely unusual phenomenon.

I. Emergency organ transplant Cases

Usually, an emergency liver transplant is an emergency liver replacement operation for a patient of acute and severe liver disease, with a survival period of no more than 72 hours. Emergency liver transplantation is not common outside of China, due to the difficulty of emergency organ matching and the long wait time for a donor. However, in China, emergency liver transplantation has been widely implemented in recent years.

Table 1. Statistical Table of Emergency Organ Transplant Cases

Investigation Date

Investigation Subject

Hospital

Province / Municipality

Emergency Organ Transplant

March 1, 2016

Liver Transplantation Doctor Lang Ren

Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Beijing City

“If it is critical, we would have a green channel (for organs)”. [42]
(Recording 37. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 37)

 

July 25, 2016

Liang Jianzhong

Liver Transplant Department at Zhejiang University International Hospital

Zhejiang Province

“If it’s really urgent, we can certainly do the surgery immediately.” [43]
(Recording 38. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 38)

 

October 7, 2017

Jiao Xingyuan, director of Ward 3

the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University

Guangdong Province

“We estimate that it takes 10 days to half a month to find the liver.” “(We’ve done emergency liver transplantation before, so) I know that we are able to do it.”[44]
(Recording 39. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 39)

 

October 30, 2017

Doctor at Organ Transplantation Ward

Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University

Hubei Province

“We often perform emergency transplant surgeries.” [45]

(Recording 40. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 40)

November 4, 2017

Liver Transplantation

Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command

Fujian Province

“Before year 2015, there used to be that (kind of organs for emergency liver transplants).” “There was one person, who waited seven times, and the seventh time was successful.” That is, the first several livers were not used after being excised. [46]
(Recording 41. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 41)

 

November 7, 2017

Liver Transplantation Doctor

General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA

Guangdong Province

The hospital is qualified to perform emergency liver transplantation. Doctor: “Get registered, and then donate some blood.” “Without blood, you can’t do liver transplantation.” “Your family member should come, prepare the money, as well as the people, who donate blood.” “In fact, the speed depends on your side, depends on the speed of your preparation, not us.” [47]

(Recording 42. Download:  MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 42)

 

November 7, 2017

A doctor from the Organ Transplantation Section of the Department of General Surgery

the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Hunan Province

Every year, there are a lot of patients doing emergency liver transplants at this hospital. “Most of our (organ transplant) patients kind of fall into this category (of emergency liver transplant patients).[48]

(Recording 43. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 43)

 

December 15, 2017

Doctor Yang at the Doctors’ Office of Organ Transplantation Department

Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital

Sichuan Province

“The liver transplants that we do usually are emergency operations. When we do a liver transplant, we will notify the recipients immediately.” 

[49]

Recording 44. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 44)

 

 

II. Patients can select young and high-quality organ donors

 Several Sample Investigative Phone Conversations:

1. Investigation Recording: Doctor Chen Yongfeng,People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou,Henan Province

Date: June 26, 2015
“If you prepare to do liver transplantation, you prepare early, and the time will be enough. We can select a healthier and a little younger liver for you.” “Now we still have room to select (organs), but I guess later on, if you want to wait, you will lose the opportunity.” [50]
(Recording 45. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 45)

2. Investigation Recording: Director Wang, Coordinator for kidney transplant operations,Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital,Shandong Province

Date: May 26, 2017
It is guaranteed to operate on the patient within two weeks; the kidney donor is guaranteed to be under 30 years old; “you get what you pay for”; the cost is about 500,000 yuan, from which the hospital gets 100,000 yuan, and “we get 400,000 yuan”. [51]
(Recording 46. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 46)

3. Investigation Recording: Doctor-on- duty of the Liver Transplant Department,Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University,Shanghai City

Date: June 25, 2018
“Regarding the specifics (about finding healthy and young donors), you need to come over, and then have a face-to-face talk with the professor (Wang Zhengxin) of our transplantation group.” [52]

(Recording 47. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 47)

4. Investigation Recording: Doctor-on-duty at the Liver Transplant Department,the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University,Henan Province

Date: June 25, 2018
Investigator: “I would like to ask if you can supply him a relatively young donor.” Doctor: “Generally speaking, we have (donors) aged around 40 or 50. They are mainly young people.” [53]

(Recording 48. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 48)

III. Extremely Short Organ Wait Times

From 2015 to 2018, 84 Chinese hospitals mentioned their patients’ donor organ wait times during the investigative phone conversations, and they were one to two weeks on average. In some cases with the shortest wait times, the patients were able to have the surgeries upon their arrival at the hospital. Many hospitals said that they were conducting organ transplant surgeries every day, and they were carried out routinely. Also, the “green channels” for emergency transplants were revealed to be still in existence.

Among these cases, in the investigation conducted between October 19 and December 2, 2018, 17 presidents and directors of all the organ transplant hospitals being investigated (12 hospitals in 11 provinces) promised the caller to arrange a surgery within one or two weeks. Hang Hualian, the director of the Liver Transplant Center at Shanghai Renji Hospital told the caller to come and see him on the next day, and that he would try to help the caller arrange a surgery within a week. Liu Dongfu, Director of Kidney Transplantation, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, said, “We may have it (kidney source) as fast as tomorrow.”[54]

 

1. Officially reported cases of patients finding liver sources on the same day and other cases of short wait times 

1) On April 24, 2016, at the Fifth People’s Hospital of Shanghai, a patient was suffering from severe liver failure and had to become hospitalized immediately, otherwise his life would be in jeopardy. The doctor told his son that he didn’t need to go home to organize things, as his father needed to be hospitalized immediately. The patient’s son later told the media, “Finally after being hospitalized for four days, through the help of a prominent person, on April 28, he was transferred to Huashan Hospital as desired. Luckily, on the day when he was just transferred to the new hospital, the doctor immediately asked us to have a talk. There happened to be a liver source suitable for my father on the same day.”[55]

2) In June 2015, Chengdu Economic Daily reported that a patient found liver sources three times within a period of a little more than 60 days.[56]

3) In June 2015, Ye Qifa was performing a liver transplant on a patient named Chen Jun, and immediately, a matching liver donated after the donor’s death was found, and the transplant surgery went smoothly. As a result, Chen was saved.[57]

4) The Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital’s Hepatobiliary Hospital launched an emergency deployment for a liver transplant. Four hours later, they found a suitable liver source. On February 23, 2018, the president of Hepatobiliary Hospital and chief expert Professor Wu Jinshu, the director of the transplant center and others completed the liver transplant operation in just five hours.[58]

5) Korean journalist’s on-site investigation:

In 2017, a South Korean journalist went to China for an on-site investigation at a hospital, where the wait times for organ transplants were several days or weeks.[59]

2. Statistics of organ transplant wait time data

Table 2. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Wait Times from 2015 to 2018

Year

Number of Provinces

Number of Hospitals

Number of Phone Calls

2015

3

6

9

2016

9

12

15

2017

18

36

51

2018

6

7

20

 

 

Figure 2. Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Wait Times from 2015 to 2018

Schedule 4-1. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls regarding Donor Organ Wait Times made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Schedule 4-2. Summary Table of Selected Organ Wait Times as Revealed by Doctors from 95 Organ Transplant Hospitals from 2015 to 2018

Figure 3. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their minimum organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

Table 3. Statistical table of the number of hospitals, whose minimum organ transplant wait times were revealed in phone investigative conversations from 2015 to 2018

Minimum Wait Time

Number of Hospitals

Same day

11

1 day

3

2 days

1

2-3 days

1 (two calls)

Several days

3

1 week

7

1-2 weeks

4

2 weeks

2

2-3 weeks

1

1 month

3

 

Figure 4. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their longest organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

Table 4. Statistical table of the number of hospitals, whose longest organ transplant wait times were revealed in phone investigative conversations from 2015 to 2018

Longest Wait Time

Number of Hospitals

1-2 weeks

3

2 weeks

3 (4 calls)

More than 2 weeks

1

No more than 1 month

2

1 month

4

1-2 months

4 (5 calls)

2 months

5

More than 2 months

1

 

Figure 5. Frequency distribution histogram of hospitals according to their average organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

Table 5. Statistical table of the number of hospitals grouped by their average organ transplant wait times from 2015 to 2018

Average Wait Time

Number of Hospitals

1 week

1

Within 10 days

1

10 days to half a month

3

Less than half a month

3

1-2 weeks

3

1 or 2 weeks - 1 month

1

2 weeks

8

2 weeks - 1 month

2

IV. Ample Organ Donors

From 2015 to 2018, during WOIPFG’s investigation, it was discovered that the organ transplant hospitals across China generally had ample donors, and many hospitals even had excess organs, so there appeared the phenomenon of hospitals seeking patients for their existing organs. Among the provinces and municipalities, Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Henan and Hunan were particularly conspicuous (see Schedule 3 for details). The time periods, quantities, investigated provinces, results and distributions of this investigation and evidence collection are shown in the following figure.

Figure 6. Ample Donors - Frequency Distribution Histogram of Cases, in which Hospitals were looking for Matching Patients for their Organs

Sample Investigative Phone Calls:

1. Ran Jianghua, associate dean of the First Hospital of Kunming (February 27, 2016): “After our own patients (of Blood Type B) ran out, we also transferred a patient from Zhejiang, from Hangzhou to do the transplant.” “Last year, we got 80 cases of excised organs.”

However, according to Yunnan Information Journal, there were only 48 cases of organ donation in Yunnan Province throughout 2015. Since this figure was smaller than the quantity of organ transplants, it is evident that the organs came from other sources. [60]

(Recording 49. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 49)

2. Xie Qinfen, Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital’s Organ Procurement Coordinator for Liver Transplantation, said on February 28, 2017, “We have done a lot [of liver transplants], and we do a good job. The quality of liver sources at our hospital is relatively good, too. Generally speaking, it may take about two weeks [to get the liver]. Sometimes it’s very fast. Sometimes people can even do it on the second day. It depends on your situation. Critically ill patients can take the priority. We did over 120 cases last year (first year of the hospital). We would usually receive information on donor livers on the second day, [after we make an inquiry]. Liver procurement mainly depends on President Zheng. He has established a reputation and has lots of connections on various aspects.” [61]

(Recording 50. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 50)

3. Doctor Liu of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (April 5, 2016): “Our liver sources are sent outside, via the state’s network, to be coordinated to send to other organ transplant centers.” [62]

(Recording 51. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 51)

4. Doctor Yang Zhijian of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province (September 1, 2016): “We did around 30 kidney transplantation operations in July.” “If there are 30 kidneys, there would be at least 15 livers.” “The most kidney transplantation operations we did [in one year] were more than 180 cases. We would have excised 90 livers, half [of the 180 cases].” “Frequently, people would bring patients from Shanghai and Beijing here to receive [liver] transplantation operations.” [63]

(Recording 52. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 52)

5. Su Yu, Urologist at the Second affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical College (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.” The largest feature of this hospital is the organs from brain-dead patients. “Regarding this kind of things (i.e. where the dead bodies are from), I, I don’t dare to talk about it.” [64]

(Recording 53. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 53)

6. A Nurse from the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department at the PLA No.153 Central Hospital in Henan Province (October 14, 2017): Our hospital is a reserved military organ transplant hospital in the Henan region. The hospital can do more than 100 cases a year with no problem. “Our hospital has been doing them (i.e. organ transplants) all the time, for more than 30 years, we were among the earliest (ones which started doing transplants).” “We basically do two or three cases every month, three or four cases.” “We would offer (the organs) to other hospitals, because we are doing too many.” [65]

(Recording 54. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 54)

7. A Nurse of the Kidney Transplant Department at the Linyi City People Hospital, Shandong Province (August 12, 2017): “We do a lot (of kidney transplants) every year, sometimes exceeding 100 cases. The organ transplants would take place in batches. Sometimes when the floodgate is open, wow, 4, 5 or 6 in a group, or pairs after pairs. They just show up like that.” [66]

(Recording 55. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 55)

V. Excess Supply of Organ Donors; Free Liver Transplant Promotion Reappeared in China

From June 1 to June 30, 2017, Jilin Provincial Travel Radio and the Hepatic Transplantation Center of the First Hospital of Jilin University jointly launch a program of free liver transplantation for 10 children.[67]

On June 13, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator called the registration office of the “Precious Kids” program of free liver transplantation launched by Jilin Provincial Travel Radio and confirmed that the liver sources were sufficient and could be transplanted at any time.

(Recording 56. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 56)
 (Recording 57. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 57)

On June 14, 2017, Zhang Haiyu, Director of Pediatric Surgery of the First Hospital of Jilin University said, “The first ten surgeries are free ... Our hospital has plenty of donor sources.”
(Recording 58-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 58-1)

On June 14, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator called the registration office of the “Precious Kids” program again, and the enrollment clerk mentioned that the origins of the livers were kept confidential. He said, “Even if you offered to pay 2 million yuan and came to the hospital right now, you wouldn’t be able to know the source of your (transplant) liver, because this has to be kept confidential.”

(Recording 58-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 58-2)

On June 15, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator conducted an investigation on Mr. Liu from the Organ Donations Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Jilin Branch. The investigator mentioned the “Previous Kids” program. Mr. Liu said that the liver donor sources were not provided by the Red Cross Society.[68]

(Recording 59. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 59)

Chapter Three     Actual Organ Transplant Volumes (by Using Liver and Kidney Transplant Figures as Examples) after 2015 have been Rising Year by Year

After the Chinese Communist Party claimed to have abolished the practice of using executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation in 2015, the organ transplant volume in China has been increasing, instead of decreasing. Most of the hospitals investigated by WOIPFG stated every year that they were doing more organ transplants than they did the year before. Therefore, even if the official organ transplant quantities they reported have been decreasing significantly, their actual organ transplant volumes have been rising year by year.

What is the actual organ transplant volume? Let’s take the liver transplantation volume in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital as an example. On September 6, 2017, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from this hospital’s Hepatobiliary Surgery Department about their liver transplantation situation in 2017. The doctor said, “Our Chao-Yang Hospital is the first hospital capable of doing liver transplantation in Beijing. 100 cases per year, that’s the volume. You can have it verified at somewhere else.” “100 cases per year, that’s the volume” is said to outsiders by multiple hospitals. It implies, “What I’m allowed to tell you can only be this figure, and the actual organ transplant volume is much larger. But I can’t say it.” [69]

(Recording 60. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 60)

I. Most Hospitals Investigated by WOIPFG Reported a Rise in their Organ Transplant Volumes

On December 15, 2017, a nurse at West China Hospital, Sichuan University said to a WOIPFG investigator, “The volume (of kidney transplants) is increasing each year.” She also said that several hundred cases had been done within 2017. [70]

(Recording 61. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 61)

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine self-claimed to have performed more than 500 cases in 2016. According to official media articles, the hospital performed 800 cases in 2017.[71]

(Recording 62. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 62)

A Doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University revealed (October 18, 2018) that this hospital had been doing kidney transplants for over a dozen years. And it started expanding. Since the organ transplant department was officially founded in July, they’d been doing more and more transplants. The kidney transplant department had done several dozen cases over the last two months. The organ wait time varies. There have been cases, where the patient had the surgery on the same day, when he/she became hospitalized.  

(Recording 63. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 63)

Director Zhu Youhua of the Kidney Transplant Center of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital (January 29, 2016): “We do a lot of kidney transplants. It is not only that we are doing this, the whole country is doing a lot!” [72]

(Recording 64. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 64)

Su Yu, Urologist at the Second affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical College (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.” [73]

(Recording 65. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 65)

Zheng Jin, kidney transplant surgeon at the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi’an Jiaotong University (August 13, 2017): “We are the largest organ transplant center in the northwest region. We have been doing kidney transplants all along. We do over 200 cases a year! Our goal is 300 cases this year. We already have more than 100 cases.” [74]

(Recording 66. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 66)

Doctor Meng from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (August 14, 2017): The hospital became qualified to do kidney transplantation in 2016. The hospital started doing kidney transplants in 2017. “We could do about 10 to 12 kidney transplants every month.” The hospital did 6 kidney transplantations of Type B in the first half of this month. [75]

(Recording 67. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 67)

Another kidney transplantation surgeon from the same hospital (August 29, 2017): The hospital’s organ transplant qualification has been approved. “We did a lot (of kidney transplants), I mean a lot. We try to do as many as we can.” They do kidney transplants every day. [76]

(Recording 68. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 68)

A doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department of the 7th People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (August 25, 2017): “How many have we done this year? I am not able to disclose it to you. We definitely have done a lot… as a matter of fact, we are doing it as of today! We did two cases today. Nobody will tell you that, no matter whom you ask from. What I can tell you is, we have done a lot!” [77]

(Recording 69. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 69)

A doctor from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the Peking University Third Hospital (August 29, 2017) said that his hospital had 11 teams for kidney transplant surgeries. [78]

(Recording 70. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 70)

A Nurse of the Urology Department’s Ward in the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (September 7, 2017) said that to find potential organ donors, the hospital has assigned several persons to search in all hospitals. She said, “The last year saw more transplant cases (in our hospital) than the previous year, by more than a dozen cases. The number of cases is going up each year. There is one transplant coming up tonight. In our department, what we have are kidneys. Usually they come in pairs. That is, one donor, two recipients.” [79]

(Recording 71. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 71)

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department’s Ward at the Third People’s Hospital of Datong (September 11, 2017): “The hospitals in Taiyuan do a lot of transplants, they do more than a dozen transplants in one day!” The hospital performed two organ transplants last year. “The patients were government officials. They found kidney sources by themselves.” They found donors from Taiyuan and some other places. [80]

(Recording 72. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 72)

Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (September 11, 2017): The hospital performed a lot of cases of kidney transplantation this year. [81]

(Recording 73. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 73)

A Liver Transplant Doctor at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Fourth Military Medical University (September 17, 2017): “How many transplants have been done this year? It is not convenient for me to disclose this information. There’s been quite a lot this year. Sometimes we do two in a day.” [82]

(Recording 74. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 74)

Doctor Ju, Liver transplant surgeon of the Liaocheng People’s Hospital (September 13, 2017): “We just set up our own (liver transplant) department. We will only be doing more and more. For sure we get more recognition and support from our hospital, from our country. Otherwise, we wouldn’t have set it up.” [83]

(Recording 75. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 75)

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department of the Second Hospital of Shandong University (September 22, 2017): “Over 20 (kidney transplants) in September only and still counting, because September isn’t over. Last year we did 140 or 150 cases.” From January to September this year, the hospital has done over 100 cases of kidney transplants. “So this year (we) will outdo last year (in terms of transplants) for sure.” [84]

(Recording 76. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 76)

On May 4, 2016, a nurse at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Universityrevealed to a WOIPFG investigator, “Every year our hospital performs several thousand transplants.” This figure is more than 10 times of the hospital’s publicly released annual organ transplant volume, but it is in line with the hospital’s several hundred ward beds dedicated to organ transplants. [85]

(Recording 77. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 77)

II. Analysis of the Actual Number of Organ Transplants in China based on some Observation of the Transplant Volumes at Two Organ Transplant Organizations run by Shen Zhongyang

Shen Zhongyang is the director of the Oriental Organ Transplantation Center in Tianjin and the director of the Liver Transplantation Research Institute of the Third Medical Center of the People’s Liberation Army General Hospital (formerly the Armed Police Force General Hospital). The annual liver and kidney transplant volumes at these two organ transplant agencies, which Shen runs, have exceeded the officially published annual organ transplant volume of over 10,000 cases.

