To investigate the criminal conduct of all institutions, organizations, and individuals involved in the persecution of Falun Gong; to bring such investigations, no matter how long it takes, no matter how far and deep we have to search, to full closure; to exercise fundamental principles of humanity; and to restore and uphold justice in society.

THE FINAL HARVEST A Comprehensive Investigation into the Chinese Communist Party’s Live Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners

April 22, 2016

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For nine years, serious questions about China’s organ transplant system have haunted the West. Are prisoners of conscience - Falun Gong practitioners - being murdered for their retail organs in China’s hospitals?  What about Tibetans, Uyghurs, and House Christians? What is the real scale of China’s organ harvesting apparatus? And how deeply implicated is the Chinese Communist Party of China? 

China is one of the most secretive medical systems in the world. In 2006, the Chinese medical establishment shut the door to any external investigation of forced disappearances of prisoners of conscience and the transplant system, while China’s hospitals went to strict Internet silence. The Chinese medical establishment filled the information vacuum with official numbers which appear to bolster their claim that “medical reform” of organ transplantation is at hand. And who can contradict them?

We can. Because of the remarkably short waiting time for organ tissue matches – usually about two weeks for a foreigner – we theorized that the organ harvesting infrastructure of China uses a sort of coded communication system to maintain its vast pool of human subjects – the majority of which are Falun Gong practitioners – and barters them among regional hospitals.

Now, we believe we have broken at least part of the code. Just as the successful attempt to decrypt the Nazi’s Enigma Device began with a traffic analysis of all German units, we subjected Chinese medical communications to a comprehensive data analysis, searching thousands of reports and medical theses for any reference to the hospitals under our investigation. Here is what we found:

  • Within the military hospitals, the hiring of dedicated surgical teams to harvest organs has accelerated in the last five years.
  • Medical purchasing patterns proves that live organ harvesting is the default method of surgical extraction.
  • In recorded phone calls, prominent Chinese officials representing the CCP’s Central Committee, the Central Military Commission, the armed police forces, public security, and the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee acknowledged to our investigators that the majority of the extracted organs are from Falun Gong and that the order to harvest practitioners came from the highest levels of the CCP.
  • A “building-blocks” method to estimate the actual transplant numbers of 712 Chinese organ transplant hospitals, demonstrates that the 10,000-per-year rate of transplants publicly released by the Ministry of Health is a lie. Transplant numbers are at least 10 times higher.
  • With no evidence of a concordant rise in the execution rate of death-row criminals, our report concludes that the short wait times for transplants in China’s hospitals are made possible by a massive donor pool. The majority of these so-called donors are Falun Gong practitioners. 
  • A truly accurate estimate of the overall numbers of Falun Gong practitioners murdered by forced organ harvesting is not the ultimate goal of this study, nor is it attainable at present. Yet the scale and velocity of China’s transplant volumes will lead any objective observer to conclude that the number of Falun Gong harvested can no longer be counted in the tens of thousands, but in the hundreds of thousands.

Our report, drafted by highly qualified researchers both inside and outside of China, represents nine years of unprecedented surveillance into the Chinese medical system. Produced under conditions resembling wartime, our report is an interim assessment; debates over numbers, estimates, and interpretation of evidence continue within our investigative staff. Yet the core evidence in our report is replicable, transparent, and ultimately, indisputable. And there is no internal debate over the following conclusions:

  • We found no evidence that supports the Chinese medical authorities’ claim that all harvesting of prisoners stopped on January 1, 2015. Virtually every meaningful signal from hospitals that are the most notorious for harvesting prisoners of conscience – for example, Beijing Military Hospital 309 – indicates an acceleration of the live harvesting of Falun Gong.
  • The serial public declarations by the Chinese medical establishment of a new ethical environment for transplantation is simply a privacy shield to facilitate state-sanctioned murder.

As researchers rather than activists, we have remained on the sidelines for many years, calmly waiting for the West to take action. Yet this report demonstrates that any further diplomatic acceptance of the official Chinese line by the West is to be complicit in an ongoing crime against humanity.


For readers who want to conduct in-depth investigation on this subject, we have published extensive references in this report.  However, in view of the Chinese Communist Party’s internet intrusion and its continued systemic tampering with and/or deletion of various information regarding its organ transplantation, and to safeguard the computer security of our online readers, we have chosen not put the original Internet links on the online version of the report. Yet on the WOIPFG website the reader will find easily accessible archive links to all the original sources of related webpages, medical dissertations, reports, and other evidence used in the report, including images of the original evidence when appropriate. We have also made these materials available for download with no restrictions.

For further inquiries, pleasecontact WOIPFG.