1. Tianjin First Central Hospital

In 2017, a liver transplant doctor at the Tianjin First Central Hospital claimed that his hospital could perform 400 or 500 cases of liver transplantation a year. After a WOIPFG investigator pressed for confirmation, the doctor admitted that this was the number of surgeries completed by one surgery team alone in one year. Another doctor said that there were more than ten transplant surgery teams in the hospital’s organ transplant center. Our rough estimation is that the annual liver and kidney transplantation volume at this hospital would reach several thousand per year.[86]

(Recording 78-1. Download:  MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 78-1)

 (Recording 78-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 78-2)

Sample Phone Investigation Recording: Doctor Feng at the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department on the Sixth Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital (October 17, 2017; phone number: +86+2223626855): Investigator: “Just kidney transplantation, for a year, can you do about 400 to 500 cases?” Feng: “Yes, almost.” [87]

(Recording 79. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 79)

After Tianjin First Central Hospital’s new organ transplant building was put into use in September 2006, the number of ward beds was increased to 500. (There was another official publication indicating that the number of ward beds had reached 700.[88]) The ward bed occupancy rate exceeded 90%, reaching 131.1%. The average length of hospital stay for a liver transplant patient in China was 25 to 30 days at that time.[89] Therefore, the actual number of surgeries would be more than 5,000 cases each year, and it would even reach 8,000 cases per year during organ transplant peak periods.[90]

There were more than 1,500 beds available in the organ transplant center in 2014. At the end of 2015, the hospital’s expansion project put more ward beds into use, so there were as many as 3,200 beds.[91] What was the scale of the liver and kidney transplantation in this hospital at that time?

On May 4, 2018, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from the Liver Transplantation Doctors’ Office on the 8th Floor of Tianjin First Central Hospital, “Do you perform more than 1,000 cases like my friend said? Every year.” The doctor replied, “More than that. But among our several (surgery) teams, there are at least several hundred cases by each team.” [92]

(Recording 80-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 80-1)

Doctor Yang Han, a doctor from liver transplant Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, disclosed on June 2, 2018 (+8637166279137), Tianjin First Center has the largest number of transplants in the country, but it has no data, because they have a data report that is not released, so there is no way to know how many (cases) it did conduct.

(Recording 80-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 80-2)

2. The General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces

Regarding organ transplantation quantity in Beijing, the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces has the highest number.

Investigated Person: Nurse of the liver transplantation ward (8th floor) of the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces

Date of Investigation: February 8, 2018 (Tel: 86-1057976180)

Investigation Summary

Nurse: This (liver transplant) operation is being done every day. [93]

 (Recording 81-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 81-1)

Investigated Person: Doctor of Liver Transplantation Office of the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces

Date of Investigation: March 20, 2018 (Tel: 86-1057976858)

Investigation Summary

Doctor: At present, there are many liver donors and we have done many surgeries too. The waiting time is two weeks, up to a month.

(Recording 81-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 81-2)

Investigated Person: Doctors of Kidney Transplant Division of the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces

Date of Investigation: March 29, 2017 (Tel: 86-1057976857)

Investigation Summary

Doctor: Kidney transplantation division has two teams. One team can do more than 200 cases a year, and two teams together can do more than 500 cases. We have done more this year than last year. The liver transplantation team has several directors in charge, and they have done even more cases. [94]

(Recording 81-3. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 81-3)

On September 6, 2018, Wang Zhaohui, Director of the Organ Donation Office of the Beijing Red Cross: They have done the most (transplantations) in the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces. They are armed forces! [95]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, deputy chief physician of the Institute of Organ Transplantation of the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces: It is uncertain when (the surgery is scheduled), but there are many organ (donors) available here! [96]

(Recording 6. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 6)

On November 16, 2018, the investigator asked the nurse of the kidney transplant office of the General Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces: Can't you do thousands (of transplantations) this year? Answer: No, we can't. But it is about that number, it may be almost that many.

(Recording 82. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 82)

 The two transplantation institutions led by Shen Zhongyang in Beijing and Tianjin are the key units suspected of harvesting organs from Falun Gong practitioners. Over the years, their organ donors have been sufficient, but it has little to do with the organs donated by Beijing Red Cross and Tianjin Red Cross.

Chapter Four       The “Brain Death Centers” across China and “Live Organ Harvesting”

 

After 2015, all Chinese organ transplant hospitals claim that they use donors from DCD (donation after cardiac death) and brain-dead patients. Since there are very few cases of donation after death, the number of DCD organs is minimal. Some organ transplant hospitals told their patients that they were using organs donated by brain-dead patients. When the patients asked the causes of these brain deaths, they were told that they were car accidents and high-altitude accidents. When they asked for further details, the hospitals would not make any more comments. Were these cases really accidental brain deaths, or were these brain deaths intentionally caused? Were these organs voluntarily donated, or were they obtained through live organ harvesting? The hospitals could arbitrarily give unverifiable answers to their patients.

I. “Brain Death Centers”

On July 20, 2015, an organ transplant surgeon at the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University revealed that there are “brain death centers” across China. Huang Jiefu serves as an honorary director of the hospital’s organ transplant center. This surgeon said that prior to the abolishment of the use of executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation, the Chinese Communist Party had set up “brain death centers” across the country to guarantee the supply of living donors.

The “brain death centers” are actually an additional link between the living organ donor bank and the hospitals’ organ transplant operating rooms. When a person is made “brain dead”, he/she would be sent to a brain death center, to have his/her breathing and blood circulation artificially maintained, to ensure that the hospitals would extract as many organs as possible from the person for transplant use. On the other hand, since the people stored there are “dead”, the psychological pressure on the surgeons is much smaller than direct organ excision from the “living organ donor bank”.

On November 8, 2018, Wang Xuehao, Director of the Liver Transplantation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, said to a WOIPFG investigator that most of the organs they used for transplants came from outside of the hospital, obtained from the center of brain deaths. [97]

(Recording 83. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 83)

On December 2, 2018, when a WOIPFG investigator asked, “Are you directly looking for this kidney source? Or will you go to the source to get it?”, Dr. Li at the Urology Surgery Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital replied, “(We) go directly to get it.” [98]

(Recording 84. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 84)

The wording “source” first appeared
On February 7, 2015. A liver transplantation nurse at Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine told a WOIPFG investigator, “We take the organs directly from the source. We have (channels) all over the country. (We would) go all over the country to procure organs, not just the places near us. We can do living donor organ (transplants). We take the organs directly from the donors. That would definitely guarantee the quality (of the organs). When we go to take the organs, we examine the plasma, HID and blood type, which would all be determined at the scene. Then after we excise the organs, the patients would get ready. Before the livers arrive, the patients would already be in the operating room. After getting the organs, we would immediately come back. We would’ve booked our round-trip plane tickets.”

(Recording 85. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 85)

Later, on February 8, 2015, Tan Yunshan, chief physician from the Liver Pathological Department at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, told a WOIPFG investigator, “All the livers that have been used in liver transplant operations performed now come from the ‘source.’ Since we extract the organs ourselves, we can make sure all original data and condition. If we entrust someone else to do it, we won’t be able to guarantee this, so we do ourselves to control this. Our hospital gets most of livers like this and we exactly know whether this liver can be transplanted or not.” [99]

(Recording 86. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 86)

The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University has a Brain Death Center

On July 20, 2015, Qin Han, a doctor from the Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, which is located in Guangzhou, told a WOIPFG investigator, “We specifically have a brain death center. It is located in our South China, and it belongs to our hospital. Huangpu Hospital (where the center is located) is about 40 minutes by car (from here). Our hospital has two campuses, both of which are in Huangpu. We do surgeries in the headquarters and excise organs in Huangpu. So there will be no so-called warm ischemia. We’re supposed to be in control of (the organs from brain dead people in) the whole country right now. Yes, it’s definitely like this, because now, all over the country, because our center is dedicated to operating the organ transplantation (industry). Because all over the country now, the (organs of) so-called executed prisoners have been canceled. So it is like this in the whole country. Across China, in every major city…that is, in South China, we may be a center, an organ transplant center. For example, say the whole country uses organs, there are places that need this type… so someone would call (us) to come over to excise (the organ). After all, since we are the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, they generally don’t come here to take (our organs). We basically (use all our organs) within the city, basically in Guangzhou, unless there’s an organ that we do not want, such as a wasted organ, which we don’t want. If some other province happens to need that type, then they could come over to get it. The organs are mainly supplied to Guangzhou, and the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University takes the priority, because (the brain death center is) operated by ourselves after all!”

(Recording 87-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 87-1)

 (Recording 87-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 87-2)

Doctor of Liver Transplantation of the Third Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (August 3, 2017): “There are more donors than before. The donor (organs) are from the donation of brain dead patients. The organs can’t be transported. If the transport time is too long, it will affect the functions of the organs. The state has a corresponding system of distribution, but the distribution principle is proximity. The organs are distributed by the state.” “The organs are excised from the (donated) remains first, and then the remains are delivered to the schools.” [100]

(Recording 88. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 88)

Doctor of Liver Transplantation from the Second Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (September 26, 2017): “(Organ donors) come in batches. Sometimes several could come in, sometimes we would rest for a couple of days, then we have another batch of organ donors.” Donors would come into the hospitals, instead of organs. “Because our hospital has the qualification, we could excise (organs) by ourselves.” [101]

(Recording 89. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 89)

II. A Large Number of DCD Organs Have Warm Ischemia Times of Zero or One Minute in China – Suspected to be Organs Harvested Alive

In the United States, organs are donated by the citizens after death. These organs can only be used after the patients’ death announcements, which take place five minutes after the withdrawal of life-sustaining interventions. And according to the Chinese regulations, the wait time between the withdrawal of life support and the death announcement is 2 to 5 minutes. In view of the need to open the patient’s thoracic cavity and the organ removal procedures, it is impossible to have hot ischemia times less than 2 minutes.[102]

However, in a random search of medical papers on Chinese organ transplant hospitals, we’ve discovered six papers claiming to use DCD organs with warm ischemia times of less than 2 minutes.

For example, one of the papers reveal that from February 2009 to September 2012, the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA, which is the first listed hospital of China’s Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) (the most important part of China’s new citizen organ donation system) had 33 cases of DBCD (donation after brain death followed by circulatory death) and 5 cases of DBD (donation after brain death), in which the organ donors all had a warm ischemia time of zero.

Figure 7. A master’s thesis from Guangzhou Medical University reveals that from February 2009 to September 2012, the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA had 33 cases of DBCD (donation after brain death followed by circulatory death) and 5 cases of DBD (donation after brain death), in which the organ donors all had a warm ischemia time of zero (the underlined information in the table).[103]

Table 6. Five other medical papers showing evidence of suspicious hot ischemia times

Serial number

Hospital

Operation dates and number of cases shown on the papers

Warm ischemia time

1

General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA

Paper published in June 2015, 1 case[104]

0

2

Zhongshan City People’s Hospital

From October 2008 to December 2015, there were 62 cases of liver transplantation with organs donated by citizens after death, which were all in line with DBCD.[105]

0-30 min

3

First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University

From January 2015 to August 2016, there were 87 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation, all used DCD donor livers.[106]

1-8 min

4

Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University

From July 2012 to June 2015, there were 93 cases of hepatic donors and 87 cases of liver transplantation recipients.[107]

1-12 min

5

PLA No. 303 Hospital

From January 2007 to December 2014, there were 31 cases of liver transplantation with organs donated by citizens after death, including 8 cases of I class, 3 cases of II class and 20 cases of III class.[108]

2-13 min

 

Doctor Yang Zhijian of the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province (September 1, 2016): “In the past, we went to the execution grounds to excise organs… [After the use of executed prisoners’ organs became prohibited,] we do more [transplants] than before.” [109]

(Recording 90. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 90)

Doctor Wu from the Kidney Transplantation Department of the 7th People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (October 21, 2017): “After you transported the patients (i.e. donors) here, and they would stay at the ICU, where their breaths, heartbeats and vital signs were maintained. They were basically normal, it’s just that their brains were already dead. (The excisions) are synchronous with other patients’ (organ transplants).” [110]

(Recording 91. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 91)

Liver Transplant Doctor Liao Jixiang of the People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province said (May 30, 2017), “Because when you do a surgery, one person must be gone! I can assure you that the quality of our donors is definitely very good. We usually have many…we also use [many organs] from teenagers and people in their 20s, those kids. And also, we excise organs from brain dead people, according to the government’s [regulations] right now. There’s almost no wait time to procure [the organs]. The quality of that type [of organs] is very good. In the past, [the donors] needed to be shot, and the heartbeats would have been stopped for several minutes, over 20 minutes, [before the organs were excised].” [111]

(Recording 92. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 92)

III. New Generation of Brain Stem Impact Machine

Impact Machine to Artificially Create Primary Brain Stem Trauma

In December 2011, former Chongqing Public Security Bureau Chief Wang Lijun applied for a patent for the “Impact Machine to Create Primary Brain Stem Trauma” as the lead inventor (the machine’s inventors were Wang Lijun, Yin Zhiyong, Zhao Hui and Wang Zhengguo). They received the patent in the next year. According to publicly available documents for this patent, the machine is “a practical, novel and relatively precise model to induce primary brain stem trauma in medium-sized animals.[112] This machine is composed of a base mount, a high-speed air cannon, a secondary hammer (with a metal ball) and an animal-fixing platform (but it’s actually for human heads). Under the impact of the air cannon, the secondary hammer (metal ball) directly hits the skull to induce a shock wave, which then would penetrate the cranium to reach the inner structures of the brain, causing a person to die instantly. However, the person’s breathing and heart beat can be maintained during a certain period of time.”

On November 15, 2017, South Korean TV Chosun’s documentary film program “Investigation Report 7” broadcast a feature documentary film “Killing to Live: The Dark Side of Transplant Tourism in China”[113], to expose the inside stories of illegal organ transplantation services provided to foreign nationals by the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) hospitals. TV Chosun is a TV station under the largest daily newspaper of South Korea, “Chosun Ilbo”. This feature documentary film exposed that since year 2000, about 20,000 South Korean patients had gone to Mainland China to receive organ transplantation, and most of these organs came from Chinese prisoners of conscience and detained Falun Gong practitioners, who have been live organ harvested.

TV Chosun discovered that the “brain-dead” organ donors used by the CCP’s hospitals were produced by the “brain stem impact machine” invented by Wang Lijun (Figure 8). This indicates that the “brain stem impact machine” was not only used in laboratories, but also widely used in the clinical organ extraction process for organ transplantation. TV Chosun also found that the CCP was conducting research and development on a new generation of brain death machines, which had been upgraded to the third generation by now. The reporter interviewed Doctor Li Chengyuan, a surgeon and chairman of the “Organ Transplantation Ethics Association” of South Korea. Doctor Li said: “Other than causing brain deaths for organ harvesting, the ‘primary brain stem trauma impact machine’ has no other use. Who would want a person to be brain-dead?”
 

Figure 8. A Model of the “Primary Brain Stem Trauma Impact Machine” Invented by Wang Lijun et al.

The invention and widespread use of this “Brain Death Machine” have provided great convenience to the large-scale live organ harvesting. Prior to its invention, surgeons responsible for extracting organs had to face real living individuals – healthy human beings with thoughts and emotions, and who could talk and had healthy organs and limbs. They had to cut open their bodies and excise their organs, including hearts, lungs, livers and kidneys. During the process, they had to face their resistance and denouncements, which had caused enormously large psychological pressure on these doctors. For example, in the Sujiatun Concentration Camp of Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, a large number of Falun Gong practitioners were secretly kidnapped and detained there. The organ harvesting was performed on living individuals. Most of the medical personnel involved in the live organ harvesting process later developed serious psychological problems, including insomnia and nightmares. Some of them resorted to prostitution to relieve the psychological pressure. There were also incidents of suicide due to the enormous psychological pressure.

In early March 2006, Annie, a former nurse at the Liaoning Provincial Thrombosis Treatment Center of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine in Sujiatun, exposed for the first time the CCP’s crimes of harvesting organs from living Falun Gong practitioners. Her ex-husband participated in live organ harvesting and suffered extreme torment from it. He could not carry on such evil crimes anymore and decided to flee abroad. He told Annie, “You do not know how painful I am, because these Falun Gong practitioners were alive. If I were harvesting organs from dead people, it might be fine. But these people were alive.”

With the invention of the “Brain Death Machine”, the CCP established “Brain Death Centers” in many locations throughout China. This is actually an extra link between the live organ banks and hospitals’ organ transplantation operation rooms. People, whose organs matched with that of the organ recipients, are put to brain death by the machine invented by Wang Lijun in the brain death centers, where their breathing and blood circulation are artificially sustained. This can ensure that more organs can be harvested and used. Since these are “dead people”, doctors and guards face much less psychological pressure than harvesting organs from living people. When asked about the source of organs, many doctors would say that the organs came from “brain death centers”. When asked about the causes of these brain deaths, they would say that the causes were car accidents and accidental high altitude accidents. When they were asked further questions, there would be no response. Are they real cases of brain death or forced brain deaths? Are they voluntary donors or harvested alive? These are subject to arbitrary explanations by the doctors.

Chapter Five        Hospitals Claim that Their Donated Organs were of Unknown Origins

The hospitals investigated by WOIPFG said that their organs used for transplants were “all donated”. However, among these “donation cases”, the donated organs from the Red Cross Societies’ human organ donation agencies and the organs donated directly to the hospitals were very few. Some hospital staff said that the organs were allocated by the national organ distribution network’s website. Upon being further questioned, they told the WOIPFG investigators to ask their directors, as they were informed by their directors themselves. The typical replies included “we have our own channels” and “no comment”.

I. When Discussing Their Hospitals’ Organ Sources, Some Medical Staff Said They Had Their “Own Channels” and/or “it’s Inconvenient for me to Disclose”.

A liver transplant doctor at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital (July 9, 2017): “We do a lot, quite a lot (of organ transplants)! Nowadays there are many channels (to obtain organs). That’s the government’s concern. We are only in charge of providing the technologies and the follow-up services. We are not in charge of anything else!” [114]

(Recording 93. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 93)

Director Wang, Organ Coordinator of the Renal Transplantation Division of Yantai Yudaiding Hospital, Shandong Province (May 26, 2017) said that he would be able to get matched kidney donors under 30 years old within two weeks, you get what you pay for. The source of organs is neither donated nor obtained from the organs of the Health Planning Commission's website, but rather from its own channels.
(Recording 94. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 94)

A Doctor-on-Duty from the Liver Transplantation Ward at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou (On June 25, 2015): “The shortest organ wait time would be 2 or 3 days, the longest would be more than 10 days. We have plenty of donors.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked about who the donors are, he said, “No comment, no comment. Please do not ask about this.” When the investigator asked how many operations they had done in that year so far, he replied, “Don’t ask about these things!” And then he hung up. [115]

(Recording 95. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 95)

Yang Ming, President of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army No. 181 Hospital in Guilin, Guangxi Province said on January 21, 2017, “We don’t use organs from executed prisoners anymore.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked about how they could obtain so many organs, he replied, “We definitely have many [donated organs]. There are a lot of donated [organs]. We supply [organs to] the entire China.” [116]

(Recording 96. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 96)

Director Hang Hualian of the Liver Transplant Division at Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine said on March 25, 2017, “For [Blood] Type B, it should take less than two weeks [to find a donor].” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “When a patient is in critical stage and identified as brain-dead, do you use them as donors?” Hang replied, “That is the usual situation for us.” When the investigator asked, “Do you excise livers in your own hospital? Or do you procure (livers) from other hospitals?” Hang said, “Both situations exist.” He also said, “We will be responsible for getting the donor for you. The key issue right now is that the patient should come and we will evaluate his situation.” [117]

(Recording 97. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 97)

Doctor Liao Jixiang, Organ Procurement Coordinator at the Organ Transplant Department of the People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province, said on June 11, 2017, “The organs are not from the Red Cross. There is a set of national procedures to follow [for organ allocation].” He couldn’t explain the donor organ sources and simply said that as long as the donors were of good quality, they could be used. [118]

(Recording 98. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 98)

A Nurse at Xijing Hospital Affiliated to the Fourth Military Medical University (September 17, 2017): “as for allogeneic donations, it depends, for example, if there are brain-dead or cardiac-dead patients from the emergency room, if they want to donate, it can be done at any time. According to the policy, the organs distributed in a unified way by the state! However, if the hospitals themselves are looking for (the organs), it would be like that. You may find it for your own hospital’s use first!” [119]

(Recording 99. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 99)

A doctor from the Liver Transplant Ward at Beijing Friendship Hospital (September 9 , 2017): “The specific source of livers is something we can’t control. It is useless to ask us! (Liver sources) are the business of the National Health and Family Planning Commission.” [120]

(Recording 100. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 100)

Ma Xiao, Organ Procurement Coordinator at the People’s Liberation Army No. 302 Hospital in Beijing, said on July 31, 2016, “I contact various hospitals or the hospitals nearby, that is, to find some donors. I am looking for donors.” [121]

(Recording 101. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 101)

Nurse from Area B on the 8th floor of the Liver Transplant Department at the First Hospital of Kunming (July 20, 2017): “Anyway, we did over 300 cases (of liver transplantation) last year.” The hospital also does kidney transplants. “As long as you apply for them, no matter where they are, the livers would be delivered here.” [122]

(Recording 102. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 102)

The Medical College of Qingdao University is a hospital with a large organ transplant volume in Shandong Province. A doctor from its Liver Transplant Ward (September 8, 2017): “Sometimes the patient waits for over a month to get the surgery done, sometimes the patient is air-lifted here and ready to have the surgery right away. Both cases abound. You don’t have to inquire about the donor liver sources. If you want to do the surgery, then don’t ask this kind of questions.” He refused to disclose information about liver donor sources to a WOIPFG investigator. [123]

(Recording 103. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 103)

Doctor of Liver Transplantation from the Second Ward in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (September 26, 2017): “(Organ donors) come in batches. Sometimes several could come in, sometimes we would rest for a couple of days, then we have another batch of organ donors.” Donors would come into the hospitals, instead of organs. “Because our hospital has the qualification, we could excise (organs) by ourselves.” [124]

(Recording 104. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 104)

A doctor at the Kidney Transplantation Research Institute, of Dongfeng General Hospital (September 14, 2017): “Nowadays the kidney sources all come from the central government’s donations.” [125]

(Recording 105. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 105)

Gui Zhichao, Director of Donation Service Department, Tianjin Human Organ Donation Management Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch (June 26, 2018): There are about more than 100 organ donations that are certified by the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch, in a year. “We do not count those transplant organs that are not certified by us, as voluntary donated organs.” [126]

(Recording 106. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 106)

II         The State’s “Official Websites” for Organ Distribution “Are Deceiving People!”

Regarding the CCP’s two official websites used for organ donation and organ allocation, none of the over 100 staff members of the Red Cross Societies or the medical personnel investigated by WOIPFG had accessed them. They had only heard of them.

Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province

Director Wang of the organ transplant department and coordinator for kidney transplant operations (June 10, 2018): [Question: Are the donors taken from the national organ website?] That’s all (for the purpose of) deceiving people, all of them are deceiving people! They are all formalities. [Question: It’s all up to hospitals to look for donors, rather than being allocated by state?] That’s correct. [Question: Is that website accessible with an ID only?] It is inaccessible. It belongs to the armed police. It’s not like that anyone can access it. [127]

(Recording 107. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 107)

The People’s Liberation Army No. 303 Hospital in Nanning, Guangxi Province

When asked about accessing the state’s organ donation website, liver transplant doctor and organ procurement coordinator Liao Jixiang (June 11, 2017) said: “I have no idea about this, because even for us, there is a password. I really don’t know. It should be impossible. It should be administrated by someone. The system has someone specifically administrating the data.” [128]

(Recording 108. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 108)

Chenzhou No. 1 People’s Hospital, Hunan Province

A nurse of kidney transplantation (September 28, 2017): “We usually do about 10 kidney transplantation operations each month, we can do 100 to 200 kidney transplants each year.” The donors are not necessarily all sourced locally. [129]

(Recording 109. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 109)

Human Organ Donation Management Center, the Red Cross Society of China, Hubei Branch

The staff member on duty (November 2, 2017): “Regarding the specific figure (of organ donations), I don’t have that kind of figure. Because the Health and Family Planning Commission is clearer than I do, with more (information in hand).” Liver sources and kidney sources are all from the organ allocation system. This allocation system is controlled by the Health and Family Planning Commission. [130]

(Recording 110. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 110)

Office of Organ Donations of the Red Cross Society, Urumqi Branch

Director Chen (September 12, 2017): Regarding the national organ network, “we don’t have the administrator’s account number, we cannot see how many people have registered.” [131]

(Recording 111. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 111)

Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital

When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “How can Zhejiang University procure more (organs than you)?”, a doctor at the Doctors’ Office of the Liver and Gallbladder Department replied (August 30, 2017), “They have better connections. China is not like the U.S. We do not have an organ source network.” [132]

(Recording 112. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 112)

IIIOrgan Donation Agencies and Organ Transplant Hospitals Illegally Purchase and Resell Organs

Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province

Mr. Wang at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch (December 8, 2016): “We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!” [133]

(Recording 113. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 113)

Yantai City, Shandong Province

Doctor Wang, director and coordinator for kidney transplant operations at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province (May 26, 2017): To wait for the kidney source and for the operation, “including the physical examination, it will be within half a month, within two weeks. Even for half a month, or even two weeks, the estimates are on the long side. We ask for 400,000 yuan, and [you] give the hospital [another] 100,000 yuan. You need to find the ones [i.e. donors] under 30 years old. You get what you pay for, understand?!” [134]

(Recording 114. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 114)

Zhejiang Province

A staff member at the Human Organ Donation Management Office of the Red Cross Society: “(When looking for organs), do not inquire through phone calls, OK? We have a lot of donated organs. How about 300,000 yuan (for a liver)?” How about a kidney? 150,000 to 200,000 yuan.” When a WOIPFG investigator inquired about whether the donor fee should be given to the Organ Donation Management Office or directly to the donors’ families, he replied, “Of course, you give it to us.” [135]

(Recording 115. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 115)

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University

Hepatic Transplantation Surgeon He Fangping (June 4, 2017): “We have done over 60 cases of AOLT [Auxiliary Orthotopic Liver Transplantation]. As for DCD liver transplantation, we did approximately over 30 cases. We have over a dozen years of experience in this area. So along with LDLT [Living Donor Liver Transplantation] and other various types, we have performed over 200 [liver] transplants.” [136]

(Recording 116. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 116)

First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

A kidney transplantation surgeon surnamed Chi (August 25, 2017): The hospital claims to have only one organ source, which is braindead people. The cost of a kidney is about 100,000 or 200,000 yuan. “You should give the money directly to the Red Cross Society.” [137]

(Recording 117. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 117)

Second Military Medical University

Liver Transplant Doctor at the Affiliated Changhai Hospital (June 1, 2018): A liver transplant costs one million yuan; a kidney transplant costs 500,000 yuan. “Where can you find a liver donor for 150,000 yuan? More than 150,000 yuan, more than that.” Liver and kidney donors would become available in ten days to half a month. The hospital performs liver and/or kidney transplants every day. [138]

(Recording 118. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 118)

Fudan University in Shanghai

Doctor-on- duty of the Liver Transplant Department at Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (June 25, 2018): “We have done quite a lot (of liver transplants) here. We do nearly 200 cases every year. Someone may sell a kidney. But no one will sell his liver. Regarding the specifics (about finding healthy and young donors), you need to come over, and then have a face-to-face talk with the professor (Wang Zhengxin) of our transplantation group.” [139]

(Recording 119. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 119)

Chapter Six          The So-called “Chinese Model” Organ Donation is a Lie

From 2015 to 2018, WOIPFG investigated 47 Red Cross Societies in 30 Chinese provinces and central government directly-controlled municipalities to obtain evidence, and we published 50 audio recordings of these investigative phone calls. The evidence was obtained from 6 organ donation agencies in 5 provinces in 2015; 5 organ donation agencies in 5 provinces in 2016; 15 organ donation agencies in 10 provinces in 2017; and 21 organ donation agencies from 10 provinces in 2018.

The investigation reveals:

The number of organs donated to China’s Red Cross Societies was still minimal, and it couldn’t explain the large number of organ transplants at Chinese hospitals. During our investigation on the hospitals, their staff said that the organs were “all donated”. Some said that the organs were allocated to them by the national organ distribution network’s website. Upon being further questioned, they told the WOIPFG investigators to ask their directors, as they were informed by their directors themselves. The typical replies included “we have our own channels”, “no comment” and “it’s inconvenient for me to disclose”.

Many of the organ transplant hospitals’ OPO’s (Organ Procurement Organizations) have organ transplant surgeons holding “double certificates”, which allow them to also act as organ procurement coordinators. That is, they are responsible for determining and declaring deaths, and they are the users of excised organs at the same time.

When hospitals obtain organs of “donation after brain death”, in the process of determining brain deaths and “donating” the organs, there’s no relevant legislation in China, and it’s not monitored by any authorized official body. The hospital staff are becoming increasingly sensitive to inquiries about the donor organ sources and volumes of organ transplants. They are so nervous that they would hang up the phone as soon as they hear these inquiries. The mobile phone numbers of hospital presidents, directors and doctors have already become confidential. They don’t dare to answer any related questions asked even through their regular departmental phone lines.

Figure 9. Statistics of Phone Investigation on Chinese Red Cross Societies from 2015 to 2018
(For summaries of provinces/cities, number of calls and statistical distribution, please see Schedule 5. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to obtain Evidence from China Red Cross Society Branches in Different Provinces between 2015 and 2018)

I. Official National Organ Donation Statistics Published by the CCP

Table 7. China’s Official National Organ Donation Statistics from 2015 to 2017

Year

Number of Donations

Number of Major Organs

2015

2,297 cases[140]

6,428

2016

4,080 cases[141]

11,296

2017

5,148 cases[142]

16,000

 

II.        The Number of Registered Donors Cannot Explain the Phenomenon of Ultra-short Organ Wait Times in China

In 2017, in the United States, more than 138 million people over the age of 18 had registered as organ donors.[143] 10,287 people donated their organs after death.

On May 5, 2018, Huang Jiefu, head of China’s National Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee and chairman of China Organ Transplantation Development Foundation, said that on “Shiyushou”, China’s first online voluntary organ donation registration system, the number of registered voluntary organ donors exceeded 300,000 on May 4, 2018. This means that 300,000 people had indicated their intention to donate organs.[144]

According to international conventions, under normal circumstances, the annual mortality rate of registered organ donors is 7 (out of 1,000). And due to the donors’ illnesses, unhealthy lifestyles, age problems, time differences between their deaths and organ removals and other reasons, only 1% to 2% of the deceased registered donors would eventually become qualified to provide their organs for transplantation.

If the above conventions and mortality rate are applied in calculating the successful organ donation cases among the 300,000 registered Chinese organ donors, the result would be that in 2016, 0.7% (7/1,000) of these 300,000 people would pass away, which would be about 2,100 individuals. And only 1% to 2% of these people could provide organs for transplantation, which would be equivalent to only 21 to 42 cases of successful organ donation.[145] However, the Chinese Communist Party claimed that “in 2016, the organ donation reached 4,080 cases”,[146] and “5,148 cases of organ donation were made in China in 2017”.[147] This suggests that the organs used by the CCP for organ transplantation came from other sources.

So far, the total number of voluntary organ donors in China is only 1/500 of the total number of voluntary organ donors in the United States. However, the average wait time for liver and kidney transplants in the United States is 2 to 3 years, so the patients would wait for organs to arrive; the average organ wait time in China has been only 1 to 2 weeks in the past 10-plus years, with a maximum of 1 to 2 months and a large number of emergency organ transplants. Sometimes, “operations can be done overnight”, and the phenomenon of organs waiting for patients to show up still exists.[148]

In addition, with regard to emergency liver transplantation, the United States has a well-developed national organ distribution network, and after the donors pass away, only some simple procedures are required to complete the process of organ removal and national distribution. Under such circumstances, emergency liver transplants account for only 6% of the total number of liver transplants.[149] In China, emergency liver transplants account for 26.6% of the total,[150] and some hospitals have opened “green channels” for emergency transplant patients. This cannot be explained by a small number of irregular organ donations.

At present, the successful organ donations claimed by the Chinese Communist Party are made by patients dying from illnesses or severe injuries in the hospitals’ emergency rooms, as their family members are persuaded on the spot by the hospital staff members. In 2015, according to Chen Jingyu, the vice president of Wuxi People’s Hospital and also known as “the first person of lung transplantation in China”, it would usually take several to more than a dozen days for the hospital to successfully persuade the deceased’s family members to donate the organs of their loved ones.[151] Combined with the other factors, such as tissue typing, it’s impossible for the hospitals to guarantee the supply of organs for such a large number of emergency organ transplants.

III. Suspicious Per Capita Organ Donation Rate and Organ Utilization Rate per Deceased Organ Donor in China

The number of deceased organ donors in the United States in 2017 were 10,287. The total cases of liver and kidney transplantation was 21,753, and the total number of organ transplants, including hearts and lungs, was 28,588. Therefore, the average organ utilization rate per donor is 2.8, and the liver and kidney utilization rate per donor was 2.1.