Chapter 1: The Surge in Organ Transplants: Forced disappearances and Witness Testimonies
    II.The Initial Surge
    III.Codes Instead Of Names
    IV.Laogai System Numbers
    V.Early Incidents Of Live Organ Harvesting
    VI.Macro Harvesting Trajectories
    VII.Micro Harvesting Trajectories
    VIII.Anomalies In China’s Organ Transplant Industry
    IX.Fatal Flaws In The Official Explanation
    X.Chapter Conclusions
Chapter 2: A State Crime
    I. Four types of evidence showing Jiang Zemin Personally Issued the Order
    Evidentiary line One: Bai Shuzhong, Minister of Health for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Logistics Department, and Bo Xilai, member of the Politburo admitted that Jiang Zemin directly gave the order to extract organs from Falun Gong practitioners for transplant operations
    Evidentiary line Two: High Level CCP Officials Knew About the Crime of Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners
    Evidentiary line Three: Central Political and Legislative Affairs Committee (PLAC) and the 610 System are directly involved in the organ harvesting crime.High-ranking officials of political and legislative affairs further confirmed this crime
    Evidentiary line Four: Military, Police, Judiciary Systems and Hospitals across China Participated in Live Organ Harvesting
    II.The Entire System of Military Hospitals and Armed Police Hospitals is Involved in Live Organ Harvesting from Falun Gong Practitioners
    III. The Militarization and Industrialization of Harvesting Falun Gong
Chapter 3:Chinese Tissue Typing Requires a Large Captive Population
    I.The massive number of “urgent transplants” indicates that China is killing people based on demand
    II. Extremely short waiting time suggests the existence of a huge live organ reservoir in china
    III. Many hospitals conduct multiple transplant operations within a single day indicating the existence of large, living organ pools
    IV. Case Study: One transplantation operation employed multiple standby donor organs, with two spare living liver donors, revealing the existence of living donor pools for organs and a sophisticated underground operating system
    V. The large number of expedited transplantations in 2006 proves the existence of a large pool of living donors
    VI. Falun Dafa practitioners are forced to have blood tests, which suggests the existence of a living organ bank
Chapter 4:Organ harvesting from living Falun Gong Practitioners is on the rise
    I.Organ transplants went up after the disclosure in 2006 of organ harvesting from live Falun Gong practitioners
    II.Signs of accelerated organ harvesting emerged again in June 2015
    III.The Party claim that all organs were donated in 2015 is a lie
    IV.The Party’s organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners is continuing
    V. An organ donor pool of detained Falun Gong practitioners still exists
    VI. The CCP created the false appearance of declining organ transplant numbers after 2006 through the following three methods
Chapter 5: Transplant numbers
    I.The Rationale for Conducting a Careful Analysis of Hospitals Suspected of Organ Harvesting
    II.State-Level Military Organ Transplant Centers: Cases Where Data Has been Deleted and Tampered With and Websites Are No Longer Updated
    III.Medium-sized Military Hospitals have Falsified Data, Removed Related Webpages, and Stopped Updating New Cases
    IV.The Ministry of Health-Designated National Transplant Centers Falsified Data, Deleted or Stopped Updating Webpages
    V.Medium-sized Hospitals Accredited by Ministry of Health to Perform Organ Transplant Operations have Tampered with Data, Deleted Webpages and Stopped Updating Websites
    VI.A Pilot Hospital Performing Transplants from Donors of Cardiac Death Tampered with Data, Deleted Web Pages, and Stopped Updating Web Pages
    VII.Medium and Small Scale Hospitals also Tamper with Data and Delete Webpages
    VIII.Data Processing Methods for Other Hospitals
    IX.Actual Transplant Volume Likely Even Greater Than 401,678
Chapter 6:The Real Numbers: China’s Secret Transplant Volumes Revealed
    I. Overview: The quantity and distribution of hospitals involving organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners
    II.Deducing total kidney and liver transplants
    III.Three organ transplant experts confirm that the actual number of transplants far exceeds official published number
    IV. One surprising witness: German surgeon said one Chinese hospital conducted 2,000 cases of transplant per year
    V. Testimony from Yang Guang
    VI.The latest investigative phone recording of Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli
    VII.96 hospitals suspected of1,000-8,000 transplants per year
    VIII. The Second Round of Hospitals for Liver and Kidney Transplant Licensed by Ministry of Health: Testimony
    IX. Examples of the Huge Scale of Organ Transplantation in Military and Police Hospitals or Tertiary Level Class A Hospitals that did not Receive Licence from the Ministry of Health
    X.Examples of Abnormal phenomenon for 153 transplant center joined the organ transplant which small and medium size but without licence
    XI. Some Factors used in the Calculation the number of Falun Gong practitioners slaughtered for their organs
Chapter 7: Associated Forms of Mass Murder
    I. Wang Lijun and his human subject tests
    II. China is the Largest Exporter of Plastinated Human Body Specimens
    III. Many hospitals use “fresh corpses” of healthy young people to perform simulated liver transplant experiments
    IV. Multi-organ Transplantation Experiments with Human Bodies
Chapter 8: The Party’s misinformation campaign
    I. The Party originally tried to claim that China sourced organs from voluntary donations
    II. The CCP Admitted that “Very Few” Organs Came from Executed Prisoners and Invited People from Abroad to Visit China but Refused to Issue them Visas
    III. The CCP Admitted that the “Majority” of the Organs were from Executed Prisoners, and They were “Used Systematically”
    IV. Denying Investigation Evidence only to Self-incriminate: CCP’s Farce regarding Guangxi National Hospital’s Surgeon Lu Guoping
    V. “Strictly Prohibit” Transplant Advertisements Online; Many Hospitals’ Online Information was Deleted and Tampered with
    VI. The CCP has been Hyping Up Organ Donations in China
    VII.Huang Jiefu’s Statement “China will Stop Using Organs from Executed Prisoners by January 1, 2015” had neither Legal Effect nor Enforceability
Chapter 9:  The CCP's History of Killing is Against Human Nature and Conscience
    I. Party campaigns which led to mass murder