Figure 10. U.S. organ donation and transplant statistics in 2017.

(Data source: the U.S. government official statistics[152])

The organ donations made in 2017, as claimed by the CCP were 5,148 cases,[153] and there were 16,000 cases of vital organ donations, an increase of 25.9% from 2016. Among these 16,000 cases, there were only 224 cases of lung transplantation. In China, organ transplantation surgeries are mainly liver and kidney transplants. The annual volume of heart transplants is only 300 to 400 cases, and there were 368 cases of heart transplantation in 2016.[154] That is, according to the figures provided by Huang Jiefu, China’s total utilization rate of organs donated after death is greater than 3, and the total utilization rate of donated livers and kidneys is greater than 3. How can this be possible?

China has the highest prevalence rate of liver diseases in the world. “As of December 31, 2016, in China, there were more than 433 million cases of major chronic liver diseases, of which more than 57% were non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and more than 21% were hepatitis B”.[155] Over the same time period, China’s total population was 1.379 billion. That is, 31.4% of the total population was suffering from liver diseases, and 17.9% of the total population had non-alcoholic fatty livers. According to organ transplant standards, fatty livers and livers with hepatitis B virus cannot be used as donor organs. The first case of a hepatitis B patient being a liver donor in the world took place in April 2014 in an experimental liver transplant operation.[156] At the same time, China’s kidney illness prevalence rate reached 13%.[157] Based on this percentage, regardless of other diseases that make one individual unsuitable as an organ donor, the maximum number of organs that each Chinese person could donate would be only 2.426 liver and kidneys. According to the official figures released by the CCP in 2017, if we take away the 400 cases of heart transplantation and 224 cases of lung transplantation, then the number of utilized liver and kidneys donated by each person would be 2.96 on average, far greater than 2.426 and much greater than 2.1, which is liver and kidney utilization rate per donor in the United States, a country with better health care, a more healthy population, as well as better organ donation and distribution systems than China.

Therefore, either the organ donation figures provided by Huang Jiefu are false, or besides organ donations after death, there are a large number of healthy people, who are used as organ donors by the CCP.

IV. The Chinese Red Cross Societies are Still Receiving a Very Small Number of Donated Organs, so this cannot Explain the Large Number of Organ Transplants in Chinese Hospitals

Comparisons between the Chinese and U.S. Organ transplantation Systems’ Transparencies

The most important factor of organ donation and transplantation is the system’s transparency. At the U.S. organdonor.gov, one can see the statistics of organ transplants performed in every week, month and year, and at all organ transplant hospitals in the United States.[158] This is the same situation as in Taiwan, which has a population of only 23 million, but nearly 300,000 citizens have registered for organ donation. People can obtain information on the type and number of organ transplants that have been performed.

However, in China, one can only see the national organ transplant volumes, and other data are undisclosed.

To this day, the CCP rejects the international community’s independent investigation by third parties on China’s organ donation system.

1. Beijing City

From August to September 2018, WOIPFG conducted a phone investigation again on the state of human organ donations at Red Cross Society of China, Beijing Branch (hereafter referred to as “Beijing Red Cross”). Our investigation revealed that after the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office, which is located in China’s capital, was established six years ago, it was still in the preparatory stage, and it had never started any actual organ donation work. Its subordinate district-level Red Cross Societies hadn’t set up their organ donation offices yet and had not started any actual organ donation operations. And their functions had been merely limited to some publicity work.[159] Beijing has 23 organ transplant hospitals and the largest organ transplant volume in China, but the organs used in these transplants are not from Beijing Red Cross.

1) Red Cross Society Organ Donation Phone Investigation Recordings

Investigation Recording 1: Director of the Organ Donation Preparation Office at Beijing Red Cross

(Recording 120. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 120)

Investigation date: September 6, 2018 (Tel: 18910670191)

Wang Zhaohui: “I am in the preparatory office. The organ donation office has not yet been established by now. Now it is our Red Cross Society, now the National Health and Family Planning Commission, we have not cooperated together. That is, the hospitals usually do it themselves. Our situation is quite special, so we have not yet started this work. Now the state is... the next step is to see how to handle it, I don’t know how to put it!”

Investigation Recording 2: Red Cross Society of Haidian District, Beijing

(Recording 121. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 121)

Investigation date: August 31, 2018 (Tel: 86+10-68317551)

Officer-on-duty: “The organ donation work in Beijing is still in the preparatory stage (and it was established six years ago). And this department has just been set up for them this year. Since the municipal society hasn’t implemented it, it is even more impossible to carry it out on the district-level! Our district is mainly undertaking the propaganda work for organ donation from the deceased, and other work has not been implemented.”

Investigation Recording 3: Beijing Red Cross Society, Xicheng Branch

(Recording 122. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 122)

Investigation Date: September 14, 2018 (Tel: +86+1083975423)

Red Cross official: “Since we are not the organ donations office, if someone calls us, we are responsible for giving him the phone numbers of these three body donation receiving stations. At the department of our level, there is no specific office (for organ donation).”

Investigation Recording 4: Beijing Red Cross Society, Dongcheng Branch

(Recording 123. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 123)

Investigation Date: September 17, 2018 (Tel: +86 10 87556904)

Red Cross official: “We don’t have an organ donation office. The district and county level Red Cross Societies are the departments responsible for promoting organ donations.” The Beijing Red Cross Society doesn’t have an organ donation office, either, and is also responsible for promoting organ donations.

Investigation Recording 5: Beijing Red Cross Society Office, Chaoyang District Branch

(Recording 124. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 124)

Investigation Date: September 2, 2018 (Tel: +86+1065094673)

Ms. Sun: “Regarding the organ donations, Beijing Red Cross Society did not open this business. We only deal with body donation, no organ donation. You still must contact major hospitals for organ donation. We don’t have a direct contact relationship with the hospitals, due to the different nature of our work. We only accept the work arrangements from Beijing Red Cross Society. What it arranges for us now are three corresponding hospitals, for body donation.”

Investigation Recording 6: Beijing Red Cross Society, Shijingshan District Branch

(Recording 125. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 125)

Investigation Date: September 20, 2018 (Tel: +86 +10 68606619)

Red Cross official: “Our job is just to provide telephone registration and contact information for body donation. Red Cross Society (of Shijingshan District) does not do (organ donation work). We don’t do this job. Maybe Beijing Red Cross knows about this, but they normally don’t do this job, either.”

Investigation Recording 7: Beijing Red Cross Society, Fengtai District Branch

(Recording 126. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 126)

Investigation Date: September 20, 2018 (Tel: +86+1063824717)

Red Cross official: All districts’ Red Cross Societies in Beijing have no organ donation business. “Our department hasn’t launched this business.”

 Investigation Recording8: Beijing Red Cross Society, Peking Union Medical College Hospital Body Donation Station

(Recording 127. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 127)

Investigation Date: August 30, 2018 (Tel: +86+10 69156975)

Red Cross Officer: “We do not accept donations from other provinces or cities. It has to be from Beijing. It’s limited to one’s own locality.”

Investigation Recording 9: Human Body Donation Coordination Office of Beijing Red Cross

(Recording 128. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 128)

Investigation Date: September 21, 2018 (Tel: 10 63558266)

Officer-on-Duty: “(At the Beijing Red Cross), human body (donation) and organ (donation) are handled by two different departments.” Wang Zhaohui is in charge of organ donation. “His explanation should be the most accurate source of reference, but he is indeed in charge of this area!”

Investigation Recording 10: body donation station Capital Medical University

(Recording 129. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 129)

Investigation Date: September 6, 2018 (Tel: 86+1083911443)

Jing Peng: In terms organ donation, it hasn’t been carried out (in Beijing by the Red Cross). “Many hospitals have organ donations, but the Red Cross Society is not responsible for that specifically. Right now, many (organ donations) indeed don’t go through the Red Cross Society!”

 2) Hospital Organ Transplant Volume Phone Investigation Recording Examples

The General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing

According to an article published on the remote website of the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing on September 5, 2005, since the hospital’s liver transplant center’s establishment in May 2003, in a short period of over two years, it had set the records for the largest annual number of organ transplant surgeries, the highest surgical success rate, the oldest organ recipient and the youngest organ recipient.[160]

Examples of Phone Investigation Recordings:

A nurse at Liver Transplantation Ward (eighth floor) of the Armed Police General Hospital said on February 8, 2018: “We have done many liver transplant surgeries and these surgeries are performed every day.” [161]
(Recording 130. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 130)

A doctor-on-duty at the Doctors’ Office of Kidney transplantation of the General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing said on March 29, 2017: “We have two teams in the kidney transplantation division--each team can perform over two hundred surgeries and the surgeries total over five hundred each year. We have performed more surgeries this year than last year. As several directors oversee the kidney transplantation division, more surgeries were performed.” [162]

 (Recording 131. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 131)

A doctor-on-duty from the Doctors’ Office of Liver Transplantation said on March 20, 2018, “Now there are plenty of liver sources.” He also said that the hospital had been doing quite a lot of liver transplants, and the organ wait time was about “two weeks to one month, the most”. [163]

(Recording 132. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 132)

On September 6, 2018, Director Wang Zhaohui of the Organ Donation Preparation Office at Beijing Red Cross said, “The Armed Police Hospital is a hospital of the army. The Armed Police Hospital does the most in the military.”[164]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute, Beijing Armed Police General Hospital, said, “Not sure when that (i.e. surgery arrangement) can be ready, but we have a lot of organs here!”[165]

Doctors’ Office of Liver Transplantation, at the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces (June 14, 2016): In general, a patient could be discharged 20 days after a successful surgery. “We do (liver transplants) every month. Our (surgery) team alone did 6 transplants last month. We have 4 or 5 groups.” Recently, as long as you want to do it, you may be able to. “In fast cases, it may be done immediately.” “In general, if it is slow, it will only take a little more than a month.” [166]

(Recording 133. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 133)

Gong Li, Liver Transplantation Doctor at Beijing General Hospital of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces (October 11, 2015): In most cases, a liver transplant can be completed within two weeks at this hospital. They had performed more than 300 cases in 2015. “We did a lot last year. The number of our patients is particularly large now, and there is also a particular abundance of liver sources.” [167]

(Recording 134. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 134)

 October 19, 2018, Chen Xinguo, Director of Liver Transplantation admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[168]

On November 2, 2018, Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[169]

2. Tianjin City

Tianjin First Central Hospital performs several thousand cases of liver and kidney transplantation.[170] Its doctors have admitted several times to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Person-on-duty at the Human Organ Donation Center of the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch (November 9, 2017): A total of over 3,000 people have been registered for organ donation in the past few years. It only shows their willingness to donate organs after death. In Tianjin, there were actual over 100 donation cases in 2016, and so is this year. This does not mean that all the organs in their bodies were donated. Some parts couldn’t be used, and some parts were not donated. [171]

(Recording 135. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 135)

October 17, 2017, Doctor Feng at the Doctors’ Office of the Kidney Transplantation Department on the Sixth Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital said that they could do about 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation. [172]

(Recording 136. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 136)

On May 4, 2018, a WOIPFG investigator asked a doctor from the Liver Transplantation Doctors’ Office on the 8th Floor of Tianjin First Central Hospital, “Do you perform more than 1,000 cases like my friend said? Every year.” The doctor replied, “More than that. But among our several (surgery) teams, there are at least several hundred cases by each team.” [173]

(Recording 137. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 137)

On May 8, 2018, a liver transplantation doctor on the 8th Floor, Tianjin First Central Hospital said to a WOIPFG investigator that there were a lot of liver donors, and they were doing liver transplants every day. When the investigator asked, “How many teams do you have?” He replied, “Ah, ten (plus)…” and he immediately changed the topic by saying, “They are all quite good, quite good!” [174]

(Recording 138. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 138)

The organ transplant center of the Tianjin First Central Hospital was founded by Shen Zhongyang in 1998, and the Tianjin Organ Transplant Research Institute was established in 2002.

After its new building was put into use in September 2006, the number of ward beds for organ transplant patients in the Tianjin First Central Hospital was increased to 500. (There was another report indicating that by this time, the number of ward beds had reached 700.)[175] The organ transplant surgery center could carry out 9 liver transplants and 8 kidney transplants simultaneously.[176] Several years after the new building was put into use, the hospital claimed, “In 2013, all disciplines in our hospital had different degrees of development and progress. The ward bed occupancy rate increased by 5.7% year-on-year to 131.1%. Therefore, on top of the existing 1,200 beds, we added 300 more beds, reaching a total of 1,500 beds. And we added ward beds to the organ transplant center.”[177] The average length of hospital stay for a liver transplant patient in China was 25 to 30 days.[178] Therefore, it can be estimated that the number of liver and kidney transplant recipients discharged from the organ transplant center could be as large as 7,975 (500 x 365 x 131.1%/30).

Tianjin Municipal Health Bureau claimed on its website in March 2014 that organ transplantation was one of the features of the Tianjin First Central Hospital, and its organ transplant center was “currently the largest organ transplant base in Asia, the birthplace of clinical liver transplantation in China and Tianjin’s organ transplant technology application base”. There were “more than 1,500 beds available in the hospital”. At the end of 2015, the third phase of the hospital’s reconstruction and expansion project was put into use, and there were as many as 3,200 authorized beds.[179]

In January 2015, according to Jinwan Media Group, “Under the guidance of Shen Zhongyang, the previously young doctors have independently completed nearly 1,000 liver transplant surgeries on their own.”[180] According to WOIPFG’s investigation, there are a total of 110 doctors, who have participated in liver and kidney transplants at the Oriental Organ Transplant Centre, including 46 chief physicians and physicians, as well as 13 attending physicians. The number of organ transplant doctors is so large, that there are enough people to form multiple liver and kidney transplant teams.

In 2006, Song Wenli, director of the Tianjin First Central Hospital’s organ transplant center, admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[181]

On November 15, 2018, Bai Rongsheng, liver transplant doctor and assistant to President Shen Zhongyang of the Tianjin First Central Hospital, admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[182]

3. Shanghai City

200 organs were donated over a period of three years (June 2016 to 2017 August).[183] However, there are 11 organ transplant hospitals in Shanghai,[184] and the officially published liver transplant volume of Renji Hospital alone was 800 cases in 2017.[185]

Shanghai General Hospital

The hospital has a large organ transplant volume, and its president[186] and doctors[187] have repeatedly admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Tan Jianming is the director of the Shanghai Organ Transplant Research Center.[188] He performed a kidney transplant at the Shanghai General Hospital in 2003, and he performed tissue-matching tests for the patient with eight spare kidneys prior to the transplant operation.[189] As of June 2014, Tan Jianming had presided over more than 4,200 cases of kidney transplantation[190]. Li Wengang, a surgeon in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery at the PLA No. 174 Hospital in Xiamen said to a WOIPFG investigator on the phone in April 2017, “Peng Zhihai from the liver transplantation center of Shanghai Jiao Tong University has been here for several days. He’s preparing to perform surgeries at Xiamen University. President Peng has performed over 5,000 cases of (liver transplantation). Several years ago, he was able to do 400 cases a year.”[191]

Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University

A liver transplantation doctor (October 23, 2017): The hospital could perform 200 surgeries per year. They had performed almost 200 cases by October 2017. “The liver donor sources are confidential! It’s the principle!” [192]

(Recording 139. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 139)

Doctor-on- duty of the Liver Transplant Department at Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (June 25, 2018): “We have done quite a lot (of liver transplants) here. We do nearly 200 cases every year. Someone may sell a kidney. But no one will sell his liver. Regarding the specifics (about finding healthy and young donors), you need to come over, and then have a face-to-face talk with the professor (Wang Zhengxin) of our transplantation group.” [193]

(Recording 140. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 140)

A Liver Transplant Doctor at the Affiliated Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University

Investigation Date: June 1, 2018

The hospital performed more than 100 cases of liver transplantation in 2017, and 500 to 600 cases of kidney transplantation. “We also did four today, two liver transplants and two kidney transplants.” A liver transplant costs one million yuan; a kidney transplant costs 500,000 yuan. “Where can you find a liver donor for 150,000 yuan? More than 150,000 yuan, more than that.” Liver and kidney donors would become available in ten days to half a month. The hospital performs liver and/or kidney transplants every day. Although it does a lot of transplants, its volume is still smaller than Renji Hospital. [194]

(Recording 141. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 141)

A Nurse of Organ Transplant Department Ward’s Nursing Station at Changhai Hospital in Shanghai

Investigation Date: December 20, 2017

“We’ve always been performing (kidney transplants)! We’ve done over 300 cases of kidney transplantation this year so far.” The Organ Transplant Center was established in March 2016, and “in such a short period of one year or two, we have successfully done 700 to 800 cases of kidney transplantation. We did 300 cases (of kidney transplantation) in 10 months of the last year. We’ve done over 100 cases of liver transplantation this year. It was about 50 to 60 cases last year.” [195]

(Recording 142. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 142)

Director Zhu Youhua of the Kidney Transplant Center of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital

Investigation Date: January 29, 2016

“We do a lot of kidney transplants. It is not only that we are doing this, the whole country is doing a lot!” [196]

(Recording 143. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 143)

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine has a large liver transplant volume, and one of its doctors admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as organ donors

The Organ Transplant Center at Renji Hospital has a Class 100 laminar flow operating theatre and a Class 10,000 laminar flow ward, which allow 6 liver transplant surgeries to be carried out at the same time.[197] In 2014, they had 110 ward beds for liver transplantation. “Renji Hospital’s Liver Surgery Department had 3 wards, 110 beds and more than 70 medical personnel. It has become a national clinical key specialty department, a national “Project 211” key construction discipline department, a national clinical pharmacology agency and Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission’s key clinical medicine discipline department.”[198]

Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine

A kidney transplant surgeon named Kong Defu said to a WOIPFG investigator on March 18, 2017, “In 2016, we should have done 700 cases (of organ transplantation).” [199]

(Recording 144. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 144)

On December 29, 2017, Renji Hospital announced that in 2017, the number of its liver transplant surgery exceeded 800 cases. On August 23, 2017, Xia Qiang’s team also announced another figure: Renji Hospital’s Liver Transplant Center had performed 1,000 cases of liver transplantation for children.[200]

On November 8, 2018, Hang Hualian, Chief Medical Officer of Liver Transplantation Surgery Department, Shanghai Renji Hospital told a WOIPFG investigator, “I’ll try my best to get it done for you within one week.” The investigator later asked, “You are using Falun Gong (practitioner) donors now, right?” Hang Hualian replied, “Yes, this is for sure.”[201]

4. Guangdong Province

Staff-on-duty at the Organ Donation Office, Guangdong Branch, Red Cross Society of China (November 2, 2017): The Guangdong branch receives hundreds of cases of organ donation, ranking first in China. Only a portion of all the donors can be used. “It depends on individual circumstances, such as the donor patient and his/her organ quality. Sometimes donated liver organs are unusable, sometimes kidney organs are unusable.” The donated organs used in hospitals in Guangdong Province are not necessarily witnessed by the Red Cross Society. [202]

(Recording 145. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 145)

There are 17 organ transplant hospitals in Guangdong Province, and the official organ transplant volume of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University alone exceeds the above-mentioned quantity of organ donations.

According to an article published by a newspaper called “New Express” on October 9, 2010, as of 2010, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen’s Organ Transplant Center had performed liver and kidney transplants for over 10,000 patients.[203]

Dr. Han at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University

Investigation Date: June 30, 2015

When a WOIPFG investigator told Dr. Han that Huang Jiefu would perform over 500 cases of liver transplantation in a year, he said, “We actually have done more than 1,500 cases (in one year)!” [204]

(Recording 146. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 146)

Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University

Su Yu, Transplant Surgeon of the Urinary Surgery Department (August 2, 2017): “We have the most extensive kidney sources!” “(Body donations) have exceeded 300 at present. They exceeded 300 (cases) in July.” The largest feature of this hospital is the organs from brain-dead patients. “Regarding this kind of things (i.e. where the dead bodies are from), I, I don’t dare to talk about it.” [205]

(Recording 147. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 147)

Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University

A Kidney Transplant Doctor (June 7, 2018): The hospital did 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation in 2017. It had done 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation as of June 2018. “Please come have a face-to-face consultation with the doctor. It’s not convenient to speak over the phone.” [206]

(Recording 148. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 148)

5. Zhejiang Province

A staff member at the Organ Donation Management Center of Zhejiang Red Cross Society (April 20, 2017): “(There are) not many donors. (There were) more than 100 cases (of organ donation in 2016)” And some of them couldn’t be used. (The annual organ transplant volumes self-reported by eight organ transplant hospitals in Zhejiang are several dozen times of the organ donation quantity at the Red Cross Society.)

(Recording 149. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 149)

A nurse in the Kidney Transplant Ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: May 8, 2015 (Phone number: +86 57187236871)

The nurse said that they completed more than 300 cases in 2014, as in 2015, too. [207]

(Recording 150. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 150)

Kidney Transplant Ward Nurse at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: May 4, 2016

“Every year our hospital performs several thousand transplants.” She also said that Zheng Shusen was still their director. [208]

(Recording 151. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 151)

Liang Jianzhong, Liver Transplant Department at Zhejiang University International Hospital

Investigation Date: July 25, 2016 (Phone number: +86+13516703061)

“If it’s really urgent, we can certainly do the surgery immediately. Every day, we do 2-3 cases [of liver transplant surgeries]. “The liver sources are relatively easy to find (for our hospital).” [209]
(Recording 152. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 152)

Xie Qinfen, Organ Procurement Coordinator for Liver Transplantation at Zhejiang University International Hospital

Investigation Date: February 28, 2017 (Phone number: +86+13968153957)

“Generally speaking, it may take about two weeks [to get the liver]. Sometimes it’s very fast. Sometimes people can even do it on the second day. It depends on your situation. Critically ill patients can take the priority. We did over 120 cases last year (first year of the hospital). We would usually receive information on donor livers on the second day, [after we make an inquiry]. Liver procurement mainly depends on President Zheng. He has established a reputation and has lots of connections on various aspects.” [210]

(Recording 153. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 153)

According to official mainland Chinese media reports, from the afternoon of May 11, 2017 to May 12 noon time, the eight operating theatres at Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital were all lit up. Within 20 hours, they completed 8 major organ transplant surgeries. One of the patients surnamed Wu waited only two days to receive a “donated” liver.[211] How is it possible for a private hospital, which had been in existence for just over one year, to obtain so many donated organs with matched tissues on the same day?

A Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Ward from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

Investigation Date: August 1, 2017

“If you want to wait for the kidney sources to show up in the hospital, it will be very slow. At least 5 years! We do a lot (of kidney transplants), between 30 and 40 cases a month on average.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “If your hospital does between 30 and 40 cases a month on average, can you do between 400 and 500 cases a year?”, the nurse confirmed, “Yes.” [212]

(Recording 154. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 154)

Nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Center at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University 

Investigation Date: April 23, 2018

The hospital does kidney transplantation every day. “We could do several hundred cases (of organ transplantation operations), there should be several hundred cases (performed in this year).” [213]

(Recording 155. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 155)

A Staff Member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Ningbo Branch

Investigation Date: September 26, 2017

The staff member said, “We had 38 donations last year. 38 donors. We have had 10 to 20 donations so far (this year).”

According to WOIPFG’s research, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital can perform 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation in one year. [214]

(Recording 156. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 156)

 6. Henan Province

Staff member at the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Henan Branch (January 1, 2018): There were not many organ donations in 2017. The successful ones were cases from the hospitals. There were about 200 or 300 organ donation cases in 2017.

According to WOIPFG’s research, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University performed over 1,000 cases of liver and kidney transplantation in 2017.

People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou has a large number of organ transplants, and the hospital acknowledged its use of Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[215]

The hospital’s nephropathy organ transplant department has 90 ward beds.[216]

(Recording 157. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 157)[217]

Doctor on duty in the organ transplantation department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Investigation Date: December 17, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 371-67077512)

“[We’ve done] more than 200 cases [this year]…basically non-stop…In December, we did several dozen cases. For us now, organ transplantation surgeries are very common. Sometimes, we can perform two, three or four surgeries back-to-back. We basically can do five or six [operations] back-to-back within 24 hours. Two liver [transplants] and four kidney [transplants].” [218]

(Recording 158. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 158)

A Nurse at the Organ Transplantation Department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Investigation Date: October 18, 2017

“There are only 60 combined ward beds, but we already have 67 patients. We could do several cases in a day if there are organ transplantation operations.” [219]

(Recording 159. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 159)

Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Organ Transplantation Department at the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Investigation Date: October 29, 2017

The hospital’s kidney source fee is 150,000 yuan. “Some could have their surgeries done on the same day when they came. The organ transplantation department has its own ward. We have 60 combined ward beds. Until now, we have received almost 70 patients.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked, “The First Affiliated Hospital could do 300 or 400 cases?”, he replied, “I don’t know. Maybe that is the case.” The doctors at this hospital go to look for kidney sources themselves. [220]

(Recording 160. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 160)

Doctor on duty for kidney transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province

Investigation Date: May 9, 2017 (Phone number: +86+ 371-66862191)

“We did more than 300 cases [of kidney transplantation last year]. We already did more than 100 cases this year.” [221]

(Recording 161. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 161)

Investigation Recording 146, Doctors on duty for kidney transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province

Investigation Date: June 28, 2017 (Phone number: +86-37166862192)

“[From the beginning of this year till now, we should’ve done 200 to 300 cases [of kidney transplantation]. Last year we did more than 300 cases [of kidney transplantation].”  [222]

(Recording 162. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 162)

Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Investigation Date: May 3, 2018

Nearly 400 kidney transplant operations were performed in 2017. Four kidney transplant operations were performed on the day, when a WOIPFG investigator called the hospital. [223]

(Recording 163. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 163)

Doctor-on-duty from the Liver Transplant Department at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Investigation Date: June 25, 2018

Investigator: “I would like to ask if you can supply him a relatively young donor.” Doctor: “Generally speaking, we have (donors) aged around 40 or 50. They are mainly young people.” [224]

(Recording 164. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 164)

7. Hebei Province

Niu Zhiqiang, Director of the Organ Donation Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Hebei Branch (November 11, 2017): There are more than 30 donor coordinators in Hebei Province. “From 2013 to the present, we have had more than 70 organ donations”. There were 18 organ donations in 2017 in Hebei, surpassing what they had in 2016.

According to WOIPFG’s research, the combined organ transplant volume of the three organ transplant hospitals in Hebei Province is larger than the number of organ donations. [225]

(Recording 165. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 165)

8. Shandong Province

A Staff-on-duty at the Red Cross Society of Yantai City, Shandong Province (January 16, 2018): “There are not many organ donors anywhere! Yuhuangding Hospital has their own channels to procure organs. That is possibly the case. Not all their organs are donated, and donations are very few. We have only a few dozens of donors, but they have done hundreds, even thousands of (organ transplant) cases!” [226]

(Recording 166. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 166)

Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital has a large organ transplant volume, its director Liu Dongfu admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.[227]

Organ transplantation ranks first of the hospital’s four major signature technologies.[228] In 2004, Gao Zhenli began to preside over the hospital’s organ transplant center, and the organ transplantation of this hospital has been developing rapidly since then. The areas of kidney transplantation, heart transplantation, liver transplantation, and combined pancreatic and kidney transplantation have all had groundbreaking development, and the hospital’s annual organ transplant surgery volume ranks the first in the province.[229]

Under the Urinary Surgery Department, there are the Kidney Transplant Intensive Care Unit, organ transplant laboratory, tissue typing room and 100 authorized beds.[230] Chief Physician Liu Dongfu has performed more than 3,000 cases of renal transplantation.[231]

On May 21, 2018, a nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Center (+865356691999, ext. 83947) of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province told a WOIPFG investigator that the hospital could perform 300 to 400 cases of kidney transplantation per year, and the cost of a surgery is around 400,000 yuan. [232]

(Recording 167. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 167)

Doctor Li Dapeng at the Department of Nephrology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province (May 21, 2018): 300 kidney transplants were done in Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital in 2017. “We have patients from all over the country, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, lots of them. There is no need to say so much over the phone! Hey, just come to the hospital to make things work. There are a lot of directors (in the organ transplant department), including Director Liu Dongfu.” [233]

(Recording 168. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 168)

Jinan Military General Hospital’s doctors have admitted to using Falun Gong practitioners as donors.

Jinan Military General Hospital’s urology department was approved in 2005 by the People’s Liberation Army General Logistics Department as the kidney transplantation and dialysis treatment center for the entire military, and it has 80 ward beds.[234]

Ni Jialian, former Director of the Kidney Transplantation Department at Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Investigation Date: January 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86-1192017-134231)

“It is hard to get liver donors here in Shandong now. It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners. Most of the [organs] used by every single hospital were prisoners’ organs.” [Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right?] “Yes.” [235]

(Recording 169. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 169)

A Doctor from the Doctors’ Office for kidney transplantation in the Urinary Surgery Department of Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong Province

Investigation Date: April 8, 2017 (Phone number: 053151665311)

The hospital did 200 or 300 cases last year. “This kind of things are arranged by the hospital. We don’t know how long you’ll have to wait.” [236]

(Recording 170. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 170)

9. Hunan Province

The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

In recent years, the hospital has set several new records in the number of kidney transplant surgeries, ranking at the forefront of the country.[237] Peng Longkai is in charge of the overall operation of the hospital’s kidney transplantation clinical and basic research work, and he has acted as the operator in more than 2,000 cases of kidney transplantation surgeries.[238]

Head nurse Nie Menghua in the Third Ward of kidney transplantation at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Hunan Province

Investigation Date: April 18, 2017 (Phone number: 073185296141)

“We may indeed have shorter wait times here than those of other places. Last year we did 300 or 400 cases [of kidney transplantation].” [239]

(Recording 171. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 171)

Ma Wangzong, Organ Coordinator at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Investigation Date: August 10, 2017

“Last year, we did more than 100 (liver transplant) surgeries. This year (so far)? About 50 or 60 liver transplants. We did almost 350 kidney transplants last year. We are among the top five for both kidney and liver transplants in the entire country last year.” The local Red Cross Society and the hospitals coordinate to work on procuring organs, and the donors are all from within the province. [240]

(Recording 172. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 172)

10. Hubei Province

A Nurse at the Doctors’ Office of the Organ Transplantation Department, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University

Investigation Date: October 30, 2017

“(We’ve done) about several dozen cases (of liver transplantation so far this year). We do mainly kidney transplants. 300 cases have been done already this year!” [241]

(Recording 173. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 173)

11. Jiangxi Province

Mr. Wang at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch (December 8, 2016): “We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!” [242]

(Recording 174. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 174)

12. Yunnan Province

A staff member at the Organ Donation Office at Red Cross Society of China, Yunnan Branch (June 5, 2018): In 2017, there were 60 to 70 cases of organ donation in Yunnan Province, but not all of these organs could be used for transplants.

According to WOIPFG’s investigation, the First Hospital of Kunming claimed that they performed 400 to 500 cases of kidney transplantation in 2017 alone. [243]

(Recording 175. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 175)

A ward doctor for kidney transplant operations at the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: July 22, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 871-67390509)

The hospital has done around 200 transplants in the past six months. The patients’ donor organ wait time is approximately one month. [244]

(Recording 176. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 176)

A Doctor from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: November 10, 2017

“We just do transplants with donated organs, not with organs from patients’ parents. In terms of donated organs, we do relatively a lot (in comparison with other hospitals). Last year, we’ve probably done more than 200 cases. When half a year passed in this year, it already exceeded (200 cases).” There could be 400 or 500 cases in 2017. [245]

(Recording 177. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 177)

A Nurse from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming

Investigation Date: June 6, 2018

“We do a lot (of kidney transplants) every year!” When being asked whether the hospital performed 400 or 500 cases of this kidney transplantation in 2017, the nurse didn’t deny it. [246]

(Recording 178. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 178)

13. Sichuan Province

From 2012 to the end of March 2016, Sichuan Province received more than 150 cases of organ donation through the Red Cross Society’s organ donation system, including 63 cases from West China Hospital, Sichuan University. “Only two cases (of organ donation) were accepted in 2012, 10 cases in 2013, and 20 cases from January to March this year (i.e. 2016).”[247]

A staff member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Sichuan Branch (June 7, 2018): “Chinese people think that they should be buried in the earth with a full body after death, in order to achieve restfulness, and they want to retain their whole bodies. So donations are still very few in quantity, comparing with the demand for organs.” There are many registrations, but in the end, there are few organs actually successfully donated. “It depends on the family situation. Does his disease make his donation unsuitable? Not everyone willing to donate wants to donate all of his/her organs. Neither does every patient donate all his/her organs. It’s not necessarily true that every organ is suitable for transplant. We had more than 190 cases of donations last year. A successful donation is determined by many factors, such as the patient’s family members’ objection, or the patient’s health condition, the patient’s changing health condition, which may lead to unsuccessful donations.” [248]

(Recording 179. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 179)

On March 31, 2016, a staff member at the West China Hospital said, “We do a lot. We do (a lot of) kidney transplants. Our entire ward is for kidney transplant patients. We do a lot every year. We are doing it every day.” [249]

(Recording 180. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 180)

A Ward Nurse at the Kidney Transplantation Department of West China Hospital, Sichuan University

Investigation Date: December 15, 2017

“The volume (of kidney transplants) is increasing each year.” She also said that several hundred cases had been done within 2017. “We are doing it every day, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. We can do several hundred cases.” When a WOIPFG investigator asked her whether they could do about 10 cases each week, she replied, “Yes”. [250]

(Recording 181. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 181)

Doctor Yang at the Doctors’ Office of Organ Transplantation Department, Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital

Investigation Date: December 15, 2017

“(To do a transplant in advance,) you should communicate with our director (Yang Hongji). I don’t think it should be a problem. The liver transplants that we do usually are emergency operations. When we do a liver transplant, we will notify the recipients immediately. “If you do a liver transplant, the cost may be around 350,000 to 400,000 yuan, if the recovery is smooth. (The additional donor fee) is no more than 100,000 yuan.” There are many donors during the Spring Festival period. The busiest time periods for the organ transplant surgeons are Spring Festival and the National Day periods. [251]

(Recording 182. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 182)

14. Shenzhen City

Gao Min, Human Organ Donation Coordinator, the Red Cross Society, Shenzhen Branch (March 9, 2016): “Many people donate, but most people would not be accepted. There are lots of limitations.” [252]

(Recording 183. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 183)

15. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Director Chen of the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society, Urumqi Branch (September 12, 2017): “(Donated) organs should be very few. Even in the whole Xinjiang region, it seems that the number of organ donations are only several dozen cases so far (since the start of the organ donation program). Voluntary donations surely are few. Because even many people get registered, he cannot reach the right state to donate!” [253]

(Recording 184. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 184)

16. Guizhou Province

A Staff Member of the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Guiyang City Branch (September 16, 2017): There had only been more than 30 cases of successful donations after the establishment of this Red Cross Society Branch. “This year, there are more than ten cases this year, maybe.” [254]

(Recording 185. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 185)

17. Inner Mongolia

A doctor at the Hepatobiliary Ward Doctors’ Office of the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (November 15, 2017): “There are (donated organs), but rarely. No one donates. Nowadays who would be donating their organs?” [255]

(Recording 186. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 186)

Chapter Seven           The Actual Quantities of Donated Organs in Chinese Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities are Significantly Lower than the Officially Published Figures and the Numbers of Transplanted Organs

 

WOIPFG’s investigation has discovered that the actual quantities of donated organs in Chinese provinces and centrally-controlled municipalities are significantly lower than the officially published figures and the numbers of transplanted organs. In some cases, the officially published quantities of donated organs are even less than the amounts of organ transplants in one or two local hospitals. Such situations in the major Chinese provinces are explained individually in this chapter.

I. Beijing City

Investigation Results:

After the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office, which is located in China’s capital, was established six years ago, it was still in the preparatory stage, and it had never started any actual organ donation work. Its subordinate district-level Red Cross Societies hadn’t set up their organ donation offices yet and had not started any actual organ donation operations. And their functions had been merely limited to some publicity work.[256] This is the results of the WOIPFG’s phone investigation conducted from August to September 2018. (Please see Schedule 6 for a summary of the statistical tables of the Beijing Red Cross organ donation investigation).

Beijing has 23 organ transplant hospitals and the largest organ transplant volume in China. However, the Beijing Red Cross Organ Donation Office’s still in the preparatory stage, and the actual quantity of donated organs it receives is zero.

II. Tianjin City

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

Table 8. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2015 to 2018

Year

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

As of March 1, 2015

A total of 123 cases of organ donation took place in Tianjin.

As of the end of September 2016

A total of 293 cases of organ donation took place in Tianjin.[257]

As of May 2017

The accumulated number of organ donations has exceeded 400 cases.

As of the end of March 2018

521 cases of human organ donation. In the first quarter of 2018 alone, 55 cases of organ donation took place.[258]

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 9. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Date

Year

Person Investigated

Organization

 

Organ Donation Situation

December 11, 2015

2015

A Staff Member

the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch

The staff member said that there had been more than 170 donors since the establishment of the donation system in Tianjin in 2003.[259]

(Recording 187. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 187)

November 9, 2017

2017

A Staff-on-duty

Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch

A total of over 3,000 people have been registered for organ donation in the past few years. It only shows their willingness to donate organs after death. In Tianjin, there were actual over 100 donation cases in 2016, and so is this year.[260]
(Recording 188. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 188)

June 26, 2018

2018

Director Gui Zhichao

Donation Service Department, Tianjin Human Organ Donation Management Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch

There are about more than 100 organ donations that are certified by the Red Cross Society of China, Tianjin Branch, in a year. [261]
(Recording 189. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 189)

 

 

Figure 11. Comparison Graph of the Number of Voluntary Organ Donors in Tianjin City and the Liver Transplant Volume in the Tianjin First Central hospital in 2017

Tianjin has three hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver and kidney transplantation. Among them, there is one liver transplant hospital and two kidney transplant hospitals. The annual volume of liver and kidney transplantation in the Tianjin First Central Hospital is as large as several thousand cases per year.[262]

III. Shanghai City

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

Table 10. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

August 2013 to June 2016

 

The accumulated number of organ donations has exceeded 200 cases.[263]

2016

A total of 138 cases of human organ donation were completed in 2016.[264]

 

July 9, 2017

The 100th case of organ donation was made on this day in 2017.[265]

 

August 25, 2017

 

The accumulated number of organ donations has exceeded 400 cases.[266]

May 1, 2018

The 63rd case of organ donation was made on this day in 2018.[267]

 

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 11. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Date

Year

Person Investigated

Organization

 

Organ Donation Situation

December 17, 2015

2015

a Staff Member

the Red Cross Society of China, Shanghai Branch, Huangpu District

They had only begun the organ donation work in the first half of 2014. Their superiors had issued a document to launch organ donation work at the beginning of 2014, and organ donation was very difficult. There had only been five cases of organ donations in the entire Shanghai as of December 2015.[268]

(Recording MP3 . Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 190)

 

Figure 12. Comparison Graph of the Number of Voluntary Organ Donors in Shanghai as Reported in the Official Media and the Liver Transplant Volume in Renji Hospital in 2017

There are 8 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 7 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shanghai. The number of liver and kidney transplants in these hospitals is several thousand cases per year. The following are several examples.

On December 29, 2017, Renji Hospital announced that in 2017, the number of its liver transplant surgery exceeded 800 cases. On August 23, 2017, Xia Qiang’s team also announced another figure: Renji Hospital’s Liver Transplant Center had performed 1,000 cases of liver transplantation for children.[269]

This is just some information on the organ transplant situation in one of the hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out organ transplants in Shanghai. And this hospital’s organ transplant volume alone far exceeds the officially published quantity of organ donations in the entire city.

On May 11, 2011, Wu Mengchao, the then-president of the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (which was affiliated to the Second Military Medical University) and his student Wang Hongyang were interviewed by Sina.com. The interviewer Yi Jun asked, “What is the current level of liver transplantation in our country?” Wu Mengchao replied, “In terms of liver transplants, our quantity has been the largest in the world. And the quality and results are also good. We have caught up with the international standards.”[270] The hospital had 742 beds.[271] According to its website’s department directory, out of this hospital’s 11 surgery department, at least 7 departments could perform liver transplantation. They included the First Department of Special Treatments,[272] the Liver Transplantation Department,[273] the First Extrahepatic Department,[274] the First Department of Biliary Tracts,[275] the Third Extrahepatic Department,[276] the Fifth Extrahepatic Department[277] and the Second Department of Biliary Tracts.[278] Since they were overwhelmed by the volume of their transplant business, the hospital constructed a new branch, which was put to use in October 2015, with additional 1,500 beds,[279] an increase of 100%.

 IV. Zhejiang Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2010 to 2018

Table 12. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2010 to 2018

Year

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

October 2010

The first case of organ donation.[280]

As of April 24, 2017

Zhejiang Province has achieved a total of 617 cases of organ donation.[281]

As of July 6, 2017

The cumulative number of organ donors is 730.[282]

As of April 5, 2018

Zhejiang has achieved a cumulative number of 899 cases of organ donation.[283]

 

Zhejiang has eight organ transplant hospitals. Among them, five are designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplantation, and seven are designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants.

Phone Investigations:

The head of the Organ Donation Management Center of the Zhejiang Red Cross Society (April 20, 2017)

 “There are not many donors! In 2016, there were barely more than 100 organs donated for the entire province, and some of them were unusable!” 

(Recording 191-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 191-1)

Investigation Recording 176, Person on Duty at the Organ Donation Management Center of the Zhejiang Red Cross Society

Investigation Date: December 15, 2016 (Phone number: +86+ 571-85043999)

“It is certain that most people would refuse to donate (their organs); otherwise, it wouldn’t be such a small number of donations!” [284]

(Recording 191-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 191-2)

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

A Nurse at the Kidney Transplant Ward (August 1, 2017): “We do a lot (of kidney transplants). If you want to wait for the kidney sources to show up in the hospital, it will be very slow. At least 5 years!” [285]

(Recording 192. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 192)

Ningbo City

A Staff Member at the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Ningbo Branch (September 26, 2017): “We had 38 donations last year. 38 donors. We have had 10 to 20 donations so far (this year).”

According to WOIPFG’s research, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital can perform 200 to 300 cases of kidney transplantation in one year. [286]

(Recording 193. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 193)

V. Jiangsu Province

1. Official reports: more than 130 donated organs were received in 2017.[287]

2. Phone investigation: organ donation.

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China Jiangsu Branch

Investigation Date: April 24, 2017 (Phone number: +86 25 8331 8652)

“We received about 80 cases last year [i.e. 2016] [from the entire Jiangsu Province]. “[We’ve received] about 30 or 40 cases so far this year.” [288]

(Recording 194. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 194)

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Investigation Date: April 26, 2017 (Phone number: +86 51988155335)

“[We have around] five to ten [cases of successful donations] a year. We have received four cases [of donated organs] this year. The Red Cross Society has received 29 cases of donated organs from 2011 to the present. Generally speaking, Shanghai would have a little more [organs]. Then you can contact other channels by yourself. Our Red Cross does not [have organs]...” [289]

(Recording 195. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 195)

Person on Duty in the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Investigation Date: April 27, 2017 (Phone number: +86+51385053656)

“We do very little here. In all these years, we’ve only handled a couple of cases. We have had few donations here. For all these years, the total number [of donated organs that we’ve received] is only two.” [290]

(Recording 196. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 196)

3. Phone investigation: the numbers of organ transplants in several hospitals from 2016 to 2018

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 5 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Jiangsu Province.

Wang Ping, liver transplantation director at Jiangsu Province Hospital

Investigation Date: July 24, 2016 (Phone number: +86+13951873090)

“[To change the liver], no problem. You just come, and directly come to see me. We often do this. This is our routine work, a routine thing. Patients of blood Type B can obtain a liver after waiting for one month.” [291]

(Recording 197. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 197)

Doctor Tang at the Liver Transplant Department Doctors’ Office of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

Investigation Date: August 10, 2017

Each year the hospital does 40 to 50 cases of liver transplantation. “We have done over 20 cases so far this year. Usually the donors are brain dead. We have connections in Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong and Henan Provinces, as far as organ donors are concerned. We have specialized organ coordinators, who contact the Red Cross Societies, instead of doctors.” [292]

(Recording 198. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 198)

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department of the Nanjing General Hospital of People’s Liberation Army

Investigation Date: September 11, 2017

We are still doing kidney transplants. We’ve done quite a lot this year. Over 100 cases so far. I’m not clear on (whether the donors are healthy or not), because we don’t know anything about the donors’ information ourselves.” [293]

(Recording 199. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 199)

A doctor at the doctors’ office of the liver transplantation department in Jiangsu Provincial Hospital

Investigation Date: February 19, 2017 (Phone number: +86+25-68136851)

“For peak periods, there are 4-5 operations per week, and at least 2-3 operations per week. We should have done the largest number [of operations] in our province, but certainly less than [the hospitals in] Shanghai. If death-row prisoners sign an organ donation consent before they die…then [we] would just go to take [their organs]. Then I can take it [i.e. the organ] before he dies or, when he has just died, when he is dying, and then donate it. When the kidney source is taken here…who can guarantee that it was definitely donated, if it’s from an executed prisoner? Who knows what the kidney source is?” [294]

(Recording 200. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 200)

VI. Jiangxi Province

Official Reports: Statistics on the number of organ donations as of 2018

As of March 31, 2018, 227 cases of organ donation had been carried out in Jiangxi Province.[295]

Phone Investigation Recording:

Mr. Wang, Organ Coordinator at the Red Cross Society of China, Nanchang Branch Investigation Date: December 8, 2016 (Phone number: +86+791-86771992)

“We as a provincial capital city, only have 50 to 60 people registered with us to donate their bodies during one year. Approximately 20 organ donations are successful in Nanchang City [this year]. According to legal procedures, a legitimate process of corpse donation must be witnessed by the Red Cross system. (Illegal organ transactions) might lead to black marketeering. What they do on their own black market is not our business!” [296]

(Recording 201. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 201)

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Jiangxi Province.

VII. Guangdong Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 13. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

2014

268 cases[297]

2015

398 cases[298]

2016

513 cases[299]

2017

668 cases[300]

June 2018

318 cases[301]

 

Phone investigations: the numbers of organ donations

Staff-on-duty at the Organ Donation Office, Guangdong Branch, Red Cross Society of China (November 2, 2017): The Guangdong branch receives hundreds of cases of organ donation, ranking first in China. Only a portion of the donors can be used. “It depends on individual circumstances, such as the donor patient and his/her organ quality. Sometimes donated liver organs are unusable, sometimes kidney organs are unusable.” The donated organs used in hospitals in Guangdong Province are not necessarily witnessed by the Red Cross Society. [302]

(Recording 202. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 202)

Shenzhen

Gao Min, Human Organ Donation Coordinator, the Red Cross Society, Shenzhen Branch (March 9, 2016): “Many people donate, but most people would not be accepted. There are lots of limitations.” [303]

(Recording 203. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 203)

There are 17 organ transplant hospitals in Guangdong Province.

 VIII. Guangxi Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2016 to 2017

Table 14. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2016 to 2017

Year

Number of Organ Donations

2016

273 cases[304]

2017

275 cases.[305]

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Table 15. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

September 12, 2016

Person on Duty

Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Guilin, Guangxi Province

Investigator: “So the 165 donations all took place this year?” Staff on duty: “That’s impossible. That’s [the total number] of all [received organs] since we started organ donations here.” Investigator: “Since last year, you’ve received that many?” Staff on duty: “No, no. I cannot disclose the figure to you, okay?”[306]

(Recording 204. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 204)

November 24, 2016

Person on Duty

Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of Guilin, Guangxi Province

Investigator: “So the organs of those 30 kidney transplants performed [by the PLA No. 181 Hospital] in July didn’t all come from you?” Staff on duty: “These? No, no.”[307]

(Recording 205. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 205)

November 9, 2017

Person on Duty

Organ Donation Office of the Guangxi Red Cross Society

“Last year, there should be more than 200 cases! The No. 303 Hospital has done the most organ transplants in Guangxi.” [308]

(Recording 206. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 206)

 

 

There are 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Guangxi Autonomous Region.

IX. Fujian Province

Official reports: officially published organ donation statistics

As of July 2018, 24 cases of human organ donation were completed in Fujian province.[309]

There are 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Fujian Province.

X. Hainan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2012 to 2018

Table 16. Statistical Table of Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2012 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

December 2012

The first case of organ donation took place.

 

March 25, 2018

 

47 cases.[310]

June 19, 2018

 

51 cases.[311]

 

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants in Hainan Province.

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 17. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

September 22, 2017

a Kidney Transplantation Doctor

Hainan Provincial Nongken General Hospital

“Kidney transplants are our routine surgeries. In general, we should be able to do at least 20 to 30 cases per year. We did two cases last month, and one case so far this month.”[312]

(Recording 207-1. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 207-1)

October 18, 2018

a Doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department

Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University

The team had been doing surgeries for more than a decade, but it was upgraded to its own department in 2018. “Several dozens of cases (of kidney transplantation) over the last two months. Now President Xiao (Xiao Jinsui), President Wang, and the newly-arrived Director Sun are all doing it. They all do organ transplants.”

(Recording 207-2. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 207-2)

 

XI. Anhui Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 18. Statistical Table of Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2013 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

2013

3 cases

 

2014

4 cases

 

2015

7 cases

 

2016

29 cases

 

As of April 3, 2017

 

55 cases.[313]

2017

63 cases

100 cases.[314]

April 2, 2018

There had been 16 cases.

124 cases.[315]

Official reports: organ donation figures

Table 19. Officially Reported Numbers of Organ Transplants

Hospital name

Organ Transplant Quantities

The First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)

(aka. Anhui Provincial Hospital)

In 2017, the hospital made a breakthrough in the procurement and transplantation of organs, and procured 47 major organs in 16 cases of organ donation. Among the 234 cases of transplant surgeries completed in 2017, there were 204 cases of kidney transplantation, 5 cases of liver transplantation, 3 cases of lung transplantation, 1 case of heart transplantation and 20 cases of corneal transplantation.[316][317]

 

Fig13

Figure 13. Comparison Graph of the Number of Donated Kidneys as Reported in the Official Media and the Kidney Transplant Volume in Anhui Province in 2017

XII. Heilongjiang Province

Official reports: number of cases of organ donation

As of June 2018, 61 cases of organ donation had taken place in Heilongjiang Province.[318]

Phone investigations: organ transplantation

Chen Zhaoyan, Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (February 2, 2016): “(Transplants) of living kidneys started in 1999. In the past, most (kidney transplants) used kidneys from corpses, after 1999, most were living kidneys.” (When the investigator asked whether the organs he used were from Falun Gong practitioners, he hanged up the phone.) [319]

(Recording 208. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 208)

A Kidney Transplant Doctor at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (September 11, 2017): The hospital performed a lot of cases of kidney transplantation this year. [320]

(Recording 209. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 209)

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Heilongjiang Province.

 XIII. Liaoning Province

Official reports: number of cases of organ donation

According to the CCP’s official reports, as of October 2017, 245 cases of organ donation had taken place in Liaoning Province.[321]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Transplant Volumes of Different Hospitals in 2017

Table 20. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Transplant Volumes in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

April 12, 2017

Renal Transplant Anesthesiologist Gao Guangjie

The PLA’s No. 463 Hospital in Shenyang

“There are many kidney transplants. There are many, many. Tomorrow morning, call the operator to find the number of the Department of Urologic Surgery, OK? Today they are performing surgeries. They must be doing operations, kidney transplants.”[322]

(Recording 210. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 210)

August 23, 2017

a Staff Member at the Nursing Department

the PLA’s No. 463 Hospital in Shenyang Military Region

The hospital has started doing kidney transplants. “Yes, (we do) a lot (of kidney transplants)!”[323]

(Recording 211. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 211)

August 23, 2017

a Nurse of Kidney Transplant

the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region

“We definitely do a lot of cases (of kidney transplantation). (This year) we did about 100 cases.[324]
(Recording 212. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 212)

XIV. Shandong Province

Official reports: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2014 to 2017

Table 21. Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2014 to 2017

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

2014

113 cases.[325]

 

January 11, 2015

 

186 cases, including 334 kidney transplants and 138 liver transplants.[326]

2016

449 cases.[327]

 

As of the end of 2017

633 cases.[328]

 

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2017 to 2018

Table 22. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2017 to 2018

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

April 21, 2017

Staff on duty

Red Cross Society of Yantai City, Shandong Province

Investigator: “Last year Yuhuangding Hospital did 270 cases (of kidney transplantation). For those 270 kidney transplants, they couldn’t all come from you?” Staff on duty: “Certainly not. How could we have that many?!”[329]

(Recording 213. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 213)

January 16, 2018

Staff-on-duty

Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of Yantai City, Shandong Province

“There are not many organ donors anywhere! We only take care of the (donation) registration. Regarding how to use the organs, how to get them and how to distribute them, it doesn’t matter to us. We can’t control any of these! Yuhuangding Hospital has their own channels to procure organs. That is possibly the case. Not all their organs are donated, and donations are very few. We have only a few dozens of donors, but they have done hundreds, even thousands of (organ transplant) cases! As to where other organs come from, we do not investigate. We are not the public security, nor any of that kind. We do not know!” [330]

(Recording 214. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 214)

June 7, 2018

Staff-on-duty

the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Jinan Branch

“One’s family members must sign to validate (the person’s organ donation wish), in order to carry out and accomplish the donation. It is relatively difficult to carry out the organ donation work.” [331]

(Recording 215. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 215)

There are 8 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 11 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shandong Province.

XV. Hebei Province

Official reports: numbers of organ donations

According to Song Zhenjiang, vice president of the Red Cross Society of China, Hebei Branch, as of April 2017, 55 voluntary donors had successfully made organ donations to the Red Cross Society.[332]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Table 23. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2017

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

May 14, 2015

a Clerk at the organ donation office

the Qinhuangdao Red Cross Society, Hebei Province

“They first sign up here when they’re alive, but now nobody had donated their organs yet. They have to wait until their death to donate. We must wait. There are people, who have signed up, but have not donated yet. Some have the intention, but not many of them.”[333]

(Recording 216. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 216)

 

On the next day, another female staff member, who answered the phone at the Qinhuangdao Red Cross Society said that they had only one successful case of organ donation, but later she clarified and said that they never had any successful case.[334]

(Recording 217. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 217)

November 11, 2017

Director Niu Zhiqiang of the Organ Donation Center

Organ Donation Center at the Red Cross Society of China, Hebei Branch

There are over 30 provincial organ donation coordinators. “From 2013 to the present, we have had more than 70 organ donations”. There were 18 organ donations in 2017 in Hebei, surpassing what they had in 2016. [335]

(Recording 218. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 218)

 

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and two hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Hebei Province.

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 24. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

Number of liver transplants

October 17, 2017

a Doctor at the Doctors’ Office of the Urinary Surgery Department

the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University

The hospital can perform about a few dozen kidney transplants every year, no more than 100 cases.[336]
(Recording 219. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 219)

 

October 16, 2017

Liver Transplant Ward Doctor

the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University

 

In 2017, the hospital has done nearly 100 cases. “The number of cases that we did, it is quite OK. Up to the national level, we would still be ok (in comparison with other hospitals).” [337]

(Recording 220. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 220)

XVI. Henan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2013 to 2018

Table 25. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs 2013 to 2018

Year

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

As of February 25, 2013

48 cases.[338]

As of November 14, 2016

554 cases.[339]

As of April 2018

1,039 cases.[340]

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 26. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

March 1, 2015 

Liu Zhonghua, Chief Physician of the Urinary Surgery Department

Henan Provincial People’s Hospital

It’s almost impossible for Chinese people to donate their organs. “We can’t find (donors), almost none.” Unrelated people are usually reluctant to donate their organs to others. “Of course, who wants to give (their organs) to you?”[341]

(Recording 221. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 221)

July 1, 2015 

Staff-on-duty at the organ donation office

the Red Cross Society of China, Puyang Branch

“There isn’t any organ donation at present (in Puyang).”[342]

(Recording 222. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 222)

July 1, 2015

Staff-on-duty at the organ donation office

the Red Cross Society of Jiaozuo

“Some people signed (for organ donation), but very few. One donor can make his own decision during his lifetime, but after his death, he won’t be able to handle his own affairs, and his family will make the decision, and only if we receive their call, can we complete his organ donation.” Even if a donor’s close relatives agree, it is still impossible if one of his distant relatives disagrees. Actually, even if his close relatives agree, only one word of his distant relatives could make the donor withdraw his donation intention.[343]

 

(Recording 223. Download: MP3 ; Transcript Download: pdf 223)

January 1, 2018

Staff-on-duty

the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Henan Branch

There were about 200 or 300 organ donation cases in 2017. These successful ones were all cases from the hospitals. The organs are all allocated by the centralized organ allocation system, not people. [344]

(Recording 224. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 224)

May 8, 2018

Staff-on-duty

the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Henan Branch

The volume of organ donations in Henan Province ranks sixth in China.

“Those 1,000 cases (of organ donation) cover the period from 2011 to the present.” There were more than 300 cases of organ donations in 2017 in Henan. “The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University used more than 100 donated organs.”[345]

(Recording 225. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 225)

 

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 6 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Henan Province.

XVII. Shanxi Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2012 to 2018

From the year 2012 to March 2015, there were a total of 26 organ donors in Shanxi.[346] As of February 2018, there had been 158 cases of human organ donation after death by citizens throughout the province.[347]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 27. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

Number of liver transplants

September 13, 2017

a Nurse from the Liver Transplant Surgery Department

First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University

 

“We have a dedicated team for liver transplants. We have done one transplant this year (so far). We hired an expert from outside (of our hospital) to do it.”[348]
(Recording 226. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 226)

September 11, 2017

A Nurse from the Kidney Transplant Department’s Ward

the Third People’s Hospital of Datong

“It is very difficult for you to wait for kidney sources in Datong. The hospitals in Taiyuan do a lot of transplants, they do more than a dozen transplants in one day!” The hospital performed two organ transplants last year. “The patients were government officials. They found kidney sources by themselves.” [349]

(Recording 227. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 227)

 

May 6, 2017

a Nurse at the Renal Transplantation and Dialysis Center

Shanxi No.2 People’s Hospital

“We do at least more than 100 [kidney] transplants every year. We have performed nearly 100 [kidney] transplants [since the beginning of] this year.”[350]

(Recording 228. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 228)

 

August 30, 2017

the Nurses’ Office of the Kidney Transplant Department

the Second People’s Hospital of Shanxi Province

“We have a Kidney Transplant Center. We are a specialty center. We have done more than 100 transplants (this year so far).” [351]

(Recording 229. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 229)

 

August 30, 2017

a Doctor at the Dialysis Department

the Second People’s Hospital of Shanxi Province

“There are indeed many kidney transplant patients! We have done more than 100 transplants so far this year!” [352]

(Recording 230. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 230)

 

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Shanxi Province.

XVIII. Sichuan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2017 to 2018

Table 28. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2017 to 2018

Year

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

As of March 10, 2017

296 cases.[353]

As of October 30, 2017

424 cases.[354]

As of March 23, 2018

493 cases.[355]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 29. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

June 7, 2018

Staff-on-duty

the Organ Donation Office of the Red Cross Society of China, Sichuan Branch

“Chinese people think that they should be buried in the earth with a full body after death, in order to achieve restfulness, and they want to retain their whole bodies. So donations are still very few in quantity, comparing with the demand for organs.” There are many registrations, but in the end, there are few organs actually successfully donated. “It depends on the family situation. Does his disease make his donation unsuitable? Not everyone willing to donate wants to donate all of his organs. Neither does every patient donate all his organs. It’s not necessarily true that every organ is suitable for transplant. We had more than 190 cases of donations last year. A successful donation is determined by many factors, such as the patient’s family members’ objection, or the patient’s health condition, the patient’s changing health condition, which may lead to unsuccessful donations.”[356]

(Recording 231. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 231)

 

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Sichuan Province.

XIX. Yunnan Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics

Phone Investigation: Organ Donation Volumes

A Doctor from the 7th Floor B of the Kidney Transplantation Ward, North Campus, the First Hospital of Kunming (November 10, 2017): “We just do transplants with donated organs, not with organs from patients’ parents. Last year, we’ve probably done more than 200 cases. When half a year passed in this year, it already exceeded (200 cases).” There could be 400 or 500 cases in 2017. [357]

(Recording 232. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 232)

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2016 to 2018

Table 30. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2016 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

2016

69 cases.[358]

 

January 20, 2017

 

163 cases.[359]

End of July 2017

 

209 cases.[360]

As of the end of March 2018

 

259 cases.[361]

 

According to an article published on www.kunming.cn on August 7, 2018, the First Hospital of Kunming began its organ donation pilot project in 2010, and the number of organ donations had been increasing year by day. As of August 2017, the hospital had completed a total of 171 cases of organ donation, becoming the “leader” of organ donation in Yunnan Province.[362]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Table 31. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes from 2015 to 2018

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

December 1, 2016

Mr. Chen

the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Yunnan Branch

According to Mr. Chen’s statistics, two days before the phone investigation, the number of organs donated was nearly 70 for the entire year of 2016. An Organ Donation Office at the Provincial Red Cross Society should be able to oversee the sources of all organs donated in the entire province.[363]

(Recording 233. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 233)

June 5, 2018

Staff-on-duty

the Organ Donation Office at Red Cross Society of China, Yunnan Branch

In 2017, there were 60 to 70 cases of organ donation in Yunnan Province, but not all of these organs could be used for transplants. [364]

(Recording 234. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 234)

 

XX. Guizhou Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics from 2017 to 2018

Table 32. Officially Reported Numbers of Donated Organs from 2017 to 2018

Year

Number of Organ Donations

Cumulative Number of Organ Donations

October 24, 2017

34 cases.[365]

43 cases.[366]

2017

51 cases.[367]

 

April 13, 2018

 

98 cases.[368]

 

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 33. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Organization

Organ Donation Situation

September 26, 2017

A Staff Member of the Organ Donation Office

the Organ Donation Office at the Red Cross Society of China, Guiyang City Branch

There had only been more than 30 cases of successful donations after the establishment of this Red Cross Society Branch. “This year, there are more than ten cases this year, maybe.”[369]

(Recording 235. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 235)

 

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Guizhou Province.

XXI. Gansu Province

Official reports: organ donation statistics

In Gansu Province, 8 people donated their organs in 2017, with a cumulative number of 22 organ donors.[370]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 34. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

January 5, 2018

A Doctor from the Kidney Transplant Department

Lanzhou University Second Hospital

“In Lanzhou, we may be the main hospital (doing kidney transplantation) here. (We do) about several dozen cases. I think there should be less than 100 cases.”[371]

(Recording 236. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 236)

 

There are 2 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 3 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in Gansu Province.

XXII. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation volumes

By the end of year 2017, there had been 34 cases of human organ donation.[372]

Phone Investigation: Number of Organ Donations

A doctor at the Hepatobiliary Ward Doctors’ Office of the Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital (November 15, 2017): “There are (donated organs), but rarely. No one donates. Nowadays who would be donating their organs?” [373]

(Recording 237. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 237)

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2017

Table 35. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in Inner Mongolia in 2017

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of renal transplants

April 14, 2017

A nurse on duty in the Urology Ward

Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital

“I never count the number [of kidney transplants we do]. Anyway, there was a sharp increase last year.”[374]

(Recording 238. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 238)

April 13, 2018

A physician in the Department of Urology

Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Hospital

Physician: “I think [we perform] at least 100 or 200 cases per year.” Investigator: “Only counting allografts?” Physician: “I think so.”[375]
 (Recording 239. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 239)

 

XXIII. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

Official reports: organ donation volumes

As of June 2018, 9 cases of organ donation after death by Xinjiang citizens had been completed, an increase of 30% over the same period in 2017.[376]

Phone Investigation: Statistical Table of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Table 36. Statistical Table of Phone Investigation Results of Organ Donation Volumes in 2018

Date

Person investigated

Hospital Name

Number of liver transplants

January 9, 2018

a Doctor from the Doctors’ Office of the Liver Transplant Department

the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University

We have been doing (liver transplantation) for several years. 100 (per year)? Maybe not that many. We did it during the year-end (in 2017). Three cases within one week.” [377]

(Recording 240. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 240)

 

There is one hospital designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out liver transplants and 4 hospitals designated by the Ministry of Health to carry out kidney transplants in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

 

Chapter Eight            A Brief Introduction of WOIPFG’s Investigation on the CCP’s Human Organ Black Market Used to Cover up Its Live Organ Harvesting

WOIPFG has discovered the phone number of a coordinator, who’s suspected of being involved in the operation of a live organ donor bank in mainland China and has started an investigation based on this clue. We’ve found out that this organ black market is another way used by the CCP to cover up the evil of its living organ harvesting and to operate its live organ donor bank.

This organ bank’s scale is massive, operating in many provinces and cities in China, such as Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Henan Province and Zhejiang Province. It can supply a large number of organs to all parts of China within 1-2 weeks. This contact person surnamed Wang said, “We have (organ sources) all over the country, do you know? We have them everywhere. Whenever you need one, it would arrive.” Regarding the organ donor wait time, he said that it’s the same for kidneys and livers. He said, “Including travel time, it will be within one week. It will also be very quick.” The donor sources are mainly Falun Gong practitioners. However, it’s suspected that the practice of hunting people to harvest their organs alive is also spreading to the entire Chinese society. Its operation method is the underground live organ harvesting and annihilation by the collusion among CCP officials, police, large hospitals and illegal organ brokers. This report reveals our preliminary investigative findings as reference for an in-depth investigation by interested parties and people of justice around the world.

After the CCP’s crime of live organ harvesting against Falun Gong practitioners came to light on March 9, 2006, the CCP admitted in high-profile to systematically using the organs of executed prisoners, to deny the accusations of its crime of live organ harvesting against Falun Gong practitioners. After the year 2010, the CCP began its promotion of citizen organ donation and black-market organ trafficking. On January 1, 2015, the CCP also announced the abolishment of the use of executed prisoners’ organs for transplantation. And at the same time, it announced the use of voluntarily donated organs of Chinese citizens from then on, thus putting a legal and humane cloak on its live organ harvesting for transplantation. In October 2015, Huang Jiefu claimed that the organ donation by Chinese citizens had achieved great success and that the volume of organ transplants had hit an all-time high. However, no matter what kind of explanation is given by the Chinese Communist Party, the information is not transparent, cannot be traced back to its origin and cannot explain the continuing explosive growth of organ transplants in the entire mainland China.

Since December 2017, with various questions, WOIPFG has been tracking down and investigating an organ coordinator, who’s in cooperation with Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital and the General Hospital of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces in Beijing. Our preliminary investigative results reveal that this kind of black-market organ trafficking is suspected to be one of the CCP’s ways to operate its systematic live organ harvesting and living organ bank, as well as another scam to evade the accusations of live organ harvesting.

1. Drawing the public’s attention to black-market organ trading

Although the CCP has expressly stipulated that the sale of organs is illegal, it still allows the online circulation of all kinds of information seeking organs and selling organs, the organ transaction information regarding the buyers and sellers, as well as media reports on such black-market organ trading. It is obvious that the CCP allows the mass circulation of such information on the Internet, creating the perceived phenomenon of a rampant black organ market. This is the exact opposite of the CCP’s customary practice of information control with cyber-blockades and keyword filtering.

In order to draw people’s attention to the black organ market, the CCP has ostensibly cracked down on several illegal organ brokers and reported about this in high-profile.[378] However, it actually protects (or organizes) illegal “super” organ brokers on the sly, making them agents, who sell organs on the behalf of the CCP’s official live human organ bank.

2. Black market organ donors are transferred by the police behind the scenes, and organ transplants with organs obtained on the black market are performed underground.

Organ donors are from the police and the government, both of which participate in the profit sharing. Organ transactions are carried out underground.

Investigator: Those who provide organs must be the police. If it is another government organization, the organs must have been passed to it from the police. Then they must get involved in profit sharing, right?

Mr. Wang: Um, correct.

Investigator: When these people arrive, do they ask the policemen to do something as well? The police? These people.

Mr. Wang: No, they would not ask the police to make an appearance. We all, we all have to do everything underground.

……

Mr. Wang: Let me tell you, they all do (the surgeries) at night, or, they all have to be done by their own people.

3. Fabrication of fake procedures

The CCP permits the spread of black-market organ trafficking in the entire Chinese society. It allows and covers up fake organ donations, with various kinds of false supporting documents, to allow underground organ purchases to masquerade as donations by patients’ relatives and to report live organ donors as corpses, thus concealing the true origins of such organs.

4. Covering up the scale of systematic slaughters by concealing the actual volume of organ transplants

The organ transplant hospitals underreport and/or conceal the actual number of organ transplant operations. The figures reported by these hospitals are the annual quotas given to them by the Ministry of Health. However, by falsifying procedures and proofs, the hospitals can perform up to more than a dozen surgeries, by using one person’s identification.

Mr. Wang: Then what is their procedure? This is very crucial. Their procedure is that every year, Chao-Yang would have one quota, do you know?

Investigator: Oh, yes.

Mr. Wang: There is a quota every year. I don’t know whether or not your hospital has one quota. So, within the quota, when he performs surgery for one patient, for instance, Wang So-and-so, he would do it according to the normal procedures. That is, brain death, or (organ) donations of this kind. After performing surgery for this patient, he does it again…. when we do it again, it would be an imposture. (Investigator: Ah) Using Wang So-and-so’s (spot within the) quota to perform surgeries for other people.

Investigator: Well, yes. Then who gives him a quota?

Mr. Wang: His quota would be a quota assigned by the Ministry of Health.

……

Mr. Wang: His situation is like this. He alone, the most he can perform would be more than a dozen surgeries. He would use this one person’s name to perform more than a dozen surgeries, you know.

From this, it can be seen that the annual organ transplant volume of more than 10,000 cases published by the CCP every year may be only a fraction of the actual organ transplant quantity or even less than 10% of the actual organ transplant volume.

5. Fake organ donation cases

With all kinds of false supporting documents, underground organ selling and purchases are disguised as organ donations by patients’ relatives, and live organ donors are reported as corpses in the media, thus concealing the true origins of such organs.

6. Deceiving organ transplant patients to cover up the organs’ true origins and to dissolve risks

The organ procurement contact person, who calls himself Xiao Wang, talked about their experiences, “In Chao-Yang, when a patient comes, the director will talk to him seriously, about how his or her operation is going to be like, but there is a problem getting kidney source. Then we will talk with the patient, and we will tell the patient, go tell the director that I have the kidney source, I have a way and I have connections, so I am able to get a kidney for you. Then the director would say, hey, sounds good, go ahead and obtain the kidney yourself, I will arrange the operation for you. Then, even if the operation fails, or some problem occurs, we have secured the patient, you know.”

7. Sources of black-market organs and organ sources in hospitals are the same[379]

From October 19 to December 2, 2018, during WOIPFG’s phone investigation, a doctor-on-duty surnamed Li, who’s from the Urology Surgery Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, admitted that the organs taken by the organ brokers are also the “normal organs” from Falun Gong practitioners, and the organ sources they get are the same. This piece of investigative evidence proves once again that the black organ market is another way for the CCP to operate its systematic live organ harvesting and living organ bank, as well as another scam to evade the accusations of live organ harvesting.

Several Investigation Recordings:

Investigative Recording Organ bank coordinator Wang (I)
(Recording 241. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 241)

Investigative Recording Organ bank coordinator Wang (II)
(Recording 242. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 242)

Investigative Recording Organ bank coordinator Wang (III)
(Recording 243. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 243)

 Investigative Recording. Organ bank coordinator Wang (IV)
 
(Recording 244. Download: MP3; Transcript Download: pdf 244)

Conclusion

Prior to the year 2010, China had no organ donation system, and afterwards, China’s organ donation hadn’t completely become systematized. After the year 2015, Huang Jiefu has been utilizing a multi-system, multidimensional and multi-platform method to carry out organ donations. Especially after the hospitals’ OPO (Organ Procurement Organization) intervened in organ donations, the “donated” organs have been coming from a variety of sources, with unknown origins. Combined with the fact that organ transplant hospitals would underreport their organ transplant volumes, it is impossible for people to estimate the number of organs voluntarily donated by Chinese citizens. Such a result is precisely the purpose of Huang Jiefu’s activities to confuse people, in order to cover up a large number of “brain dead” organ donors, with unknown origins. This is the nature of the voluntary organ donation according to the “China Model”.

Under the guise of the mature and complete modes of operation utilized by the European countries and the United States with large numbers of organ transplants, including “brain dead organ donation”, the OPO and the green channels for an extremely fast organ delivery, although the mainland China under the rule of the CCP suffers from a total lack of supporting laws, regulations or suitable conditions, Huang Jiefu still pretends to emulate the developed countries’ mature models and turned China’s organ transplant industry into the “China Model” of organ transplantation, by committing frauds, to deceive the international community.

Under the guise of this “China Model” of organ transplantation, “live organ harvesting”, instead of being stopped, is becoming increasingly rampant. The machine of the CCP’s live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners is likely to have already reached the ordinary Chinese citizens and many victimized groups, and the CCP’s evil “live organ harvesting” is suspected to be spreading across the entire Chinese society.

Schedule 1. The Quantities of Liver and Kidney Transplantation Hospitals and Transplant Centers designated by the Health and Family Planning Commission in all Provinces and Centrally-Controlled Municipalities

Province

Number of Organ Transplant Hospitals

Number of Kidney Transplant Centers

Number of Liver Transplant Centers

Beijing

23

16

16

Tianjin

4

2

1

Shanghai

11

7

8

Anhui Province

2

2

2

Hebei Province

3

2

1

Shanxi Province

5

3

2

Inner Mongolia

2

1

1

Liaoning Province

6

5

2

Jilin Province

1

1

1

Heilongjiang Province

2

1

1

Jiangsu Province

8

5

3

Zhejiang Province

8

7

5

Fujian Province

7

2

4

Jiangxi Province

3

3

3

Shandong Province

13

11

8

Henan Province

6

6

2

Hubei Province

7

7

5

Hunan Province

9

9

4

Guangdong Province

17

15

8

Guangxi Autonomous Region

5

4

3

Hainan Province

1

1

 

Chongqing

5

4

3

Sichuan Province

4

4

2

Guizhou Province

3

2

2

Yunnan Province

5

2

3

Shaanxi Province

4

4

2

Gansu Province

4

3

2

Qinghai Province

3

1

1

Ningxia

2

1

1

Xinjiang

4

4

1

Tibet

1

1

 

Total

178

136

97

Schedule 2. Statistics on Investigative Phone Calls made by WOIPFG to Organ Transplant Hospitals in Different Mainland Chinese Provinces and Central Government Directly-Controlled Municipalities between 2015 and 2018

Year

Province/Municipality

Number of Calls

2015

Shanghai

1

Beijing City

3

Guangdong Province

2

Henan Province

7

Zhejiang Province

1

Hubei Province

1

Hunan Province

1

2016

Shanghai

5

Yunnan Province

3

Beijing

6

Jilin Province

1

Sichuan Province

2

Tianjin

2

Shandong Province

4

Guangdong Province

3

Guangxi

1

Jiangsu Province

1

Jiangxi Province

1

Henan Province

2

Zhejiang Province

4

Hubei Province

2

Hunan Province

4

Heilongjiang Province

1

Anhui Province

1

2017

Shanghai

10

Yunnan Province

5

Inner Mongolia

4

Beijing

19

Jilin Province

3

Sichuan Province

8

Tianjin

3

Anhui Province

2

Shandong Province

19

Shanxi Province

5

Guangdong Province

25

Guangxi Province

10

Xinjiang

3

Jiangsu Province

11

Jiangxi Province

2

Hebei Province

4

Henan Province

16

Zhejiang Province

13

Hainan

1

Hubei Province

14

Hunan Province

15

Fujian Province

2

Tibet

1

Guizhou Province

9

Liaoning Province

5

Chongqing

2

Shaanxi Province

5

Heilongjiang Province

2

2018

Shanghai

5

Yunnan Province

1

Beijing

8

Sichuan Province

2

Tianjin

5

Shandong Province

5

Guangdong Province

5

Xinjiang

1

Jiangsu Province

4

Henan Province

10

Zhejiang Province

4

Hubei Province

1

Hunan Province

4

Gansu Province

1

Jiangxi Province

1

Hainan Province

2

Schedule 3. Statistical Table of Many Hospitals’ Acknowledgement or Non-Denial of the Use of Falun Gong Practitioners’ Organs in Transplants from 2015 to 2018

Date

Subject of Investigation

Hospital

Province / City

The Use of Falun Gong Practitioner Organs

Donor Origins

October 19, 2018

Chen Xinguo, Director of Liver Transplant

Beijing General Hospital of Armed Police

Beijing

Admission

Investigator: Especially the ones that practice Falun Gong, they would be the best.
Chen Xinguo: “Okay! Okay!”[380]

November 2, 2018

Wang Jianli, Associate Chief Physician of the Organ Transplant Institute

Beijing General Hospital of Armed Police

Beijing

Admission

 (Investigator: Are the organs you are using now the healthy organs from Falun Gong practitioners, normal donors, right?) Right, right, right.[381]

November 3, 2018

Zheng Shusen, President of Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital

Shulan Hangzhou Hospital

Zhejiang Province

Didn’t deny

Zheng Shusen purposefully eluded the question. However, he did not deny using Falun Gong practitioners’ organs.[382]

November 6, 2018

Lang Ren, Director of Liver Transplant

Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital

Beijing

Admission

Investigator: The donors, are the type of normal healthy donors of Falun Gong practitioners, right?

Lang Ren: Right, right, that’s right, you’re right.[383]

November 6, 2018

Qu Qingshan,

Director of the Organ Transplant Center

People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Henan Province

Admission

(Investigator: The donors you are using now, are still the normal donors of Falun Gong practitioners, right?) Yes, all of them are in the normal state.[384]

November 6, 2018

Miao Shuzhai, Chief Physician of the Organ Transplantation Center

People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou

Henan Province

Admission

Investigator: And regarding your current donors, your donors are that type of normal donors (that practice) Falun Gong, right?

Miao Shuzhai: Right, right.[385]

November 6, 2018

Ye Qifa, Vice President

Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University

Hunan Province

Didn’t deny

Investigator: About that, your donors are still Falun Gong (practitioners), donors in normal conditions, right?
Ye Qifa: It’s easy to perform (the surgery). Just send me his medical record first, alright?[386]

November 8, 2018

Hang Hualian, Chief Medical Officer of Liver Transplant Surgery Department

Shanghai Renji Hospital

Shanghai

Admission

Investigator: You are using Falun Gong (practitioner) donors now, right?
Hang Hualian: Yes, this is for sure.[387]

November 8, 2018

Liu Dongfu, Director of Kidney Transplant

Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Shandong Province

Shandong Province

Didn’t deny

Investigator: The best would be, having a donor like that type of Falun Gong people, I mean a donor with normal conditions.
Liu Dongfu: This, listen to me, there is something that we can discuss after you come here.[388]

November 8, 2018

Wang Xuehao, Director of the Liver Transplant Center

the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University

Jiangsu Province

Didn’t deny

It usually takes less than two weeks to arrange a liver transplant operation for Blood Type B patients. Most organs come from outside of the hospital, obtained from the center of brain deaths.[389]

November 15, 2018

Bai Rongsheng, Liver Transplant Doctor and Assistant to President Shen Zhongyang

Tianjin First Central Hospital

Tianjin

Admission

 

(Investigator: Regarding liver donors, the situation now is that in general they are the type of healthy donors, right? The kind from Falun Gong practitioners, right?)

Right, right, right.[390]

November 15, 2018

Wang Changxi, Director of the Kidney Transplant Department’s Second Section

the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou

Guangdong Province

Admission

 

Investigator: You still use (those from) Falun Gong (practitioners), healthy donors, right?

Wang Changxi: All, all of them are. Now all donated ones are. All deceased citizen donors might all have these.[391]

November 15, 2018

He Xiaoshun, Vice President

the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University

Guangdong Province

Admission

Investigator: Well, my question is: Are they the type of organs from Falun Gong (practitioners)? The organs themselves are healthy, right?
He Xiaoshun: Yes, right, right. Of course, of course.[392]

November 16, 2018

He Xiaoshun, Vice President

the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University

Guangdong Province

Admission

Investigator: Since on one hand, it is the issue of skills, on the other hand, it is the issue of the organ. The organs you use, I know they are from Falun Gong practitioners, so the organs must be good. Combining these two factors, it would be perfect.

He Xiaoshun: Correct.[393]

November 16, 2018

Peng Zhihai, Vice President and Director of Organ Transplant Center

Shanghai General Hospital

Shanghai

Admission

Investigator: You are using Falun Gong practitioners as the donors, that is, those healthy donors, right?

Peng Zhihai: Definitely healthy. How can it be acceptable if they’re not healthy?! Investigator: The main concern is if you can check the quality of the donors — the Falun Gong (practitioner) donors!
Peng Zhihai: No problem, no problem. [394]

November 16, 2018

Chen Huaizhou, Director of the Organ Transplant Center

The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) No. 181 Hospital (Guilin, Guangxi)

Guangxi Province

Admission

Investigator: His family members hope that, they hope to use that type of Falun Gong (practitioners) donors. If this kind of donors are available, he (i.e. the patient) will definitely come over immediately.

Chen Huaizhou: Yes, yes! You come over to be hospitalized for a checkup, have an examination, get a checkup first.[395]

December 2, 2018

Dr. Li, Doctor-on-duty at the Urology Surgery Department 

Beijing Chaoyang Hospital

Beijing

Admission

Investigator: They are still the normal kidney sources from Falun Gong (practitioners), right?
Dr. Li: Right, right, right.

Investigator: They are still the normal kidney sources from Falun Gong (practitioners), right?
Dr. Li: Right, right, right.[396]

January 9, 2017

Ni Jialian, the former Director of the Kidney Transplant

Department

Jinan Military General Hospital

Shandong Province

Admission

Ni Jialian: It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners.

Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right?

Ni Jialian: Yes. [397]

January 23, 2017

Doctor Pu Miaoshui for liver transplant operations

Guangzhou Military Region General Hospital

Guangdong Province

Admission

 [The use of organs from death-row inmates and (Falun) Gong practitioners] was legal before, now it is not illegal, but now it has been forbidden by the government. It does not work when the state says no. It is not an issue of legality[398]

April 8, 2017

A ward nurse for kidney transplant operations

Shandong Provincial Hospital

Shandong Province

Admission

Investigator: Generally speaking, the allografts were from death-row prisoners and practitioners (of Falun Gong), right?

Nurse: Yes, they were, in the past. [399]

January 19, 2017

Ni Jialian, the former Director of the Kidney Transplant Department

Jinan Military General Hospital

Shandong Province

Admission

Ni Jialian: It is hard to say. The previous donors were all prisoners.

Investigator: So all the ones you used in the past were the organs from Falun Gong practitioners, right?

Ni Jialian: Yes.[400]

July 9, 2017

Doctor of Liver Transplants

Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital

Jiangsu Province

Admission

Doctor: “Nowadays there’re many channels (to obtain organs). That’s the government’s concern. We are only in charge of providing the technologies and the follow-up services.” Investigator: “You said in the past those Falun Gong practitioners were used (as donors), why not now?” Doctor: People didn’t speak of human rights in the past!” [401]

September 2, 2016

 

He Enhui, Liver Transplant Doctor

Friendship Hospital

Beijing

Didn’t deny

“We have been doing liver transplants for more than a dozen years.

Professor Zhu has done more than 1,900 cases in a total of more than a dozen years.

Now the state no longer allows the use of organs from death-row prisoners. It’s prohibited by law. Previously, it exploited the loopholes in the regulations. It was not mentioned in any law in the past.” [402]

September 17, 2017

 

Nurse of Xijing Hospital’s Kidney Transplant Ward

Fourth Military Medical University

Shanxi Province

Admission

Investigator: Then there are not as many as before, no more that kind (of organs) taken from prisoners or (Falun) Gong practitioners in the past?

Nurse: There’re not as many as before, but it’s basically still okay. During a month, there would still be some.” “In the past, it could be the prisoners’ donations. [403]

February 2, 2016

Chen Zhaoyan at the Second Affiliated Hospital

Harbin Medical University

Heilongjiang

Didn’t deny

 “We started to use kidneys from living donors since 1999, to perform kidney transplants. Before that, kidney donors were mostly dead people, it was after 1999 that we had more live kidney donors.” When the WOIPFG investigator asked if the organs were from Falun Gong practitioners, he became very evasive and hung up the phone after a few words. [404]

April 5, 2016

Doctor Liu at the Third Xiangya Hospital

Central South University

Guangdong Province

Didn’t deny

 “What we used previously are all those things, their use is banned now. I cannot tell you this over the phone… Can you come to our hospital for consultation? It’s not easy to explain that clearly over the phone.” [405]

June 21, 2016

Zhu Jiabin, the head of the general department of the CCP’s “610 Office”

Mudanjiang City

Heilongjiang Province

Admission

He has admitted in a high-profile way to live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioner Gao Yixi. Sounding to be unscrupulous and emboldened in the knowledge of being backed up, he said that he had “sold” Gao’s organs. [406]

February 8, 2015

Tan Yunshan, chief physician from the Liver Pathological Department

Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University

Shanghai

Admission

 “All the livers that have been used in liver transplant operations performed now come from the ‘source.’ Of course, we know who the donors were, as to whether these donors were Falun Gong practitioners or not, that’s not our concern. As long as the organs meet our standard, we don’t care who the donors are.” [407]

June 30, 2015

Dr. Han at the Hepatobiliary Surgery Department

the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhongshan University

Guangzhou

Admission

Upon hearing that Huang Jiefu performed more than 500 liver transplants every year, he said, “Presently, we can even perform more than 1,500 transplants [per year].” When the investigator mentioned the organ bank of detained Falun Gong practitioners and the use of organs from Falun Gong practitioners, Dr. Han confirmed both, by saying, “Correct. That’s right.” [408]

October 12, 2015

Dr. Gong of the second ward of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Department

Affiliated Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University

Guangdong Province

Admission

a WOIPFG investigator called Dr. Gong:

1. Dr. Gong admitted that they use organs from Falun Gong practitioners for transplantations.

2. They do this because of Jiang Zemin's order. [409]

December 21, 2015

Doctor on duty (possibly called Li Lunming) at the Department of Cardiac Transplant

Central Hospital of Jiangmen

Guangdong Province

Admission

 “Yes (kill Falun Gong practitioners for their organs), so what? They are from Falun Gong (practitioners), so what!” “We have done so many, maybe you haven’t thoroughly investigated, too many.” [410]

Schedule 4. An Abundance of Donors – Statistical Table of Cases of Reverse Organ Matching (i.e. Organs Waiting for Recipients to Show Up)

Date

Person under Investigation

Hospital

Province / City

Donors’ Abundance

 

October 11, 2015

Dr. Li Gong from the Liver Transplant Department